Tag Archives: brain

Marriyum advised Imran to take a break because his brain was not working | Instant News


LAHORE: Pakistan Muslim League (PML-N) Information Secretary-Nawaz (PML-N) Marriyum Aurangzeb says Imran Khan needs whatever break is left of his brain because he doesn’t know what confessions and confessions he is making every time he opens his mouth today. In a statement issued here on Sunday, Marriyum said that Imran should clarify if his statement was nonsense or he was aware when making such a statement. “Today, Imran Khan admits that his every move is dictated by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The PTI leadership gave a long lecture on the condition of the IMF, he added. Imran also admitted that he had pawned the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) and the national economy to the IMF.

The former information minister said, instead of lecturing the country on loans, Imran should share with the state the Loan Commission report. He told Imran’s statement that he had surrounded himself with the most corrupt people who had also acted as his facilitators.

Marriyum said, “The opposition has always been highlighting the ‘goodness’ done by the government. Like when Imran did ‘a favor’ to the blue-eyed Jahangir Tareen in helping him rob a sugar scandal worth Rs400 billion. Like when Imran did ‘a favor’ to his ATMs by helping them loot Rs225 billion of flour, Rs500 billion of medicine, and Rs122 billion of LNG. Like when Imran did ‘good’ for Narendra Modi by swapping Kashmir. For example, when Imran did ‘good’ by providing a future and stability to the mafia, ATMs and its funnel charter tenants ”.

He said the Pakistani people had given their verdict on this government and the previous ones in elections in Daska, Khushab, Nowshera, Balochistan and Sindh.

He said when Imran was imposed in Pakistan, GDP growth was 5.8 percent, inflation rate was 3 percent, Sugar was Rs52 instead of Rs120, flour was Rs32 and look where this enforced government gets its country and its people.

Marriyum said the PML-N government would return soon to overcome all the crises caused by the incompetent, unqualified and corrupt PTI regime.

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The Brains Trust: Dementia – ‘That’s a secret we’re trying to hide’ | Instant News


Dementia is perhaps the biggest and worst understood problem in New Zealand. This is rapidly growing in our aging population – almost everyone will have a family member or know someone suffering from some form of the disease. It is already the number one cause of death in the UK and for women in Australia and a similar trend is likely to occur here.

But we don’t talk much about dementia. Maybe it’s understandable because the conversation can hurt. Many patients find their own children and grandchildren unrecognizable because they are reduced to childlike states with only memories from their youth. The family members in turn watched helplessly as they got lost by their parents and grandparents. They see their loved ones become frustrated and frightened because they have forgotten how to perform basic daily rituals.

Herald reporters Mike Scott and Carolyne Meng-Yee decided it was time to start talking about the “D-word,” as Meng-Yee put it, in The Brains Trust, our six-part online video series funded by Broadcast New Zealand. In the article below, she reminisces about how she and Scott came up with a plan to uncover the disease and tells the story of a devoted caregiver and scientist looking for a cure. And as Meng-Yee explained, for him and Scott this was more than just a story – it was personal.

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The human brain adapts to the loss of sensory information by using visual cues | Instant News


Researchers in the United Kingdom and the United States have found evidence in a new study that they can develop feelings of self even without touch.

Studies have shown that if adults lose their sense of touch and “proprioception” (ie, body posture) as adults, they may use visual cues and conscious thought or reasoning to move their bodies to learn compensatory skills.

However, people who have never had touch or proprioception can find faster, more unconscious ways to process visual cues to move and orient themselves.

A research team from the University of Birmingham conducted the study in collaboration with researchers from the University of Bournemouth and the University of Chicago, which was published in Experimental brain research.

The team worked with two people with unique sensory experiences, Ian and Kim: Ian lost touch and proprioception (body posture) at the bottom of the neck after autoimmune reaction to the disease, collectively called somatosensory. As a teenager. Kim had no somatic sensation when she was born and lacked the sensory nerve fibers needed to feel her body.

