Tag Archives: Europeans

The Chair of the Rights of the United Nations urged the UK Parliament to amend a proposed law that limits liability for torture and other war crimes | Instant News


OHCHR

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet on Monday urged legislators in the UK to heed warnings that the proposed Overseas Operations (Personnel and Veterans) bill, in its current form, risks undermining key human rights obligations that Britain has undertaken. himself out of respect.

He expressed concern that, unless amended appropriately, the bill could protect military personnel operating overseas from being held accountable for acts of torture or other serious international crimes.

The bill is now in the final stages of the legislative process, and will soon be debated again by the House of Lords, Britain’s upper house, where amendments may still be made.

The purpose of the bill is stated as to provide greater certainty to Service personnel and veterans with respect to claims and potential claims for historic events taking place in complex armed conflict environments abroad. “It seeks to achieve this, in particular, by introducing new preconditions for prosecution of alleged violations covered by the bill.

In its current form, the proposed legislation raises substantial questions about Britain’s future compliance with its international obligations, particularly under the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT), as well as the Geneva Conventions. 1949. This includes the obligation to prevent, investigate and prosecute acts such as torture and extrajudicial killings, and does not distinguish when such offenses were committed.

“As it is currently being drafted, the bill will make it less likely that British service members in overseas operations will be held accountable for serious human rights violations that constitute an international crime,” Bachelet said.

Bachelet urged that all international crimes for which Britain is under an international legal obligation to investigate and prosecute be exempted from the proposed restrictions. He welcomed the fact that Schedule 1 of the bill already excluded many sexual offenses, including rape, from the bill’s scope. He urged that all other crimes with the same seriousness and care be treated in the same way.

“The prohibition of torture in international law is clear and absolute,” Bachelet said. “Article 2 of the Convention against Torture expressly states that ‘There are no circumstances of any kind, whether a state of war or threat of war, internal political instability or other public emergency, can be used to justify torture.'” it does not recognize the new distinctions that the bill will bring into law.

“The Foreign Operations Bill risks undermining these clear obligations in several ways,” Bachelet said. This includes the proposed introduction of formal presumptions to prosecution of related crimes committed more than five years earlier, when members of the military abroad. The law also requires prosecutors in such cases to ‘give special weight’ to certain matters, especially the adverse effects

about the conditions the service members faced during implementation. This could result in serious crimes not being adequately addressed – potentially violating UK obligations, including under the Convention against Torture and other international treaties.

Another potential obstacle to full accountability is the new requirement of approval by the Attorney General or, where applicable, the Advocate General of Northern Ireland, before prosecution can proceed for related offenses committed more than five years earlier.

The High Commissioner also expressed concern about other provisions in the bill, including those that would limit the court’s ability to consider certain civil suits in connection with overseas operations, after more than six years have passed. He pointed out that this could adversely affect the rights of victims to recovery, redress and access to justice that are recognized under international law.

Another concern is that the current text of the bill places the task on the Government to consider reducing the international human rights obligations set out in the European Convention on Human Rights, with respect to such overseas operations.

“I appreciate the Government’s involvement with my Office on this matter. I also note that similar concerns have been raised by many politicians, NGOs, lawyers and former senior British military officers, as well as by United Nations Committee Against Torture fund the United Nations Special Rapporteur group, including the Special Rapporteur on Torture, “Bachelet said.

“I urge UK legislators in both the Houses of Parliament and Government to take these concerns fully into account when reviewing the bill, and to ensure that British law remains completely unambiguous with respect to accountability for international crimes committed by individuals at any time, anywhere or by. who they are committed to, “he said.

“The ability of British courts to resolve the most serious charges against military personnel, with the independence and justice they are known to around the world, must be defended and strengthened, rather than diminished by such problematic grounds,” he added. .

/ Public Release. This material comes from the original organization and may be point-in-time, edited for clarity, style and length. view more here.

