What started as a discussion on a private Facebook group – ‘Karachi Uroos Ul Bilaad [Bride of Cities] Group ‘- has produced a book called’ Iss dasht mein ik shehr tha ‘(There is a city in this desert).
Apparently taking its name from the line of the song ‘Aawaargi’ (Roaming), sung by the famous Pakistani ghazal singer Ustad Ghulam Ali, this book is titled ‘Karachi kay sunehray dinon ki daastaan’ (Story of Karachi’s golden days).
The 800-page book Iqbal A Rehman Mandvia covers more than 300 topics covering artists, musicians, other personalities, religious and ethnic communities, places of worship, historic buildings, roads, streets, markets, theaters, educational institutions, libraries, hospitals, hotels, restaurants, food streets and colonies.
Some subjects have been presented in books with new or additional information, while under several other topics, the author has tried to correct disputed facts about the city.
Another important aspect of this book is its focus on areas, chowk, roads, and streets named after women, such as Gulbai Chowk, Chand Bibi Road, Fatima Jinnah Road, Victoria Road, Jamila Street, Zaibunnisa Street and Zehra Street.
This book also covers communities who migrated to Karachi from other countries. However, after 1970, when movements for Islamization emerged in Pakistan, most of the community left the city, leaving behind few families. They include Goan, Parsis, Sikhs and Anglo-Indians.
This book contains some rare information which is divided into several subtopics and chapters. The author has verified the story from reference books, archives, libraries, and other writers and historians.
Some chapters contain interesting and fresh information on old topics, connecting Karachi today with its history, culture and pluralism. Both ordinary readers and serious researchers will find Karachi different in this book – which used to be more diverse than now.
This road connects the most historic street in Karachi, Sharea Faisal, with the busiest market in Saddar City. Zaibunnisa Street is famous among the city’s old residents as Elphinstone Street, or just Elphi Street.
Some people believe that Elphinstone is a British woman. But they are wrong. The road is named after Mountstuart Elphinstone, a Scottish statesman and historian associated with the British Indian government.
He served as governor of Bombay from 1819 to 1827. He was the first to establish several educational institutions that were accessible to local Indian students. In 1951, the Karachi Metropolitan Company (KMC) named this road after Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar. However, on May 26, 1970, the Jang newspaper stated in an article that Elphinstone Street was named after the daughter of Mughal Zaibunnisa, who was the daughter of Emperor Aurangzeb.
In the 1970s, a group of people launched a campaign to change the names of roads, roads, neighborhoods, buildings and other public places. The author said that in September 2000, a misinformed article published by the Dawn newspaper created another misconception that the Zaibunnisa Road was named after a journalist named Zaibunnisa.
Then, an entry about Zaibunnisa Street appeared on Wikipedia, citing Dawn’s article. Now Zaibunnisa Street believers are named after journalists. But historians claim that it was named after the princess.
Today Gulbai Chowk is an area outside the city. That’s the beach. On this site there are 10 graves, which are famous for a number of legends. Some say they belong to brothers who go hunting.
According to legend, when they returned home, a shark attacked them and swallowed them. But some say it’s not a shark but a crocodile. Maybe no one knows the true story behind the grave.
In 1854, Seth Rustam Jee Mehta obtained a license from the British government to start a salt-producing company. Mehta named the factory ‘Gulbai Salt Works’ after his wife. Even though the factory no longer exists, the area is still known as Gulbai Chowk.
The neighborhood which is located in Lyari City near the Shershah scrap market is the dead end of Karachi, or rather the Sindh border with Balochistan. At this point, border guards collect taxes from the Lasbela and Kalat trade convoys, and Afghanistan and Iran. Paying taxes at the Mira Naka border, traders crossed the border into Karachi. Later, during British domination in Sindh, this area joined the city.
Gandhi Jee Street
The area opposite Dow Medical University is called Thathai Compound, where the Taj Mosque is located. The road that leads to the lighthouse was named Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi when he visited Karachi.