Researchers are interested in understanding how the human brain adapts to the loss of sensory information and how it would compensate for sensory information if it did not appear first.

There are many questions about how we form our sense of body and self. The body and the self are very integrated. When you close your eyes, you will have a sense of the physical self, but if there is no touch or proprioception, this will not be the case.

Kim’s vision, hearing and vestibular system are all in a special state. She had no touch or proprioception, nor did she. Ian’s situation is very different, because he has these senses and loses them. We are interested in whether a person can obtain visual information that does not involve visual perception and feed it into a certain location in the brain responsible for producing physical sensations. In essence, can you use it to make yourself feel physically when you see it? “

Peggy Mason, Professor of Neurobiology, University of Chicago

To conduct this research, Kim and Ian and age-matched control subjects entered the laboratory at the University of Birmingham and participated in many experiments designed to assess their physical and mental images and their unconscious feelings about themselves. The body in space. These include moving the cursor on the screen to locate landmarks such as fingertips and knuckles, and estimate the “reach” distance (length of the arm) to report the shape and size of the hand.

The study found that there are many similarities between Kim and Ian’s performance in the experiment, and interestingly, there are differences between them. For example, in the hand experiment, Jin’s estimate of the shape and size of her hand was close to that of the control group, which was wider and shorter than the actual hand, while Ian’s estimate was much more accurate.

Principal Investigator Chris Miall, Professor of Motor Neuroscience at the University of Birmingham, said: “We think the difference between Ian and Kim’s responses is related to the visual control they use to navigate the environment. For Ian, this is very important. A conscious process, He learned to use visual cues to continuously evaluate and monitor the environment. For Kim, the process is more unconscious. She still uses visual information, but in a more intuitive and intuitive way.”

The co-author of Jonathan Cole, a professor of clinical neurophysiology at Bournemouth University, added: “You and I are unconscious about the habits and skills, but Ian must always think about exercise.”

These results indicate that if adults lose touch and proprioception in adulthood, they may be able to use visual input and conscious thought to move their body, thereby learning compensatory skills. However, people who have never experienced somatic sensation may be able to develop mechanisms that bypass the lack of sensation and instead use unconsciously processed visual information for motor control.

Mason said: “What we can learn from this is that you may not behave like others, but you will find a way to make a body scheme.” “You will find a way to feel about yourself. Kim has found It’s not the way you or I do it, nor is it the way anyone on earth can do it, but it’s absolutely vital to have this feeling of self. You must be somewhere. We are not in a big bucket Brain!”

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MCRI experts developed the first guidelines on pediatric head injuries in Australia and New Zealand | Instant News


Australia and New Zealand’s first set of clinical guidelines for pediatric head injuries have been developed by a network of specialists based at the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute (MCRI).

The manual, developed by the Pediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative (PREDICT) and published in Australasia Emergency Medicine, will enable emergency physicians to diagnose and treat children’s head injuries while reducing unnecessary ones radiation exposure from a CT scan. They also treat head injuries in children with underlying problems, such as bleeding disorders.

Matthew Salter took his son Jakob, 15, to the emergency department of a large hospital late last year after he hit his head after a BMX accident.

Jakob tries to do a bike trick on one of our local BMX tracks but he missteps landing and crashes first. When my wife and I arrived at the scene, we found her helmet shield had been destroyed, she was depressed and I was worried she might have a concussion. When we arrived at the hospital he vomited several times so to confirm a head injury he received a CT scan and was observed overnight. “

Mr. Matthew Salter

Based on the new head injury guidelines, Jakob fulfills several risk factors for CT scan and observation.

Mr Salter said it was comforting to know these guidelines were in place to ensure all children receive the same treatment wherever they live in Australia.

Professor Franz Babl, Leader of the MCRI Emergency Research Group, said Australia and New Zealand do not yet have specific guidelines to help doctors decide how best to treat every child under 18 who comes to the emergency department with mild to moderate head injuries.

