Tag Archives: age

Australia’s Black Summer bushfires herald a new ice age, say fire historians | Instant News


Players train at the Auckland ASB Tennis Center in January under an orange sky, due to smoke emanating from Australian bushfires. Photo / Jason Oxenham

The unusual nature of Australia’s Black Summer bushfires may have marked the beginning of a fire-fueled “ice age” and the world appears to have “crossed the threshold” into a more dangerous future, said a global fire historian.

Professor Emeritus Stephen Pyne at Arizona State University is a former firefighter in the US who has previously studied Australian fires for his 1991 book, Burning Bush: A Fire History of Australia.

Pyne said the 2019/2020 fires, which tore through 24 to 40 million hectares of scrub in several states and territories, marked the start of a global fire year.

“I think there will be a legacy because the fires are not limited to Australia, they continue to hit the western United States, they are in Europe and Siberia.”

Pyne said the scale of the Black Summer fires set it apart from fires in previous years.

“While there are no individual fires in Australia or elsewhere that are unprecedented, I think the scale is different because they come as a herd.”

Pyne previously thought the Black Saturday fires, which claimed the lives of 173 people in Victoria in 2009, had set a limit for what a single fire can do, but last year’s fire season swelled to months of continuous burning.

“What makes fires different in general is the large-scale swarm effect. It’s not two or three days apart outbreaks, they continued.

“I think of it as the ‘rolling thunder effect.’ When they come in a sequence like that, it just keeps expanding.”

A fire lights up in view of a Canberra suburb on January 31, 2020 in Canberra, Australia.  Photo / Getty Images
A fire lights up in view of a Canberra suburb on January 31, 2020 in Canberra, Australia. Photo / Getty Images

Pyne said California is also a spectacular example of this, with the state experiencing the fourth consecutive year of historic fires.

He said that not all fires have the same cause, the fires in the Amazon are also related to land clearing and those that occur in Indonesia are related to draining tropical peatlands.

“But everywhere, fire seems to be a manifestation of the broken relationship between humans and nature,” he said.

“I think we have the potential to cross the threshold this year.”

NEW ‘AGE OF FIRE’

Pyne believes the way humans manage natural landscapes, combined with the treatment of fossil fuels, may have given birth to a new “ice age”.

“We take stuff from our geological past and burn it without understanding the effect, and this is released into our future.”

He said that the increasing severity of fire was a manifestation of this activity, which also changed sea levels and caused widespread extinctions of plants and animals.

“We are reshaping the planet directly and indirectly.”

In the same way that ice is seen as a physical manifestation of changes in Earth’s temperature during the Pleistocene era, fire can be a manifestation of a new era that Pyne calls the Pyrocene era.

“For the fires in Australia, it turns out to be what led to an extraordinary global fire year, and it can also be taken as an indisputable marker for what I think of as our new fire age.”

The fire line leaves a trail of destruction through the forests of Queensland.  Photo / NZ Herald
The fire line leaves a trail of destruction through the forests of Queensland. Photo / NZ Herald

Pyne believes that the smoke from fires, which obscure cities like Sydney and Canberra for days, could eventually get people to notice what’s going on around them, just as the dust storms of the 1930s sparked action in the dust bowl in America. .

He said action was being taken about agricultural practices when Washington DC began to feel the effects of massive dust storms spreading far from central US areas.

“This changed the discourse and suddenly it became a national issue. This gives extra urgency to many conservation programs and makes the issue visible to the public and Congress.

“My feeling is the smoke will do it for this last year’s fire.

“It makes visibility of impact clear to a larger audience and it can lead to change.”

Smoke from the Australian fires reached New Zealand and was reported to other areas around the world, while the smoke from the US fires was spreading to places people said were immune to fire, making it an unprecedented public health problem.

“I think people have a very high tolerance for fire images – they’re dramatic but limited to certain places, but smoke can spread widely,” said Pyne.

This way, the Black Summer fires can have a longer impact.

“I was tempted to think that it was a historical fire, but it might also be a fire depending on our response.”

Smoke and flames from wildfires run out of control over a 1500km edge across East Gippsland, in January.  Photo / Dale Appleton
Smoke and flames from wildfires run out of control over a 1500km edge across East Gippsland, in January. Photo / Dale Appleton

Pyne said that fire is in our future no matter what we do.

