Certain personality traits can affect the risk of ‘pre-dementia’ | Instant News


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A study published in Journal of the American Geriatrics Society examine five personality traits – neuroticism, extraversion, conscientiousness, agreeableness, and openness – and their relation to a condition of pre-dementia called cognitive motor risk (MCR) and mild cognitive impairment syndrome (MCI).

Among 524 adults aged 65 years and older who were followed for an average of 3 years, 38 participants developed MCR and 69 developed MCI (some with Memory loss, or amnestic MCI).

Openness is associated with a 6% reduction in MCR risk, whereas neuroticism is associated with a 6% increase in risk of non-amnestic MCI. In non-amnestic MCI, memory remains intact, but one or more others cognitive ability– Like language, visual-spatial skills, or executive functions – are disrupted.

None of personality traits associated with the MCI as a whole or with amnestic MCI.

“While further studies are needed, our results provide evidence that personality traits play an independent role in risk or protection against certain pre-dementia syndromes,” said lead author Emmeline Ayers, MPH, from Albert Einstein College of Medicine. “From a clinical perspective, these findings emphasize the importance of accounting for personality aspects when assessing the risk of dementia.”


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Further information:
Emmeline Ayers et al. Effect of Personality Characteristics on Risk of Pre-dementia Syndrome, Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (2020). DOI: 10.1111 / jgs.16424

Quote:
Certain personality traits can affect the risk of ‘pre-dementia’ (2020, 3 June)
taken June 3 2020
from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-06-personality-traits-affect-pre-dementia.html

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