A rare disease that still affects humans today has been found in the fossilized vertabra of a duckbill dinosaur that roamed Earth at least 66 million years ago.
The Venezuelan paleontologist Rodolfo Sánchez is pictured next to a male carapace of the giant turtle Stupendemys geographicus, by scale.
The illustration by this artist shows the newly discovered relative Tyrannosaurus rex, Thanatotheristes degrootorum.
The newly discovered species Allosaurus jimmadseni represents the first known Allosaurus. He was a fearsome predator who lived during the late Jurassic period millions of years before the Tyrannosaurus rex.
Remains found in the ancient boat houses of Herculaneum revealed that people who tried to escape from the eruption of Vesuvius slowly choked as volcanic clouds passed over the city.
The Wulong bohaiensis fossil found in the Chinese province of Jehol shows some initial and intriguing aspects that concern both birds and dinosaurs.
The shell instruments were recovered from an Italian cave that showed the beaches combed by the Neanderthals and they dived into the ocean to recover a specific type of shell to be used as tools.
A closer look at the brain of Heslington, which is considered to be Britain’s oldest brain and belonged to a man who lived 2,600 years ago. Surprisingly, the soft tissue has not been artificially preserved.
Researchers from the Russian Archeological Institute RAS excavated four women’s burial sites, who were buried with battle equipment in southwestern Russia and believed they were female Amazon warriors. The older woman found in the tombs wore a unique and rare ceremonial headdress.
Young Tyrannosaurus rex had a fleet with knife-like teeth, which served as medium-sized carnivores before they became giant adults who crushed bones.
A hood of the skull of Homo erectus discovered in Central Java, Indonesia, reveals how long they lived and when the first human species to walk erect became extinct.
This is an artistic reconstruction of Lola, a girl who lived 5,700 years ago.
Part of the scene depicted in the world’s oldest rock art, showing half animal and half human hybrids hunting pigs and buffaloes.
An ancient Egyptian cone was discovered for the first time with the remains of a young woman buried in one of the tombs of Amarna.
A lice-like insect was trapped in amber crawling and nibbling on a dinosaur feather.
The newly discovered penguin species Kupoupou stilwelli lived after the dinosaurs became extinct and serve today as a missing link between the extinct giant penguins and the modern penguins in Antarctica.
This illustration compares the jaws and teeth of two predatory dinosaurs, Allosaurus (left) and Majungasaurus (right).
This is an illustration by the artist of Najash rionegrina in the dunes of the Kokorkom desert that stretched across northern Patagonia during the late Cretaceous period. The snake is twisted with its hind limbs over the remains of a jaw by a small charcharodontosaurid dinosaur.
University of South Carolina archaelogist Christopher Moore (second from right) and colleagues collect basic samples from White Pond near Elgin, South Carolina, to look for evidence of an impact from an asteroid or comet that could causing the extinction of large ice age animals such as saber-toothed cats, giant sloths and mastodons.
Core samples from White Pond near Elgin, South Carolina, show evidence of platinum and soot spikes indicating an impact from an asteroid or comet.
The Sosnogorsk lagoon as it probably appeared 372 million years ago just before a deadly storm, according to an artist’s rendering. The newly discovered tetrapod can be seen on the left side of the image below the surface.
Bronze goods recovered from a river in northern Germany indicate an ancient tool kit of a Bronze Age warrior.
Mold pigs are a recently discovered family, genus and species of microinvertebrates that lived 30 million years ago.
Ferrodraco lentoni was a pterosaur, or “flying lizard”, who lived among dinosaurs 96 million years ago. The fossil was found in Australia.
These late Bronze Age feeding vessels were probably used for children who drank animal milk.
This is the first representation of what the ancient and mysterious humans called Denisovans, a twin Neanderthal group, looked like. This image shows a young Denisovan woman, reconstructed on the basis of DNA methylation maps. The art was created by Maayan Harel.
The researchers found a fossil from one of the oldest bird species in New Zealand. While his descendants were giant seabirds, this ancestor probably flew shorter distances.
A painting shows the new species of giant salamander called Andrias sligoi, the largest amphibian in the world.
After its discovery in 2013, Victoria’s 66 million-year-old fossilized skeleton has been restored bone by bone. It is the second most complete T. rex fossil ever recorded.
An artist’s illustration shows how different an ancient “short-faced” kangaroo called Simosthenurus occidentalis was compared to modern kangaroos. Its skull is more reminiscent of a koala.
