Tag Archives: fertility

Substitutes: The demand for foreign embryos, eggs, sperm is increasing in New Zealand | Instant News

The demand for embryos to be sent to New Zealand from abroad to bear children has increased due to Covid-19. Photo / 123rf

Demand for embryos, eggs and sperm to be shipped to New Zealand has increased as Kiwis are no longer able to travel for fertility treatment abroad due to Covid-19.

But getting valuable cargo into the countryside in an attempt to create babies has become much more difficult.

Finding surrogate mothers or egg or sperm donors in New Zealand can be difficult, partly because paying them is illegal here. Most of the surrogate is someone parents know, but there is an increasing trend of people turning to the internet to find someone.

Prior to Covid, many expectant parents went to specialized clinics abroad where commercial surrogacy was legal and where embryo transfers would take place.

Dr Mary Birdsall, group director of Fertility Associates, said parents should rethink the process.

“We are seeing more and more demand from all kinds of different fertility treatments involving offshore clinics. So, people who want to send eggs, sperm, embryos around the world … and to New Zealand. I think Covid has made it a very nice landscape. more challenging. “

Specialized companies that usually have staff accompanying goods on board cannot provide that service, which creates a risk.

“The options for transferring embryos around the world are becoming much more limited and more expensive.

“What used to happen before Covid was you basically paid a courier to personally carry your embryos in a small portable freezing device. You can’t do that right now, unless they’re ready for quarantine.”

It is also likely that the operator will not receive an exemption from the New Zealand Government from being allowed into the country.

Some companies do offer unaccompanied transport services, Birdsall said, but he warns: “When they are so valuable, it only adds to the element of risk.”

The director of the Fertility Association group, Dr. Mary Birdsall.  Photo / Provided
The director of the Fertility Association group, Dr. Mary Birdsall. Photo / Provided

Fertility Associates makes 80 percent of surrogate applications to the New Zealand Assisted Reproductive Technology Ethics Committee, the body that considers and approves them for fertility clinics.

An Ecart spokesperson said they were still counting the number of substitutes approved in 2020 but there were 15 in the year to June 2016 and 14 in the year to June 2019.

Fertility Associates said the company submitted 25 applications to Ecart for surrogacy last year. All are approved, and one is suspended.

Attorney Margaret Casey QC, who has acted for targeted parents involving the birth of more than 100 children born via surrogacy in recent years, at home and abroad, said the US had been popular with Kiwis for finding surrogacy and for transfers. embryo. Most of the states were called “surrogate friend states.”

Attorney Margaret Casey.  Photo / Provided
Attorney Margaret Casey. Photo / Provided

“This means that it is regulated in that state, usually resulting in the parent in question having the first US birth certificate. There are still a few states in the US that transfer parents by adoption. Canada, Ukraine, and Georgia are also countries where People parents in New Zealand are looking for. If New Zealanders have cultural links with a country where surrogacy is approved, I also look at cases of surrogacy in that country. For example, South Africa, Namibia and Vietnam. follow so that surrogacy occurs legally. “

Many countries do not recognize surrogate mothers. In some countries, such as New Zealand, parents must adopt a child born through a surrogate mother, even if it is their biological child.

But she said it was difficult to see trends in surrogacy over the past year because of Covid.

“Obviously it is difficult to travel to other countries to make embryos with your genetic material during this time of Covid. It is difficult for surrogate mothers to go to the clinic for transfer due to internal travel restrictions and it is a very stressful time trying to manage a pregnancy remotely. “

Producing birth certificates and passports in countries that have been covered by Covid is also “very stressful”.

“The irony is because Covid surrogacy is more attractive in some overseas countries simply because the pace of life is slowing down and it might be a good time to get pregnant if that is something you are considering.”

She is calling for changes around reimbursement of a woman who agrees to act as reimbursement for pregnancy expenses.

“It doesn’t commercialize the pregnancy – it just prevents a person from going backwards because of the contribution. It’s too difficult to meet these costs under the current rules and that has to change.”


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The number of births in Germany has fallen by 2019 | News | DW | Instant News

About 778,100 babies were born in Germany in 2019, down 9,400 compared to the previous year, figures released by the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) showed on Wednesday.

Germany’s total fertility rate (TFR) also dropped from 1.57 to 1.54.

Fourteen of the 16 German states recorded a decrease in TFR, with only Bavaria and Bremen remaining at the same level. Bremen and Lower Saxony, both in the northwest of the country, have the highest TFR at 1.6, while Berlin has the lowest at 1.41.

Germany has a TFR of 1.43, just slightly below 2018 (1.45). That number sank more significantly, from 2.12 to 2.06, among non-Germans in the country.

TFR is the average number of children to be borne per person of their age and ability to conceive if the birth pattern of the person resembles the pattern of people who are able to give birth and who are aged between 15 and 49 years in a given year.

