Tag Archives: AP Health and Medical News Online

Cases dropped by half in the Australian state of Victoria | Instant News


LONDON – British scientists rejected Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s hopes that the country could get out of the corona virus locking and return to normal at Christmas.

Johnson has announced easing further restrictions, with people urged to return to public transportation and workplaces. He said sports fans had to return to the stadium in October and the remaining restrictions could be lifted from November, “maybe in time for Christmas.”

But epidemiologist John Edmunds, a member of the government’s Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies, said returning to pre-pandemic normality would not be possible until there was a vaccine for the virus.

He said a world where people could “go to work normally, travel by bus and train, go on vacation without restrictions, meet friends, shake hands, hug each other and so on – unfortunately, it was very far away,”

The head of the British Health Officer, Chris Whitty, also said social distance rules must exist for “prolonged periods.”

The UK has registered more than 45,000 confirmed COVID-19 deaths, the highest number in Europe.

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HERE WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT OUTBREAK VIRUSES:

– Indian infections are increasing, alarming cases could double on August 10

– Reality shows Trump’s lack of claims for ‘best testing’

– Millions of children say full return to school in the fall

– Republicans wipe the eyes of the shield from coronavirus obligations

– Finance Minister Steven Mnuchin urges Congress to immediately enact a new pandemic aid package targeting the most severe economic patches, as lawmakers race to stand on federal aid in the face of the latest surge in coronavirus cases in most of the Sun Belt and the most severe unemployment .

– The evidence behind what role children play in the coronavirus pandemic and how it affects them is inconclusive, despite Trump’s administrative position that science is clear.

– New research provides more information on what treatments are done or not working for COVID-19, with high-quality methods that provide reliable results.

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Follow all AP pandemic coverage at http://apnews.com/VirusOutbreak and https://apnews.com/UnderstandingtheOutbreak

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HERE IS WHAT ELSE HAPPENED:

NEW DELHI – A surge of 34,884 new corona virus cases makes India count to 1,038,716, as local governments re-implement focused locking in several parts of the country.

The Ministry of Health on Saturday reported 671 confirmed deaths in the past 24 hours for a total of 26,273. The ministry said the recovery rate fell slightly to 62.9%.

Actual numbers, like elsewhere in the world, are likely to be much higher for various reasons, including limited testing. More than 300,000 samples are tested every day.

About a dozen states, including Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal and Assam, have locked up at risk areas, only allowing important food supplies and health services.

Rahul Gandhi, leader of Congress’s main opposition party, urged Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday to take concrete steps to tackle the pandemic. He warned the number of infections would double to 2 million on August 10 at the current pace.

Experts say India is likely to witness a series of peaks when infections spread in rural areas.

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Confirmed corona virus cases worldwide have reached 14 million and deaths have exceeded 600,000, according to calculations from Johns Hopkins University on Saturday.

The World Health Organization reports one day of new infections: more than 237,000. Experts believe that the real number is even higher.

The United States, Brazil and India occupy the top ranks with the highest number of cases. India on Friday surpassed 1 million confirmed infections, and Brazilian cases passed 2 million, including 76,000 deaths, on Thursday.

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MELBOURNE, Australia – The Australian state of Australia witnessed a decline in new COVID-19 infections – from Friday’s record high of 428 to 217 – a number according to Head of Health Service Brett Sutton was “a relief after yesterday’s numbers.”

The Department of Health said on Saturday that two more Victorians, a man and a woman in their 80s, had died, bringing the state’s death rate to 34 and Australia’s national total to 118.

Victoria’s Prime Minister Daniel Andrews said the latest figures were encouraging but warned it was only one day.

He said, “We want to see a pattern where there is stability and then decline.” He urged residents in the Melbourne metropolitan to remain diligent for six weeks of confinement – “being bored is far better than being in intensive care.”

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MEXICO CITY – Mexico has registered 736 more COVID-19 deaths and 7,257 more confirmed cases of coronavirus infection.

Mexico now has more than 35,000 deaths due to pandemics, the fourth highest number in the world. It has also recorded more than 324,000 cases, around the seventh highest rate.

The Health Department said Friday that hospitals in the coastal state of Tabasco now have 85% capacity and there are crowds at hospitals in the northern state of the Nuevo Leon border.

President Andrés Manuel López Obrador said he was concerned about the situation in Tabasco, where he was born. He said the government hospital there would be expanded to handle more patients.

