A view of Monday’s trip, motorists encouraged to stay off the roads | RiverBender.com.
Air quality in Lahore on Friday and Saturday was among the worst anywhere in the world, putting the city ahead of New Delhi and Beijing, for nearly two days. The air quality index shows an air quality rating of over 300 in Lahore, which is described as dangerous. This basically means that the number of PM2.5 particles in the air, which is the most dangerous element of air pollution, is higher than in most other cities in the world. This is now common in Lahore during winter when the cooler air traps the particles and makes them hang in the air. It is also true that air quality began to be monitored only after 2017, when a PM2.5 and air quality measurement system was established and reports were published periodically. Citizens have also gone to court over the matter but so far the results have been negligible and no positive impact has emerged in terms of citizens’ lives.
As Prime Minister Imran Khan said on Friday, the air quality in Lahore is so dangerous that it can reduce a person’s life for 6 to 11 years. The prime minister has called on citizens to work with the government to solve this problem, basically by planting more trees, which can help absorb pollution and release oxygen into the air. The prime minister has started planting 51 artificial forests in Lahore starting with one in Jelani Park, on Prison Street in the city. At the same time, however, environmental activists have protested the felling of a large number of trees in the Gulberg area of the town next to Kalma Chowk, where a nursery selling various types of plants is located. Trees have been cut down to ‘expand’ the area and construct buildings and other places, including perhaps a square or housing. This policy must be changed so that existing trees in Lahore are not cut down.
Air pollution is caused by emissions from vehicles, by burning plants and other waste, by emissions from factories, by burning bricks and by other man-made factors. There have been several attempts over the years to make people more aware of this. Indeed, awareness is rising and there is concern among Lahore residents about the air situation in the city where they live. Last year, several young people took the matter to the Lahore High Court and asked for steps to improve air quality so that they can live safely. But it will take a massive effort to improve air quality, reduce the number of vehicles on the road and make Lahore a safe place to breathe again.
Revell Douglas, 46, drowning rescued children on Karioitahi Beach, pictured with her sons Hamish, 11, Liam, 9 and Lockie, 13.
The famous south Auckland horse trainer who drowned rescuing children from the dangerous west coast waves was hailed a hero for his selfless actions.
Revell Douglas lost his life on Wednesday when he descended into the water on Karioitahi Beach, south of Auckland when a number of children with him got into trouble at sea.
Despite the efforts of first responders, Douglas died at the scene.
As stunned friends and colleagues accepted the tragedy, his devastated family this morning released a statement detailing how a beach outing ended up taking the 46-year-old sportsman’s life.
Revell, his partner Lou and his seven children were once at the beach where Revell trained his horse.
“The children are already in the water, when some of them are having a hard time. Revell and Lockie’s eldest son, along with Lou, helped save the children but Revell tragically lost his life while doing so.
“She will be missed by all,” said the family.
Those who live and work alongside champion horse trainers and avid rugby players have been struck by death.
The tribute posted on Facebook described his final moments as heroic.
Our sincere condolences to Revell Douglas’ family and friends as well as his colleagues at Hygain, “said Show Circuit magazine on its Facebook page.
“Yesterday he drowned a hero, while saving one if his children.
“RIP Revell, you are a great man who is well respected by everyone in our community.”
“Our friend Revell Douglas, a champion man, horse rider, friend and father.
Hygain won’t be the same. The Rev went out, and will always be a hero, “wrote Adam Campbell.
The bereaved family said Douglas was a passionate horseman who had partnered with his father Don Douglas. Over the years, the couple has trained a number of successful accomplice.
Douglas worked in the racing and horse industry most of his life, including time as racing manager for Alexandra Park and general manager of the Pinjarra Trotting Club in western Australia where he and his family lived for three years.
Most recently, he worked for Hygain and Mitavite Horse feeds as the New Zealand region manager.
On Friday, fellow harness coach Jeremy Young dedicated the win at Cambridge Raceway in memory of his late friend.
“It’s a bit of an emotional win for me. It’s for the guy I met at the stables when I first started at Puke, Revell Douglas. The champion guy. It’s a great privilege to win that race and I’ll miss you,” he said on Facebook. .
Douglas, who played representative rugby for Manawatū and in England, was married to Julia for 14 years and has three sons: Lockie 13, Hamish, 11 and Liam, 9.
Along with broad horse interest, Douglas was active in the County rugby circle and coached the youth team at the Karaka Rugby club for the last seven years.
In a post on their Facebook page, the Karaka Junior Rugby committee and community extended their deepest condolences and sincere thoughts to family and friends by saying “one of our club members and team coaches who tragically lost his life by drowning while saving the life of one. his son at Karioitahi Beach on Wednesday morning “.