“We have to control the fossil fuel burning party but even after this stabilizes or reverses, there will still be a lot of fires and we have to do a lot more than we did before.

“They are not leaving… we have a huge debt and we also have to put a lot of fire back into the environment.

“Even if we stop burning fossil fuels and step up our action on climate change, there will be a lot of fires in our future.

“It can be wild or devastating, or it can be controlled and actually produce good benefits.

“But it won’t go away.”

With the US still facing the repercussions of the presidential election, which Donald Trump still rejects, Pyne said Australia was in a better position to take action.

“You are really at the forefront, you are equipped with world-class fire science and forest fire fighting skills,” he said.

“I hope Australia can make the move and start responding in an engaged and informed way, in a way that the US and even Canada cannot.

“This is something that Australia can really lead, can engage with landscapes and fires, and cultural discussions are an interesting part of that too.”

Pyne said it’s not just about doing one big thing to solve climate change and fix the problem, there are lots of little things that can be done too, and these actions may differ in many areas.

“We need to decide what the problem is in each particular place and what kind of treatment suite makes sense there.”

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Funk Folk moves people of all ages | Instant News


LAHORE: Tahir Abbas is a talented up-and-coming singer whose mixed folk and pop songs and charming voice have swept music lovers across the continent in a short span of time. The music is loaded with a folk and funk combination that moves people of all ages and tastes. Its light and playful form is filled with its signature style. He called it “Funk Folk.”

Tahir Abbas has created waves on the music scene by performing the famous Punjabi song “Rusya Na ker” with new singer Rafael Ijaz through the Bizz Music platform, a joint venture of Bizz Music, CEO Sofia Nazir and MD Tahir Abbas. The cover song made a splash not only in Pakistan but also neighboring India couldn’t hold back its sway.

The song has been trending on YouTube in the subcontinent for almost a month with nearly 50 million views and more than 10 million posts on WhatsApp, Instagram and other social networking sites in the form of a status he has created.

Tahir Abbas is not only a talented individual with musical talents, he is also a master’s in Philosophy from the Punjab University and has taught Drama and Music Theory at various institutions as well as undertaking the duties of the Head of Creative Arts. His passion for music drew him not only to the art of writing, in pursuit of his artistic endeavors he moved from Vehari to Karachi to earn degrees in music from NAPA and the Karachi Arts Council.

After the success of his first collaboration “rusya na ker”, Tahir Abbas decided to go back past a new milestone by bringing together Funk & Folk in his new album which is ready to be released in a few days. The album is one of a kind, he can not only sing but also wrote poetry with Ali Sajid and Amir Rahdari, there are four songs on the album. A feature of this album is that only Tahir Abbas will be seen and heard as the male lead singer with three different female singers.

His first title track is “Multan” which will be released on September 25 at 6pm on Tahir Abbas’s YouTube channel. Multan is a Sufi city, a city of love known for the splendor and sweetness of the Seraiki language. Raphael Ejaz will be seen singing the song “Multan” together with Tahir Abbas who expressed his love and devotion for the city of Multan and the people of Multan.

The second song is “Motorway” which was released on October 16 at 6 pm on Tahir Abbas’s YouTube channel.

It is a very unique song in that it jokes lightly about politics, the national situation and a general attitude with the mention of giving up for love. The song also features singer Elizabeth Roy who has also worked on Coke Studio. This fresh song is sure to be a hit with audiences.

The title of the third song is “Piyar” which will be released on October 30th at 6pm on Tahir Abbas’s YouTube channel. This song is dedicated to all the lovers out there. In this song, Rafael Ijaz with Tahir Abbas will awaken your soul with the magic of his voice as they did in the previous “Rusya na ker”.

The fourth and final song from the album is “INKAAR”. It will be released on Tahir Abbas’s YouTube channel on November 13 at 6 p.m. The song will feature Tahir Abbas and new singer Afifa, and is especially for those who have experienced betrayal and heartbreak.

It describes the pain, suffering and heartache that a lover experiences. The album’s music was composed by Kamran Akhtar, Sohail Abbas, Baqir Abbas and Amir Azhar. These four names are second to none in the Pakistani music industry. They not only made a name for themselves on the Coke Studio platform but also won music competitions in India.