Read more. Germany: Population reaches record highs

Older parents for firstborn children

According to statistics, older parenting trends continue in Germany, parents who conceive an average child aged 30.1 years in the first child of their first child. Ten years ago, the average age was 28.8. Parents bearing children in Hamburg are the oldest, 31.2 years old, while those in the eastern state of Saxony Anhalt are 28.9 years old.

The lowest TFR was in Germany, at 1.3, in 1995 shortly after reunification. That number arises mainly because of the large decrease in births in the former countries of East Germany.

According to the European Union statistics agency Eurostat, Germany’s TFR in 2018 is slightly above the EU average. The highest TFR of the year was in France, at 1.88, and the lowest in Malta, at 1.23.


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Researchers discover “biologically appropriate” level of AMH in samples of human hair | Instant News

The prospect of a non-invasive test of ovarian reserve is a little closer following the results of a study showing that measurement of hormone fertility can be accurately taken from a sample of human hair.

Antimullerian hormone or AMH – became a key marker to assess how women respond to infertility treatment.

Hormone small cells surrounding each egg as it develops in the ovary and, thus, is seen as an indicator of ovarian reserve.

Although studies do not correlate AMH levels for a reliable chance of a live birth (or to predict the time of menopause), AMH measurement has become an essential marker in the assessment of how the patient will respond to ovarian stimulation for IVF – as a regular responder, poor responder (with eggs) or defendant (a lot of eggs and risk of ovarian hyperstimulation ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome). (1)

AMG is now measured in the serum taken from a blood sample intravenously. The readings represent a measure for a short time and is relatively invasive to complete.

Now, however, a new study presented in the online annual meeting ESHRE experienced determine the level of AMH from human hair and found that it is less invasive and “more appropriate representation of hormones” than the “sharp” source as whey.

The results are presented this week in the graduate student poster matches sarthak Sawarkar, working in the laboratory of Professor Manel Lopez-Bejar in Barcelona with colleagues from MedAnswers Inc in the USA.

The study, which is still ongoing, now reports the results of the 152 women whose hair and blood samples were regularly collected during hospital visits. AMG measured in the serum of the same theme were used to provide control, as the number of operations an ultrasound of the developing follicles in the ovaries (AFC) as additional measures of ovarian reserve.

“Biologically relevant” levels of AMG were successfully detected in hair samples, with levels decreasing with patient’s age, as expected.

As ovarian reserve declines with age, so that the levels of AMG. The levels of AMG from hair correlates with level in the blood serum and the frequency response. It was also seen that this test was able to detect a wide range of AMH levels within individuals of the same age group, which indicates a greater accuracy than from a single blood sample.

The hormones accumulate in the hair for several months, while the hormone levels in the blood can change within hours. “So the hair,” explain the authors, “is a tool that can accumulate biomarkers for several weeks, while serum is a sharp matrix is just the current levels.

While the level of hormone in the blood can change dramatically in response to stimuli, hormone levels measured in the hair represent the accumulation over a few weeks. Measurements using a hair sample are more likely to reflect the average level of hormones in man.”

Among other advantages, test the hair, the authors note that the hormone level is assessed non-invasively, which reduces the stress testing and offers a less expensive analysis.

Testing can be done without visiting the clinic and thus makes this type of test available to a wider range of women.

“Finally,” explains Mr. Sawarkar, “how hair offers insights into the long-term accumulation of hormones, this measurement may contribute to a better understanding of the individual hormone levels, unlike blood-based tests only measure the hormone at the time of testing.”

AMG still was an important, though sometimes controversial role in reproductive medicine.

Thus, while its role as an indicator of ovarian reserve in predicting response to ovarian stimulation for IVF now, it seems, beyond doubt, was no doubt of its wider application as a measure of the fecundity of females in the population as a whole.

Commenting on the biology test, Mr. Sawarkar explains that the hormones involved in the hair matrix Before growing hair on the surface of the skin, thereby enabling to accumulate the determination of the concentration of hormones.


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Women express fertility problems and the discovery of cancer cells resulting in full hysterectomy at the age of 30 years | Instant News

A mother who has a 30-year-old hysterectomy reveals precisely how she still intends to have additional organic children who use ovarian cells that have been frozen before the procedure.
Rachel Mason, 31, from Leigh-on-Sea, Essex, who handled her hubby David, 37, and their son George, 2, were introduced during medical menopause in 2014 after performing a full hysterectomy when doctors detected borderline ovarian cancer cells.
While treatment shows Rachel will definitely no longer have the ability to bring her own child, she intends to someday have the ability to invite the baby with the help of a replacement, using parts of ovarian cells that are cooled before hysterectomy. ..
Rachel Mason, 31, from Leigh-on-Sea, has actually mentioned her heartbreaking journey about fertility, discomfort and cancer cell discovery, which resulted in her undergoing a full hysterectomy in 2014, aged 30 years in the photo, with hubby David, 37

In 2014, Rachel had a large cyst removed from her ovaries, and needed to have a procedure in her blocked tube – and she discovered that she would never have the ability to develop normally. The photo, with George’s child, was born with an IVF.

