- Pakistan should attempt to mediate
The Prime Minister will depart for Makkah, heading a delegation to the particular OIC Summit on Friday. The summit might be preceded by an OIC international ministers’ assembly. Although a gathering of the Kashmir Contact Group could also be held, essentially the most urgent problem is that the variations between Saudi Arabia and Iran which have led to the US and Iran coming to the brink of battle within the Strait of Hormuz. The Summit would be the first of three that Saudi Arabia is internet hosting because it seeks to construct help for its place. Nonetheless, the OIC Summit is the one one at which Iran is represented, the others being the Gulf Cooperation Council and the Arab League. Neither have Iran as members. This Particular Summit is also the primary to be held for the reason that Saudi-Qatar dispute started two years in the past. The Saudi-Yemen battle can be one thing that may trigger issues.
Whereas Pakistan is just not a celebration to the dispute, it finds itself having to take virtually as a lot of an curiosity as both, as a result of it represents a possible division within the OIC, and if the worst was to occur it might be the primary time two OIC members would come into battle with each other. It has giant employee populations in each Saudi Arabia and Qatar, and has deep cultural and historic ties with Iran. It can’t afford to take sides on this dispute.
One other issue necessary for Pakistan is the angle of the US. Not solely is it backing Saudi Arabia, but additionally Israel, which is lethal against Iran. Nonetheless, Pakistan has additionally been a US ally. Because the US additionally appears to be in search of a approach to keep away from an deadlock which might result in struggle, Pakistan appears well-placed to mediate. It ought to strongly defend the precept of peaceable co-existence on the summit itself, and work behind the scenes to persuade each Saudi Arabia and Iran that the perfect, certainly the one, approach to finish disputes is to have interaction in dialogue. Because the dispute with Iran started over its nuclear programme, and as Pakistan is the OIC’s solely member with a nuclear weapon, it’s peculiarly nicely suited to the duty of peacemaking.