An illustration by the artist of Cryodrakon boreas, one of the largest flying animals that ever lived during the Cretaceous period. Although researchers don’t know the color of Cryodrakon’s plumage, the colors shown here honor Canada, where the fossil was found.
A graphic thermal image of a T. rex with its dorsotemporal window shining on the skull.
A complete skull belonging to an ancient human ancestor was recovered in Ethiopia. A 3.8 million year old skull composite of Australopithecus anamensis is seen here alongside a facial reconstruction.
The remains inside the IIIN199 tomb, found under Prague Castle in 1928, belong to a 10th century man. His identity has been the subject of a great debate for years.
Vertebra fossils of a previously undiscovered type of stegosaurus have been found in Morocco. The researchers claim to represent the oldest stegosaurus found.
The skull of La Chapelle-aux-Saints Neanderthal shows signs of external auditory exostosis, known as “surfer’s ear” growths, in the left canal.
The Fincha Habera rock refuge in the Ethiopian bale mountains served as a residence for prehistoric hunter-gatherers.
The largest parrot in the world, Heracles inexpectatus, lived 19 million years ago in New Zealand. He was over 3 feet tall and weighed over 15 pounds.
Saber-toothed cats, terrible wolves and coyotes had different hunting patterns according to a new study on predator fossils found in Tar La Brea’s wells.
The researchers found 83 tiny glassy spheres within the fossilized clams of a Florida quarry. The tests suggest that they are evidence of one or more impacts of undocumented meteorites in Florida’s distant past.
This primitive dinosaur had a large W-shaped jaw and a solid bone crest that resembled a humped nose.
An illustration of a microraptor that swallows a whole lizard during the Cretaceous period. The well-preserved fossils of the Microraptor and lizard have both been found, leading to the discovery that the lizard was a previously unknown species.
The back of a skull found in a Greek cave was dated 210,000 years ago. Known as Apidima 1, right, researchers have been able to scan and recreate it (in the center and left). The rounded shape of Apidima 1 is a unique feature of modern humans and contrasts sharply with the Neanderthals and their ancestors.
A 33,000-year-old human skull shows evidence of being hit by a stick-like object. The right side of the man’s head has a large depressed fracture.
The newly discovered fossilized femur of an ancient giant bird revealed that it weighed almost as much as an adult polar bear and could reach 11.5 feet in height. It lived between 1.5 million and 2 million years ago.
This jaw belonged to a Neanderthal girl who lived 120,000 years ago. It was found in the Scladina cave in Belgium.
This is an illustration by the artist of the recently discovered dinosaur species Fostoria dhimbangunmal.
Radiocarbon dating revealed that this iron age wooden shield was made between 395 and 255 BC.
The incredibly well-preserved fossil of an extinct species of wild mouse extinct 3 million years ago, found in Germany, which was less than 3 inches long, found a red pigment in its fur.
A 5,000-year-old mass grave in Poland contains 15 people belonging to the same extended family.
This is the impression of the Ambopteryx longibrachium artist, one of only two dinosaurs known to have membranous wings. Fossilized remains of the dinosaur were found in Liaoning, northeastern China, in 2017.
Reconstruction of a small tyrannosauroid Suskityrannus hazelae of the late Cretaceous period.
Researchers have studied Archeopteryx fossils for 150 years, but new X-ray data reveal that the bird-like dinosaur may have been an “active flyer”.
A 160,000-year-old Denisovan jaw, found in a cave on the Tibetan plateau, is the first evidence of the presence of this ancient human group outside the Denisova cave in Siberia.
An illustration by the artist of Simbakubwa kutokaafrika, a gigantic carnivore who lived 23 million years ago. It is known from the fossils of most of its jaw, parts of its skull and parts of its skeleton. It was a hyaenodont, an extinct group of mammal carnivores, larger than a modern polar bear.
The right upper teeth of the newly discovered species Homo luzonensis. The teeth are smaller and more simplified than those belonging to other Homo species.
The massive battle-scarred “Scotty” is the world’s largest Tyrannosaurus rex and the largest dinosaur skeleton ever found in Canada.
Researchers discovered unknown species at the Qingjiang fossil site on the Danshui River bank, near its crossing with the Qingjiang River in Hubei Province, China.