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BEIJING – The number of confirmed cases in the new COVID-19 outbreak in the western tip of China has increased to 17.

The National Health Commission said on Saturday that 16 other cases were identified on Friday in the Xinjiang region, above the first case the previous day.

The outbreak in the city of Urumqi was the latest to emerge because China contained mostly the spread of the domestic virus in March. The biggest is the recent outbreak in Beijing which infected more than 330 people.

Chinese media said authorities in Urumqi had reduced subway, bus and taxi services and closed down several residential communities. They also restrict people from leaving the city.

China has been accused of human rights violations in Xinjiang, the homeland of the mostly Muslim Uighur community. The region has long been shrouded in extreme security, which according to China is needed to prevent terrorist activity.

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SEOUL, South Korea – Authorities in South Korea say the majority of new corona virus cases originate from abroad.

Officials have expressed optimism that the recent revival of infection is being controlled. They say import cases are less threatening than local transmissions because South Korea mandates testing and enforces two-week quarantine on all people who come from other countries.

The South Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said on Saturday that at least 28 of the 39 new confirmed cases were related to people coming from abroad. It said 18 other people involved local transmission in the densely populated Seoul area, which was at the center of a virus revival that began in late May when people increased economic and social activities.

In all, South Korea has reported 13,711 confirmed cases during the pandemic, including 294 deaths.

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CANBERRA, Australia – Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison will cancel the next two weeks of parliament due to the recent spread of the corona virus in several parts of the country.

Parliament has been scheduled to meet August 4-13 and then sit down again for a two-week session from August 24.

Morrison said on Saturday that he had written to the speaker of parliament asking for the cancellation, but the request was considered only a formality.

In a statement, the prime minister said acting Chief Medical Officer Paul Kelly had suggested that there would be “significant risk” in holding parliamentary meetings because of increased community transmission of the corona virus in Victoria state as well as trends in New South Wales.

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AUSTIN, Texas – The deadliest month of the pandemic in Texas continues, with state officials reporting 174 new deaths, the largest one day since the coronavirus outbreak began.

Texas also reported more than 10,000 new cases that were confirmed Friday for the fourth day in a row. The rate of positive cases also rose above 17% for the first time.

Officials at the Texas-Mexico border, which was devastated, said hotels could be converted into medical units as soon as next week.

The bleak markers were announced hours after Texas gave public school permission to close the campus to more than 5 million students until the fall. Nearly a third of more than 3,700 deaths due to the corona virus in Texas occurred in July.

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SACRAMENTO, California – California has recorded the third highest total number of new daily corona virus cases, two days after reporting the second most cases in a day.

The state reported nearly 10,000 new cases and 130 deaths on Friday, during a week of positive numbers ranging from 7,346 to as high as 11,126 on Wednesday.

The daily positive test rate fell slightly, to 7.1% over the past seven days, compared to 7.4% for the past 14 days. California tested more than 120,000 people per day for most of last week.

Governor Gavin Newsom announced strict criteria on Friday for the reopening of schools which prevented most districts from returning to classroom teaching in the fall.

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CHICAGO – Most Chicago kids will return to class two days a week and spend the other three days studying remotely once the school year begins, under the tentative plan outlined on Friday.

Chicago Public School officials call the hybrid approach the initial framework and ask parents, students and staff of the third largest school district in the country to consider.

The final decision on direct instruction for the fall class will not come until the end of August, with classes starting September 8.

“We must be prepared for all possibilities,” said Mayor Lori Lightfoot. “COVID-19 is unpredictable from the start and we have the responsibility to prepare for what is dictated by public health indicators, whether that means distance learning, direct learning or something in between.”

Copyright 2020 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.

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Pakistani documents show experts want locking | Instant News


Latest about pandemic coronavirus. COVID-19 causes mild or moderate symptoms for most people. For some people, especially older adults and people with existing health problems, can cause more severe illness or death.

TOP HOUR:

– Epidemiologists estimate ‘relatively flat summers’ in Britain

– Slovenian grade 3 students quarantined after classmates’ test results were positive.

– Cases exceed 35,000 in South Africa, most around Cape Town.

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LONDON – A prominent epidemiologist whose work has greatly influenced the closing steps of Britain says the coronavirus outbreak in the UK is unlikely to worsen during the summer but the outlook from September is “very unclear.”

