Brazzaville, Burkina Faso, today concluded a four-day immunization campaign against polio, vaccination 174 of 304 children under five years in two districts-Eastern region of the country with respect COVID-19 measures of infection prevention and control.
The campaign is the first to be held since the government suspended all mass immunization March 27 in connection with COVID-19 pandemic in accordance with the rules of physical distancing to stop the transmission of the virus.
How to resume immunization campaigns by the world health organization (who) teams in regional and country offices, recommendations were developed for countries and workers to ensure their safety and the safety of children and their families.
All vaccinators and health workers have been trained on maintaining physical distancing when vaccination. In addition, as well as 200 liters of disinfectant for hands, a total of 41 250 masks were made available through the COVID-19 Committee in the country at the forefront 2,000 workers who took part in immunization campaigns.
While mass vaccinations were suspended, medical institutions continued to function, offering routine vaccination. However, parents and carers expressed some doubt to vaccinate their children for fear of Contracting COVID-19, which led to a 10% reduction in the rate of vaccination, according to the team, in the country.
“We can’t wait COVID-19 pandemic that must be contained in a summary of immunization activities. If we stop for too long immunization, including polio, vaccines against diseases preventable will have a detrimental effect on the health of children in the region,” said Dr. AU pair girl Kelsey METI, Director of the who Regional office for Africa.
“In the campaign of the implementation of polio eradication to demonstrate that mass vaccination can be safely carried out under the strict implementation of the COVID-19 infection prevention and guidelines for the monitoring,” added Dr. METI.
Burkina Faso got their wild poliovirus in 2015 Yet the moment is one of the 15 countries in the African region experiencing outbreaks of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus, a rare form of the virus, which affects not vaccinated and a low level of immunization of the population living in areas with poor sanitation and low level of vaccination against polio.
As of June 27, the system of disease surveillance in the country were identified 10 cases of circulation vaccine transmission of poliovirus in the districts of Ouargaye, Bittou, Bogodogo, Kaya, Tougouri, Signoghin, Saponé and Dori that require an immediate response.
“The suspension of immunization, even if it is necessary to protect frontline workers and community, stalled our response to the circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus. However, our group worked in a mode non-stop across the region to ensure that in addition to supporting COVID-19 response, we continue to the importance of epidemiological surveillance and a plan for the resumption of the polio outbreak response, as soon as the situation permits,” said Dr. Pascal Mkanda, coordinator of the who programme for the eradication of poliomyelitis in the African region.
The who African region created an interagency rapid response team in September 2019 to mobilize responses to outbreaks of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus in the region within 72 hours. The campaign involves conducting three rounds of immunization in affected areas for three months, with the first round conducted within the first 14 days. A rapid response team has successfully finished three of the outbreak in Kenya, Mozambique and Niger.
From 10 to 13 July, Angola plans to hold a vaccination campaign against polio, targeting 1,287,717 children under the age of five years. Employees 14,742 campaign will include 4,309 vaccinators. As Burkina Faso, strict infection prevention control measures, including distribution of masks and 90,000 23,000 disinfectant 500 ml Ministry of health of the country.
Note to editors
Polio is a viral disease that is transmitted from person to person, primarily via the fecal-oral route and, less frequently, through contaminated water or food and multiplies in the intestine.
While there is no cure for polio, the disease can be prevented by introducing simple and effective vaccines. That is why efforts are being made in each country to quickly raise the level of immunity in children and protect them from paralysis from polio.
Wild poliovirus was discovered anywhere in Africa in 2016. This is in sharp contrast with 1996, when wild poliovirus paralyzed more than 75,000 children in all countries on the continent. In Africa the regional Commission on certification (CP), an independent panel designated to certify the eradication of wild poliovirus in the who African region, is expected to certify in the region of a zone free of wild poliovirus in August 2020.
About circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus in the African region
Derivative vaccine strains of poliovirus are rare, but these viruses affect not vaccinated and a low level of immunization of the population living in areas with poor sanitation and low level of immunization against polio. When children are immunized with oral polio vaccine, attenuated vaccine virus replicates in the intestine for a short time to build up the necessary immunity and then excreted in faeces into the environment where it can mutate. If the vaccination coverage against polio remained low in the community and sanitation remains inadequate, the mutated virus will be transmitted to susceptible populations, leading to the emergence of vaccine derived poliovirus strains.
Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, côte d’ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Zambia contested by weak routine immunization, vaccine refusal, difficult access to some locations and poor quality vaccination, as well as security challenges that made the immunization of all children is difficult.
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