Tag Archives: contamination

Meow Mix dry, recalled cat food for potential Salmonella contamination | Instant News

JM Smucker Company announced limited and voluntary recall of two lots from the 30-pound bag Meow Mix® Original Choice of Dried Cat Food due to the potential for salmonella contamination. The company received no reports of pet disease or adverse reactions and has issued this recall out of extreme caution. Affected products are sold at select Walmart stores in IL, MO, NE, NM, OK, UT, WI, and WY. No other Meow Mix® products affected by this recall.

If the parent pet has a product that fits the following description, they should stop giving it to the cat and throw it away immediately. This information can be found on the bottom and back of each bag.

Image taken from US FDA website 4/13/2021.(FDA)

Salmonella can affect cats that eat contaminated products Salmonella bacteria and can spread to humans from handling contaminated pet products, especially if they do not wash their hands after coming in contact with cat food, food surfaces and / or cats that have been in contact with affected products. Healthy people are infected Salmonella should monitor yourself for some or all of the following symptoms: nausea, vomiting, bloody diarrhea or diarrhea, stomach cramps and fever. Rarely, Salmonella can cause more serious illness, including arterial infections, endocarditis, arthritis, muscle pain, eye irritation, and urinary tract symptoms. Consumers showing these signs after contact with this product should contact their healthcare provider.

Symptoms Salmonella Infection in cats may include vomiting or diarrhea. Some cats may not experience diarrhea, but may experience decreased appetite, fever, and excessive salivation. If your pet has consumed recalled products and is experiencing these symptoms, please contact your veterinarian. Some cats may not appear sick but can spread the infection to other animals and people in the household.

Pet parents who have questions or wish to report an adverse reaction should call 1-888-569-6728, Monday to Friday, 8 am-5pm ET or visit www.meowmix.com/contact-usExternal Links Disclaimer.

The recall was carried out in collaboration with the US Food and Drug Administration.

To report a correction or typo, please send an email [email protected]

Copyright 2021 KY3. All rights reserved.


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FOIA Presents Travel Voucher Idea for Owners of PFAS Contaminated Wells in East Bay Township | Local News | Instant News

