The world day against hepatitis 2020: What is the disease hepatitis, its types, Prevalence In India and much more | Instant News

File photo: students, volunteers, members of the public participated in the rally for the awareness of hepatitis and diseases of the digestive system, On the Marina beach in Chennai.

(With Suresh Kumar/TOI, Chennai/ BCCL )

As COVID-19 takes on the daily lives of almost the entire population of the planet, it is important to remember that others are often more fatal the disease is still there. Conquering deadly diseases one is crucial to achieve the objectives in public health and one of these tasks includes the long-term eradication of the enemy: hepatitis.

Every year, July 28 is celebrated as world day against hepatitis to raise awareness about the disease and to reflect on the global burden of viral hepatitis. He reminds the world to take action and to fight to reduce the disease burden.

According to the world health organization (who), the date of 28 July was chosen for world day of hepatitis, as it is the birthday of Nobel prize winner scientist Dr Baruch Samuel Blumberg. He played a significant role in combating the disease after discovering one of his viruses, name the source of the hepatitis b virus (HBV) in 1967. He is also credited with the development of the first diagnostic test and a vaccine against the virus in 1969.

This year’s theme – ‘free of hepatitis of the future’, with a focus on the prevention of hepatitis b among mothers and newborns. The who has set a global goal of eradicating this disease by 2030. Estimated nearly 29 million people around the world don’t know that they are living with viral hepatitis and therefore it is very important to spread more information about this deadly disease.

What is the disease hepatitis?

Hepatitis is a disease caused by a viral infection that causes inflammation of the liver. This can lead to a number of health problems, including cancer of the liver. The researchers also attributed one of the causes of the disease increased vulnerability of the liver due to exposure to harmful substances, such as alcohol or certain medications.

Sometimes the disease can also be caused by autoimmune diseases. There are basically five types of identified hepatitis viruses, they are clearly as easy as A, B, C, D and E. All these viruses can cause both acute and chronic liver problems.

Although these five viruses contribute to a huge disease burden worldwide, type B and C are the most dangerous as they lead to chronic diseases. Type B and C are the most common cause of cirrhosis and liver cancer. Type A and E are mainly caused by the ingestion of contaminated food or water.

According to the who, almost 32.5 million people living with hepatitis B and c today around the world. Approximately 9,00,000 lives are lost each year due to hepatitis.

The prevalence of hepatitis In India

Hepatitis is a major public health problem in India. Of all the types of hepatitis B and C are the most common ones to be discovered in India. Hepatitis is said to be very contagious and is easily transmitted from one person to another through infected blood and other body fluids.

According to who, in India, about 4 million people chronically infected with hepatitis B and 60 rupees to 1.2 million people chronically infected with hepatitis C. According to Indian journal of medical researchin India, about 2,50,000 people die from viral hepatitis and its complications every year.

And hundreds of thousands of people were left without validation and appropriate treatment measures, it has become more important than ever to spread the awareness about this viral disease. Especially when the world is struggling with a deadly outbreak of coronavirus, it is important to manage existing health risks, to reduce the burden on the health system of the country.


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