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The European Court of Human Rights highlights Switzerland’s elderly climate case | Instant News


Strasbourg, France – The European Court of Human Rights today received complaints that the Senior Woman for Climate Protection Switzerland and four individual plaintiffs served Last October against Switzerland, gave the case priority status.

Senior Woman for Climate Protection Swiss vice president Rosmarie Wydler-Wälti said: “During the climate crisis, Switzerland must take effective climate measures to protect our rights to life and health. We want the European Court of Human Rights to recognize this as a process of holding Switzerland accountable moving forward. “

Swiss Greenpeace climate expert Georg Klingler added: “We welcome the fact that Switzerland has finally had to respond to arguments from the Swiss Senior Woman for Climate Protection. We hope that the European Court of Human Rights will eventually answer the question of whether countries violate human rights through inadequate climate protection. “

The European Court of Human Rights has asked Switzerland to send a formal response to the complaint by July 16, 2021. The statement must explicitly include its position on the right to life and health of elderly women.

This breakthrough move also means that the Senior Women for Climate Protection complaint Switzerland is the second climate case to be tried by the European Court of Human Rights, which has rejected most of the complaints it has received. [1] Likewise with the climate movement in France recently famous a historic victory: a national court ruled that France’s inaction on climate protection was illegal. These climate lawsuits, including Greenpeace France, are supported by more than two million French citizens. The wave of climate litigation is growing and continues to reach more countries around the world. Greenpeace International believes that the courts will continue to accept these legitimate claims of justice, especially from those most affected by climate change.

/ Public Release. This material comes from the original organization and may be point-in-time, edited for clarity, style and length. view more here.

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Switzerland-based Adienne Pharma & Biotech signs the first European production deal for the Russian shot | Instant News


(MENAFN) Switzerland-based Adienne Pharma & Biotech will manufacture the Russian Sputnik V Coronavirus vaccine in Italy, noting the first European agreement for a Russian injection.

The Russian Direct Investment Company and Fund (RDIF) signed an agreement in this regard, said the Italian-Russian Chamber of Commerce, according to the Italian news agency Adnkronos.

The company plans to start production in July and make 10 million doses by the end of this year.

The European Medicines Agency (EMA) reported on March 4 that they had started screening Sputnik V.

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Cancer Mortality Rates Continue to Decline in Europe, Except … | Instant News


Overall cancer death rates continue to decline among men and women in Europe, with the exception pancreatic cancer on gender and lung cancer among women living in the European Union, notes the latest report.

“Among the major cancers, pancreatic cancer … remains the only one that has not shown an overall decline in death rates over the past three decades in Europe in both sexes,” says co-author Carlo La Vecchia, MD, University of Milan, Milan. , Italy, in a statement.

“It is important for governments and policymakers to provide adequate resources for prevention, early diagnosis, and management of pancreatic cancer to correct this trend in the near future,” he added.

Report it published online February 22 at History of Oncology.

Death certification data from the World Health Organization database were analyzed to estimate total cancer deaths as well as cancer death rates at the 10 major tumor sites.

Investigators consider the European Union to be among 27 member states. Britain is no longer part of the European Union, after Brexit; estimates are made for Great Britain separately.

Estimated reductions in the death rate from other cancers in the European Union between 2015 and 2021 include:

Researchers estimate that by the end of 2021, the death toll from the 10 most common cancers analyzed will reach 1,443,000 in the European Union and 176,000 in the UK.

Compared to the peak cancer death rate, recorded in 1988, more than 4.9 million cancer deaths would be prevented in the European Union and more than one million deaths prevented in the UK over the 33 year period to 2021.

“The favorable trends in cancer mortality documented in previous years have been confirmed,” emphasize the investigators.

“The results we report this year are particularly important because they emphasize the fact that trends in mortality from pancreatic cancer and lung cancer in women do not show a positive pattern from other major cancers,” co-author Paolo Boffetta, MD, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York, said in a statement.

Trends in Pancreatic and Lung Cancer

The team estimates that 42,300 men in the European Union will die of pancreatic cancer by the end of 2021, as will 5,000 men in the UK.

