Australia has officially confirmed the extinction of 13 species endemic to the country. This includes 12 mammals, along with the first reptiles to go extinct since European colonization ended.
The country is increasingly becoming the capital of extinction for mammals, at least 34 species have become extinct in the country.
Most of these extinctions are not surprising, as many of them disappeared between the 1850s and 1950s. Of the 13 species, only two have disappeared in the last decade – both from Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean, The Guardian reports.
In 2009, the last Christmas Island pipistrelle – a species of bat, went extinct. Then, the first Australian reptile to go extinct in 2014 – the Christmas Island forest lizard. With the new induction of a long list of extinctions to come from Australia, more than 10 percent of the 320 mammals known to have inhabited Australia in 1788 are now extinct.
Following Australia is Haiti, which has experienced nine extinctions.
Among the mammals now extinct are the desert bettong, the Capricorn rats, the Liverpool Plains striped bandicoot, the marl, the Nullarbor barked bandicoot, the blue-gray mouse, the Percey Island flying fox, the Nullarbor dwarf parrot, and the Nullarbor dwarf vulture. the mouse jumped to pee.
Scientists believe that the extinction was caused by feral cats, which are a predatory species. It could also be triggered by the destruction of their habitat, including fires.
The government has listed 100 species that are endemic to Australia and not yet extinct. But scientists believe the true number is expected to be much higher at least 10 times.
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