Since the prime minister announced tightening of restrictions on March 29 to prevent the spread of Covid-19, meetings are now limited to a maximum of two people.
But some countries have gone further while others have chosen not to follow the new recommendations.
So what is the current law?
This is the law on Monday April 6th. This article will be updated when new laws are applied or repealed.
Queensland has declared a state of emergency, and along with imposing a limit of two people, residents are now only allowed to leave their homes for one of eight important reasons. This is:
Obtaining food or other important goods or services
Obtain medical care or other health services
Engage in physical training, either alone or in a company of no more than one other person; or in the company of a family group that usually lives in the same house
Doing work on behalf of an employer engaged in business, important activities or businesses, and the work to be performed is of a natural nature which cannot be done naturally from the primary residence of the person
Visiting seriously ill relatives or attending a funeral
Provide assistance, care or support to the immediate member of the person’s family
Attend a court in Australia or to obey or give effect to a court order
Attend child care facilities, schools, universities or other educational institutions, insofar as care or instruction cannot be obtained reasonably at the person’s primary residence
Complete list can be found here.
Queensland now limits meeting of more than two people. This applies in public areas but excludes members of the same household.
This means that if someone leaves their home for important reasons, such as sports, they can only join one person or member of their household.
On Thursday the Queensland prime minister, Annastacia Palaszczuk, said that in someone’s house they were allowed to have all household members and two guests.
Palaszczuk said the amendment was intended to help families who might not all live in the same house to stay connected. He also clarified that those who live alone are allowed to have one or two social guests.
Queensland police officers will be able to issue an on-site fine of $ 1,334.50 for individuals and $ 6,672.50 for companies, in violation of this law. The maximum sentence available through the court is 10 times that amount.
Starting April 3, the Queensland border will be closed to everyone except residents and important workers, including transporters of goods and emergency workers. This includes erecting barriers on Coolangatta, a suburb of the Gold Coast, which crosses Queensland and NSW.
There are exceptions for those who regularly cross the Queensland-NSW border for work.
New South Wales
At 12 o’clock on Tuesday, NSW residents are now legally required to stay in their homes unless they have “reasonable reasons” to leave.
“Reasonable reason” is broadly categorized as:
Obtaining food or other goods and services
Travel for work or education if the person cannot do it at home
Medical or treatment reasons
A complete list of reasons that make sense can be found here.
The state police commissioner, Michael Fuller, said that visiting a romantic partner would be considered under “care” because it supports mental health.
Movements are also permitted for the purpose of moving to a new home or inspecting a potential new home, providing care or assistance to vulnerable or emergency people, and carrying out legal obligations, accessing government services, or donating blood. Exceptions also apply to priests or members of religious orders, and when someone runs away from possible injury, illness, or harm.
Children who live in two households can continue to move between houses.
NSW has also adopted a limit on gathering two people.
Fuller indicated that the police would take to the streets to enforce this new rule.
That new law published Monday night. They allow fines of up to $ 11,000 or six months in prison for those who leave home without reasonable reason, plus an additional $ 5,500 fine each day the offense continues. Fines for business are still higher.
It seems that it will be left to the discretion of the police officer who will receive the fine.
Victoria has adopted a similar system.
Residents can only leave the house for one of five important reasons. This is:
Shop for food or other important goods and services
Occupation and education
Attention and reason for mercy
Other mitigating circumstances
Full details of these reasons can be found here.
The rules for gathering two people also apply inside and outside the home. This rule frees people who live in the same house, whether this is a family unit or roommate.
Victoria’s chief health officer, Dr. Brett Sutton, tweeted on Wednesday that exceptions would be made to visit romantic partners.
The police officer is responsible for deciding who will receive the sentence. They may ask individuals to prove why they left the house or prove that a group is a member of the same household, but deputy commissioner Shane Patton said officers will use “common sense” and experience in knowing who is honest.
Victorian people cannot visit family members who do not live with them, but can leave food and supplies for reasons of care and compassion.
Children who may need to move between their parents’ or guardian’s house are also permitted to travel, and court-ordered visitation rights for parents can also be upheld.
Penalties include on-site fines of up to $ 1,652 for individuals and $ 9,913 for business. Greater fines and even possible criminal charges are also available.
