Tag Archives: continuity

BBC – Travel – How can we be sustainable post-Covid 19? | Instant News



As a travel journalist and someone who cares deeply about the future of our planet, the moral dilemma of air travel is something I constantly struggle with. I have reduced the number of trips I take, bought carbon offsets when I travel and focused my work on stories that allow me to overcome conservation problems whenever possible. But the positive effects of these actions are difficult to measure. What’s not vague is this: when the world stays at home, the planet benefits. There is nothing good about coronavirus, but with unimportant travel bans and some locked countries, we can witness what happened to Earth when we were mostly absent for the first time. Satellite images published by NASA and the European Space Agency detected a reduction in emissions of nitrogen dioxide (which mostly comes from burning fossil fuels) from January to February in China, due to the economic slowdown during quarantine. Findings by the Center for Energy and Clean Air Research (CREA) show that China’s carbon dioxide emissions (which also come from burning fossil fuels) have been reduced by 25% due to the steps taken to contain the corona virus. During Italian quarantine, similar satellite data showed a decrease in nitrogen dioxide emissions in the north of the country; and Venice’s waterways appear cleaner due to drastically reduced tourist boat traffic (although, it is a pity for animal lovers, photographs circulating about dolphins playing on canals are actually taken nearly 800 km away in Sardinia). In India, a curfew country on March 22 produces the lowest average level of nitrogen dioxide pollution ever recorded in the spring, according to the Center for Energy and Clean Air Research (CREA). And when North America (one of the world’s main polluters) enters a major economic downturn, it’s likely we will see the same effect there. Of course, the global health crisis is not the answer to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, but this phenomenon should give us the need to reflect the impact of human activities on the planet – including how we travel. Restrictions on non-essential travel means that the airline lands the plane, cuts the flight drastically, or suspends operations completely. While data about the specific environmental results of a reduction in flights have not been made public, we know that it might have a significant impact. A 2017 study conducted by researchers at the Lund University Sustainability Study Center in Sweden (LUCSUS) in partnership with the University of British Columbia shows that there are three personal choices we can make to quickly cut a lot of greenhouse gas emissions: reducing air and car travel, as well as meat consumption. You might also be interested in: • What can we learn from ‘good’ countries? • Which country will recover first? • Can we travel without traveling? A 2018 study published in Nature Climate Change shows that emissions from tourism add up to 8% of the global total, with flights making up the largest part of this. “So far, the biggest action we can take is to stop flying or fly less,” said Kimberly Nicholas, a sustainability scientist at LUCSUS. “One round trip from New York to London is equivalent to about two years of eating meat [in terms of personal carbon footprint]”Given these shocking statistics – in relation to the signs of environmental relief that we have seen when the world stays at home to defeat Covid-19 – the question needs to be asked: when can we travel again, right?” “There is no way to have a safe climate and business plan as usual with the aviation industry,” Nicholas said. If we want to meet the Paris Agreement’s target to limit global warming to 1.5 ° C above pre-industrial levels by 2030, we need making significant changes to the way we travel. Part of this will have to come from within the aviation and transportation industry. Some airlines are making progress through research into innovations such as biofuels and electric powered aircraft. “There is still a lot of potential fuel economy that can be obtained from redesign airplanes to be more efficient, “said Colin Murphy, deputy director of the Institute for Policy for Energy, Environment and Economics at the University of California, Davis.” If you use waste oil, biofuels usually get about 60% reduction in greenhouse gases compared to petroleum conventional, “he added. However, the amount of land needed to growing new sources of biofuels – renewable fuels derived from organic materials – can cause problems. And while there is potential for electric powered aircraft, Murphy notes that limited battery technology means this will never be a viable solution for long-haul flights. Overtourism is just another form of excessive consumption. Even if we succeed with this technological innovation, we still need to change our approach to traveling as individuals. Just as the planet is taking a breath now, we are also offered the opportunity for introspection. The corona virus pandemic has forced us to see how interconnected people, systems and organizations are in our world. While this revelation is devastating in terms of how quickly the virus has spread globally, it also shows us how we can unite and act as individuals for the collective good. We have practiced social distance to protect parents and immune disorders; we have encouraged health workers from our balcony; and share messages with #stayhome on social media. When Covid-19 is behind us, we need to once again look outside ourselves and take individual action for the good