COVID-19 and children: What we know about diseases like Kawasaki is affecting children | Instant News

A boy wears a handmade mask to try to reduce the transmission of COVID-19, a disease caused by coronavirus.

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Initially, the news COVID-19 does not always affect children As serious as it is to attack an adult is a welcome aid. At least that’s the first understand doctors have this disease caused by corona virus. Now, doctors and scientists are rethinking that assumption, after identifying case group point to a potentially dangerous syndrome they said related to COVID-19 in children, but with a different pathology and sometimes fatal results.

Many of these children are affected treated in intensive care and placed on life support. Have some reportedly suffered heart damage and other organ failure. That The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has confirmed at least three children have died, but doctors speculate maybe there are more. With clinical symptoms mirroring more closely Kawasaki disease and toxic shock syndrome of the Covid19 symptoms doctors came to hope that there were still many medical communities who did not know about this newly observed disease.

This raises some difficult questions. What is the name of the disease and how does it affect children? How deadly is it? How is it maintained, and will it delay the reopening of the school? This story refers to information available from sources such as CDC and World Health Organization, and will continue to be updated when new details are revealed. This is not intended as medical advice.

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What is the disease called and how is it related to coronavirus?

That CDC and WHO have dubbed this condition “Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children, “(PDF) or MIS-C. These are also called both”pediatric multisystem inflammatory syndrome“and”child hyperinflammatory syndrome. ”

In the early stages of a pandemic, doctors noted that there seemed to be fewer children than adults who had symptoms of COVID-19 that were bad enough to require hospitalization. A a series of studies immediately support that suspicion. They show how some children are sick, but far less often than adults. And it seems like children can certainly spread the disease, but adults spread it faster. Word got out that children were relatively safe from the worst effects of the virus, and parents heaved a sigh of relief.

Playgrounds around the country were closed in an effort to reduce coronavirus transmission.

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However, in due course, a very horrible group of child cases began to appear. Most of these children tested positive, if not for the coronavirus itself, then for antibodies that suggest they have been infected at some point before. But these children did not arrive at the hospital with a typical COVID-19 complaint. In particular, the report said, even though they had fewer respiratory problems than expected, these children are actually much sicker than many adult patients. They are in between the first pediatric patient to be identified (PDF) with this new syndrome.

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The reason experts believe that diseases affecting children are related to novel coronaviruses and COVID-19, the disease they cause, is because how many of them tested positive therefore. It is true that tests for some children with these symptoms return negative, but the doctor pointed concern about the accuracy of some COVID-19 tests as a possible explanation for the exception.

Because many of these patients tested positive for antibodies – which means they had contracted the corona virus perhaps a few weeks before – doctors began to suspect that what had happened was not a direct result of the virus itself, but rather sort of reaction to their body for infections that are otherwise cured.

What happens to children thought to be affected by COVID-19?

Symptoms reported by patients and doctors vary. The doctor has observed persistent fever, red eyes and skin rashes, and low blood pressure, inflammation, pale lips and skin and sometimes blue, difficulty breathing and lethargy.

That the most severe report describe blood clots, chest pain, increased heart rate and organ failure, including, in extreme cases, heart failure. Children with MIS-C don’t always complain of breathing problems the way the doctor came to expect from COVID-19 patient. But beyond this and some other symptoms, the doctor admitted little is known certainly about this disease. What they say for sure is that it requires immediate medical attention.

What is Kawasaki disease and toxic shock? How are they related to MIS-C?

Kawasaki disease is an unknown cause of inflammatory disease that mainly affects children aged 5 years and under. Toxic shock syndrome is a complication arising from bacterial infection and also causes inflammation. It’s more deadly than Kawasaki disease, but both conditions have a number of symptoms with MIS-C, including fever, red eyes, skin rashes and body aches. MIS-C is considered different.

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This is what the survivors say

Knowledge about multisystem inflammatory syndrome is still limited, but some children who have recovered have talked to the media about their experiences.

A teenager, speak to the New York Times, described the feeling as “like someone injecting you with direct fire” during hospitalization for heart failure.

A 12-year-old girl to the Washington Post he remembers having a “weird” bluish lip and feeling “very tired” before the doctor said he had a cardiac arrest.

Doctors said another 12-year-old girl developed a blood clot that stopped her heart. “It feels like someone stabbed my leg,” he told NBC, which reported that it took 45 minutes for CPR to start again.

How does coronavirus cause all the symptoms?

So far no one knows for sure, but some doctors believe it might be sort of delayed child’s immune system reaction It is extraordinary abnormal and aggressive. Doctors speculate that when trying to fight the virus, their immune system overreacts and begins to damage normal and healthy cells, such as those in their organs. They suggest this could also be what causes a dangerous drop in blood pressure that is often observed.

Is MIS-C common? How many children have it?

A latest survey counted more than 200 examples of the disease, but with total coronavirus infections exceeded 5 million confirmed cases worldwide, said the experts this disease is still very rare and most patients so far respond well to treatment. Mostly already fully recovered.

When was MIS-C and a link to COVID-19 found?

In early April, a pre-published article was published in a journal Paediatrics Hospital reported a baby being treated and diagnosed with Kawasaki disease and COVID-19. Since then, doctors have reported pediatric COVID group – 19 cases that served with Kawasaki disease (PDF) and related symptoms, such as persistent fever, reddened eyes, skin rashes and joint and stomach pain.

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Are there treatments?

No official treatment or cure program for MIS-C or coronavirus is known at this time (although there are some promising coronavirus vaccine candidates already in clinical trials). However, doctors have reported positive results, with the treatments they have prescribed.

New research published in Circulation of the American Heart Association journal reported that children suffering from heart failure as a result of this syndrome who were then treated with a combination of steroids and antibodies obtained from donated blood – a treatment called immune globulin therapy – were greatly recovered. Heart function reported restored in a matter of days in many cases using this standard anti-inflammatory therapy.

The information contained in this article is for educational and information purposes only and is not intended as medical or medical advice. Always consult a doctor or other qualified health care provider about questions you might have about a medical condition or health goal.

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