The prime minister, Daniel Andrews, said the new wave of restrictions was part of the closure of the “phase three” of the state.
Tasmania has implemented the same system, with individuals only allowed to leave their homes for important reasons and meetings are limited to two people. But there is more room for exceptions to these rules than in other countries.
Reasons why Tasmanians go to open places include:
Shop for supplies
Doing personal training
Attend medical appointments or health care or for medical treatment.
Looking for animal health services
Provide social support or care for others
Attend school or study, if it can’t be done at home
Attend work, or volunteer, if it can’t be done at home
Perform important maintenance, or security inspections, from other places that are owned or occupied, by that person
Attend another location if the person has reasonable reasons, in the opinion of the director of public health
An example of the “plausible reason” given by the prime minister’s office is to clean the house of a deceased relative.
Tasmania also limits the meeting of more than two people inside and outside the home, but they have a broad definition of “social support” that is excluded. This allows families to visit each other’s homes, couples who live separately to live in each other’s living quarters, and those who live alone have guests.
However, in public, the two people are strictly enforced.
Members of the Australian defense force, the Tasmanian State Emergency Service, and volunteer fire services have been asked to help carry out on-site inspections.
Fines can reach $ 16,800 or six months in prison.
Tasmania also requires that all non-essential travelers enter quarantine for 14 days.
Western Australia has now imposed strict border restrictions, dividing the country into nine regions whose populations cannot move between them without good reason.
Reasons to cross include:
Traveling to work
Attend medical appointments
Access groceries or supplies if this is not available in the region at this time
Attend school or other educational institutions
Support family members if necessary
Reason for mercy
WA will not fine the population for leaving their home for unimportant reasons, however, the prime minister still urges residents to stay home if possible and takes a “common sense” approach.
The state has followed federal recommendations to limit the meeting to no more than two people, both inside and outside the home. This frees those who live in the same house, as well as weddings and funerals.
In WA, you are permitted to join everything in the household and one guest, and there are some further exceptions for families.
The law will enter parliament this week to allow police officers to issue fines on the spot for those who do not comply. However, fines of up to $ 50,000 are currently available through the court.
The prime minister said the drone would also be used to disperse meetings, fly over beaches, parks and other possible social hotspots and broadcast messages about social distance regulation through speakers.
The prime minister is also trying to pass a law that will allow the police to force someone who fails to obey a self-isolation order to use electronic devices and make it a crime to intentionally cough or sneeze at a health worker or emergency service worker if you have Covid-19.
WA has chosen to tighten restrictions on borders rather than within countries.
The country has now institutionalized the closure of violent borders. At midnight on April 6 only “freed travelers” will be allowed in. This includes WA residents.
List of “excluded travelers” can be found here, and includes senior government officials, military personnel and a number of important workers.
Australian Capital Territory
In a statement, the chief minister of the Australian Capital Territory, Andrew Barr, said that ACT would also enforce the two person limit.
But at home, households are allowed up to two additional guests, as long as there is still at least four square meters per person in the room.
Barr has urged residents not to leave their homes, except for certain essential reasons.
Shop for what you need – food and supplies needed
Medical or health care needs, including compassion requirements
Practice according to the requirements of public meetings
Work and study if you cannot work or study remotely
ACT police officers will issue a warning in the first instance.
Australian Guardians understand that the police will focus on enforcing the meeting limits of two people, not why people leave their homes.
That Northern Territory announced it would not enforce the rules of meeting two people.
The chief minister, Michael Gunner, said he would remain within the 10-person limit for now but would carry tougher laws if people do not follow social distance rules.
“If the police need to go around enforcing lower limits, they will do it, but we hope that Residents of the Territory will do the right thing and save time and complexity of our police,” he said.
The Northern Territory now requires that every non-essential traveler quarantine himself for 14 days. Remote communities also have protection to stop non-essential visitors from entering.
So far South Australia has chosen not to enforce the law on the gathering of two new people.
Prime Minister Steven Marshall urged people to follow this rule, but a $ 1,000 fine on the spot will only apply to those who gather in groups greater than 10.
The rules of social distance must still be followed, and meetings with less than 10 people in the room must obey the rules of one person per four square meters.
All people entering South Australia must quarantine for 14 days.
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