Tag Archives: Death / dying

From San Diego to Italy, research shows that wisdom can protect against loneliness | Instant News


Over the past few decades, there has been a growing concern about loneliness at all ages, especially in middle-aged and older adults. Loneliness, defined as a feeling of isolation or insufficient meaningful personal connections, is consistently associated with unhealthy aging and has been identified as a major risk factor for overall adverse health outcomes.

In a recent cross-cultural study, researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine and the University of Rome La Sapienza examined middle-aged and older adults in San Diego and Cilento, Italy and found loneliness and wisdom had strong negative correlations.

Study published in the online issue October 1, 2020 Aging and Mental Health, suggesting wisdom may be a protective factor against loneliness.

“An important finding from our study was a significant inverse correlation between loneliness and wisdom. People with higher scores on the measure of wisdom were less lonely and vice versa,” said Dilip V. Jeste, MD, lead investigator of the study, senior associate dean of the Center of Healthy Aging and Distinguished Professor of Psychiatry and Neurosciences at UC San Diego School of Medicine.

“Loneliness is consistently associated with poor general health, poorer sleep quality and less happiness, whereas the converse is generally true for wisdom.”

Using the UCLA Loneliness Scale and the San Diego Wisdom Scale, the researchers examined four groups: adults aged 50 to 65 and those older than 90 from Cilento and from San Diego. The researchers found an inverse correlation between loneliness and wisdom in all four groups.

“We translated the rating scales for loneliness and wisdom from English into Italian. It is remarkable that the findings associated with these two traits were largely similar in two very different cultures – rural areas in southern Italy and urban / suburban areas in America. States, both with distinct native languages ​​and unique historical, educational and socioeconomic backgrounds, “says Salvatore Di Somma, MD, PhD, lead Italian researcher and professor of emergency medicine at the University of Rome La Sapienza.

The Cilento region in southwest Italy is a relatively isolated rural area believed to have a concentration of individuals older than 90 years. This research was born from the Cilento Initiative on Aging Outcome (CIAO) study which was launched in 2016.

“Both loneliness and wisdom are personality traits. Most of the personality traits are inherited partly and partly determined by the environment,” says Jeste.

Wisdom has several components, such as empathy, compassion, self-reflection, and emotional regulation. Researchers found that empathy and compassion had the strongest inverse correlation with loneliness. People who are more compassionate are less lonely.

“If we can increase someone’s affection, wisdom will increase and feelings of loneliness will decrease,” says David Brenner, MD, vice chancellor of UC San Diego Health Sciences. “At UC San Diego, we have a great interest in increasing empathy and compassion to reduce stress levels and increase happiness and well-being.”

Jeste said studies examining how to reduce loneliness with age will be critical to effective interventions and future health care.

“Routine assessment of loneliness with evidence-based and compassionate interventions for the prevention and management of loneliness should be an integral part of clinical practice. So how do you increase compassion? Utilizing approaches such as cognitive behavioral therapy or writing in a gratitude diary can help a person. be more compassionate, “he said.

Jeste noted that the limitation of this study was that it was cross-sectional. Only longitudinal studies can establish a cause-and-effect relationship. Next steps will include testing interventions to increase affection to reduce loneliness.

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Co-authors include: Ellen Lee, Tanya Nguyen, Rebecca Daly, Jinyuan Liu, Xin Tu, Douglas Ziedonis, and Danielle Glorioso, all at UC San Diego; Mara Scalcione and Alice Biaggi from the University of Rome; and Paola Antonini, GREAT Health Science, Italy.

Rejection: AAAS and EurekAlert! is not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing to or for the use of any information via the EurekAlert system.

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Ride ride is associated with more collisions for motorists and pedestrians | Instant News


Ride trips increase the number of collisions for motorists and pedestrians at pickup and delivery locations, reports a new study from researchers at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health. This study is the first to use data for traveling by individual vehicles, rather than comparing cities where riding a vehicle is available for those who are not available. This finding was published in the journal Injury Prevention.

Motor vehicle accidents are one of the leading causes of death globally, and every year around 1.3 million people die on the road. In the U.S., 33,654 people were killed in 2018, and 2.3 million others were injured.

Ride services, such as Uber and Lyft, have facilitated more than 11 billion trips in the US since operations began in 2010. Several studies have identified that alcohol-related motor vehicle accidents are reduced when call-up services are available in the city, but these studies also found no change in the overall number of accidents.

The team from Columbia Mailman School, together with collaborators from Oxford University in England, used data for 372 million hail trips in New York City for 2017 and 2018. They identified the area of ​​the city where motor vehicle accidents occurred, and then counted the number of ride trips vehicles originating nearby at the time of the accident and comparing them to the number of trips riding vehicles originating from the same location one week before the accident and one week afterwards. They carry out the same procedure for taxis, and separate accidents according to injured people – motorcyclists, pedestrians, and cyclists.

The results showed that the increase in ride was related to the increase in accidents where motorists and pedestrians were injured. They did not find any links for bikers who went on strike or for taxi trips.

