Pacific Syndromic Surveillance System Weekly Bulletin / Système de Surveillance Syndromique dans le Pacifique – Hebdomadaire Bulletin: W19 2020 (May 4 – May 10) – Marshall Islands | Instant News


Verification Warning for WK 19:

  • Fever and Acute Rash: French Polynesia
  • Influenza-like diseases: Wallis and Futuna

Influenza Like Illness:

PSSS, EPI-WK 19, Influenza-like Illness (ILI) cases compared to WK 18 ILI cases are as tabulated below for comparison. For additional perspectives on the figures and trend percentages of country reporting sentinel sites for WKs 18 & 19 are also displayed.

  • The actual increase in the number of ILI cases is seen in Fiji, Wallis & Futuna, FSM, Kiribati, Tokelau and Marshall Islands.
  • The increase in Cook Islands may reflect an increase in the number of sentinel sites that report.
  • Tuvalu and Vanuatu reported a reduction in the number of ILI cases.
  • The reduction seen for Solomon Islands and Tonga can reflect a reduction in the number of sites reporting ILI for this week.
  • No changes in the number of ILI were reported in French Polynesia (1) and Palau (0)
  • There are no reports available from American Samoa, Western Samoa, Guam, CNMI, Nauru, New Caledonia, Niue, and PNG for this week.

Surveillance figures are not intended to capture all state cases but to illustrate trends over time and are invaluable when the trend goes up beyond the state baseline and then must trigger timely warnings and actions to characterize the actual nature and magnitude of the disease.

Dengue fever

There is an ongoing outbreak of serotype-3 dengue fever (week 51) in the Republic of the Marshall Islands, which began in May 2019 on Ebeye and then was transmitted to Majuro. On May 12, 2020, there were 3,388 dengue-like cases of which 1,576 were laboratory confirmed. Two deaths have been reported since June 2019. 31 new cases such as dengue were seen in the last 7 days in which 20 cases came from Majuro with the majority of them under the age of 18 years. The overall reported attack rate is 63.8 / 1000. The Ministry of Health is closely monitoring the dengue situation through active supervision. [Source: RMI Dengue outbreak Situation Report May 12, 2020]

An ongoing dengue outbreak in the Cook Islands since January 28, 2019. Until May 12, 2020, there have been 307 cases of dengue fever. From January to May 12, 2020, 181 possible cases of dengue fever and 20 (12 DENV-1 and 8 DENV-2) are laboratory confirmed cases. No dengue cases were confirmed for April and May 2020. No deaths have been reported. [Source: NHET-SitRep106 Dengue outbreak Situation Report May 13, 2020]

Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID -19)

As of May 14, 2020, a total of 4,516,072 COVID-19 cases were confirmed and 302,873 deaths and 1,697,923 recovered from 210 countries and territories. The WHO risk assessment at the global level remains very high.
In the Western Pacific Region, there are 164,282 confirmed COVID-19 cases and 6,622 deaths;
Pacific Island Countries: COVID-19 situation report on May 14, 2020 is as follows:

  • 14 Pacific Island Countries and Regions (PIC) have declared a state of emergency
  • 18 PIC has imposed travel restrictions (Joint External Situation Report # 13 – 3 May 2020)
    Polio

On May 13, 2020, no circulating circulating type 1 poliovirus (cVDPV1) was reported in Malaysia. So far there has been one case in 2020. The total number of cases reported in 2019 has remained three. One positive environmental sample of cVDPV1 was reported in Sabah province. See the Malaysia country page for more information.

As of May 13, 2020, no cases of cVDPV1 were reported in the Philippines. There are two cases of cVDPV1 in the country from 2019. Also, no cases of cVDPV2 were reported this week. The total number of cVDPV2 cases reported in 2020 remains one and 13 in 2019. Refer to the Philippines country page for more information.

Ebola

As of May 10, 2020, the cumulative number of Ebola cases was 3,462 (3,317 confirmed, 145 likely) including 2,279 deaths (CFR 66%) in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The current outbreak was declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) on 17 July 2019. The latest update on the situation in the DRC is available at WHO EVD outbreak dashboard and AFRO EVD situation report. Regular updates are published at Epidemic News WHO.



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