The album’s mixed master is Imran Khalil. The graphic and video editing of the album has been done by a company called “Creative Oxide” and a worldwide release will be made from Tahir Abbas’ YouTube channel.

The album will be by far the best in the country and will definitely compete with any big name season in Pakistan. This album is poised to take a leading place in the Pakistani music industry. The collaboration of a new singer and experienced music director will make it unforgettable.

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Date of Birth: The name Imran Khan was once associated with Zeenat Aman | Instant News


Today is the birthday of Zeenat Aman, who won millions of hearts with her best performances in the 70s and 80s. He has created a great identity in his own industry. Today he is a well-known name in this industry and people also give him lots of love. Zeenat celebrates her 69th birthday today. His career began to develop rapidly even after working in several films and he became a superhit.

Zeenat is an actress whose beauty story takes place in neighboring Pakistan. There was a time when she knocked on Imran Khan’s heart. At that time Imran was known as Ladykiller and the girls were crazy about him but Imran liked Zeenat Aman. The two are said to have met at a Mumbai party and since then their love affair started. His ex-wife Reham Khan has written a book about Imran Khan, in which this is mentioned. In it, Reham tells that at that time Imran’s relationship with the most beautiful actress in the 70-80s was being discussed.

Zeenat has two marriages. She first married Sanjay Khan in 1978, but both of them lost their relationship in 1979. It is said that Sanjay Khan beat her a lot and because of that, her eyesight was also lost. Zeenat married Mazhar Khan but their relationship didn’t last long. He currently lives alone.

Also read-

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Aamir Khan’s nephew quit acting, close friends revealed

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Alan Brazil shares an emotional tape of Ray Clemence singing ‘You’re Never Walk Alone’ at Sir Bobby Robson’s golf tournament | Instant News


Alan Brazil paid an emotional tribute to former Liverpool and Tottenham goalkeeper Ray Clemence after he died at the age of 72.

The Football Association confirmed the sad news on Sunday after Clemence had been battling prostate cancer since 2005.

The £ 18,000 signing from Scunthorpe by Bill Shankly, a former England international was a key member of the Liverpool team that dominated Europe between 1977 and 1981, and also won two UEFA Cups, the FA Cup and the League Cup.

Bob Thomas Sports Photography – Getty

Ray Clemence is adored by his Liverpool and Tottenham teammates and fans

At Tottenham, whom he followed in 1981 aged 32 for a fee of £ 300,000, he won the UEFA Cup and the FA Cup.

During his spell at White Hart Lane, Clemence shared the dressing room with talkSPORT’s Alan Brazil, who joined the Boot Room to pay tribute to one of the greatest goalkeepers of his generation.

“Clem is one of those guys in the dressing room that everyone adores and listens to,” said Brazil.

“Not only because of England, not just because of Liverpool, him Ray Clemence! Everyone knows what a character and how great he is.

Clemence, who won three European Cups and five First Division titles during his trophy-laden spell at Anfield, is arguably one of the greatest goalkeepers of his generation.

Bob Thomas Sports Photography – Getty

Clemence, who won three European Cups and five First Division titles during his trophy-laden spell at Anfield, is arguably one of the greatest goalkeepers of his generation.

“But, I still return to professionalism, he is extraordinary. He takes everything so seriously in his day-to-day work, he really does.

“He’s a winner; he wants to win more with the Spurs and he will talk to you about it. But I know him very well and I’m very sad that I haven’t seen him in the last few weeks.

“I mean, it hurts me because I’m not trying to get down there. But I don’t want to bother Vee [his wife].

I will miss him.


Clemence won 61 caps for England, which would have been more if he had not competed with Peter Shilton, who has 125, for the number one shirt.

Brazil shared a video on Twitter of his friend singing Liverpool’s iconic song ‘You’re Never Walk Alone’ at Bobby Robson’s golf tournament and begged everyone to watch it.

“He is not well at the moment,” Brazil continued. “It’s about the previous year and just look at him.

“This will tell you how much the song is and Liverpool Football Club mean to him. “

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New Zealand Studies Unravel the Complex Psychological Tolerance of Pandemic Lockdown | Instant News


2020 is not a good year for mental health. Global emergence pandemic has left many people worry for their lives, stress over their finances, panic over the news, and longing for their loved ones.

