The helmet of World War I was better explosion protection than a new one: US study. UU.

WASHINGTON: A helmet worn by French soldiers in World War I provided better protection against air explosions than a modern American model, according to an American university study.

Biomedical engineers at Duke University in North Carolina tested the performance of several helmet models from World War I and the US Advanced Combat Helmet. UU. Subjecting them to shock waves.

“While we discovered that all helmets provided a substantial amount of explosion protection, we were surprised to discover that 100-year-old helmets worked as well as modern ones,” said study author Joost Op ‘t Eynde.

“In fact, some historic helmets worked better in some ways,” said Op E t Eynde.

The study, published in the journal PLOS ONE, found that the French “Adrian” helmet of World War I worked better than modern designs in the protection against air explosions.

“This study is, to our knowledge, the first to assess the protective capabilities of these historical combat helmets against explosions,” said Op E t Eynde.

The helmets tested were the “Brodie” models of World War I used by American and British troops, the French “Adrian”, the “Stahlhelm” of Germany and the modern advanced combat helmet of the United States.

The tests were performed on a dummy that was subjected to shock waves of varying force that approximated the explosion of an artillery shell.

“The risk of someone wearing a French” Adrian “helmet from around 1915 was less than that of any of the other tested helmets, including the modern advanced combat helmet,” the study authors said.

The French helmet has a crest at the top of the crown that, according to the study authors, can deflect shock waves.

“The difference that a simple crest or a wider edge can make in explosion protection shows how important this line of research could be,” said Op E t Eynde.

“With all the modern materials and manufacturing capabilities we have today, we should be able to make improvements in the design of the helmet that protects better from the waves than the helmets today or 100 years ago,” he added.




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SpaceX announces partnership to send four tourists to deep orbit

WASHINGTON: SpaceX announced on Monday a new association to send four tourists to an orbit deeper than any private citizen before them, on a mission that could be carried out in 2022 and that would easily cost more than $ 100 million.

The company signed the agreement with Space Adventures, which is based in Washington and served as an intermediary to send eight space tourists to the International Space Station (ISS) via Russian Soyuz rockets.

The first of them was Dennis Tito, who paid $ 20 million for an eight-hour stay at the IEE in 2001. The last to leave was Guy Laliberte, founder of Cirque du Soleil, in 2009.

The new tourists would be transported in the SpaceX Crew Dragon capsule, which was developed to transport NASA astronauts and will make their first manned flight in the coming months.

“Our goal is to try to reach approximately two or three times the height of the space station,” Space Adventure president Tom Shelley told AFP.

The ISS orbits 400 kilometers (250 miles) above the Earth’s surface, but the exact altitude of the Space Adventures mission would be determined by SpaceX, Shelley added.

In the beginning, it could take place in late 2021, although “it is probably more likely sometime in 2022,” he said.

The capsule was designed to take surface astronauts to the ISS. With only nine square meters of volume, there are no private areas for sleeping, washing or using the bathroom.

The duration of the mission will depend on what the customers want, Shelley said.

Training weeks

When asked about the cost, Shelley replied: “It’s not cheap.”

The cost of launching a Falcon 9 rocket is $ 62 million, according to publicly available figures, then there will be the cost of building a new Dragon capsule. Could it exceed $ 100 million?

“Your assessment is correct, I can’t comment specifically on the numbers, but yes, those are the cost components,” he said.

“We have a fairly good network of individuals with high net worth around the world, many of whom we know are interested in spaceflight,” he added.

Unlike space tourism for the ISS, which required six months of training in Moscow, the next mission will require four weeks of participation in the United States.

After a 12-year gap, Space Adventures also wants to send two more tourists to the ISS aboard a Russian rocket in 2021.

In 2005, the company announced, in the midst of great fanfare, that it planned to send two tourists around the Moon, but that mission has now been abandoned, Shelley confirmed.

Other companies involved in space tourism are Virgin Galactic by Richard Branson and Blue Origin by Jeff Bezos.

The two are developing boats to send tourists beyond the border of space (80 kilometers or 100 kilometers, depending on the definitions chosen by both). Tickets for Virgin started at $ 250,000 when they went on sale in the mid-2000s.

The SpaceX offer is much more ambitious and is powered by the same reusable Falcon 9 rocket that places satellites in space and sends astronauts to the ISS.

At the same time, Boeing is also developing a crew capsule called Starliner, also with the intention of transporting American astronauts to the ISS.

Like SpaceX, Boeing also plans to send tourists into space, but the development of the program is hampered by major failures that resulted in the early termination of an unmanned test flight in December.



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Samsung wins Qualcomm 5-nanometer modem chip contract

SAN FRANCISCO / SEOUL: The Samsung Electronics semiconductor manufacturing division won a contract to manufacture new Qualcomm 5G chips using its most advanced chip manufacturing technology, two sources familiar with the matter said, which boosted the Korean company’s efforts to gain market share against its rival Taiwan Semiconductor manufacturing.

