Egyptian authorities are underneath stress after former President Mohammed Morsi collapsed in courtroom and died on Monday.
Morsi, who was 67, had been in custody since his elimination from workplace in 2013.
Amnesty Worldwide has known as for “an neutral, thorough and clear investigation” into his demise, the authorities say from a coronary heart assault.
His household and activists had raised considerations about his well being and the circumstances through which he was held, a lot of the time in solitary confinement.
Stories say he has been buried in Cairo.
A high determine within the now-banned Islamist motion, the Muslim Brotherhood, Morsi grew to become the nation’s first democratically elected chief in 2012.
He was ousted and detained in a navy coup a 12 months later following mass protests towards his rule.
Abdul Fattah al-Sisi, then military chief, has been in energy since 2014.
After Morsi’s elimination, the authorities launched a crackdown on his supporters and different dissent, resulting in tens of 1000’s of arrests.
The Muslim Brotherhood and Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan are amongst those that have blamed the Egyptian management for Morsi’s demise.
What occurred in courtroom?
Morsi was showing in Cairo on Monday on expenses of espionage associated to suspected contacts with the Palestinian Islamist group Hamas.
Officers say he had requested to handle the jury, and spoke for about 5 minutes from a soundproof glass cage the place he was being held with different defendants.
Minutes later, he apparently fainted throughout a break in proceedings.
“He was transferred to a hospital the place he was pronounced useless,” a press release by Egypt’s public prosecutor stated.
Officers stated a forensic report had been ordered into his demise, and insisted no new, seen accidents had been discovered on his physique.
State tv had earlier described the reason for demise as a coronary heart assault.
Morsi was already going through a long time in jail after being sentenced in three different trials. He had beforehand been given a demise sentence, however that sentence was later overturned.
What has the response been?
Sarah Leah Whitson, government director of Human Rights Watch’s Center East and North Africa division tweeted that his demise was “horrible however totally predictable”.
“Former President Morsi’s demise adopted years of presidency mistreatment, extended solitary confinement, insufficient medical care, and deprivation of household visits and entry to legal professionals,” Ms Whitston stated in a later assertion.
The group known as on the UN to start out an investigation into what it described as “ongoing gross violations of human rights in Egypt, together with widespread ill-treatment in prisons”.
Amnesty Worldwide additionally known as for an neutral inquiry.
The rights group say Morsi was solely allowed three household visits in nearly six years of solitary confinement, and was denied entry to his legal professionals or a health care provider.
The Muslim Brotherhood’s political arm, the Freedom and Justice social gathering, described Morsi’s demise as an “assassination”.
Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who was an in depth ally of Morsi, blamed Egypt’s “tyrants” for his demise and described him as a martyr.
The Emir of Qatar, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, one other ally of the late chief, expressed his “deep sorrow” on the demise.
British MP Crispin Blunt, who led a panel of politicians who warned in 2018 concerning the circumstances of Morsi’s confinement, has known as for a “respected unbiased worldwide investigation”.
Who was Morsi?
Born within the village of El-Adwah in 1951, Morsi studied Engineering at Cairo College within the 1970s earlier than shifting to the US to finish a PhD.
He was chosen because the Muslim Brotherhood’s presidential candidate for the 2012 election after the motion’s most well-liked alternative was pressured to tug out. Throughout his turbulent 12 months in workplace, Morsi was accused of mounting an Islamist coup and mishandling the economic system.
Public opposition to his authorities grew and hundreds of thousands of anti-government protesters took to the streets throughout Egypt to mark the primary anniversary of the day he took workplace, on 30 June 2013.
Three days later, the military suspended the structure, introduced an interim authorities forward of latest elections and detained Morsi, who denounced the transfer as a coup.
Then military chief Mr al-Sisi was elected president in 2014 and re-elected final 12 months in polls rights teams known as “farcical”.
A whole bunch of individuals have been killed and tens of 1000’s of others detained within the subsequent crackdown.