Professor Neil Ferguson from Imperial College London said he expects the rate of transmission of the corona virus and cases to “remain relatively flat between now and September, short of enormous policy changes or changes in behavior in society.”

He told a lawmaking committee at the House of Lords on Tuesday that “real uncertainty” would occur in September, the time of the year when the respiratory virus tends to begin to spread more strongly.

Ferguson resigned from his position as government adviser last month after receiving disclosure that he violated the rules of social distance.

Ferguson leads the team that models the spread and impact of the coronavirus. Team data was instrumental in pushing Prime Minister Boris Johnson to impose lockdown on March 23.

Lockouts are being loosened up in the UK, the fastest in the UK, raising concern among many health officials of a potential surge in a second infection.

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LJUBLJANA, Slovenia – Health authorities in Slovenia say the first elementary school students have tested positive for the corona virus since children started returning to school two weeks ago.

A school in the city of Maribor said on Tuesday that 17 classmates and grade 3 teachers were placed under quarantine for two weeks.

Health authorities say a child with a virus is likely to get the virus from within the family and contact tracing is ongoing.

The official STA news agency said it was the first confirmed virus case since April 30 in the second largest city in Slovenia.

Slovenia has announced an end to the outbreak and began reducing anti-virus restrictions in mid-May.

The small European Union country has reported 1,475 confirmed cases and 109 deaths since early March.

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JOHANNESBURG – Total confirmed corona virus cases in South Africa have jumped to more than 35,000 while the province moored by Cape Town remains an alarming hot spot with more than 23,000.

South Africa has the most confirmed cases of the virus from any country in Africa. The African Center for Disease Control and Prevention says the total number in the whole continent is now above 152,000.

South Africa took another step in reducing lock restrictions on Monday with alcohol sales allowed again. The authorities have warned that the rate of new cases is expected to increase.

South Africa has doubled cases every 12 days while cases in the Western Cape have doubled every nine days.

A major test will be held this weekend because places of worship are allowed to operate with 50 people, despite warnings from several religious leaders about the risk of spreading the virus.

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MOSCOW – Two major Russian Orthodox cathedrals in Moscow have reopened their doors as officials take more steps to ease the locking up of the country’s coronavirus.

Cathedral of Christ the Savior and Epiphani Cathedral in Yelokhovo welcomed parishioners again on Tuesday.

The move was coordinated with federal and city officials. Church attendees should wear medical masks and maintain a proper distance from others during the service.

Other churches in the Russian capital are scheduled to reopen on Saturday. Moscow churches have been closed to people since April 13.

Orthodox churches in many other regions throughout the vast country have been reopened when the provincial government began to lift restrictions intended to stem the plague.

Russian officials say that the country is now passing the peak of transmission, making it safe to gradually ease locking in. Some experts warn that with new cases being confirmed increasing by around 9,000 every day, lifting restrictions is quickly dangerous.

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CODOGNO, Italy – The Italian president has placed a reminder in the cemetery of the city of Lombardy, where the first coronavirus case that was transmitted domestically in Italy was confirmed on February 21.

President Sergio Mattarella expressed solidarity with the families of people who had died during the pandemic, saying their wounds could only be healed with memories, remembering names, faces, stories. ‘

He said a way must be found to preserve their memories.

Mattarella traveled to the city of Codogno on the occasion of the celebration of the Republic of Italy Day. Earlier Tuesday, he laid a wreath at the Victor Emmanuel II Monument in Rome, which served as the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier of the nation.

Italy, the first western country affected by this virus, has recorded 33,475 deaths and 233,197 confirmed cases.

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JOHANNESBURG – African coronavirus cases have exceeded 150,000 while the World Health Organization says the continent of 1.3 billion people is still the least affected region.

Concerns remain high because some of 54 African countries struggle with when to reopen schools and part of their economy.

Rwanda, the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to impose lockdowns, this week slowed easing after reporting its first COVID-19 death.

More than 4,300 deaths have been confirmed across continents due to increased virus transmission locally and testing materials and medical equipment are still in short supply in many places.

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The UK statistics agency said the number of corona-related deaths in the UK until the week ending May 22 was 48,106.

The latest figures from the Office for National Statistics come after recording 2,589 weekly deaths involving the corona virus in England and Wales. Even though it was the lowest in seven weeks, the virus still accounted for 21.1% of all deaths.