“Even though we need to rule out bleeding in the brain, we don’t want to order a CT scan unnecessarily, because it increases the lifetime radiation exposure of children,” he said.

“The lack of standardized guidelines means children receive different treatments depending on where they are seen. Broad adoption of these guidelines will change that.”

Following an extensive search and assessment of international guidelines such as those used in Canada, the US and the UK, the PREDICT working group developed 71 recommendations and imaging / observation algorithms relevant to the Australian and New Zealand setting. The new guidelines cover patient triage, imaging, observation versus admission, transfer, discharge and follow-up.

Head injuries are one of the most common reasons children come to the emergency department.

In Australia and New Zealand about 10 per cent of children who present with head injuries of all severity undergo CT scans. Although traumatic brain injury is rare, persistent post-concussion symptoms affect more than a third.

Professor Stuart Dalziel, Chair of Cure Kids Child Health Research at The University of Auckland and pediatric emergency doctor at Starship Children’s Hospital in New Zealand, said identifying traumatic brain injuries in children with seemingly minor injuries could be difficult and over the past 15 years has occurred. research focus in emergency departments around the world.

He said across Australia and New Zealand there had been variations in practice in the management of child head injuries.

The PREDICT working group that developed the guidelines includes emergency physicians, pediatricians, neurologists, neurosurgeons, radiologists, sports medicine doctors, neurologists, general practitioners, paramedics and nurses.

Guidelines can be found at predict.org.au

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The new “liquid” AI is like the human brain, continuously learning through experience | Instant News


According to the record, artificial intelligence is still almost different from the human brain. At best, artificial intelligence has reached the point where it draws inspiration from the human brain, just like learning and changing with experience. According to reports, a new “fluid” form of artificial intelligence is adapting to multiple situations, which makes it an interesting new achievement for many experts.

(Photo: Photo by Paweł Czerwiński on Unsplash​​)

according to Singular hubResearchers have shown that a new technology called “liquid neural networks” allows machines that learn algorithms to improve their skills even after the initial training period. Experts say that it has a built-in system called “neuroplasticity”, just like the human brain, machines can learn through experience. For example, if AI is used to drive a car, it can learn based on the different experiences it has experienced or even exceeded its initial learning stage.

Liquid neural networks focus on quality rather than size

Although AI is inspired by the human brain, the current human system is still very complex. Therefore, the experts managed to adjust the method to adapt to simpler and smaller models, with results similar to humans. Liquid AI focuses on quality, not the scale of large AI models like OpenAI, Micorosft, and Google.

The study is titled “Flow time constant networkA paper published by researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Austrian Academy of Science and Technology showed that these liquid neuron machine algorithms were inspired by the 302 neurons that make up the Caenorhabditis elegans system.

Supporters of the study believe that it is better to focus on the quality of work provided by AI, rather than the scale of machine learning algorithms. The neural connections in our brain have the same concept. Our brain cells are connected to many other cells. In the case of a neural network, the system will provide the best results according to the situation, but will be hindered by the parameters to feed data where it responds.

read more: The artificial intelligence-driven robot dog feels the owner’s emotions and acts as a supercomputer-how much does it cost!

Will the robots of the future adapt to the new experience?

The newly discovered liquid network allows parameters to be expanded and changed over time based on experience. This makes it more realistic and practical in the real world undergoing various changes. In the future, robots may have the same adaptability characteristics as humans when facing different experiences. In a world where emergencies are unpredictable, adaptability is essential for humanoid robots.

However, according to Next websiteSome critics say that driving larger AI machines is expensive and wasteful. This new study still needs to be tested in different situations before it can be determined whether it is worth the change. And, given that robots can now think critically like humans, it may still have a negative impact. However, researchers believe that this may be a promising cutting-edge AI technology that can mimic the infinite parameters of the human brain.

related articles: South Korean AI faces controversy after belittling its remarks against ethnic minorities and was rejected by Facebook

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Written by Nikki D







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