New Delhi: India celebrates National Dengue Day on May 16 as suggested by the Ministry of Health of the Union to create awareness about this disease. The steps to prevent and prepare for controlling the spread of dengue are some of the things discussed and shared today.
Dengue fever starts with sudden onset of fever, followed by severe headaches, pain behind the eyes, muscle and joint pain, and rashes. Although there is no specific antiviral drug for dengue, initial clinical diagnosis by doctors puts the death rate from this disease below 1%.
The use of analgesics (pain relievers) with paracetamol, encouraging patients to drink plenty of fluids and rest is important. The use of acetylsalicylic acid (eg Aspirin) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (eg Ibuprofen) is not recommended.
Facts of dengue fever
* Dengue is transmitted through the bite of an Aedes aegypti mosquito that is infected with one of the four dengue viruses.
* People experience symptoms 3-14 days after an infective bite.
* Patients who have been infected with dengue virus can transmit the infection to others through Aedes mosquitoes for 4-5 days the onset of symptoms.
Prevention and control
1) Water from coolers and other small containers (plastic containers, buckets, used car tires, water coolers, pet watering containers, and flower vases) must be disposed of at least once a week.
2) Appropriate larvicide must be used for water storage containers that cannot be emptied.
3) Water storage containers must remain closed with a lid.
4) Aerosol can be used during the day to prevent mosquito bites.
5) During the transmission season (rainy season), everyone can wear clothes that cover their arms and legs.
6) Mosquito nets or mosquito repellent can be used while sleeping during the day.
7) Personal protection measures such as window curtains, insecticide-treated mosquito nets, coils and vaporizers can be used to prevent mosquito bites.
8) Dengue fever patients must be prevented from mosquito bites. This will prevent further spread of dengue fever to other people.
Dengue fever is prevalent throughout the country, which is the reason why the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, the Government of India makes notifications about dengue cases.
All government health institutions and private hospitals and clinics are required to notify the district health authority office of the district concerned to notify suspected dengue cases reported at their health institutions every week or every day during the transmission season.
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