TRAVERSE CITY – Travel vouchers to offset costs associated with public water connections for affected residents have been launched as part of discussions around an investigation into PFAS water contamination in the Township of East Bay. Grand Traverse County Board Chairman Rob Hentschel suggested in an email to Cherry Capital According to information released to Record-Eagle under Michigan’s Freedom of Information Act, Hentschel mentioned the concept before local leaders get grant funds to pay. the 18 public connections required for the affected homes still use well water; the idea was that if the grant funds could not be acquired, perhaps the travel vouchers could be a compromise – an authorized use of restricted airport dollars. Some of the affected residents and environmental experts criticized the suggestion as being irresponsible in the face of revelations about contaminated drinking water and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Local officials, however, said it was the result of brainstorming and was never intended for the public. Clean Water, Travel Vouchers The email in question with the line of subject line “$ 3,900 PFAS Travel Voucher” was sent Nov 9 from Hentschel to airport manager Keven Klein and read: “Random thought … sitting at the East Bay twp meeting … If we don’t can’t pay for the capping of neighboring wells and municipal water hooks … can we run a promotion with the airlines for the travel vouchers in You’ll be happy to know they haven’t thrown the airport under the bus. Not a single mention of the airport … – Rob “Some residents and concerned environmental experts have said that such a travel voucher idea is reprehensible.” It would have been an insult, “said Joyce Lundberg, whose well water for her home along Indian Trail Boulevard was among those contaminated with PFAS chemicals.” What would we do with travel vouchers in the midst of a pandemic ? We wanted clean water. ”Liz Kirkwood, executive director of the nonprofit For Love Of Water, said she was initially“ a little speechless ”when she learned the suggestion of travel vouchers for those with contaminated wells FLOW is a Traverse City-based organization that advocates for groundwater protection and will host a webinar on March 10 on threats to Michigan’s groundwater resources. communities by PFAS said the emerging family of chemical contaminants holds untold potential for problems of environmental injustice – especially given its long-term and widespread use at d he industrial, aeronautical and commercial purposes and the way pollutants are increasingly present in drinking water. way to have a drink of your refreshing well water and know if it’s contaminated with PFAS, ”said Alissa Cordner, as a sociological professor of sociology at Whitman College in Washington and co-director of the PFAS Project Lab with researchers at Northeastern University in Boston, she said that often communities subject to PFAS contamination have historically experienced other types of pollution and tend not to be wealthy. Pine Grove mirrors this trend with its blue collar workers and history of a TCE plume, which prompted public water to flow through the neighborhood decades ago, but not all connected homes back then. not always in a financial position to do much about it, indicating the need for broader systemic changes in the way toxic chemicals are produced and used. people affected by pollution, she said an offer of “It seems clear to me that a small travel voucher and continued contamination of drinking water is not up to the mark,” Cordner said. Hentschel said his email to the airport manager should be considered in perspective; it was a private email not intended for public presentation, he said. “There is no evidence that it came from the airport, but we wanted to do something,” Hentschel said. Because airport funds are limited to airport operations and promotion, he said the suggestion was right that he was looking for ways to help affected residents. “These are raw ideas,” Hentschel said, later adding that the idea “was not to ride. For the public, but to think outside the box.” Klein also said Hentschel’s idea was an attempt to come up with a solution through brainstorming. But it wouldn’t have been appropriate to make that offer to affected residents, he said. “I think what he was trying to say was that ‘is “we have to be more creative” “said the airport manager. said they might have actually taken advantage of such a travel voucher, if subsidies had not been found to pay for their public water hookups. But that wouldn’t fly for everyone. “I appreciate Rob’s efforts for sure,” said Hillerie Rettelle, who lives on Avenue B and whose well has returned a collective. of more than 840 pieces per trillion of PFAS chemicals – as many as 35 times that of the state. Rettelle said Hentschel has worked Hard to get public water connections as quickly as possible for affected residents and tried to help them get back the money they spent preparing for public water connections when they were not satisfied to wait for government action. As much as she could appreciate a travel voucher, Rettelle said she knew not all affected residents were able to use it. Some would not have connected to public water if the subsidies had not been secured, she said. “If you can’t afford to connect to clean drinking water, you can’t afford to go on vacation,” Rettelle said, adding that during a pandemic people are even less likely to want to travel. “In November, if they had asked me if I wanted a travel voucher or clean water, it would have been 100% clean water,” she said. of affected residents, said she was not offended by Hentschel’s suggestion. She said she even joked that the airport paid for their family’s travel in perpetuity, if identified as the source of contamination. “I joked that if it ended up being the airport’s fault, the air miles could be greatly appreciated.” Contractors at Matt’s Underground Construction in Kalkaska spent the last week connecting homes with PFAS-contaminated water wells to municipal water supplies, first along Avenue B and then down the avenue C. its well was among the highest concentrations in the neighborhood. She hadn’t showered at home because her surgeon had told her that a healing wound from shoulder surgery should not be exposed to pollution. State and local health warned her not to drink or cook with water in October, she said. Rettelle took a shower in her own bathroom Tuesday night for the first time in over four months and described it in one word: “Amazing”. Others are eager to see their connections coming. Lundberg’s well failed last summer and she spent $ 3,000 to repair it after high water levels pushed sand into the pump. It was three months later when she learned of the groundwater contamination, she said. “It was a shock,” Lundberg said. The longtime neighborhood resident, 94, said she was grateful that state, county and township dollars collectively paid for her water. connection to the system, especially after spending so much on his well last July. She chose this out of an offer of $ 25,000 to connect to the water system at the time, Lundberg said. “You know, that’s life. If I had spent the $ 25,000, I was really pissed off, ”she says. .

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Early Shedding – Listeriosis Caused by the Persistence of Listeria monocytogenes Serotype 4b Sequence Type 6 in the Cheese Production Environment – Volume 27, Number 1 – January 2021 – journal Emerging Infectious Diseases | Instant News

Disclaimer: Early release articles are not considered final versions. Any changes will be reflected in the online version in the month the article is officially released.