Samsung will manufacture at least some of Qualcomm’s X60 modem chips, which will connect devices such as smartphones to 5G wireless data networks. The X60 will be manufactured in Samsung’s 5-nanometer process, sources said, which makes the chips smaller and more efficient than previous generations.

One of the sources said that TSMC is also expected to manufacture 5-nanometer modems for Qualcomm. Samsung and Qualcomm declined to comment, and TSMC did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Best known among consumers for their phones and other electronic devices, Samsung is the second largest chip maker in the world through its foundry division, supplies many of its own mobile phone parts and also manufactures chips for external customers such as International Business Machines and Nvidia, among others.

But much of Samsung’s semiconductor revenue historically comes from memory chips, whose prices can vary greatly as supply and demand fluctuate. In an attempt to reduce its dependence on that volatile market, Samsung announced a plan last year to invest $ 116 billion in memoryless chips until 2030.

The Qualcomm agreement shows progress in winning customers for that effort. Even if Samsung has won only part of the orders, Qualcomm represents a flagship customer for Samsung’s 5-nanometer manufacturing technology. Samsung plans to increase that technology this year in an attempt to regain market share against TSMC, which is also starting mass production of 5-nanometer chips this year.

Qualcomm’s victory could boost Samsung’s foundry business because the X60 modem is likely to be used on many mobile devices as they switch to 5G. In the fourth quarter of 2019, Samsung had a 17.8% market share compared to 52.7% of TSMC, according to TrendForce data.

In a separate announcement, Qualcomm said Tuesday that it will begin sending samples of the X60 chips to customers in the first quarter of this year. Qualcomm did not reveal who would make the chips, and Reuters could not tell if Samsung or TSMC would manufacture the first batches of chips.

The Taiwanese company was faster in increasing the production of high-volume chips using the previous 7-nanometer manufacturing process, winning customers like Apple Inc (AAPL.O).

Last month, TSMC executives said they expect to start increasing production of 5 nanometers in the first half of the year and that they represent 10% of the company’s revenue by 2020.

When asked during an investor conference call in January on how Samsung will compete with TSMC, Shawn Han, senior vice president of Samsung Foundry, said the company planned to expand mass production of 5 nanometers by “diversifying customer applications.” this year.

Qualcomm designs its own chips but works with external companies to manufacture them. In the past, it has used manufacturing services from Samsung and TSMC, as well as from Semiconductor Manufacturing International of China, according to technology and foundry prices that meet their needs for the product in question.



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Fawad reveals government policies that will be adopted for social media platforms

ISLAMABAD: Federal Minister of Science and Technology, Fawad Chaudhry, reiterated his demand to regulate all social media platforms, including Facebook, YouTube, Twitter and others, to cancel its misuse, ARY News reported Monday.

Fawad Chaudhry, while talking exclusively with the ARY news program “Power Play”, urged to regulate social media platforms to make sure they stop using them incorrectly. He claimed that different companies and segments of society were propaganda about the laws.

He asked critics to detect legal flaws in the regulations, however, he admitted that laws should not be misused by governments as a political tool to suppress criticism presented by their opponents. However, the debate to leave the platforms unregulated is completely useless, he added.

Read: The Ministry of IT publishes statutory regulatory orders for social networks

“I accept that the right to expression is a fundamental right, but there are three more fundamental rights that we should also discuss here, including the right to honor, the right to privacy and the right to dignity. It is not a good tradition to defame others or attack privacy through a YouTube channel. “

“Social networks are not left unregulated anywhere in the world, therefore, the debate about whether to bring the platforms within the limits of the laws should not be opened. The plan to regulate social networks is not part of a political tactic. [against opponents] and the higher court will also give recommendations on this. “

“We are witnessing that there are many groups in social networks [platforms] including Facebook and Twitter being criticized throughout the day. These groups have been created at a cost of Rs30,000. Are these groups in favor of the rights of dignity and honor or cross any border?

Read: Pakistan achieves a breakthrough with the giants of social networks: sources

The minister said it is important to analyze how to implement the laws. He admitted that the laws of the National Responsibility Office (NAB) were also used positively and negatively, however, he is not worthy of criticizing the regulations.

When asked about the federal government’s attempt to enforce the laws in secret without holding any debate in Parliament, Fawad Chaudhry rejected the claims by saying that the regulations were discussed in parliament in 2016 and is part of Section 22 of the Prevention of electronic Crime Law (PECA) 2016.

It is pertinent to mention here that the Legal Notification issued by the Ministry of Information Technology with a list of Legal Regulatory Orders (SRO) to regulate social networks received criticism throughout Pakistan.

Read: Fawad Chauhdry says that regulating social networks is of public interest

Earlier on February 14, Fawad Chaudhry had said that regulating social networks is of public interest.

In his tweet, Fawad Chaudhry said, the United States of America (USA) and the United Kingdom (United Kingdom) cannot be criticized for strict regulations, but for Pakistan, some elements want zero regulation.