In 2019, Rachel found that she had borderline ovarian cancer cells and called for a Pictured ahysterectomy, with kidGeorge

At the moment the cell cannot be used because there is no chance to evaluate whether there are cancer cells. But the paramedics really hope that they are only ‘a few years away’ from having the ability to evaluate this. If the cells are cancer cells that are truly free, they can be used to develop embryos.
“Nothing is certain to ever eliminate the discomfort of not having the ability to have additional children, but I feel I’m in a very good location right now and feel I have a little hope,” Rachel claimed in a meeting with FEMAIL.
However I have a good mindset about all that, for several months I was in a dark location and could not see for sure how I was going to be okay. ‘.
Rachel and David David began chasing babies in 2014, but quickly discovered they both had some problems
“I have a large cyst in my 12 x 12 centimeter ovary and they believe it makes me stop hoping,” he said.
Rachel actually removed the cyst with important opening surgical treatments, and also an additional examination to see if her tubing was blocked …
“Finally they were blocked too so after that I knew I would never stop hoping normally and we would certainly need IVF,” he said. “We have one round of IVF that achieved success and in 2017 and I have my son, George.”
Rachel and hubby David were very happy when he stopped hoping to take an IVF round. Pictured, with George, currently 2.

The mother of one child said she was sad to hear that she would certainly never have the ability to have more young people. Photos, with kidGeorge

However, in 2019, Rachel began to find some signs and symptoms that resembled when she had a previous cyst – which consisted of a little bloating ..

Hysterectomy is surgery to get rid of the uterus (womb). You no longer have the ability to get hope after the procedure.
If you don’t currently experience menopause, you will no longer have a period of time, regardless of your age.
Many women have an ahysterectomy. This is far more common for women aged 40 to 50 years
Why do I need a hysterectomy?
Hysterectomy is completed to treat diseases that affect the female reproductive system.
It consists of:
good duration.
long-lasting pelvic discomfort.
non-cancerous tumors (fibroids).
ovarian cancer cells, uterine cancer cells, cervical cancer cells or fallopian cancer cells.
Hysterectomy is a significant procedure with a long healing time and is only considered after lack of intrusive therapy.

“I am sure it will be an additional cyst and because I want to do an additional round of IVF I understand I am best to set it up soon, because I will not have the ability to do IVF with it,” he discussed
Most likely Rachel went to the doctor, but after conducting an examination on Friday night, she got in contact Monday morning to claim they were required to make her an emergency visit of the situation ..
“Yes, and visited him that day,” Rachel discussed. ‘He claims my check really doesn’t look ordinary and there’s no chance to tell what it is ..
“They were required to examine my cancer cell pens simply, so I was sent out quickly for a blood test.”
When the results returned slightly improved, Rachel was referred for MRI.
“A few days later I satisfied the gynecologist, walked in the room and had something to do with 5 other people there – who immediately told me it was not fantastic,” he said.
“Finally I have borderline ovarian cancer cells, something that is usually harmless but usually requires hysterectomy – relying on how sophisticated the cells are.”
‘I was provided surgical treatment to check and remove it. They don’t have the factor to consider it also progressing because MRI really doesn’t reveal too much. ‘
Rachel underwent a laparotomy, before the doctor got rid of her and after that arranged it …
“I was reminded again a few weeks later to be told that it was phase 3, covering anything and I had actually shed the ovaries and fifty percent of the others and of course would need serious thought about undergoing hysterectomy immediately,” he admitted . “I might take care of anything, but that is information that I truly fear.”
Rachel claims she knows about London’s health center which freezes ovarian cells, and they agree to operate and freeze their cells, and she agrees to be part of their study assignments. In the photo, with George

The health center assumes that in a few years they will definitely have the ability to take cells and use them to develop organic children using substitutes. In the photo, George

He continued: ‘I got the 2nd and 3rd point of view and they both agreed. The opportunity depends on intrusive cancer cells related to 1 in 20, so I finally agreed to a hysterectomy a few months later after feeling that it was also at high risk. ‘.
While he tried as little as possible to get a few eggs that had been frozen so he could use a replacement, Rachel couldn’t find anyone who would definitely collect eggs for him, plus he claimed it was absolutely not risk-free with the problem. .
“Finally I found out about the London health center which freezes your ovarian cells and they agreed to operate me and freeze my cells and I agreed to be part of their study assignments,” he said.
‘There is currently no innovation to check my ovarian cells for cancer cells so that currently standing I will not have the ability to use them but they assume they are only a few years away from doing this … These are all new technologies they are experiencing birth to real-time from now on and they assume someday maybe as usual as IVF ..
Rachel, who was envisioned with the boy George, had actually founded Rem Our Remedy, a new, natural solution to the discomfort of duration, anxiety relevant to PMT, changing states of mind, bloating and irritation.

