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Markus Salomon and his family had been thinking about raising dogs for years, but it was the Coronavirus pandemic that prompted them to bring home the one-year-old Uschi, a mixed breed. Photo: AFP
Germany has seen a boom in pet adoption in the pandemic, with demand for cats, dogs and other furry companions surging as people seek ways to relieve loneliness and boredom.
The number of dogs sold in the country increased a “dramatic” 20 percent in 2020 compared with the previous year, according to kennel club Deutsche Hundewesen (VDH).
Overall, the number of pets in German households rose by nearly one million to nearly 35 million, according to data from the Pet Care Manufacturers Industry Association (IVH), with cats and dogs at the top of the list.
Farmers and animal shelters have been overwhelmed by demand, with the Tierheim Berlin shelter reporting 500 inquiries in one weekend last spring.
There is also an indirect impact on the pet grooming industry, with demand for food, accessories and toys driving revenue up five percent last year to 5.5 billion euros ($ 6.5 billion).
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For the 2018 Assembly Election Results
KARACHI – A total of 7,291 dog bite cases have been registered across the city of Karachi from January 1 to March 30, 2021 while the Sindh government and Karachi Metropolitan Corporation (KMC) have failed to develop a strategy to control the cases. Sources in the Sindh health department told the media that in Karachi, more than 7,291 cases of dog bites have been recorded in the megalopolis so far 2,650 of them are registered at Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center (JPMC), 2,800 at Dr Ruth Pfau Karachi Civil Hospital and 1,841 at Home Sick Indus Karachi.
Dog bite cases were reported from the slums of Ibrahim Hyderi, Korangi, Surjani, North Karachi, New Karachi, Baldia, Orangi, Keamari, Mehmoodabad, Liaquatabad, Federal Region B, Sohrab Goth, Orangi, Golimar and other areas.
The Sindh and KMC health departments have failed to launch a comprehensive campaign against stray dogs. Currently, anti-rabies vaccination is available at the three main health facilities of Karachi city including Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Dr Ruth Pfau Karachi Civil Hospital, Trauma Institute and Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto (SMBB) Indus Hospital (SMBB) free of charge. By 2020, an estimated 200,000 dog bite cases were registered across the province, most of which were reported in Karachi, Naushehroferoze, Khairpur, Kashmore, Dadu and other districts.
KARACHI: A “major operation” against stray dogs in the port city is “very important”, said a PTI lawmaker in the Sindh Assembly in a letter demanding action against the dogs.
PTI’s ruling MPA from the PS-97 Korangi constituency voiced its grievances in a letter addressed to the city commissioner, Naveed Ahmed Shaikh, Administrator of the Karachi Metropolitan Corporation (KMC) Laeeq Ahmed, deputy commissioner of Korangi Shehryar Memon, and chief executive of the Korangi Creek Canton Council (CEO ) Omar Masoom Wazir.
Khan, in his letter, demanded that a “major operation” against “stray and mad dogs” be initiated in Karachi, lamenting how, despite persistently asking relevant officials to deal with the growing canine population over the past two years. half a year, there has been no action.
“I say this with great regret that my request was not heard by all relevant officials,” he wrote, adding that immediate redress was “of the utmost importance”.
“The dog population has grown so rapidly that there are five to 10 stray dogs on each road,” said MPA PTI.
Fixing those problems is the responsibility of high-ranking officials, he added, because “we representatives of the people can only inform officials of citizens’ problems.”
“It is worrying to think about when high-ranking officials will understand their responsibilities and when high-ranking officials will respond to the problems and concerns identified by public representatives.
“I beg you once again, for God’s sake, the public is very disturbed by the increasing number of dog bites. A large-scale operation must begin immediately against these wild and crazy dogs and immediately provide protection to the residents, “he said. write.
It is important to note that more than 27,000 cases of dog bites have been reported in the past three years, with the Sindh government sterilizing canines instead of destroying them.
A group of ancient dog fossils from a cave in southwestern Germany have shown an astonishing genetic diversity, covering nearly all domesticated dogs: from wild wolves to modern dogs.
According to researchers, these extraordinary specimens, including dogs, wolves, and foxes, are older than nearly 60 other ancient canines who lived between 14,000 and 3,000 years ago in Europe.
What’s more, their reconstruction of the mitochondrial genome appears to match the collective variation of nearly all of the ancient canines analyzed from this region to date.
The small cave, known as Gnirshöhle, is in the heart of the Hegau Jura region, which is home to many caves that were inhabited by humans around 17,000 to 12,000 years ago. This is known as “Magdalenian hotspot “, referring to ancient western European culture at the time.
Studying the morphology, genetics and isotopes of some of these Gnirshöhle bones, researchers have drawn back the curtain on a potential stage for animal domestication – one of the most comprehensive collections of the canine genome in time and space.
“Interestingly, a recent study focused on analyzing the nuclear genomes of various ancient dogs showed a single origin for modern dogs, but failed to provide a geographic location for such an event,” the team said. wrote in their new study.
“Although we cannot answer the question about the singularity of the domestication event, our results support the hypothesis that the Hegau Jura was a potential center of early European wolf domestication.”
Dogs are generally considered to be the oldest pets in human history, but the exact details of where, when and why this happened are still unknown. Some of the newest genetics studies suggesting dogs were domesticated around the same time in Europe and Asia, before being mixed. Genomics later analysis disagree, pointing to one origin in Europe.
Current research cannot end this debate, but the genetic diversity found in southwest Germany suggests that the early humans who lived there domesticated and raised animals from various wolf lineages.
Comparing the haplotypes of dogs and wolves, the authors are able to date their last common ancestor, approximately 135,000 years ago at the end of the Pleistocene.
This date does not mean it was a time when wolf and dog populations split, the authors note, “nor does it represent the true beginnings of domestication.”
But that gives us an upper limit for such events.
Telling the difference between the earliest domesticated dogs and their fellow wolves is very difficult and somewhat subjective, especially since this transition occurs in a very gradual stage. In general, however, it is accepted as the first dog appeared about 16,000 years ago in Europe and Siberia.
The new discoveries mostly support that date, at least in Europe.
“The proximity of these animals to humans and indications of a rather limited diet suggest that between 16,000 and 14,000 years ago, wolves were domesticated and raised as dogs,” says biologist Chris Baumann from the University of Tübingen in Germany.
“Thus, one European domestic dog origin can be found in southwest Germany.”
But that doesn’t rule out other locations where dogs domesticated independently of the gray wolf.
In fact, the Gnirshöhle canids genome has introduced a previously unknown lineage that is incompatible with any other dog found in the region. Therefore, it is possible that this lineage could represent a growing dog population from elsewhere in the world, perhaps even Asia.
For now, that’s still a conjecture. Neither the genetics nor the teeth of Gnirshöhle’s remains were sufficient to determine whether these canids were dogs, wolves, or in between.
Interestingly, however, their diet appears to be low in protein, which suggests that these animals have it somewhat adapted to a more restricted diet than they get in the wild, “maybe under human influence. ”
“Thus, we consider the Gnirshöhle canids likely to represent an early phase in wolf domestication – facilitated by humans actively providing a food source for these early pets,” the study authors. recommend.
“In addition, the high diversity of the mitochondrial genome can be explained by the fact that the Magdalenians would arbitrarily attract individuals from a large pool of canid genetic variation in the region some 15,000 years ago.”
This study is published in Scientific Reportss.