Tag Archives: campaign

Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis: Promotes Awareness and Understanding | Instant News


As May 9-15 2021 is Food Allergy Awareness Week, there is an opportunity to raise awareness food allergies and anaphylaxis. Fortunately, the incidence of food anaphylaxis that is fatal to a person is low and increases the risk of death slightly.1,2 However, because food allergy anaphylaxis can be fatal, it is important to highlight food allergy awareness in order to provide appropriate treatment and counseling for patients.

Food allergies are allergic reactions that involve the immune system. For food allergies – particularly food allergic reactions that are mediated by immunoglobulin E (IgE) – there are specific food proteins that are the basis for the body to increase the immune response. In the most common type of food allergy, IgE antibodies target specific proteins in food that are mistakenly perceived as a threat. Food-specific IgE antibodies are formed that bind to receptors on mast cells, basophils, macrophages, and dendritic cells, and when the allergens reach cell-bound IgE antibodies in susceptible individuals, mediators are released causing allergy symptoms. There are also non-IgE or mixed IgE-mediated reactions, but the immunological basis of IgE-mediated is key to understanding how food allergies work.

Research from 2019 shows that at least 10.7% (> 26 million) of US adults are allergic to food, whereas 19% of US adults believe they have a food allergy.3 Having a confirmatory test with a strong clinical history is important to avoid undue burdens of quality of life and to provide appropriate counseling, medication, and diet management, if necessary.

Anaphylaxis is a multisystemic, severe, and potentially life-threatening allergic reaction. Symptoms can vary from confusion and agitation to swelling of the lips and mouth, difficulty breathing, wheezing, hypotension / weak pulse, and / or itching or redness all over the body. Epinephrine is the treatment of choice for this reaction. Many patients with food allergies have epinephrine autoinjectors. Epinephrine is generally not needed for mild hives – but if there are concerns about respiratory symptoms or persistent vomiting or abdominal pain, epinephrine is usually needed. Delayed administration of epinephrine has been cited as the most common cause of death from food allergies.4.5 In addition, as we enter the summer months, patients and providers need to be aware that epinephrine autoinjectors can lose potency within hours if stored in a heated car.6

Any food can cause an allergic reaction. However, eight types of food cause about 90% of all reactions: milk, wheat, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, fish, crustacean shellfish, and soy.7 For those affected, education in the treatment and prevention of food allergic reactions is essential – which is why patients should be provided with assistance in reading and understanding food labels.8 This is especially true for children with food allergies, who should be encouraged to start reading food labels as soon as they can read at home from a caregiver.

There are many organizations that can provide assistance with food allergy education, diagnosis, treatment, and advocacy. This includes, but is not limited to:

  1. American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI)
  2. American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI)
  3. World Allergy Organization (WAO)
  4. Food Allergy Research & Education Organization (FARE)
  5. Kids With Food Allergies (KFA), a division of the American Asthma and Allergy Foundation

This organization has a variety of online resources that are also available to patients and providers.9,10,11,12,13

Eevar Benjamin Rossavik, DO, is the chief resident of pediatrics who will soon join the faculty of his program to become a pediatrician. He has special interests in allergies, asthma and immunology.

Doctors and experts are interested in responding to these articles, or submitting their own articles to HCPLive, can contact the editorial team here.

Reference

  1. Turner PJ, Jerschow E, Umasunthar T, Lin R, Campbell DE, Boyle RJ. Fatal Anaphylaxis: Mortality Rate and Risk Factors. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2017; 5 (5): 1169-1178. doi: 10.1016 / j.jaip.2017.06.031
  2. Umasunthar T, Leonardi-Bee J, Hodes M, et al. Incidence of fatal food anaphylaxis in people with food allergies: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Allergy Clin Exp. 2013; 43 (12): 1333-1341. two: 10.1111 / cea.12211
  3. Gupta RS, Warren CM, Smith BM, et al. Food Allergy Prevalence and Severity Among US Adults. JAMA Netw Open. 2019; 2 (1): e185630. Published 2019 January 4. Doi: 10.1001 / zamanetworkopen. 2018.5630
  4. Chooniedass R, Temple B, Becker A. Use of epinephrine for anaphylaxis: Too infrequent, too late: Current practices and guidelines in health care. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol2017; 119 (2): 108-110. Doi: 10.1016 / j.anai.2017.06.004
  5. Lieberman P. Biphasic anaphylactic reactions. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2005; 95 (3): 217-258. doi: 10.1016 / S1081-1206 (10) 61217-3
  6. https://www.aaaai.org/about-aaaai/newsroom/news-releases/epipens-heat#:~:text=Epinephrine%20autoinjectors%20(EAIs)%20have%20recommended,59%20%E2%80% 93% 2086% 20degrees% 20Fahrenheit% 20permitted
  7. https://www.fda.gov/food/buy-store-serve-safe-food/food-allergies-what-you-need-know
  8. https://www.foodallergy.org/resources/how-read-food-label
  9. https://www.aaaai.org/conditions-and-treatments/library/allergy-library/food-allergy
  10. https://acaai.org/allergies/types/food-allergy
  11. https://www.worldallergy.org/education-and-programs/education/allergic-disease-resource-center/professionals/food-allergy
  12. https://www.foodallergy.org
  13. https://www.kidswithfoodallergies.org

