When the COVID-19 pandemic occurred throughout the population globally, much of the research initially focused on people with severe illnesses who might require potentially scarce resources in hospitals and intensive care. But because this disease develops without signs of abating anytime soon, scientists are now looking for answers to what can increase the risk of severe complications and even death in certain people. Experts say that this will lead to good planning and preparation in advance, and implementation of data collection during the pandemic. They argue that if ‘we have to live with COVID-19 for the next few years, we need to understand and optimize care before, during and outside the hospital ‘.
Now, the latest observational research in Indonesia BMJ said that there are a number of factors that can increase your risk of being exposed new corona virus. According to the researchers, age, sex, obesity, and underlying health conditions all play a role in your vulnerability. This is a slight variation from previous research which says that age and the underlying condition are the main risk factors.
This is the largest prospective observational study that has been carried out until now. Researchers from the UK provide a comprehensive picture of the characteristics of patients treated in hospitals in the UK COVID-19 and the result. They analyzed data from 20,133 patients with COVID-19 who were treated in 208 acute care hospitals in England, Wales and Scotland between 6 February and 19 April 2020. This represented about one third of all patients treated in hospitals with this disease in the United Kingdom . The average age of patients in this study was 73 years, and more men (12,068; 60 percent) had to be hospitalized than women (8,065; 40 percent).
Known risk factors
Data from all over the world and perhaps studies show that parents and those who have underlying health conditions are at greater risk of experiencing severe complications and the possibility of death. This is especially true for people with chronic diabetes, heart, lungs, and liver Kidney illness. People over the age of 50 are also more at risk.
At the time of the study’s publication, more than a quarter (26 percent) of all Covid-19 patients in the hospital had died, 54 percent were sent home alive, and one third (34 percent) remained in the hospital. The results were worse for those who needed mechanical ventilation: 37 percent had died, 17 percent had been discharged alive, and 46 percent remained in the hospital.
New risk factors identified
But now researchers are also seeing that obesity and gender are the key factors associated with the need for a higher level of care and a higher risk of death in the hospital. Men are at higher risk of experiencing severe complications. They are also more likely to give up on viruses. Obesity is another factor. According to researchers, this is a major additional risk factor that was not highlighted in previous studies. They suspect that decreased lung function or inflammation associated with obesity could play a role here. However, they did not say conclusively why this happened.
Published: May 23, 2020 11:07 | Updated: May 23, 2020 11:10 AM
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