Certain personality traits can affect the risk of ‘pre-dementia’ | Instant News

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A study published in Journal of the American Geriatrics Society examine five personality traits – neuroticism, extraversion, conscientiousness, agreeableness, and openness – and their relation to a condition of pre-dementia called cognitive motor risk (MCR) and mild cognitive impairment syndrome (MCI).

Among 524 adults aged 65 years and older who were followed for an average of 3 years, 38 participants developed MCR and 69 developed MCI (some with Memory loss, or amnestic MCI).

Openness is associated with a 6% reduction in MCR risk, whereas neuroticism is associated with a 6% increase in risk of non-amnestic MCI. In non-amnestic MCI, memory remains intact, but one or more others cognitive ability– Like language, visual-spatial skills, or executive functions – are disrupted.

None of personality traits associated with the MCI as a whole or with amnestic MCI.

“While further studies are needed, our results provide evidence that personality traits play an independent role in risk or protection against certain pre-dementia syndromes,” said lead author Emmeline Ayers, MPH, from Albert Einstein College of Medicine. “From a clinical perspective, these findings emphasize the importance of accounting for personality aspects when assessing the risk of dementia.”

The big difference in personality traits between patients with social anxiety disorder

Further information:
Emmeline Ayers et al. Effect of Personality Characteristics on Risk of Pre-dementia Syndrome, Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (2020). DOI: 10.1111 / jgs.16424

Certain personality traits can affect the risk of ‘pre-dementia’ (2020, 3 June)
taken June 3 2020
from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-06-personality-traits-affect-pre-dementia.html

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