Daily figures provided by the government have COVID-related deaths just above 39,000. These figures are based on the initial cause of death assessment while those from the statistical body are collected from death registries, which can take several weeks to issue.

The agency also said there were 2,348 more deaths in England and Wales during the week than an average of five years. Excess death is widely considered the best measure of the impact of viruses because they provide clear guidance over historical periods and include all causes of death.

Statistician Nick Stripe said there were 62,000 deaths throughout Britain.

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BERLIN – Berlin’s leading health official said he was surprised by a weekend meeting to support the closed city clubs that brought up to 1,500 people together and organizers who ended because participants did not obey distancing rules.

Demonstrators gathered in a city canal on Sunday, with 300 to 400 small boats and by the river, with loud music. The city’s health minister, Dilek Kalayci, said on Tuesday that he understood the financial difficulties of the nightclub, but noted that help was available and said the weekend’s events were “greatly ignored” while the pandemic continued. He said “this is not the time for the party.”

Germany began reducing coronavirus restrictions in late April and continued to do so despite concerns over local outbreaks related to slaughterhouses, church services and restaurants.

In the latest case, at least 68 people tested positive in downtown Goettingen after a private family party.

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HARARE, Zimbabwe – State media say Zimbabwe has confirmed its first corona virus case in prison, with four inmates and two guards positive.

The Herald newspaper said authorities declared prisons in Plumtree, which borders Botswana, and in Beitbridge, which borders South Africa, as “areas that should not be visited.” The authorities have also suspended movement out of prisons throughout the country, resulting in several prisoners failing to attend court hearings.

Zimbabwe cases more than doubled in the past week to more than 200, with most new infections in centers where people crossing the border were quarantined. Most returned from Botswana and South Africa, which housed millions of Zimbabweans who have fled economic chaos in recent years.

South Africa has more than 34,000 cases of the virus, the most in Africa. Zimbabwe’s health ministry says refugees are returning to be the biggest virus threat. Those arrested for illegally crossing the border were put in jail in Plumtree and Beitbridge. Zimbabwe previously freed more than 4,000 prisoners to reduce overcrowding in facilities with weak health systems. Around 18,000 people are still behind bars.

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LAHORE, Pakistan – A leaked government document reveals authorities are ignoring experts who want a month-long lockout in Pakistan’s Punjab province and who estimate that 670,000 may have been infected in the provincial capital of Lahore.

After the media published an expert report Tuesday, residents criticized the government for reducing restrictions last month instead of heeding recommendations.

The report is based on a sample survey conducted in Lahore, which had 245 deaths as of May 15. Since then, Punjab has reported nearly 200 more deaths related to COVID-19.

The document comes hours before Prime Minister Imran Khan eased more coronavirus restrictions imposed in March, saying Pakistanis must learn how to live with the virus because locking does not cure the disease.

Pakistan has registered 1,621 deaths amid 76,398 cases.

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SINGAPORE – Singapore has reopened 75% of its economy as part of a three-phase controlled approach to ending virus locking since early April.

Finance, electronics manufacturing, and logistics are some of the sectors that restart operations after a two-month closure with stringent security requirements. Schools will also be reopened gradually this month. But most retail stores, personal services, restaurant meals and social gatherings are still prohibited.

“It feels like I’ve returned to where it should be. As you know, people start to see people again, and work again. It feels good, “said Firman Hanif, who works at a security company.

The prosperous city-state has more than 35,000 cases, one of the highest in Asia. More than 90 percent of cases involve foreign workers living in crowded dorms. The government says it will only lift further restrictions if infection remains low.

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SEOUL, South Korea – South Korea has reported 38 new cases of COVID-19, all except one in the densely populated metropolitan area of ​​Seoul.

The figures released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Tuesday brought the national total to 11,541 cases and 272 deaths.

Hundreds of cases have been linked to workplaces, including call centers and large warehouses operated by local e-commerce giant Coupang, which officials say fail to enforce preventive measures correctly. At least two dozen cases have been linked to churches near the capital Seoul, including the death of a follower in his 70s.

Incheon, a port city west of Seoul, banned meetings in more than 4,200 churches and other religious facilities. Gyeonggi Province, which surrounds the capital, issued administrative orders to close warehouses, funeral homes and marriage halls.

