JAKARTA: Indonesia’s capital introduced new curbs on non-public automobiles on Wednesday because it strikes to rein in Jakarta’s choking air air pollution, however specialists warned the measures had been unlikely to stamp out the issue.
The traffic-clogged metropolis has greater than 10 million residents, however about thrice that quantity dwell in surrounding cities, swelling emissions from automobiles, factories and energy stations.
Within the present dry season, Jakarta has persistently ranked among the many world’s most polluted cities, based mostly on information from Air Visible, a Swiss-based group that screens air high quality.
In 2016, the municipal authorities ordered curbs on non-public automobiles ruled by whether or not their license-plate numbers had been odd and even, to cut back visitors jams on principal thoroughfares. That effort was widened final yr, forward of the Asian Video games.
On Wednesday, it stated this coverage can be prolonged once more to cowl smaller roads.
This transfer comes after an instruction final week by Jakarta Governor Anies Baswedan to levy congestion fees for automobiles from 2020, set an age restrict of 10 years on automobiles on the street by 2025, tighten emission checks and rein in industrial discharges.
Nevertheless, specialists stated the governor wanted to do extra.
“All of the steps taken will in themselves enhance the air high quality, however the general affect is not going to be large as a result of they don’t seem to be addressing the principle downside,” stated Almo Pradana, senior supervisor for power and local weather on the World Sources Institute Indonesia.
Pradana added that Jakarta didn’t have sufficient monitoring units to pinpoint the reason for the air pollution spikes.
“If we take a look at air high quality points, what it’s important to do is it’s important to discover what makes the air high quality worsen, how a lot in percentages comes from transportation, and when, and the way a lot comes from coal energy vegetation and factories,” he stated.
A strategic plan to chop air pollution based mostly on a listing of emissions can be a greater resolution, he stated, including that this week’s large energy outage had made the town’s air cleaner.
However ending the town’s love affair with automobiles seems prone to be tough.
Jakarta residents took to social media on Wednesday to determine methods to get across the restrictions, together with methods equivalent to altering automobile plates and shopping for extra automobiles.
“It’s a burden for folks, not efficient!” one among them, Tito Pangesti, stated on Twitter.
“Make higher laws, like banning outdated minibus with black exhaust smoke on the road … if you wish to cut back air pollution, odd-even will not be an answer.”
Environmental teams have sued President Joko Widodo and a number of other authorities officers over Jakarta’s worsening air high quality, attempting to pressure the federal government to research the supply of emissions.