The Pinjarra Harness Racing Club said this week it was very sad to learn of the tragedy.
“During his time as manager, Revell’s passion for Harness Racing and PHRC was evident. His persistence and drive to improve the club led to some impressive changes. Including increased funding for the Pavilion, making it what it is today,” wrote a post. .
The National Equestrian Center also paid tribute by posting the horse rider drowning while trying to save one of his children.
“Revell drowned trying to save one of his cubs today. A great man with extensive knowledge of all things horse.”
Drowning is one of six people who lost their life in the first six days of 2021.
Four year old Mystique Genuine Pairama from Upper Hutt died in Lake Rotokawau on Monday and Zion Brown from New Pymouth died in Lake Arapuni on Tuesday.
Hours after Douglas lost his life, someone drowned in Two Mile Bay on Lake Taupo.
Summer festival attendees are warned about a growing number of “very dangerous” substitutes at MDMA being tested.
Know Your Stuff has reported in drug-screening clinics over the past few months an increased incidence of what people thought would be pure MDMA, either turning out to be just a catinone or just enough MDMA to “cheat” the test.
Synthetic catinones, also known colloquially as “bath salts”, have a euphoric onset similar to MDMA but wear off more quickly causing people to reduce them, having problems.
But other effects are stronger, and can cause anxiety, paranoia, stomach upset, seizures, or respiratory failure.
Mephedrone, the common cathinone here, has been linked to a number of deaths in the UK and Europe.
The discovery comes after the toxic industrial chemical methylenedianiline was discovered this month and sold at MDMA’s Auckland premises.
Know Your Stuff warns that the chemical has been linked to several cases of poisoning in Auckland where patients suffered liver damage.
Cathinones are a family of stimulants that are often sold as replacements for MDMA.
Know Your Stuff deputy manager, Dr Jez Weston, said it was likely used as MDMA simply because it was available on the black market.
They have found replacements in precise testing across the country, and they’ve seen more than last year, said Weston.
They found catinones in pill and crystal form.
The more common ones found in New Zealand include N-ethyl pentylone, mephedrone and eutylone.
Occasionally methylone, mexedron, 4-methylmethcathinone, MDPV, and Alpha-PVP have also been found.
Cathinones are usually stronger than MDMA, so what people perceive as a manageable amount can be dangerous.
The catinone effects last between two and five hours, but the side effects – including difficulty sleeping – generally stay on your body for between six and 24 hours.
Reducing it will prolong this side effect.
One person who thought they had weak MDMA and took multiple doses experienced what they called “48 hours of hell” of what turned out to be eutylone.
There’s no way to clearly differentiate, and Know Your Stuff recommends that people visit their testing site whenever possible, or buy their own testing reagent.
“Cathinones are very dangerous, and we’d rather see you regularly in a summer screening tent after summer than in a hospital once,” said Weston.
“We will be busy this summer at festivals across the country and hope to be more open and public about what we are doing.”
Pill testing laws
Health Minister Andrew Little’s Drug and Substance Checking Bill was passed earlier this month.
The bill amends two laws – the Drug Abuse Act and the Psychoactive Substances Act to allow people to take drug tests at festivals without charge and allow event organizers to host testers.
The bill will automatically expire in 12 months, with Little committing to bringing in permanent changes that will go through a full parliamentary process before then.
The legal change came too late to allow Know Your Stuff to test our summer festival effectively.
Wendy Allison told RNZ that there wasn’t enough time to import the specialist spectrometer equipment needed to test at all the festivals.
The organization only has three sets of equipment, meaning they can only attend three festivals at once, Allison said.
“There are more events than happened, especially around the New Year period.”
He said there were other spectrometers in New Zealand, but they were hidden in the laboratory.
“The ability to cut all that bureaucracy in the time we have will be very limited.”
The spectrometer was manufactured in Germany, and took six weeks to arrive when the organization ordered it last year.
“That is of course before Covid and not during the holiday season. So I predict, if we order spectrometers tomorrow, they will arrive as early as February.”
Allison did not blame the Government for the delay in the law, instead putting it to outside influences such as Covid-19 and other political parties that opposed last year’s law.
He said the law would help improve the services they could offer, as it allowed volunteers to handle the substance, making it more efficient.
Prior to the law, the group had to instruct festivalgoers to test the drug themselves, fearing that volunteers would risk prosecution if they handled the substance.
“This is not a total wash. We are limited in the number of events we can attend, but we will be able to help more people at the event.”