Health Minister Park Neunghoo during an anti-virus meeting on Tuesday appealed to churchgoers and hospital and nursing home employees to avoid unnecessary meetings to reduce the risk of infection for elderly residents and others who are medically vulnerable.

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BEIJING – China reported five new cases of the corona virus, all brought by Chinese citizens from abroad.

No new deaths were reported on Tuesday, while 73 people remained in care for COVID-19 and 373 were under surveillance and isolation to show signs of the virus or have tested positive for it without showing symptoms. China has recorded a total of 4,634 deaths among 83,022 cases of this disease.

China reopened schools this week and many economies have regained their regular footing, despite social distance and other measures to prevent a second wave of a virus outbreak that was first detected late last year in the central Chinese city of Wuhan.

On Monday, China’s foreign ministry once again defended the handling of the country’s outbreak against accusations of incompetence from the Trump administration which focused on its failure to prevent people from leaving Wuhan earlier than January 23 when the city was locked.

“This statement is totally inconsistent with the fact, which highly disrespects the extraordinary efforts of the Chinese people and its sacrifice in controlling and preventing epidemics,” ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian told reporters.

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Follow AP news coverage on the coronavirus pandemic at https://apnews.com/VirusOutbreak and https://apnews.com/UnderstandingtheOutbreak

Copyright 2020 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.

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Italy South Tyrol calls for autonomy to break open locks | Instant News


BOLZANO, Italy (AP) – Bright orange fire letters spell familiar messages in the Italian province of South Tyrol, a long cry for resistance redesigned for the coronavirus era: “Los von Rom” and “Freiheit,” Germany for “Away from Rome” and “Freedom.” ‘

In the last few decades, words that blazed on the slopes of the mountain demanded independence from the Roman government for the German-speaking majority in the province. Now, they are venting dissatisfaction in South Tyrol, which was once part of Austria, with uncompromising and indiscriminate lockouts imposed by the Italian government to slow the spread of the virus.

Pushed by economic pressure, the provincial governor opposed Rome this week and reaffirmed the autonomy that South Tyrol valued, allowing restaurants, hair salons, tattoo parlors and museums to reopen on Monday – long before the schedule set by the Italian government.

“We have a relatively positive situation regarding the epidemic, with the lowest transmission rates in Italy,” said Governor Arno Kompatscher, whose South Tyrolean People’s Party has controlled the province since 1948. Party legislators in the national parliament support the Government of Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte.

“We appreciate the actions of the government in the emergency phase, where it is necessary to move in a united way,” Kompatscher said. “But we are very proud and jealous of our autonomy.”

While other Italians watch with a mixture of jealousy and curiosity, South Tyroleans wearing a mask can explore the shops again to find items such as tablecloths needed for gifts, change piercings with appointments and visit a hairdresser for pieces long awaited hair.

They sit on Walther Square, near the Duomo Bolzano, and eat lunch at the specified 2 meters (more than 6 feet) specified or drink coffee at a bar equipped with a Plexiglas safety screen.

Apart from the brave establishment of the province, some business owners raised objections to Rome – for now.

Alexander Sullmann, bar owner in the city of Neumarkt, known in Italian as Egna, said he waited at least a week to see whether clearer safety guidelines for his industry emerged. He was very worried about how to enforce rules that forbid more than two people from different households at one table.

“The province gives us OK, but there are many questions and many regulations have not been established,” Sullmann, 30, said,

South Tyrol, or Alto Adige for Italian speakers, is the Alpine province of world-class ski resorts and well-tended gardens and vineyards that became part of Italy after World War I. After periods of violence in the 1950s and 1960s, Germany speech resistance was resolved after Italy adopted the status of provincial autonomy, perpetuating bilingualism and allowing 90% of local tax revenues to remain in South Tyrol.

The province, with a population of 520,000, today enjoys the highest gross domestic product in Italy and is among the highest in Europe at 42,600 euros ($ 45,500). But the pandemic is expected to contract the economy by 7% -11%, and many see extended outages of commercial and social life as decisive.

The head of the region’s 59,000-member chamber of commerce, Michl Ebner, supports the push for South Tyrol to take his own way out of the virus lock.

“I understand the concept of solidarity,” Ebner said. ‘’ But you cannot apply the same rules from Lampedusa to Brenner Pass. The situation is different. “

South Tyrol reported no new cases of the virus were confirmed on Tuesday. The province so far has 2,572 confirmed cases with 290 deaths – both figures representing around 1% of Italy’s total.