During a study of the ancient Iberian population, the remains of a man and woman buried together at a Bronze Age Spanish site called Castillejo de Bonete showed that the woman was a local and that the man’s most recent ancestors had come from Central Europe.
Durrington Walls is a late Neolithic henge site in Wiltshire. The pig bones found on the site revealed that people and cattle have traveled hundreds of miles to celebrate and celebrate.
The impression of an artist of a Galleonosaurus dorisae herd on a river bank in the rift of Australia-Antarctica during the early Cretaceous period, 125 million years ago.
The remains of 137 children and 200 lamas were found in Peru in an area that was once part of the culture of the Chimú state, which was at the height of power during the 15th century. The children and lamas may have been sacrificed because of the floods.
The tooth of an extinct giant land sloth who lived in Belize 27,000 years ago revealed that the area was arid rather than the jungle it is today.
An illustration of the artist of how the little tyrannosaurus Moros intrepidus would have appeared 96 million years ago. These small predators would eventually become Tyrannosaurus rex.
Examples of tools made from monkey bones and teeth recovered from the late Pleistocene layers of the Fa-Hien Lena cave in Sri Lanka show that early humans used sophisticated techniques to hunt monkeys and squirrels.
Footprints believed to belong to the Neanderthals were found in the sand dune of the Catalan bay.
Two of the fossil specimens discovered in Korea had reflective eyes, a feature still evident in the light.
An illustration by the artist of Mnyamawamtuka moyowamkia, a long-necked titanosaurus from the Middle Cretaceous period recently found in Tanzania. Its tail vertebra has a unique heart shape, which contributed to its name. In Swahili, the name translates to “Mtuka animal with a heart-shaped tail”.
The oldest proof of mobility is 2.1 billion years old and was found in Gabon. The tubes, discovered in black schist, are filled with pyrite crystals generated by the transformation of biological tissue by bacteria, present in layers of clay minerals.
Researchers recently studied climate change in Greenland as it happened during the Vikings period. Using lake sediment cores, they found that it was actually warmer than previously believed. They studied at several sites, including a 21st century reproduction of the church of Thjodhild on the estate of Erik the Red, known as Brattahlíð, in present-day Qassiarsuk, Greenland.
This is an illustration of the Antarctic artist, 250 million years ago. The newly discovered fossil of a dinosaur relative, Antarctanax shackletoni, revealed that reptiles lived among the different species of wild animals in Antarctica after mass extinction.
Bone points and perforated teeth found in Denisova’s cave were dated to the Upper Paleolithic. A new study establishes the timeline of the cave and protected the first known humans as early as 300,000 years ago.
The illustration by this artist shows a platypus-like marine reptile that hunts at dusk. This duckbill animal was the first reptile to have unusually small eyes that most likely required him to use other senses, such as the tactile sense of his duckbill, to hunt prey.
Although difficult to locate, researchers found lapis lazuli pigment spots, called ultramarines, in the dental plaque on the lower jaw of a medieval woman.
A Neanderthal fossil, left, and a modern human skeleton. Neanderthals are commonly considered capable of showing a high incidence of trauma compared to modern humans, but a new study reveals that head injury was consistent for both.
Borneo’s oldest figurative artwork was dated 40,000 years ago, when humans lived in what is now known as the third largest island on Earth.
The tooth of a 250,000-year-old Neanderthal child contains an unprecedented record of the seasons of birth, breastfeeding, disease and lead exposure in the first three years of its life.
An artist’s illustration shows gigantic nocturnal birds of elephants foraging at night in the ancient forests of Madagascar. A new study suggests that the now extinct birds were nocturnal and blind.
Kebara 2 is the most complete Neanderthal fossil recovered to date. It was discovered in the Kebara cave in Israel, where other Neanderthal remains were found.
The oldest intact shipwreck in the world was found by a research team in the Black Sea. It is a Greek commercial ship dating back to 400 BC. The ship was detected and digitally mapped by two remote submarine vehicles.
This fossil represents a new piranha-like fish from the Jurassic period with sharp, pointed teeth. He probably fed on the fins of other fish.
The fossil skull of the young Diplodocus known as Andrew, held by Cary Woodruff, director of paleontology at the Great Plains Dinosaur Museum.
Two small bones from the Ciemna cave in Poland are the oldest human remains found in the country. The bone condition also suggests that the baby was eaten by a large bird.