While we’re still not sure what the mental health impact will be, World Health Organization expect rates of loneliness, depression, use of harmful alcohol and drugs, and self-harm or suicidal behavior are increasing.

Of all the countries in the world, New Zealand is taking some of the fastest and most drastic measures COVID-19. And while this ‘go early, work hard’ strategy saved countless lives and ultimately vanished virusSuccessful measures also come at their cost – not only for the economy but also for the public welfare.

Approximately in the middle of New Zealand’s heaviest stage of lockdown, which lasted 33 days, a public survey saw stress, anxiety and depression levels rise higher than normal, especially among young people.

Among 2,010 respondents, nearly a third scored above the threshold for moderate to severe psychological distress, and nearly 40 percent said their level of well-being was low.

It’s worth noting that the study can’t distinguish whether the lockdown itself is causing mental health effects or a wider threat of a pandemic, but it still shows a worrying trend.

“The New Zealand lockdown succeeded in eliminating COVID-19 from the community, but our results show this achievement has had a significant psychological impact,” the word psychologist Susanna Every-Palmer of the University of Otago, Canada.

“Substantially increased levels of stress were seen among those who reported having lost their jobs or experienced a reduction in employment due to the pandemic, those who had a potential vulnerability to COVID-19, or identified their health status as poor, and those with a previous diagnosis of mental illness. “

Overall, it was the younger people, between the ages of 18 and 24, who appeared to have the hardest time, with nearly half receiving scores well above the threshold for moderate psychological distress.

Older people, on the other hand, appear to weather storms more easily, despite being more at risk of the virus and despite being less connected online as a group.

“This is not to say the parents weren’t hurt,” the authors explain.

“In our survey, psychological distress was more common among people of all age groups when compared to prevalence in the same age group in the NZ Health Survey.”

But the younger age group appears particularly vulnerable. This could be because the lockdown has coincided with fewer daily disruptions and economic impacts for different age groups.

When more than 90 percent Since students around the world have been affected by the pandemic’s closure, it makes sense that young people appear to have suffered the most in early psychological research.

New Zealand’s strictest lockdown lasted only 33 days, with all non-essential schools and businesses closed and people told to stay home. It was a very different scenario to what happened in the US and many other parts of the world, with lockdowns stopping and starting and dragging on for months. But while it is true New Zealand is eventually eradicating the virus, at the time of the survey no one knew it would.

One of the most worrying findings relates to women. Unfortunately, reducing movement and keeping people home can save lives in a pandemic, but they can also be life-threatening. Consistent with local media reports, the survey found that domestic violence had increased during the New Zealand lockdown.

The reported rates of physical violence, sexual harassment, harassment and bullying at home were between three and four times higher than normal, according to the survey, according to a similar increase in domestic violence. around the world when the locking action continues.

The survey sounds like a lot of bad news when the world really doesn’t need it anymore, but there are reasons to be hopeful. New Zealand’s tight lockdown has not only been shortened due to its success, a majority of respondents to the survey said they could see the positive side of remaining isolated, either for themselves or for society.

Even in parts of the world where lockdowns are unlikely to clear the virus, isolation measures have been taken help reduce its spread and save lives.

In New Zealand, for example, working from home, spending more time with family, and living in a calmer environment reportedly gave people the opportunity to pause, reflect, and consider their priorities. according to the survey.

Obviously, there’s only a long time you can do this before new things start to wear off, and it will be interesting to note how mental health has been affected by prolonged lockdowns in other parts of the world.

Research has only just started, but only recently survey in the United States found modest overall negative effects in the early months of the pandemic, with younger adults and people with pre-existing health conditions reporting more psychological distress.

But on a positive note, in this study participants generally felt better at the end of the study than at the start, which suggests that the lockout may take some getting used to.

It might even help us deal with the stress caused by the pandemic. The same survey found that washing hands, keeping your distance and covering your body was associated with better mental health.

In some ways, it’s easier to blame all of our frustration on the lockdown than the virus itself, but in reality, it’s hard to say how well the world will fare mentally if we don’t take public health measures during the pandemic.

“It is clear that the consequences of the pandemic will be widespread and prolonged,” the word Every-Palmer.

“The government should make providing mental health support a priority similar to other health measures, such as contact tracing, provision of personal protective equipment and provision of ventilators,” he added.

This study is published in PLOS One.

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