Ebner pointed to the lack of discipline in the area of ​​Lombardy that was hit in Italy during the initial lockout phase, when cellphone data showed about half of the population left their homes.

In South Tyrol, “when orders are given not to leave their homes, people do not leave their homes,” he said. ‘’ If here the number improves … it is necessary to record and reward the righteous. ’

Until the blazing words that have appeared recently against the night sky, it has been years since a fire protesting the Roman government was burning on the slopes of a local mountain.

The leader of the 6,000-strong ‘Schuetzen’, a ‘cultural association which aims to preserve Tyrolean customs and who see Rome as a foreign power – takes credit for lighting a fire. Juergen Wirth Anderlan considers the peace message to make Kampatscher pushing to open businesses easier to sell to Rome’s ministers for regional affairs.

“He can say, ‘I can’t control my people, there’s something bubbling up there,'” Wirth Anderlan told AP. ‘What the economic federation and tourism federation say to the provincial president may be tougher and bring more pressure than we do. We underline that with this fire. ‘

Wirth Anderlan said he rejects violence from acts of secession in the past – although he wants to see South Tyrol become independent or annexed by Austria. There is no position in the province’s main political agenda.

South Tyrol’s governor said the best way to deal with such separatist sentiments was with a strong management of regional autonomy – which he believed could be an asset for Italy.

“Alto Adige is a small Europe in Europe which is part of the country of Italy, where various ethnic, cultural and linguistic groups coexist, and which can act as a bridge between northern and southern Europe,” Kompatscher said.

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Follow the AP pandemic coverage at http://apnews.com/VirusOutbreak and https://apnews.com/UnderstandingtheOutbreak

Copyright 2020 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.

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Victims of the 5-year-old corona virus mourn at the Detroit cemetery | Instant News


DETROIT (AP) – Hundreds of people took part in a live funeral service Thursday for a 5-year-old Detroit girl who was Michigan’s youngest victim of a coronavirus pandemic.

Services at a Detroit funeral home are broadcast live because of social distance rules designed to prevent the spread of the virus, which has claimed the lives of more than 1,000 Detroit residents.

The Skylar Herbert family arrived under police escort and several family members sat in the funeral chapel. Each one wears a mask.

Skylar died April 19 in a hospital. After her death, Mayor Mike Duggan called her “a true princess from the city of Detroit.”

Governor Gretchen Whitmer paid tribute to one of his daily media briefings about the pandemic of Skylar’s mother, LaVondria Herbert, who has been a Detroit police officer for 25 years, and Skylar’s father, Ebbie, an 18-year firefighter.

“They are at the forefront and they have served with respect and integrity,” Whitmer said last week. “They do not deserve to lose their children to this virus. No one knows. “

For most people, coronavirus causes mild or moderate symptoms, such as fever and cough, which disappear in two to three weeks. But it can cause more severe illnesses, including pneumonia, for some people, especially older adults and people with existing health problems.

Coronavirus infections that cause death are rare in children.

Copyright 2020 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.

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The virus tames in New Zealand, while Brazil appears as a hot spot | Instant News


PARIS (AP) – France and Spain, two of the hardest hit countries in the coronavirus pandemic, compiled separate roadmaps Tuesday to lift their locks, while signs emerged that the virus was almost wiped out in New Zealand and Australia.

But on the other side of the world, Brazil is emerging as a new hotspot for infection. And new doubts arise about whether Japan will be able to host the Summer Olympics which has been postponed next year without developing vaccines.

The key question is when to reopen soaring schools around the world when countries try to restart their devastated economy.

Although coronavirus seems to affect children far more seriously than adults, many officials, teachers and parents are worried about the health risks that can be posed by opening schools. Some pointed out the difficulty in ensuring that children remained at social distance and washed their hands frequently, and health risks for teachers.

But many parents will struggle to return to work without an open school, hampering efforts to fight the deep economic downturn in the world.

In France, President Emmanuel Macron wants schools to reopen on May 11, but teachers, parents and some mayors raise alarms. The government says parents can decide whether to send their children back to class and will release more details Tuesday night.

Joel Wilmotte is among a growing number of French mayors who refuse to reopen their schools, at least for now.

“I am not against reopening schools,” he said on the northern Hautmont city Facebook page.