The illustration by this artist shows the newly discovered dinosaur species Ledumahadi mafube foraging in the southern Jurassic period of South Africa. Heterodontosaurus, another South African dinosaur, can also be seen in the foreground.
A 73,000-year-old red cross hatch pattern was drawn on a silicrete flake, which is formed when sand and gravel come together, and found in a cave in South Africa.
A suite of Middle Neolithic ceramics including typical products Danilo, figulina and rhyta which were used to contain meat, milk, cheese and yogurt.
These four dinosaurs show the evolution of alvarezsaurs. From the left, Haplocheirus, Xiyunykus, Bannykus and Shuvuuia reveal the lengthening of the jaws, the reduction of the teeth and the changes in the hand and arm.
Eorhynchochelys sinensis is an ancient turtle that lived 228 million years ago. It had a beak without teeth, but without a shell.
The leg bones of a 7-year-old boy, recovered from an ancient Roman cemetery, show flexion and deformity associated with rickets.
The famous Easter Island statues, called moai, were originally full-body figures that have been partially covered over time. They represent important ancestors of Rapa Nui and were sculpted after a population was established on the island 900 years ago.
The researchers are located at the Aubrey Hole 7 excavation site, where human remains cremated at Stonehenge were recovered for study. New research suggests that 40% of 25 people buried in Stonehenge did not come from there, but probably transported stones from West Wales and helped build it.
The newly discovered armored dinosaur fossil Akainacephalus johnsoni was found in southern Utah.
The foot is part of a partial skeleton of a 3.32 million year old skeleton of an Australopithecus afarensis baby nicknamed Selam.
The impact of an asteroid that caused the dinosaurs to become extinct has also destroyed global forests, according to a new study. This illustration shows one of the few land birds that survived the toxic environment and mass extinction.
The remains of a slaughtered rhinoceros are helping researchers get out when the first humans reached the Philippines. They found a 75% complete skeleton of a rhinoceros that was clearly slaughtered, with 13 of its bones showing cut marks and areas where the bone was hit to release the marrow, at the Kalinga archaeological site on the island of Luzon.
This is just one of 26 individuals found on the site of a 5th century massacre on the Swedish island of Öland. This teenager was found lying on his side, suggesting a slower death. Other skeletons found in the houses and streets of Sandby Borg’s ringfort show signs of sudden death from headshots.
The skeleton of a young woman and her fetus were found in a brick coffin dating back to medieval Italy. His skull shows an example of neurosurgery and his son was expelled after death in a rare “birth of a coffin”.
This part of a whale skull was found at the Calaveras dam construction site in California, along with at least 19 others. Some pieces measure 3 feet in length.
A stone age cow skull shows trepanation, a hole in the skull that was created by man as a surgery or experiment.
On the left is a fossilized skull of our hominid ancestor Homo Heidelbergensis, who lived between 200,000 and 600,000 years ago. On the right is a modern human skull. The hominids had pronounced the eyebrow crests, but modern humans developed mobile eyebrows as their face shape shrank.
On the left is a 13,000-year-old footprint found in sediment on the island of Calvert, off the Canadian Pacific coast. On the right is a digitally enhanced image, which shows the details of the footprint.
A central platform in Star Carr, North Yorkshire, England, was excavated by a research team that investigated past events on climate change at the Middle Stone Age site. The Star Carr site houses the oldest evidence of carpentry in Europe and structures built in Great Britain.
This wall with paintings is located in the cave of La Pasiega in Spain. The ladder shape of the red horizontal and vertical lines is over 64,000 years old and was made by Neanderthals.
These perforated shells were found in the Cueva de los Aviones sea cave in Spain and date back to 115,000 and 120,000 years ago. Researchers believe these served as ornaments for the Neanderthal body.
The oldest modern human fossil ever found outside of Africa has been recovered in Israel. This suggests that modern humans left Africa at least 50,000 years earlier than previously believed. The upper jaw bone, including several teeth, was recovered at a prehistoric cave site.
This is a structure excavated on the northern edge of the Grand Plaza in Teposcolula-Yucundaa in Oaxaca, Mexico. The researchers studied a “pestilence” cemetery associated with a devastating epidemic of 1545-1550. A new analysis suggests that salmonella caused a typhoid fever outbreak.
Standing about 4 feet tall, the first human ancestor Paranthropus boisei had a small brain and a broad, plate-like face. It is best known for having large teeth and strong chewing muscles.