Tag Archives: Development Assistance

Joint Statement by Foreign Ministers of France, Germany, Italy, Britain and the United States – Rocket attack in Erbil (16 February 2021) | Instant News

We, the foreign ministers of France, Germany, Italy, Great Britain and the United States strongly condemn the February 15 rocket attack on Iraq’s Kurdistan Region. We extend our condolences to the victims, their families and the Iraqi people. Together, our governments will support the Government of Iraq’s investigation into the attacks with a view to holding those responsible to account. We are united in our view that attacks on the US and Coalition personnel and facilities will not be tolerated.


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Statement by foreign ministries of France, Germany, Italy, Great Britain and the United States (05 February 2021) | Instant News


5 February 2021

The governments of France, Germany, Italy, Great Britain and the United States welcomed the agreement reached by the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum on Libya’s interim executive authority tasked with leading the country to national elections on December 24, 2021.

This critical step towards achieving an inclusive, negotiated political solution is the result of a process that is truly Libya-led and owned, United Nations mediation, and the support of the Libyan people. In this regard, we laud the outstanding commitment of the United Nations Mission of Support in Libya and Acting Special Representative of Secretary General Stephanie Williams. We look forward to fully supporting the work of Special Envoy Ján Kubiš.

We call on all current Libyan authorities and actors to ensure the smooth and constructive handover of all competencies and duties to the new unified executive authority.

Since the Berlin Conference, Libya has made significant progress towards securing lasting peace and stability, including through the reopening of the energy sector, the 23 October 2020 national ceasefire agreement, the roadmap for holding national elections in December 2021, and now the election of a unified interim executive authority. .

The long road still lies ahead. The unified executive authority must enforce the ceasefire agreement, provide essential public services to the Libyan people, initiate a meaningful reconciliation program, address critical national budgetary needs, and organize national elections. The new interim government, to be proposed by the appointed Prime Minister, must be truly inclusive, allowing all Libyans to be represented, including with regard to gender, ethnicity and regional origin.

We call on the delegates of the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum to retain their important functions, ensuring the focus of a new unified executive authority in preparing for and holding the elections decided by the Forum.

At the Berlin Conference on Libya last year, the international community committed to supporting the resolution of the Libyan conflict. In the spirit of that commitment, all Conference participants must now support the new executive authority in fulfilling its duties to the Libyan people, implement a full arms embargo, and support the immediate withdrawal of all foreign fighters and mercenaries.

We are ready to hold accountable those who threaten stability or undermine the political process in Libya.


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Libya Political Dialogue Forum – Statement by France, Germany, Italy, Great Britain and the United States (21 January 2021) | Instant News

The governments of France, Germany, Italy, Great Britain and the United States welcomed the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum (LPDF) vote in favor of a new interim executive authority election mechanism, which will guide Libya to national elections on December 24. , 2021. This is an important step towards the unity of Libya. The LPDF decision affirms the clear demands of the Libyan people that it is time for a change in the status quo. We urge all Libyan parties to act promptly and in good faith to complete adoption through the LPDF of a united and inclusive government. As participants in the Berlin Conference process and international partner Libya, we will give our full support to the LPDF’s efforts.

We also welcome the appointment of the UN Secretary General Ján Kubiš as the Secretary General’s Special Envoy for Libya, and the appointment of Raisedon Zenenga as UNSMIL Coordinator and Georgette Gagnon as Resident Coordinator and Humanitarian Coordinator, and we will fully support them in their important role. We express our continued thanks to Acting UN Special Representative, Stephanie Williams, for her unwavering leadership in UN mediation until Mr Kubiš took up his position.

One year after the Berlin Conference, we underlined the important role of the international community in supporting a political solution in Libya as well as our ongoing partnerships with members of the Berlin Process. We remind members of the Berlin Process of the solemn commitment we all made at the summit one year ago, strengthened by UNSCR 2510. In particular, we must continue to support the ceasefire, restore full respect to the UN arms embargo, and end foreign poisoning. interference that undermines the aspirations of all Libyans to re-establish their sovereignty and choose their future peacefully through national elections. It is imperative that all Libyan and international actors support steps towards the full implementation of the Libyan ceasefire agreement signed on 23 October last year, including the immediate opening of coastal roads and the removal of all foreign fighters and mercenaries.


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East Germany Day cuts development aid to Mozambique | Africa | DW | Instant News

At the time of the invasion, the East German government was implementing one of the largest African agricultural projects in Mozambique. East Germany, officially known as the German Democratic Republique (GDR), has planned 120,000 hectares of projects in various locations across the country. But the attack stopped everything. A total of eight GDR residents, a Yugoslav development worker, and five Mozambican citizens were killed in the attack. To this day, it is unclear who carried out the armed attacks.

The GDR has sent Manfred Grunewald, an agricultural expert, to the Unango project. Fortunately, he was in the capital of Mozambique, Maputo, at the time of the attack and was about to return to the airport when he heard the news.

The monument to commemorate the victims of the Unango attack is still there today

DW: What really happened on that December morning when the GDR experts accompanied by the Mozambican army left Lichinga, where they live, to Unango, the project site?