Author affiliations: Institute of Food Safety and Hygiene, Zurich, Switzerland (M.Nüesch-Inderbinen, MJA Stevens, N. Cernela, R. Stephan); National Reference Center for Enteropathogenic Bacteria and Listeria, Zurich (GV Bloemberg, A. Müller); The Cantonese Laboratory in the Original Canton, Brunnen, Switzerland (B. Kollöffel)

Listeriosis is a potentially lethal infection, and the elderly population, pregnant women, and people with compromised immune systems are at particular risk (1). Food, particularly ready-to-eat food, including meat, fish, dairy products, fruit and vegetables, represents the main vehicle for sporadic cases and outbreaks of listeriosis (2). Listeria monocytogenes serotype 4b sequence type 6 (ST6) has emerged since 1990 as a hypervirulent clone which is associated with poorer outcomes especially for patients who have Listeria meningitis and therefore poses a special threat to consumer health (3,4).

L. monocytogenes ST6 is increasingly being linked to outbreaks, including outbreaks associated with frozen vegetables in 5 European countries during 2015–2018 (5), an outbreak associated with contaminated meat pate in Switzerland during 2016 (6), and the largest global outbreak of listeriosis, which occurred in South Africa during 2017–2018 (7,8). Recently, Europe’s largest outbreak of listeriosis in the last 25 years was reported in Germany and traced back to contaminated blood sausage. L. monocytogenes ST6 belongs to a particular clone which is referred to as Epsilon1a (9).

Human listeriosis is a reported disease in Switzerland. All cases of human listeriosis confirmed by culture or PCR were reported to the Swiss Federal Public Health Office (SFOPH). Diagnostic laboratories and regional (canton) laboratories forward isolates to the Swiss National Reference Center for Enteropathogenic Bacteria and Listeria for strain characterization, ensuring early recognition Listeria groups among food isolates or human cases. We report an outbreak of listeriosis associated with contaminated cheese L. monocytogenes 4b ST6 in Switzerland.

In 2018, the SFOPH recorded 52 cases of listeriosis in humans, corresponding to a normal annual incidence rate of 0.6 cases / 100,000 population (10). However, during 6 March 2018 – 31 July 2018 there was an increase of L. monocytogenes serotype 4b of 13 human cases were recorded. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) was performed on these strains using MiSeq generation sequencing technology (Illumina, https://www.illumina.com). Sequence readings were mapped to a typing mutlocus sequencing scheme (MLST) based on 7 housekeeping genes and a 1,701-locus (cgMLST) core genome MLST scheme using Ridom SeqSphere + software version 5.1.0 (11). STs and cluster types (CTs) are determined after submission to L. monocytogenes cgMLST Ridom SeqSphere + server (https://www.cgmlst.org/ncs/schema/690488/).

A cluster is defined as a group of isolates with <10 different alleles between neighboring isolates (9,11). Twelve of the 13 isolates were assigned to ST6 CT7448, a unique profile in the database, indicated by closely related cluster detection. Therefore, we defined plague case patients as patients suffering from listeriosis and L. monocytogenes ST6 CT7448. Outbreak investigations were initiated by the SFOPH, and patients were contacted to assess food exposure using a standardized questionnaire. Diagnostic and territorial laboratories are notified nationally to ensure fast delivery L. monocytogenes isolates to the National Reference Center for Enteropathogenic Bacteria and Listeria for laboratory typing, including WGS. However, questionnaire-based outbreak investigations did not lead to suspected diets, and the cause of infection remains unknown.

Picture 1

Picture 1. Cases of human listeriosis caused by Listeria monocytogenes ST6 CT7488, by week and year, Switzerland, 2018 and 2020. CT, cluster type; ST, sequence type.

In the second batch, the start date ranges from 22 January to 26 May 2020 (Picture 1). 27 other cases of infection L. monocytogenes serotype 4b was recorded; 4 cases in hospital patients who had underlying conditions. During this period, questionnaire-based data were not available to support the food hypothesis.

