Highlights in history on this date:
1521 – Martin Luther was banned by the Edict of Worms because of his religious beliefs.
1805 – French Emperor Napoleon is crowned king of Italy.
1834 – Sikhs capture Peshawar from England in India.
1853 – The last convict ship to Van Diemen land, St Vincent, arrives in Hobart.
1865 – Surrender of the last (Southern) Confederate forces in Shreveport, Louisiana, ending the US Civil War.
1868 – US President Andrew Johnson is finally acquitted of “serious crimes and minor offenses”.
1887 – British East Africa company is leased.
1923 – The first Le Mans 24-hour motorbike race is held.
1924 – US President Calvin Coolidge signs a law restricting immigration to the United States and completely excluding Japan.
1933 – Australia claims a third of the Antarctic Continent.
1938 – Adolf Hitler lays the foundation stone for Strength through the Joy motor car factory in Fallersleben, Germany.
1940 – Evacuation of British troops from France in the face of a German invasion begins in Dunkirk.
1942 – German troops begin their efforts for Stalingrad and the Caucasus in World War II.
1954 – Pharaoh Cheops’ funeral ship found in Egypt.
1969 – Apollo 10 astronauts return to Earth after a successful eight-day exercise for landing on the first manned moon.
1971 – “Brown” tells Australian federal police a bomb on the QF755 ship, which flies from Sydney to Hong Kong, will explode if the aircraft flies below 6500 meters. After the $ 500,000 was handed over, he revealed there were no bombs. “Mr. Brown” (real name Peter Macari) was later arrested and jailed for 15 years.
1977 – George H Willig scales outside the South Tower of the New York World Trade Center.
1990 – Boris Yeltsin fails to win a majority in the Russian presidential election.
1991 – Austrian aircraft bound for Vienna explode and crash into forests in Thailand, killing all 223 people on board.
1994 – Michael Jackson and Lisa Marie Presley get married in the Dominican Republic.
1995 – North Korea acknowledges that it suffers from severe food shortages, and asks Japan for emergency rice assistance.
1997 – Australian Prime Minister John Howard makes an unexpected personal apology for a generation of Aboriginal children who are stolen but withdraw from the Government’s official apology.
1998 – Japanese Emperor Akihito expresses his sorrow in London over the suffering of the war of British prisoners in wartime after hundreds of survivors mocked and whistled at him.
1998 – A member of the doomsday cult is found guilty of murder in a nerve gas attack that killed 12 people on the Tokyo subway.
1999 – Indian aircraft attack separatist rebels in the disputed Kashmir province, marking the first use of air power in a boiling conflict in 20 years.
2002 – Franco-Polish director Roman Polanski wins the Palme d’Or (Golden Palm) Cannes Film Festival award for his film The Pianist.
2003 – The World Health Organization reclassifies Toronto, Canada, as a region with recent local SARS transmissions.
2004 – Israeli police arrest British journalist Peter Hounam, who interviewed Israeli nuclear reporter Mordechai Vanunu in 1986.
2006 – Russia’s regional supreme court convicts Nur-Pashi Kulayev of 331 deaths in the Beslan school massacre and sentenced him to life in prison.
2007 – Irish Prime Minister Bertie Ahern’s old dominant party, Fianna Fail, celebrates his sixth win in a row.
2011 – Ratko Mladic faces charges of genocide in ordering torture, rape and slaughter of 8,000 Muslim men and boys in the city of Srebrenica, Bosnia in 1995.
2013 – Two rockets hit Hezbollah headquarters in Beirut, knocking down an apartment building and bombarding a car with a shrapnel, a day after the leader of the Lebanese group promised to appoint President Bashar Assad to win the Syrian civil war.
2014 – Ukraine’s president-elect says he wants to start talks with Moscow and end the pro-Russian rebellion in the east, but the rebels escalate the conflict by seizing the airport and the government responding with air strikes.
2015 – Bernie Sanders officially starts the Democratic Party’s presidential effort with the tone for liberals to join him in the “political revolution” to change America’s economy and politics.
2016 – Group of Seven leaders agree on the need to send a strong message about maritime claims in the western Pacific, where China is locked in territorial disputes with Japan and some Southeast Asian countries.
2017 – Brisbane’s most famous cold case is settled with Vincent O’Dempsey, nicknamed “the Angel of Death”, convicted of the 1974 murder of Barbara McCulkin and her two daughters.
2018 – North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and South Korean President Moon Jae-in meet for the second time in a month to discuss the implementation of the peace commitments they reached in their first summit.
2019 – Prime Minister Scott Morrison announces his new ministry when the coalition begins a third consecutive term of government.
Sir William Petty, British economist (1623-1687); John Churchill, First Duke of Marlborough, British General (1650-1722); Alexander Pushkin, Russian writer (1799-1837); Isadora Duncan, US dancer (1877-1927); Al Jolson, US singer and actor (1886-1950); John Wayne, US actor (1907-1979); Miles Davis, US jazz trumpet player (1926-1991); Stevie Nicks, American singer (1948-); Hank Williams Jnr, US country singer (1949-); Dean Lukin, weightlifting Australia (1960-); Lenny Kravitz, US singer (1964-); Helena Bonham Carter, British actress (1966-); Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark (1968-); Josh Thomas, Australian actor and comedian (1987-); Joel Selwood, AFL footballer, was elected All-Australian 2009 & 2010 (1988-).
Thinking For Today:
Nothing really works unless you prefer to do something else – Sir James Barrie, Scottish playwright (1860-1937).
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