of the planet. Just as coronaviruses have forced our lives to slow down, we must consider a slower and wiser approach to travel. There is an authentic connection that is equipped with a place when we take the time to understand its people, culture and natural beauty in a meaningful way. This cannot be achieved by shallow inter-port travel plans – we can also do it without the destruction of the environment left by many large cruise ships – or by jumping into legions of countries in two weeks. That might mean taking one trip longer per year than packing it in five or six shorter, which will drastically reduce our carbon footprint. “Overtourism is just another form of overconsumption,” said Shannon Stowell, CEO of the Adventure Travel Trade Association and sustainable travel advocate. “I’m fine to see overall tourism numbers are lower and the quality of tourism is increasing, where people understand destinations better and have a positive impact on them compared to population density and pollution and loss of wildlife habitat – all of which are the result of too much a lot of tourism, “he added. Carbon offsets help and they really move the needle. We can also reduce some of the environmental stresses of the trip just by maintaining more of our adventures locally.” This is actually the biggest impact we can have, “said Nicholas, “I used to fly a lot, but I found other ways to discover new things and adventures like that. Basically, slow travel and independent travel.” This might look like enjoying your local beach instead of in Mexico and saving your carbon budget for more impactful journey when we t gates, we can buy carbon offsets. “Carbon offsets help and they really move the needle,” Murphy said. They are not as good as reducing emissions from travel so you don’t completely damage all the dangers, but they help. “When trying to decide what type of offset to buy, it is important to contribute to additional projects, meaning that they did not exist before. So when you donate for the purpose of protecting deforestation, make sure the land in question will not be protected anyway. How we fly is also important. As interesting as extra legroom in business class, buying that seat also increases your carbon footprint because it means fewer passengers per plane. “The denser you are, the lower emissions per passenger mile,” Murphy noted. “At the policy level, we need transparency about the actual environmental impacts of our choices, and we need prices to align with those impacts,” said Austin Brown, executive director of the Policy Institute at UC Davis. “For example, making first class tickets more expensive.” (Price tags on first-class seats are used to subsidize cheap economy tickets, reduce overall travel costs and allow more people to fly. When we are at our destination, we can reduce our footprint by being respectful. for the culture and environment of the area. “When you travel to a new place, you are a guest in their home,” Stowell said. Part of achieving this is choosing sustainable accommodations and activities, and green transportation modes to explore where you are. This might mean partnering with sustainable local tour operators who are more familiar with the tourism landscape, which is also a way to give back to the local economy. There are destinations, all over the world, dependent on travel and tourism to survive. To weed through greenwashing eco-tourism, travelers must look for tour operators with transparent sustainability plans. “If you visit the company’s website and find a sustainable tourism plan, and then you see an impact report in the next 12 to 48 months, you know they put their money in the mouth,” said Shannon Guihan, sustainability officer at TreadRight, nonprofit tourism sustainable who have developed checklists to help tourists adopt eco-friendly habits and be more aware of their choices. “We still need a trip,” Guihan added. “Tourism is one of the largest companies in the world and there are destinations, all over the world, dependent on travel and tourism to survive.” Beyond the global tourism economy, travel has the potential to benefit us all. When we travel in a meaningful way, we gain cross-cultural understanding and develop greater empathy for people outside our closest circle. Travel gives us a global perspective that we need to pay attention to the future of our home on Earth. Throughout my career as a journalist, I have shared mint tea with Bedouins in the middle of the desert in Jordan, looked into the eyes of a mountain gorilla in the lush jungle in Rwanda and tracked the tiger under the scorching white sun with local naturalists in India. These experiences have given me a deep appreciation for the wide world we live in, diverse, without limits, and the desire to protect it. Our ability to wander around has been temporarily taken from us, and has never felt like more than luxury. “This crisis might give us an opportunity to instill a new travel mindset,” Stowell said. “Travel is a privilege, not a right.” I can’t imagine a world without travel, but I know that if we don’t change the way we travel, there won’t be a planet left for us to explore. from three million BBC Travel fans by liking us on Facebook, or follow us on Twitter and Instagram. If you like this story, sign up for the weekly bbc.com feature bulletin called “Essential Lists”. Selected selection of stories from BBC Future, Culture, Worklife and Travel, delivered to your inbox every Friday.
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The New Zealand report calls for improvement of the national agricultural strategy | Instant News