Figure 2

Minimum spanning tree based on the cgMLST allele profile of 34 human Listeria monocytogenes isolates, 1 food isolate, and 5 environmental isolates, Switzerland.  Each circle represents an allele profile based on a sequence analysis of 1,701 cgMLST target genes.  The value on the connecting line shows the amount of allele difference between the 2 strains.  Each circle contains a strain identification.  Food isolates are indicated with a green star, and environmental strains are indicated with a blue star.  The plague strains were shaded pink and shown in comparison with other L. monocytogenes sequence type 6 isolates from Switzerland collected during 2016-2020.  cgMLST, a core genome multilocus sequence typing.

Figure 2. Minimum spanning tree based on cgMLST allele profiles of 34 humans Listeria monocytogenesisolates, 1 food isolate, and 5 environmental isolates, Switzerland. Each circle represents an allele profile based on …

A total of 22 strains stratified by WGS in dense clusters, with the exception of N20-2045, which were differentiated by >8 alleles (Figure 2). This tension is within the definition of a cluster. However, in the absence of supporting epidemiological data, we cannot verify whether N20–0245 is actually involved in the outbreak.

The mean age of the patients was 81 years (range <1–99 years). More than half of the patients were women (18/34, 53%). Of 34 human isolates, 30 came from blood samples and 1 each from abscess, ascites, maternal placental tissue, or stool samples (Table). One case of perinatal transmission and 10 deaths (29%) were reported.

On April 30, 2020, the cheese producer reports to the regional detection laboratory L. monocytogenes from a sample of soft cheese (brie) made from pasteurized milk. The analysis has been carried out as part of routine factory quality control practices, which are required in Switzerland (Swiss Food Act, Article 23). Cheese isolate N20-639 was matched to the CT strain outbreak by WGS (Table; Figure 2). Regional authorities began tracking the distribution chain for dairy products. The cheese producer supplies several buyers who supply the cheese to retailers throughout Switzerland. Buyers are asked to immediately stop sending products from that particular manufacturer.

This discovery encourages extensive environmental sampling at the factory production site. A total of 50 swab specimens from the site, such as barrels, cheese lute, skimming device, drain, brush, scrub sponge, tray, door handle, ripe basement floor and walls were obtained. The swabs were incubated in Half Frazer Broth (Bio-Rad, https://www.bio-rad.com) at 30 ° C for 48 hours. L. monocytogenes detected by real-time PCR with the Assurance Genetic Detection System (Endotell, https://www.endotell.ch) according to the manufacturer’s instructions. To obtain strains for WGS, 5 cultures of enriched Half Frazer Broth were smeared on chromogenic Listeria agar plates (Oxoid, Pratteln, Switzerland) and incubated at 37 ° C for 24 hours.

L. monocytogenes were identified in 11 (22%) of 50 environmental samples, and all 5 isolates sequences matched the CT outbreak strains (Table; Figure 2). These results lead to a recall on May 5, 2020, of 26 items, including brie, lamb and goat cheese, and organic cheese; production was stopped immediately. The findings were reported to the Epidemic Intelligence Information System for Food and Water-borne Diseases and Zoonoses. Following a recall of the products involved and a public warning issued by the Federal Office for Food Safety and Veterinary, 7 cases of listeriosis caused by plague strains were recorded (Picture 1). The last known cases of this plague strain were sampled on 20 May 2020, and reported to SFOPH on 25 May 2020. Sequence data has been stored in the National Center for Biotechnology Information (Bethesda, MD, USA), the BioSample database in the project does not . PRJNA640586. We provide an accession number (Table).

This prolonged outbreak L. monocytogenes 4b ST6 CT7448 caused 34 laboratory confirmed cases of listeriosis and 10 deaths. An outbreak investigation is an example of a successful collaboration between laboratories and food safety and public health authorities to determine the source of contamination and reconstruct the progression of an outbreak. The results of the investigation imply that cheese milk lacks sanitation and environmental contamination persist at all production sites. WGS isolation and typing L. monocytogeneFrom cheese samples the quality control provides important information that allows identification of the origin of the contamination. The WGS played a key role in demonstrating the close association between isolates from cheese items and from the environment, and in linking listeriosis cases from 2018 to the 2020 outbreak.