But he listed seven reasons why he was not prepared to do so, including incomplete teachers and cleaning staff and a poll showing that most French parents opposed the reopening of schools. So he closed six schools in his city “until further notice.”

Greece, which has managed to keep its coronavirus mortality rate low at 136 people, also released more details on Tuesday about reducing its locking but schools remain a complicated topic.

Schools will be reopened “gradually, with conditions” and will be reviewed continuously, said a spokesman for the Ministry of Health coronavirus, specialist in infectious disease Sotiris Tsiodras. No opening date has been set yet.

Scientists agree children are less at risk of contracting the virus and seem to transmit it less than adults, said Tsiodras.

The devastated Italy, however, kept schools closed until September. That is what makes parents in a difficult position to return to work without access to their child’s caregivers: grandparents, who are now considered forbidden because they are the most vulnerable to viruses.

Emer McCarthy, who works in the Vatican’s child protection office, tweeted that Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte had discussed locking out “for everyone except for Italian children. Incredible. There was no mention of schools, childcare options, no. But football is yes. #ChildrenNotSeenNotHeard. “

In China, where the pandemic began, schools began to open on Monday, but only for seniors at the middle and middle school level who were preparing for exams. The class size is cut no more than 30.

The number of new cases every day in China has fallen to a single figure, but the authorities remain wary of the possibility of a second wave of infection.

In the United States, which has the highest mortality rate in the world of more than 56,000, President Donald Trump said countries must “seriously consider” reopening their public schools before the end of the academic year, although dozens have said it is not safe for students to return until summer or fall.

“Some of you might start thinking about opening a school, because many people want to have a school opening,” Trump said. “Young people have done very well in this disaster.”

Trump also acknowledged the number of virus deaths could reach 70,000 in the US, after citing 60,000 in recent months.

The number of confirmed infections worldwide has risen to more than 3 million and the number of confirmed deaths has reached 211,000, according to calculations by Johns Hopkins University. The actual number of pandemics is likely to be much higher because of limited testing, minor cases that have been missed, deficiencies in counting the dead and governments who might try to hide the extent of their outbreaks.

Italy, Spain, France and the UK each contributed more than 21,000 virus-related deaths.

In Brazil, President Jair Bolsonaro insisted that COVID-19 was only a “small flu” and said there was no need for a type of restriction that slowed the spread of infection elsewhere.

Brazil, the most populous country in Latin America with 211 million people, has reported 4,600 deaths and 67,000 confirmed infections. But the true number is believed to be much higher given the lack of tests and many people who have not sought hospital treatment.

Medical officials in Rio de Janeiro and at least four other major Brazilian cities have warned their hospital system is on the verge of collapse or too overwhelmed to take more patients. There are also signs that more and more Brazilian victims have died at home.

“We have all the conditions here for a pandemic to be far more serious,” said Paulo Brandão, a virus expert at the University of Sao Paulo.

Bolsonaro said Brazilians need to continue their lives to prevent an economic crisis, but most state governors have implemented restrictions to keep people home and slow the spread of the virus.

New Zealand, on the other hand, reported only three new infections Tuesday. Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said people had done extraordinary work in breaking the chain of transmission of the virus, but warned they needed to remain vigilant.

“Maybe there is still burning ash out there, and they have the potential to become a fire again, if we give them a chance,” he said, quoting a microbiologist.

The government is loosening its key, which has closed schools and most businesses. Surfers hit the waves at dawn on Tuesday, the builder returned to the construction site and the barista started the espresso machine.

In Australia, hundreds of people returned to the waters after Sydney’s iconic Bondi Beach reopened for swimmers and surfers. However, people can only use the beach during the day, cannot linger and are limited to ensure social distance. Australia has reported only 83 deaths from the virus, less than the number of victims reported by more than 25 U.S. states.

But this virus is still a long-term enemy. The president of the Japan Medical Association, Yoshitake Yokokura, said he thought it would be difficult to hold the Tokyo Summer Olympics which was rescheduled even in 2021 without an effective coronavirus vaccine.

Japan and the International Olympic Committee agreed to postpone the Tokyo 2020 Olympics until July 2021 because of a pandemic. Japan has been in a state of emergency for a month amid increasing infections and medical workers say hospitals are too burdened.

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Becatoros reports from Athens, Greece and Perry from Wellington, New Zealand. Associated Press reporters around the world contributed to this report.

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