The Green Protein Report was launched earlier this year with support from The Vegan Society of Aotearoa New Zealand and places a strong emphasis on the ‘must’ for countries to depend on animal agriculture, especially meat and dairy, its two largest industries.

“Animal husbandry and animal exports are not the only options for maintaining a healthy New Zealand economy. In fact, in a balanced way, they do more damage than good, “The report’s authors said, ProVeg International Director Jasmijn de Boo and Professor Andrew Knight from the University of Winchester.

“Diseases, like the recent Mycoplasma bovis outbreak, have led to the decision to destroy hundreds of thousands of cattle. Scarce MPI resources are spent dealing with such diseases, while other regions lack resources. “

The dairy sector is one of New Zealand’s biggest economic drivers. According to the local Department of Primary Industry (MPI), milk export revenues are estimated to rise 8.4% to NZ $ 19.6 billion (US $ 11.79 billion) for the year ending June 2020, and even with the recent COVID-19 outbreak this, this industry came into being weathering is better than mostWith export volumes remaining stable.

However, the Green Protein report claims that despite exceptional performance throughout the year, the Costs actually costs ’Milk has not been highlighted by the company.

“New Zealand is proud of its global dominance in the dairy market and its clean green image. However, the true costs, for animals, the environment and society are not well reflected in ordinary financial statements, “Said the writer.

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Indoor air quality deserves more attention | Instant News


A study that covered all French-speaking Swiss found that energy-efficient renovation work in residential buildings tended to ignore questions about indoor air quality. Research writers, especially from EPFL and the School of Engineering and Architecture Friborg (HEIA-FR), have called for greater attention to this issue.

Researchers from EPFL, the School of Engineering and Architecture Friborg (HEIA-FR) and the Center for Primary Care and Public Health (Unisanté) have conducted extensive studies on the use of residential energy and the concentration of radon, fungi and various organic chemicals in the room – easy organic compounds evaporate (VOC) and aldehydes – in newly built and renovated energy-efficient housing in French-speaking Switzerland. This research, carried out with the support of outside experts, was initiated by the Center for Domestic Air Quality and West Swiss Radon (croqAIR), based in HEIA-FR, which is leading the Mesqualair indoor air quality measurement project. Between 2013 and 2016, researchers sent comprehensive measurement kits and questionnaires to residents of this residence, asking them about the lifestyle and characteristics of their homes. A high response rate gives the team more than enough data to draw conclusive conclusions.

The highest concentrations of these air pollutants – which are known to cause cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, as well as lung cancer and other cancers – are found at home with good wall insulation but no mechanical ventilation or other air circulation systems. This finding has prompted the team to urge government authorities, the construction industry and the general public to pay more attention to indoor air quality issues, citing sustainability and public health.

Regulatory vacuum

Although the Federal Radiology Protection Act of 1994 (revised in 2017) sets limits on the concentration of radon gas, there is no equivalent framework in Switzerland for other pollutants covered by this study. Therefore, the team must look elsewhere as a basis for comparison. The results were published in four separate papers between December 2019 and spring 2020. The most recent, which appeared in the Indoor Air Journal on April 14, 2020, focused on chemical compounds. This paper reveals that while formaldehyde concentrations (released from building materials) without exception are below the limits recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO), French authorities and the Swiss Federal Office of Public Health (FOPH), the measurement exceeds the chronic reference level of exposure set by the Office California Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) in 90% of cases. Likewise, the total VOC concentration in the room (TVOC) is above the recommended FOPH level of 1,000 micrograms per cubic meter of air in 8% of cases.

The researchers found that levels of chemical pollutants were generally lower in buildings equipped with mechanical ventilation systems. They concluded that the high VOC concentration in homes built between 1950 and 1990 was, at least in part, due to three factors: the use of certain construction materials, the lack of mechanical ventilation, and the fact that the installation of energy-efficient insulation reduced natural air. flows between inside and outside the room. An increase in the rate is also found in buildings with garages attached.

The team’s first paper, published in the journal Atmosphere on December 4, 2019, reported measurements of radon in more than 650 dwellings in a three-month period. The results show that, as a general rule, levels in new energy efficient buildings are lower than renovated buildings because new buildings tend to be located in areas with lower radon concentrations and are more likely to be equipped with mechanical ventilation systems. Looking at samples from 60 renovated buildings, the researchers found an increase in radon exposure of 20% when compared to pre-renovation rates, further underlining the need for strong and efficient ventilation. The team also reported higher concentrations in buildings with cellars in areas affected by radon.

Just opening a window is not enough

In a paper, which appeared in early 2020 in Building and Environment, researchers revealed that people who live in renovated homes without mechanical ventilation, more often ventilate their homes than those who live in newly built dwellings with mechanical ventilation systems. But in both cases air renewal was not enough, causing the team to conclude that adequate indoor air quality cannot be achieved by simply opening a window. The latest paper, which has not been published, reports the concentration of fungi and species in 149 dwellings. Like radon, the team found that new energy-efficient dwellings with mechanical ventilation systems provide better protection from mold than renovated buildings. They also report that suburban housing tends to have more visible mold, and greater species diversity, than urban and rural dwellings, and that the presence of mechanical ventilation systems affects the diversity of mushroom species. They also found that such a system helped prevent mold growth by reducing moisture buildup in buildings.