Rachel was immediately introduced right into medical menopause but claimed she had “a rather very easy time.” Pictured, with David and George

‘I was immediately introduced into medical menopause right away, but to be sincere, I actually had a rather very easy time for that. I have HRT and of course need to drink it for 20 years. ‘
And Rachel doesn’t let her experience knock her interest in making ‘stigmatized female problems’ generally more restricted, because along with her health and well-being journey, she introduces a natural health and fitness company – Our Remedy – which concentrates on health for females, created by female …
This is a natural remedy that claims to help with duration discomfort, relevant PMT restlessness, altered state of mind, bloating and irritation – used vegan oil, grape seed mix, 500 mg CBD which is implanted with clary sage and mint pepper oil.
For each container offered, the brand name provides hygienic items that can be composted into the Bloody Good Period, the leading Charity Poverty Period, and they are currently running a pampering barrier campaign for selected NHS employees, too ..
Rachel is currently glad that she underwent surgical treatment after the results returned as cancer cells in anything. Photograph, David’s husband, with George

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The researchers developed a safe and accurate 3D imaging method to improve IVF treatment | Instant News

Tel Aviv University (TAU) researchers have developed a safe and accurate 3D imaging method to identify sperm cells that move at high speed.

Research, a study published in Progress of Science on April 10th, led by Prof. Natan Shaked from the Biomedical Engineering Department at the TAU Faculty of Engineering along with TAU doctoral student, Gili Dardikman-Yoffe.

This new technology can give doctors the ability to choose high-quality sperm to be injected into eggs during IVF treatment, potentially increasing a woman’s chances of getting pregnant and giving birth to a healthy baby.

The IVF procedure was created to help with fertility problems. The most common type of IVF today is intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), which involves sperm selection by clinical embryologists and injection into a woman’s egg. For this reason, an attempt is made to select the sperm cells most likely to make healthy embryos. “

Natan Shaked, Professor, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, TAU

Under natural fertilization in a woman’s body, the fastest sperm to reach the egg should contain high-quality genetic material. This progressive movement allows the “best” sperm to overcome the real obstacles of the female reproductive system.

“But this ‘natural selection’ is not available to embryologists, who choose sperm and inject it into the egg,” Prof. Shaked “Sperm cells are not only fast-moving, they are also mostly transparent under ordinary light microscopy, and cell staining is not permitted in human IVF.

“Existing imaging technology that can check the quality of sperm genetic material can cause embryonic damage, so it is also banned. In the absence of more precise criteria, sperm cells are chosen primarily according to their external characteristics and motility when swimming in water in the dish, which is very different from the natural environment of a woman’s body.

“In our research, we are trying to develop a completely new type of imaging technology that will provide as much information as possible about individual sperm cells, does not require cell staining to increase contrast, and has the potential to enable optimal sperm selection in fertilizing treatments.”

The researchers chose light computed tomography (CT) technology for the unique task of imaging sperm cells.

“In a standard medical CT scan, the device rotates around the subject and sends X-rays that produce several projections, ultimately creating a 3D image of the body,” said Prof. Shaked “In the case of sperm, instead of turning the device around this small subject, we rely on the natural feature of the sperm itself: its head continues to rotate during forward movement.

“We use weak light (and not X-rays), which does not damage cells. We record holographic sperm cells during ultra-fast motion and identify various internal components according to their refractive index. This creates an accurate, highly dynamic 3D map of the contents without using cell staining. “

Using this technique, the researchers obtained clear and accurate CT images of sperm at very high resolutions in four dimensions: three dimensions in space with a resolution of less than half a micron (one micron equals one millionth of a meter) and the exact time dimension (motion) of a sub second millisecond.

“Our new development provides a comprehensive solution to many known sperm imaging problems,” said Prof. Shaked “We are able to make high-resolution imaging of the sperm head when moving fast, without the need for stains that can harm the embryo. This new technology can greatly improve sperm cell selection in vitro, which has the potential to increase the chances of pregnancy and the birth of healthy babies.

“To help diagnose male fertility problems, we intend to use our new technique to explain the relationship between 3D motion, the structure and contents of sperm and its ability to fertilize an egg and produce a proper pregnancy,” Prof. Shaked concluded. “We believe that such imaging capabilities will contribute to other medical applications, such as developing efficient biomimetic micro robots to carry drugs in the body.”


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