Players train at the Auckland ASB Tennis Center in January under an orange sky, due to smoke emanating from Australian bushfires. Photo / Jason Oxenham
The unusual nature of Australia’s Black Summer bushfires may have marked the beginning of a fire-fueled “ice age” and the world appears to have “crossed the threshold” into a more dangerous future, said a global fire historian.
Professor Emeritus Stephen Pyne at Arizona State University is a former firefighter in the US who has previously studied Australian fires for his 1991 book, Burning Bush: A Fire History of Australia.
Pyne said the 2019/2020 fires, which tore through 24 to 40 million hectares of scrub in several states and territories, marked the start of a global fire year.
“I think there will be a legacy because the fires are not limited to Australia, they continue to hit the western United States, they are in Europe and Siberia.”
Pyne said the scale of the Black Summer fires set it apart from fires in previous years.
“While there are no individual fires in Australia or elsewhere that are unprecedented, I think the scale is different because they come as a herd.”
Pyne previously thought the Black Saturday fires, which claimed the lives of 173 people in Victoria in 2009, had set a limit for what a single fire can do, but last year’s fire season swelled to months of continuous burning.
“What makes fires different in general is the large-scale swarm effect. It’s not two or three days apart outbreaks, they continued.
“I think of it as the ‘rolling thunder effect.’ When they come in a sequence like that, it just keeps expanding.”
Pyne said California is also a spectacular example of this, with the state experiencing the fourth consecutive year of historic fires.
He said that not all fires have the same cause, the fires in the Amazon are also related to land clearing and those that occur in Indonesia are related to draining tropical peatlands.
“But everywhere, fire seems to be a manifestation of the broken relationship between humans and nature,” he said.
“I think we have the potential to cross the threshold this year.”
NEW ‘AGE OF FIRE’
Pyne believes the way humans manage natural landscapes, combined with the treatment of fossil fuels, may have given birth to a new “ice age”.
“We take stuff from our geological past and burn it without understanding the effect, and this is released into our future.”
He said that the increasing severity of fire was a manifestation of this activity, which also changed sea levels and caused widespread extinctions of plants and animals.
“We are reshaping the planet directly and indirectly.”
In the same way that ice is seen as a physical manifestation of changes in Earth’s temperature during the Pleistocene era, fire can be a manifestation of a new era that Pyne calls the Pyrocene era.
“For the fires in Australia, it turns out to be what led to an extraordinary global fire year, and it can also be taken as an indisputable marker for what I think of as our new fire age.”
Pyne believes that the smoke from fires, which obscure cities like Sydney and Canberra for days, could eventually get people to notice what’s going on around them, just as the dust storms of the 1930s sparked action in the dust bowl in America. .
He said action was being taken about agricultural practices when Washington DC began to feel the effects of massive dust storms spreading far from central US areas.
“This changed the discourse and suddenly it became a national issue. This gives extra urgency to many conservation programs and makes the issue visible to the public and Congress.
“My feeling is the smoke will do it for this last year’s fire.
“It makes visibility of impact clear to a larger audience and it can lead to change.”
Smoke from the Australian fires reached New Zealand and was reported to other areas around the world, while the smoke from the US fires was spreading to places people said were immune to fire, making it an unprecedented public health problem.
“I think people have a very high tolerance for fire images – they’re dramatic but limited to certain places, but smoke can spread widely,” said Pyne.
This way, the Black Summer fires can have a longer impact.
“I was tempted to think that it was a historical fire, but it might also be a fire depending on our response.”
Pyne said that fire is in our future no matter what we do.
“We have to control the fossil fuel burning party but even after this stabilizes or reverses, there will still be a lot of fires and we have to do a lot more than we did before.
“They are not leaving… we have a huge debt and we also have to put a lot of fire back into the environment.
“Even if we stop burning fossil fuels and step up our action on climate change, there will be a lot of fires in our future.
“It can be wild or devastating, or it can be controlled and actually produce good benefits.
“But it won’t go away.”
With the US still facing the repercussions of the presidential election, which Donald Trump still rejects, Pyne said Australia was in a better position to take action.
“You are really at the forefront, you are equipped with world-class fire science and forest fire fighting skills,” he said.
“I hope Australia can make the move and start responding in an engaged and informed way, in a way that the US and even Canada cannot.
“This is something that Australia can really lead, can engage with landscapes and fires, and cultural discussions are an interesting part of that too.”
Pyne said it’s not just about doing one big thing to solve climate change and fix the problem, there are lots of little things that can be done too, and these actions may differ in many areas.
“We need to decide what the problem is in each particular place and what kind of treatment suite makes sense there.”