The device trigger hardening of the arteries – one of the main reasons cardiovascular disease.
And hookah, they also cause inflammation and DNA damage that fuels cancer and other deadly diseases.
In addition, they reduce the resistance Covid-19cause symptoms worse and make death more likely, the researchers say.
The first study of its kind compared the effects of three types of Smoking and found everything to hurt vital organs.
Germany called on smokers to try to quit the habit – regardless of which method they prefer.
This echoes calls from the world Health Organization, the US centers for control and prevention of diseases, the food and drug administration and the European society of Cardiology.
The author Professor Thomas Munzel, a cardiologist from the University medical center Mainz, said: “All three forms of Smoking and vaping leads to increased production of free radicals in the blood tissue vessels, such as superoxide.
“It breaks down nitric oxide, which protects against inflammation and clogged arteries”.
Munzel said “fallacy” e-cigarettes and hookah is much less harmful, have caused their popularity.
Countless flavors and the lack of regulations make them very attractive drug for teenagers and adults who have not previously smoked.
There are now more than 3.6 million users in the UK. Munzel and colleagues found tobacco cigarettes, hookahs and electronic cigarettes increased stiffness of the arteries for 10, nine and seven percent, respectively.
The results of the study also showed, hookahs and electronic cigarettes more than three times and almost twice the risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, respectively.
Cases increased eight-fold among traditional smokers.
The incidence of lung cancer skyrocketed dvenadtsatistrunnye among the last – and more than doubled in waterpipe smokers.
Evidence for the vipers has been inconclusive.
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