Funding for the new Swiss government will enable the World Meteorological Organization to provide UN agencies and humanitarian actors with new services to optimize emergency response, especially in the event of a tropical storm or flood in developing countries.
Dangers of weather, climate and water often cause major disasters. Early warning systems allow authorities, non-governmental organizations and affected populations to take targeted steps to protect themselves from the threat of extreme events, but access to reliable meteorological services and information is often difficult in developing and developing countries.
World Meteorological Congress, at the four-year session in 2019, adopt a resolution to develop coordinating mechanisms aimed at increasing the supply of authoritative information, including expert advice, for the United Nations and other humanitarian agencies to meet increasing demand
This service must be provided before, during and after emergencies and disasters caused by weather events with the aim of assisting response and assistance efforts.
Switzerland contributed CHF 4.7 million for the establishment and implementation of the coordination center as part of the pilot phase. This will allow the collection of official data and information from the WMO network for national weather services, specialist regional weather centers and regional offices, and the development of bespoke products and services for subsequent distribution to humanitarian agencies both centrally and through national weather services.
The Swiss Federal Ministry of Internal Affairs (represented by MeteoSwiss) and the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (represented by SDC) provide the necessary technical and specialist resources. The financing arrangements will be reviewed at the end of the pilot phase in 2023. The coordination center will be located at the WMO Secretariat headquarters in Geneva.
In 2019 WMO established a coordination post at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, providing a strategic flow of information on weather and climate to UN operations and the Crisis Center. The WMO offices in New York and Geneva have recently joined forces to support the UN Interagency Standing Committee Committee so as to ensure that official meteorological advice is assimilated into this important Risk and Horizon scanning mechanism.
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