The minister also wrote that it is imperative to register companies within the framework of Pak’s economic laws and that the law on the regulation of social networks was passed during the term of the Muslim League of Pakistan-Nawaz (PML-N).


According to the order, social media companies must meet the demands of the social media coordinator that may include the following:

  • The mentioned website must remove objectionable content within 24 hours of notification.
  • If the content is considered extremely insensitive, the social media platform must remove the notified object within 6 hours.
  • Social networks must maintain the religious and security sensitivities of the region in which they operate.
  • Social networking websites must ensure the reduction of content related to extremism and / or hate speech.
  • Stop the influx of fake news and live broadcasts that could compromise national security.

It has also been revealed that social media giants are headed to open offices in Pakistan soon enough and register with the government.




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The cutting-edge technology of modern cars saves lives of two families.

Automatic brakes in the Tesla Model X electrical room have saved the lives of two families by preventing a tree from collapsing in the middle of the Dennis storm.

The incident took place near the village of Sturminster Marshal, England, on February 15, where a financial consultant Laurence Sanderson of Brentwood in Essex was driving through Dorset in his Model X electrical room for £ 86,000 when the huge 400-year-old oak tree It was blown to the ground.

Automatic brake Tesla Model X electric car

The tree landed on the hood of the car, avoiding the roof when the car suddenly stopped due to automatic brakes. Sanderson said that if it hadn’t been for the automatic brakes, he and his family would have been “toasted.”

Traveling with Mr. Sanderson in the passenger seat was traveling by his wife Anna, with their children Max, 12, Isabella, nine, and Rex, three, in the back.

The family was in Dorset on vacation with the children currently in the medium term.

Automatic brake Tesla Model X electric car

Surprisingly, the car traveling in the opposite direction was another Tesla, with the latest technology that also worked at the last moment, Dailymail UK reported.

The other Tesla had a family of four, all of whom were also unharmed. Since then, both cars have been confirmed as cancellations.

Following the shocking incident, both families were taken by a couple in a nearby house that gave them food and water. The A31 was blocked in both directions as a result of the fall of the tree.

Automatic brake Tesla Model X electric car

He said: “My wife is a bit battered and bruised, but other than that we are completely unharmed, it’s a miracle. We were driving along the A31 and I saw the tree fall in the blink of an eye. The car squeezed brakes and the boot landed on our hood ”.

“Literally, one more second and we would have been toasted. It was huge, the biggest tree I have ever seen. The other car had four people and all were fine. The odds of both cars being Teslas are extraordinary.”

The scene was attended by the Dorset Police, the Dorset and Wiltshire Fire and Rescue Service, the Southwest Ambulance Service and the roads of England.




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The fast-growing digital bank plans to hire 500 people

LONDON: The fast-growing British digital bank Monzo plans to hire up to 500 people and forecasts that it will get 5.5 million users this year, while preparing to have another opportunity to charge some customers for profit.

The company with losses has spent cash to boost growth and launch in the United States, but has had no trouble raising capital and is valued at more than 2 billion pounds.

Launched in 2015, Monzo has attracted 3.8 million customers in Britain with its bright coral card and expense tracking data.

Some younger clients in particular have become fierce advocates, with the digital bank ranked as the most likely brand in Britain to be recommended to a friend in a YouGov survey in November.

Tom Blomfield, the 34-year-old founder and CEO, told Reuters he expected Monzo to exceed 2,000 employees this year, compared to 1,500.

two heart-shaped overlay Monzo cards

However, the bank has had problems, including the abrupt cancellation of a premium paid account in September after only a few months. He has also been hit by an avalanche of complaints, even from customers who said they had been blocked from their accounts for no reason.

Blomfield said Monzo planned to relaunch the accounts paid in the first quarter of this year, implementing the lessons learned from complaints after its failed attempt in 2019.

“We learned that things that seem like a universal truth when you have 50 people, throwing iteratively since nobody is paying attention when you do that with 3.5 million customers, is nonsense,” said Blomfield.


Blomfield said Monzo’s plan was to float in three or four years and that he hoped the company would be profitable by then.

The bank, which reported a loss of 47.2 million pounds in 2018, is in talks with investors to raise between 50 and 100 million pounds. Blomfield declined to comment on the talks.

“Our real approach is monetization,” he said. “We are looking to generate income and do it in a transparent and fair way.”

Monzo wants to do it by providing more and deploying paid services such as the premium account.

It currently lends 120 million pounds, compared to deposits of 2 billion pounds.

Blomfield said the bank would learn from rivals that failed to replicate success in their country in new markets, including Germany’s N26, which left Britain last week.

“In the United States we are laying the groundwork, but we are not looking for explosive growth,” he said.

“The lesson is that if you take a product and move it unchanged, it doesn’t work well: N26 didn’t connect.”

N26 blamed the complications of obtaining a license after Brexit for leaving Britain.



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