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Maryam Nawaz will visit Karachi, taking part in the NA 249 poll campaign | Instant News


PML-N Vice President Maryam Nawaz addresses a rally during her visit to the Lahore High Court on March 24, 2021. – PPI / File

PML-N Vice President Maryam Nawaz will visit Karachi next week to take part in the NA-249 election campaign. He will be in the port city for three days.

This will be Maryam’s first show of force in Karachi after the fall of the Pakistan Democratic Movement (PDM) – as PPP leaders have resigned from the Opposition alliance’s offices, while the ANP has completely distanced itself from the anti-government movement.

The PML-N vice president is scheduled to discuss corner meetings and rallies ahead of the election – scheduled for April 29 – sources said.

PML-N’s Miftah Ismail is eyeing seat NA-249, which has been vacant due to the resignation of PTI lawmaker Faisal Vawda, who resigned from the seat to avoid disqualification in cases related to dual nationality.

Last month, PML-N supporters Shahid Khaqan Abbasi visited Zardari House to seek PPP support for Ismail.

Abbasi urged Bilawal to withdraw his party candidate Qadir Mandokhail because of the PDM’s “enthusiasm”. Bilawal promised to respond to PML-N after consulting with his party.

However, Abbasi’s mission in Karachi failed because the PPP refused to withdraw its candidate, instead asking PML-N to withdraw its candidate.

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Shehla Raza inaugurates a tree planting campaign at KU | Instant News


Extensive tree plantations are needed to prevent environmental pollution and reduce the increase in temperature in the country. Sindh Syeda Women’s Development Minister Shehla Raza said this on Friday as she inaugurated KU’s Clean and Green Campus: The Mobilizer of the Second 2021 Plantation on Friday.

She also planted saplings at the Center of Excellence for Women Studies at the University of Karachi. He said the provincial government was working on various projects to improve the environment in all Sindh cities.

He observed that creating awareness was essential to promote tree planting in which universities could play an important role. “I am pleased that Karachi University is playing its part in this. I am also very happy to see the tree planting trend among students on campus. “

The provincial minister said if young people came forward and helped the government and non-government organizations make the country clean and green, we could easily realize the dream of a green and clean province.

Meanwhile, KU Deputy Chancellor Prof Dr Khalid Mahmood Iraqi said over the past few years, Karachi has turned into a forest with a concrete structure and is facing severe environmental problems due to a lack of plants and trees.

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New European campaign targeting fast fashion | Fashion & Retail News | Instant News














New European campaign targeting fast fashion | Fashion & Retail News | News

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Future sales have nothing to do with satta, stop the smear campaign: Jahangir Tareen | Instant News


PTI Chairman Jahangir Tareen. – Photo files

PTI leader Jahangir Tareen on Monday voiced criticism on Twitter, saying that future sales are a “normal part” of business activity anywhere in the world.

Earlier this week, it was reported that FIA Lahore had registered a case of alleged fraud worth Rs3.14 billion against Jahangir Tareen and his son, Ali Tareen.

The first information report (FIR) listed in this case states that Jahangir is alleged to have transferred illegal shares worth billions of rupees to Farooqi Pulp Mills Limited (FPML), which is owned by his son and close relative.

Taking to Twitter, the former PTI secretary general posted a screenshot of the London Sugar Future sales figures to help explain his point.

“Future sales are a normal part of business activity around the world. It is used to secure future cash flows for normal business activities. It has nothing to do with Satta. All such sales are declared on the JDW account as a whole.”

Without naming anyone, he concluded the tweet by writing: “Stop the smear campaign”.

The transfer of shares, according to the FIR filed against the PTI leadership, especially after 2011-12, was a “blatantly fraudulent investment that ultimately translated into personal gain” for the Jahangir family. About Rs3 billion was invested and laundered through the same factory.

The 2020 sugar crisis and its investigative report

Last year, Prime Minister Imran Khan tasked the FIA ​​with investigating the countrywide sugar crisis and finding out who benefited from it.

A report by the FIA ​​released last year claimed that the top PTI members were among those who benefited from the country’s recent sugar crisis.

Among the people named in the FIA ​​report are Jahangir Tareen and the brother of the national food security minister Khusro Bakhtiar.

Tareen is said to have benefited the most from the sugar crisis that Bakhtiar’s brother followed.

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