“Ridesharing is changing the way we move around cities,” said Christopher Morrison, PhD, assistant professor of epidemiology at Columbia Mailman School, and first author of the study. “It is increasingly clear that this technology reduces alcohol-related collisions, but this benefit does not seem to extend to the total number of collisions. This finding helps explain why it might occur – because the reduction in alcohol-related collisions does not occur governed by an increase in other types of crashes.”

The authors suggest that cities and companies riding bicycles can use this information to help prevent injuries. “There are so many daily rideshare trips in our city, even a small change in risk can have a big impact on the total number of injuries,” Morrison said. “In areas crowded with large numbers of rideshare pick-ups and drop-offs, cities can consider installing cab-style infrastructure to protect pedestrians and prevent accidents.”

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This research was funded by grants from the National Center for Injury and Prevention Control, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (R49CE003094) and the National Institute for Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (K01AA026327).

Co-authors include Christina Mehranbod, Muhire Kwizera, Andrew Rundle, and Katherine Keyes, Columbia Mailman School of Public Health; and David Humphreys, Oxford University.

Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health

Founded in 1922, Columbia University School of Public Health pursues a research, education and service agenda to address critical and complex public health issues that affect New Yorkers, the nation and the world. Columbia Mailman School is the seventh largest recipient of NIH grants among public health schools. Nearly 300 multi-disciplinary faculty members work in more than 100 countries around the world, addressing issues such as preventing infectious and chronic diseases, environmental health, maternal and child health, health policy, climate change and health, and public health preparedness. It is a leader in public health education with more than 1,300 graduate students from 55 countries pursuing various master and doctoral programs. Columbia Mailman School is also home to various world-famous research centers, including ICAP and the Center for Infection and Immunity. For more information, please visit http: // www.mail carrier.Colombia.edu.

Ride trips increase the number of collisions for motorists and pedestrians at pickup and delivery locations, reports a new study from researchers at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health. This study is the first to use data for traveling by individual vehicles, rather than comparing cities where riding a vehicle is available for those who are not available. This finding was published in the journal Injury Prevention.

Motor vehicle accidents are one of the leading causes of death globally, and every year around 1.3 million people die on the road. In the U.S., 33,654 people were killed in 2018, and 2.3 million others were injured.

Ride services, such as Uber and Lyft, have facilitated more than 11 billion trips in the US since operations began in 2010. Several studies have identified that alcohol-related motor vehicle accidents are reduced when call-up services are available in the city, but these studies also found no change in the overall number of accidents.

The team from Columbia Mailman School, together with collaborators from Oxford University in England, used data for 372 million hail trips in New York City for 2017 and 2018. They identified the area of ​​the city where motor vehicle accidents occurred, and then counted the number of ride trips vehicles originating nearby at the time of the accident and comparing them to the number of trips riding vehicles originating from the same location one week before the accident and one week afterwards. They carry out the same procedure for taxis, and separate accidents according to injured people – motorcyclists, pedestrians, and cyclists.

The results showed that the increase in ride was related to the increase in accidents where motorists and pedestrians were injured. They did not find any links for bikers who went on strike or for taxi trips.

“Ridesharing is changing the way we move around cities,” said Christopher Morrison, PhD, assistant professor of epidemiology at Columbia Mailman School, and first author of the study. “It is increasingly clear that this technology reduces alcohol-related collisions, but this benefit does not seem to extend to the total number of collisions. This finding helps explain why it might occur – because the reduction in alcohol-related collisions does not occur governed by an increase in other types of crashes.”

The authors suggest that cities and companies riding bicycles can use this information to help prevent injuries. “There are so many daily rideshare trips in our city, even a small change in risk can have a big impact on the total number of injuries,” Morrison said. “In areas crowded with large numbers of rideshare pick-ups and drop-offs, cities can consider installing cab-style infrastructure to protect pedestrians and prevent accidents.”

###

This research was funded by grants from the National Center for Injury and Prevention Control, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (R49CE003094) and the National Institute for Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (K01AA026327).

Co-authors include Christina Mehranbod, Muhire Kwizera, Andrew Rundle, and Katherine Keyes, Columbia Mailman School of Public Health; and David Humphreys, Oxford University.

Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health

Founded in 1922, Columbia University School of Public Health pursues a research, education and service agenda to address critical and complex public health issues that affect New Yorkers, the nation and the world. Columbia Mailman School is the seventh largest recipient of NIH grants among public health schools. Nearly 300 multi-disciplinary faculty members work in more than 100 countries around the world, addressing issues such as preventing infectious and chronic diseases, environmental health, maternal and child health, health policy, climate change and health, and public health preparedness. It is a leader in public health education with more than 1,300 graduate students from 55 countries pursuing various master and doctoral programs. Columbia Mailman School is also home to many world-renowned research centers, including ICAP and the Center for Infection and Immunity. For more information, please visit http: // www.mail carrier.Colombia.edu.

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