The outbreak highlights the risk of recontamination of pasteurized cheese products during manufacture and emphasizes the need for routine sampling of products, manufacturing equipment and the production environment. Routine quality control should include environmental WGS typing L. monocytogenes isolates to allow early recognition of potential food contaminants and ultimately reduce the risk of listeriosis.

Dr. Nüesch-Inderbinen is a research fellow at the Institute for Food Safety and Hygiene, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. His main research interests are pathogenic and antimicrobial resistant bacteria in humans, animals and the food chain.


Recommended citations for this article: Nüesch-Inderbinen M, Bloemberg GV, Müller A, Stevens MJA, Cernela N, Kollöffel B, et al. Listeriosis is caused by persistence Listeria monocytogenes serotype 4b sequence type 6 in cheese production environment. Emergency Infect Dis. 2021 Jan [date cited]. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2701.203266

The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official positions of the US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors’ affiliated agencies. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups mentioned above.


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Mobile phone contamination can be part of the SARS-CoV-2 chain of transmission in hospitals, the Brazilian case study suggests | Instant News

Researchers conducting the study at the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) intensive care unit (ICU) in São Paulo, Brazil, have warned that infection control guidelines need to include a universal policy regarding the disinfection of cell phones in hospitals.

A team from the University of São Paulo, Brazil, conducted a cross-sectional study in the ICU to investigate health workers’ knowledge of cross-contamination of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) – the agent responsible for COVID-19.

Although most workers understand the importance of cross-transmission and the importance of adhering to hand hygiene and mobile phone disinfection practices, SARS-CoV-2 ribonucleic acid (RNA) – the genetic material for the virus – is still being detected in some devices, said Evelyn Patricia Sanchez Espinoza and colleagues.

The researchers said the finding that healthcare workers’ cell phones could be contaminated with SARS-CoV-2 suggests these devices could be part of a chain of transmission in health care settings.

“Implementation of official hospital policies to guide health workers [healthcare workers] regarding disinfection and personal MP care [mobile phones] is needed, ”the team warned.

A preprinted version of the paper is available at medRxiv* server when articles undergo peer review.

Worries about cell phone in hospital

Espinoza and colleagues say that cell phones are now generally considered a working tool in hospitals.

However, although SARS-CoV-2 has been detected on the cell phones belonging to patients with COVID-19, the devices have not been identified as a potential source of transmission in a hospital setting.

At the same time, concerns are growing about cross-transmission of SARS-CoV-2, following recent descriptions of how the virus can survive on surfaces in hospitals, the team said.

“However, there is no official policy from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) about it [mobile phone] disinfection in health facilities, ”write the investigators. “Little is known about [the] viruses in MPs or their potential for cross-contamination. “

Investigate healthcare workers’ knowledge of the risks of cell phones

Espinoza and colleagues set out to investigate health workers’ knowledge of SARS-CoV-2 cross-transmission and whether they understand its potential to survive on their own cell phones and be part of the transmission chain.

They conducted a cross-sectional study involving staff members working in the adult ICU at a teaching hospital in São Paulo.

The ICU has 11 separate rooms for each patient. Health care staff use scrubs, N95 respirators and surgical caps as standard when working within the unit, and they also wear surgical gowns, face shields and gloves when entering patient rooms.

An educational campaign on cross-transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and mobile disinfection was launched at the start of the pandemic.

“Informative posters were left on units that had QR codes with access to campaign videos,” said Espinoza and the team.

In the video, health workers are advised to use 70% alcohol swabs to clean phones and screen protectors to keep the oleophobic coating. They are also advised to avoid using the device when providing patient care and while in the restroom.

Ten days after the campaign was held, researchers took participants’ cell phones and sent them for SARS-CoV-2 testing by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).

Electronic questionnaires on hand hygiene and mobile phone use and disinfection were also administered.

What did the research find?

Although most health care workers understood the importance of cross-transmission and increased their adherence to hand hygiene and mobile disinfection during the pandemic, SARS-CoV-2 RNA was still detected in two devices.

Fifty-one out of fifty-three staff members working in the unit participated in the survey and answered the questionnaire. Nine (18%) had covered their cell phones with kitchen plastic film in an effort to facilitate disinfection. Eleven (16%) said they did not remember the campaign and three (6%) said they had not changed their behavior.