This represents a fraction (-0.8%) of the decrease in deaths from pancreatic cancer among EU men since 2015; among EU women, mortality from pancreatic cancer increased slightly (+ 0.6%) over the same time point.

Women in the UK saw a 4% decrease in pancreatic cancer deaths over the same period.

The only reduction in deaths from pancreatic cancer in the European Union occurred among people younger than 50 years, especially men, note the authors.

Smoking is a major risk factor for pancreatic cancer, accounting for about 20% of diagnoses, the team points out.

“Absence falls [in pancreatic cancer death rates] for men, in stark contrast to all other tobacco-related cancers in European men, was … shocking, “they observed.

For lung cancer, the death rate in the European Union has fallen by about 10% among men, although among women it has increased by 6.5%.

Indeed, “lung cancer rates are the highest of all cancer sites in EU women,” write the investigators.

The pattern of lung cancer in the United Kingdom is more similar to that in the United States than in the European Union, the authors acknowledge. For example, men’s lung cancer rates are at least 25% lower in the UK than in the European Union because more men in the UK quit smoking earlier than men in the European Union.

Lung cancer rates among British women were higher than rates in the European Union, they added. Nevertheless, “the UK is showing a favorable trend of lung cancer, in contrast to the continuing trend of increasing in EU women,” the researchers stated.

COVID-19 and Cancer

The current analysis “provides reason for hope,” but these findings should not mask the potential effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on cancer patients anywhere, commented Jose Martin-Moreno, MD, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain, and Suszy Lessof, MBA, European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, Brussels, Belgium, in a accompanying editorial.

“Beyond the immediate dangers of this new coronavirus immune disorders and particularly vulnerable persons, there is a blow to comprehensive clinical care and study discontinuation, “write the editorials.

Furthermore, cancer patients who contracted SARS-CoV-2 had a higher risk of death from infection than non-cancerous COVID-19 patients, although susceptibility was different for patients with different tumor types, they said.

“At the same time, the presence of cancer is a serious risk factor for patients with COVID-19 infection, so the chances of entering the ICU are higher. mechanical ventilation and death, “the authors point out.

Since March 2020, all activities related to progress over the past few decades have stopped.
Dr Jose Martin-Moreno and Suszy Lessof

The most worrying thing, added the editor, is the “paralysis” that occurs in prevention, screening and early diagnosis programs because of the pandemic. “Since March 2020, all activity related to progress over the last few decades has stopped,” warned Martin-Moreno and Lessof.

“Of course, it is too early to characterize the impact, but it seems inevitable [that the pandemic] would mark, if not dramatic, consequences, “they emphasized.

The author and editorial do not disclose the relevant financial relationships.

Ann Oncol. Published online February 22, 2021. Full text, Editorial

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UNIDO and Switzerland to support the beef value chain in Costa Rica | Instant News


UNION

As part of the Global Quality and Standards Program (GQSP) designed to promote systematic trade development along specific value chains, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO) will support Costa Rica in achieving compliance with EU regulations and quality standards. A project document on related interventions was signed today by LI Yong, Director General of UNIDO, and the Permanent Representative of Costa Rica to UNIDO. The signing was witnessed by the Swiss Permanent Representative to UNIDO.

The two-year intervention has an overall budget of EUR 320,000 and will include activities aimed at increasing traceability, laboratory capacity and the ability of the private sector to meet international quality standards. The main national partner is the Costa Rican Ministry of Foreign Trade (COMEX), while other partners include the Costa Rica National Animal Health Service (SENASA) and the State Animal Health Service (SFE).

The long history of cooperation between UNIDO and SECO in providing technical assistance in increasing trade capacity to developing countries has led to the formulation of a GQSP with an emphasis on strengthening national quality infrastructure and compliance capacity to support market access. This global program is implemented in more than 13 countries around the world.

/ UNIDO Public Release. This material comes from the original organization and may be point-in-time, edited for clarity, style and length. view more here.

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