Many solutions

What are the future implications of this research? Dusan Licina, assistant professor of tenure at the EPFL Smart Living Lab in Friborg and one of the co-authors of the paper, believes that this study paves the way for further research on smart windows and low-emission building materials, with an emphasis on the need to monitor indoor air quality in an continously. Joëlle Goyette Pernot, a professor at HEIA-FR and co-authors of another paper, emphasized that air quality requires closer attention: “As researchers, it is our duty to draw the attention of governments, industry and the general public to this problem. . We are currently working with FOPH and Geneva Canton to establish an indoor air quality observatory in French, which is in French. The new facility, the first of its kind in Switzerland, will help to advance our understanding and encourage collaborative research. “

The researchers believe that the ultimate goal of energy efficiency measures is to improve the well-being of residents. “It’s easy to work towards saving energy and the costs that flow from bringing old housing to modern efficiency standards,” Licina said. “But if we ignore the impact of renovation work on indoor air quality, this benefit can be greater than the impact of poor health and productivity. It’s time for the industry to treat this goal not as a competing force, but as two sides of the same coin. “

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Why Some Fashion Influencers Going Off the Grid | Instant News


Allegra Shaw remembers a time, three or four years ago, when a package of brand-clothing and beauty products was sent in the hope that Shaw, a YouTuber with nearly one million followers, will present a video for them – equipped with a confetti and a television screen. “When you get a TV in one package, how do you get rid of it?” Shaw said. When conversations around the climate crisis and ethical consumerism reach a critical mass, he is one of many influencers who are rethinking a system that requires them to wear, share and promote the latest trends very quickly.

Fashion is a notoriously wasteful industry: Nearly 9,000 tons of solid waste generated from the production of clothing and footwear is sent to landfills in 2017, according to the EPA. However, attitude changed. Burberry and Gabriela Hearst are produced carbon neutral the spring of 2020 shows, while Gucci announced last fall that it is carbon neutral in all of its operations. The luxury giants LVMH and Dry have launched detailed sustainability plans. Meanwhile, some buyers are starting to switch from fast mode – which has caused clothing production to nearly double over the past 15 years – and towards resale or environmentally conscious labels such as Reformation and Everlane.

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Bianca Valle

Samantha Nandez / BFA

Because the economic nature of influencers is inherently untenable – influencers’ livelihoods depend on promoting what is next and most recent, encouraging followers to consume with them – sustainability is arguably at odds with the job description. But while some influencers race to follow the hunger for fashion for more, others aim to change the narrative. Reese Blutstein from Double3xposure chose vintage clothing and repetitive clothing, and he said the goal was to “show people that they don’t need endless supplies of clothing or money to style. The idea that you always need to have new clothing items is unrealistic for most people, and are not sustainable. ”Leandra M. Cohen, founder of Man Repeller, grapples with how ethical consumerism is hardly black and white in a essay on its website: “I don’t think consumption should be very dirty if we are wiser about it and hold ourselves accountable for the results! Smarter! Choice!” He writes, encouraging more cautious spending and urges readers to ask themselves whether a piece will lift their clothes or whether it will make dressing in the morning easier.

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Man Repeller Leandra M. Cohen

Christian Vierig / GEtty Images

Knowing that certain brands are taking steps to minimize waste and carbon emissions, nutritionist and holistic artist based in New York City Bianca Valle, who has partnered with Outdoor Sound and Nike – a brand that has made public promises to limit its environmental impact – using its platform. to promote labels that attempt. “Wre they [all] 100 percent sustainable? “said the 25-year-old man.” Maybe not. Did they work hard to find out? Maybe. The idea does not curse anything or anyone, because I think, overall, we know there is a problem, so people take steps. “

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Monikh Dale

David M. Benett

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Allegra Shaw

Margarita Menard

Monikh Dale, an influencer and stylist who lives in London, said that since I was 30 years old, “I’m much more aware of what I buy.” He uses the environmentally conscious movement as an opportunity to ease the tension between aspirations and sustainability, encouraging his followers to invest in high-quality work that is intended to withstand the wear and tear of everyday use. “The best comment I can get on my Instagram,” he said, “is when someone says to me, ‘Oh my God, I’m bored with the shoes you wear.'”

This article appears in the April 2020 edition ELLE.

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Allie Volpe is a freelance writer based in Philadelphia.

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Must Read: What’s the Use of Fashion Magazine Now ?, How 5 Very Different Brands Handle E-Commerce | Instant News


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This is a story that made headlines in the fashion world on Friday.

What’s the use of fashion magazines now?
In a world that continues to be undermined by a coronavirus pandemic, fashion magazines are forced to face reality. Monthly magazines with a large reader base are usually produced several months before reaching the newsstand, so most magazines that hit the shelves now won’t mention it coronavirus. InStyle editor Laura Brown didn’t want to wait two months to discuss Covid-19, so he published a digital copy online. Brown told The New York Times, “Offering escape and luxury is still important, but now I am less paranoid about getting this celebrity for that covers, or exclusive products … readers say they want to see everyday women today doing extraordinary things that are celebrated. We need to show that we listen to them. “{The New York Times}

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