London, May 21 (SocialNews.XYZ) Most young people who self-injure or experience suicidal thoughts appear to have only mild or moderate mental stress, according to the researchers.
Measures to reduce the risk of suicide in young people should focus on the entire population, not just those who are most depressed, depressed or anxious, Cambridge University researchers said during the week of Mental Health Awareness.
“It seems that self-injury and suicidal thoughts among young people dramatically increase well within the normal or non-clinical range of mental distress,” said the study’s senior author, Peter Jones of Cambridge University in England.
The findings, published at BMJ Open, show that public policy strategies to reduce suicide must support better mental health for all young people, not just those who are most unhealthy.
Previous studies have suggested that various mental health problems such as anxiety, depression and low self-esteem can be measured together as a level of general mental stress (CMD).
In the current study, the research team used a series of questionnaires to analyze general mental stress in two large groups of young people between the ages of 14 and 24 years.
They also collected self-reported data on suicidal thoughts and non-suicide self-injury, both of which are predictive markers for an increased risk of suicide.
CMD scores increase in three significant increases above the population average: mild mental pressure, followed by moderate pressure, and finally severe and so on – which often manifests as a mental health disorder that can be diagnosed.
Findings showed that those with severe mental stress came out highest for the risk of suicide.
However, the majority of all participants who experienced thoughts of suicide or self-injury – 78 percent and 76 percent respectively in the first sample, 66 percent and 71 percent in the second rank had mild or moderate mental stress levels. .
“It is well known that for many physical conditions, such as diabetes and heart disease, a small improvement in the risk of the overall population translates into more lives being saved, rather than only focusing on those at very high risk,” Jones said.
“This is called the ‘prevention paradox’, and we believe our research is the first evidence that mental health can be seen in the same way. We need public health and a clinical approach to suicide risk,” the researchers wrote.
Meanwhile, a recent study, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, revealed that the COVID-19 pandemic could cause serious physical and mental health problems.
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