Only four (8%) healthcare workers do not believe that the virus can survive on mobile phones and only one (4%) do not believe that the virus can survive on hand.

Ninety-eight percent of participants said they had washed their hands more since the start of the pandemic.

Of the fifty-one swabs collected from the cell phone, SARS-CoV-2 RNA was detected by RT-PCR on two devices.

There is a need for a universal policy regarding the care of electronic devices in hospitals

Espinoza and colleagues said the findings suggest that healthcare workers’ phones could be contaminated with SARS-CoV-2.

“So, maybe members of parliament [medical professionals] may be part of the chain of transmission of the virus in health care settings, ”they wrote.

“Our findings suggest the need for universal policies in infection control guidelines on how to care for electronic devices in hospitals,” the team concluded.

* Important Notice

medRxiv publishes preliminary scientific reports that are not peer reviewed and, therefore, should not be construed as conclusions, guidelines for health-related clinical / behavioral practice, or are treated as defined information.


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Rep. Gabbard rejects US claims that the Marshall Islands nuclear waste site is safe World | Instant News

One famous Hawaiian politician has rejected a recent Department of Energy report which concluded that the leaked US nuclear waste warehouse on the Marshall Islands is safe for the people there.

He asked the department to conduct a more independent assessment of the location of waste.

“I think it is time for the Department of Energy to rely on someone with fresh eyes to examine the situation,” US Representative Tulsi Gabbard, one of two members of the Hawaiian Democratic Council, said in a recent interview with the Los Angeles Times.

Gabbard spoke publicly in Congress on behalf of the Marshall Islands, which the United States used as a testing ground for a number of nuclear weapons during the Cold War.

Leaking of nuclear waste warehouse

He was encouraged to return Medicaid to people from the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, and Palau who worked and lived in the United States but did not have access to health care. He also played an important role in asking the Department of Energy to re-examine the safety of Runit Dome, a nuclear waste storage site that leaked in the Marshall Islands, as part of the 2019 National Defense Authorization Act.

In a call for “fresh eyes” on the waste site, Gabbard referred to Terry Hamilton, who has been a contractor for the Department of Energy for nuclear issues in the Marshall Islands since 1990.

Hamilton was a contributor to the Department of Energy report, which concluded that while rising sea levels could increase storm surges and “cause excessive waves caused by waves at the bottom of the dome,” there is not enough definitive data to determine “how this event might impact the environment.”

Hamilton and his employer, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, responded to requests for comment. But in an earlier email, Hamilton said the risk posed by the waste site was low “based on the argument that the total amount of fall contamination contained in Runit Dome was dwarfed by the remaining amount of drop contamination stored in marine sediments in the Enewetak lagoon.”

He added that, although he did not write documents, he provided “reports, publications, and data” which informed the Department of Energy’s conclusions.

Published in early July, the assessment referred to 27 papers and reports, 25 of which were not peer reviewed, including 13 by Hamilton. All published by agents in the US government.

The lack of independent review frustrates Gabbard and some Marshall leaders.

“The Department of Energy is very aware of public distrust of their research on the Marshall Islands, but they have never shown an interest in doing anything about it, which is including independent scientists in their studies or consulting with the Marshall community for their knowledge of the environment,” Rhea Christian- Moss in an email to The Times.

“I’m not sure credibility is their goal,” he said.

Runit Dome, located in Enewetak Atoll on Marshall Island, has more than 3.1 million cubic feet – or 35 Olympic size swimming pools – of ground and radioactive debris produced by the US, including the amount of deadly plutonium produced by 67 bomb tests between 1946 and 1958.

Encouraged by “moral obligation,” the US government cleared irrigated atolls and irradiated land before surrendering the islands back to Marshall in 1980. Marshall had voluntarily moved during the 1940s.

Waste – metal and concrete debris, and irradiated topsoil – were dumped in the atomic bomb crater on Runit Island, and covered with concrete.

Last year, Hamilton told a small audience of politicians and regulators Marshall and America that the dome might leak, and that it was vulnerable to rising sea levels and rising storm surges.


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