Manfred Grunewald: People can say a lot. But in the first three months, we were guarded during the trip to the agricultural production site because, unlike in the past, RENAMO [National Resistance of Mozambique] a rebel movement suddenly appeared in the north. RENAMO does not attack strategically important military targets; instead, they are brutally attack the populationand often forced entire villages to flee.

Did only the GDR experts die?

No, the attackers killed seven Germans on the spot; the other two were seriously injured. A Yugoslav employee and five Mozambican citizens, including two guards, were also killed. It wasn’t that the guards disappeared and didn’t fire at all. They were also killed for fighting back.

Did the two injured people survive?

The seriously injured were brought to Maputo by small plane and operated on there. He died from his wounds ten days later. Someone suspects a dum-dum bullet [a deformation bullet; that expands and tears down body organs and tissue upon entry into body tissue]. That means the attacker used projectiles. They had been banned from war for a long time even then. Another injured person was shot in the leg. He came home with us and survived.

That’s interesting because other deaths are rarely even mentioned in reports here in Germany. What happened in the following days?

We fear that there will be more deaths, but we have yet to find out who else was included in the report. This sudden terrorist attack, which resulted in the deaths of so many people, also meant that the project had to be stopped overnight throughout Mozambique, and the GDR withdrew its entire staff. However, there were snipers at work who didn’t even allow machines and various other work bases to be removed. And the people of Mozambique have not been able to do any further work.

Are there times after your return that you and a bereaved relative have offered to help with the trauma?

As far as I know, the wife of the person who died was sick. Funeral expenses are covered, as are funeral advertisements in the local newspapers. There is also an orphan allowance for children and a widow’s allowance. So far this has been provided within the legal framework of the GDR, but there has been no specific support either before or after the fall of the Wall. There are no offers to deal with trauma.

Manfred Grunewald, former German construction worker

Manfred Grunewald is a GDR agricultural expert at Unango

On the contrary, it wasn’t even being investigated. So, never did the states, neither the GDR nor the Federal Republic, at the state level, public prosecutors, etc … do whatever it takes to investigate this terrorist attack. What disappointed me the most was that society accepted little or nothing of what was happening there.

Do you still want the attack on Unango to be resolved?

First of all, I want the Germans to not only proceed legally formally but also think about how one could use PR to reward the achievements of the experts at that time. Second, there is still something that can be done to clear up this dilemma. Who is behind it, that our group was attacked in such a way and paid for their efforts to cause good cause with their lives? Incidentally, none of our group hates or dislikes the Mozambican people.

On the contrary, we know some elements want to interfere with development. And if there is always only war and terror, then humanity cannot develop normally. It’s possible. At Niassa, either under socialism or capitalism, one can produce sufficient food products, also for the market. We have set up two shops selling vegetables and charcoal. Something was really happening there, and it shouldn’t be destroyed. That’s what I blame this devastating Mozambican element.

Ten years ago, there was a film on [German public broadcaster] MDR, and we got involved. A RENAMO representative from Lichinga denied responsibility and said, “a lot is happening in the context of war. But we are not carrying out this attack.” Mozambique was unable to withdraw to that position and said that we have granted amnesty. We’re not investigating anything anymore. We reserve the right to have our rights in Mozambique further examined. Even though these people died long ago, their children are now adults. The dead now have grandchildren. They want to know what happened at that time.

Interview conducted by Johannes Beck

Manfred Grunewald is an agricultural expert from the former German Democratic Republic (GDR).


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Joint statement by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Federal Foreign Office of Germany on new crossing points on lines of contact in eastern Ukraine (13 November 20) | Instant News

France and Germany have welcomed the creation of two new crossing points on the line of contact. This increases the number of intersection points along approx. 450km length of the seventh contact line. As such, Ukraine complies with the obligations agreed upon by Russia, Ukraine, France and Germany in the conclusion of the Normandy-format summit held in Paris on 9 December 2019. Therefore, Ukraine has taken steps to improve remote conditions at the crossing points before winter arrives. in and to alleviate the suffering of the people in eastern Ukraine. We welcome the support of the European Union in providing infrastructure at the new crossing points at Zolote and Shchastya.

We pay tribute to the involvement of Ambassador Heidi Grau, Special Representative of the Chair of the OSCE in the Trilateral Contact Group, and Ambassador Toni Frisch, Coordinator of the Humanitarian Working Group, in pushing for this Opening.

We call on Russia and the separatists to reopen all existing crossing points on the line of contact in the Donetsk region without delay. Thousands of people seeking to see doctors, withdraw pensions or visit relatives are currently barred from crossing the line of contact. Conflict must not be allowed to continue at the expense of the population, and divisions must not be allowed to widen.

Despite an agreement in the Trilateral Contact Group, the separatists have not fulfilled their obligation to allow the opening of the crossing points at Zolote and Shchastya on November 10 as agreed. We call on Russia to use its influence to ensure that this agreement is implemented. As a member of the Trilateral Contact Group, Russia is also in direct negotiations with Ukraine and bears responsibility for the successful implementation of the conclusions of the Paris Summit.

France and Germany remain committed to fully implementing the agreement reached at the 9 December 2019 Summit.


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