At that time, several influential Hindu members in the KMC lived in the area. They are from Thatta. This is why the area came to be known as Thathai Compound.
After Partition, the road was renamed Yaqoob Gandhi, who later founded the ARY Group of Companies. “The Gandhi Street in Karachi is still the Gandhi Street. But it has been renamed as Muslim Gandhi, “the author writes.
It is believed that the Goan community came to Karachi in 1820. Initially, the community chose the Saddar area to live. In 1860, the community founded the Goan Union Hall, which still stands in the corner of Lucky Star Chowk.
When the Goan population continued to increase, the community was given a plot of land by the government in 1926 and they settled there. Settlements established by the community are in the vicinity of Saddar, Soldier Bazaar, Mission Road, Garden and Napier Road.
In 1970, Goan community leader Francis E Lobo participated in the election from Karachi and received an adequate vote, but he lost the election. When Islamization began in the 1980s, most people gradually left the country.
However, the Karachi Walla blog claims that 15,000 Goans still live in the city. The famous journalist Cyril Almeida, who has just left the country, is a member of the Goan community.
During World War II, when Germany invaded Poland, more than 30,000 Polish refugees migrated to Karachi between 1942 and 1945 for temporary accommodation. They settled in migrant camps in the Country Club and in the Malir area.
The graves of about 58 refugees who died during their stay in the city are still here. In 2005, the Polish consulate launched a warning to honor those who lost their lives during exile.
The diplomats wrote many details on the plaque which would be very interesting and informative for students of history. However, after Partition, while the majority of refugees returned home, several families decided to become permanent residents of the city. Poland joins the newly established Karachi University as a faculty member. Some of them also served in the Pakistan Air Force.
Feedback in the book
“This book is an interesting picture from Karachi today,” said leading historian and researcher Gul Hassan Kalmati. “This includes every color that reflects the writer’s concern for the city. The writer praises the city and tells the story of the days that passed with sadness. “
Well-known author Aqeel Abbas Jafri said Mandvia had preserved the history of the streets of Karachi in the book along with personality after the city names and streets were mentioned.
Jafri said the book discussed where the original Guru Mandir was, if Jalan Zaibunnisa was named after the late Zaibunnisa journalist or daughter of Zaibunnisa, from which the road was named after Gandhi, Motilal Nehru or Jawaharlal Nehru – this book revealed a lot of valuable information.
Citing more examples, he said the book mentions which street was named Rattanbai Jinnah’s grandfather, how the highway became Japani Road, what was the original name of Jamshed Road, where Gandhi Street is located, which built the Bombay Bazaar, and why Delhi residents call the mosque. , shops and schools after the Indian capital.
Weakness in the book
Although Mandvia’s book contains verified stories about old Karachi, it does not cite any sources or references for that information, and especially does not have much needed bibliographies.
In some parts of this book, the author seems to unjustly vent his anger on those who seem to refuse to cooperate with him or give him access to the information needed.
In addition, Mandvia has included poetry in every chapter of this book. Some scholars believe that poetry is related to emotions, so a book like this that deals with history requires concrete facts.
However, the author looks like a pine to the glorious past in Karachi. He tells every story without bias. This book basically compares and connects Karachi today with its beautiful past. This tells the reader how city dwellers have promoted a pluralistic culture with tastes of all local colors.
Family of writers
Iqbal A Rehman Mandvia is a businessman who also has a travel record entitled “Jannat-e-Arzi: Istanbul”. His father Abdul Rehman Aseer is the author of the Gujrati book entitled ‘Memon qaum ni utpati’ (The origin of the Memon community). In addition, his uncle, Yousaf Mandvia, is a well-known journalist and writer of Gujrati. He is the editor of the Mujahid newspaper published from the city of Junagadh in India.
ISLAMABAD: The center must face serious challenges to support daily expenses after paying defense bills and debt payments from available resources, because the fiscal budget 2020-21 is being prepared based on the existing National Finance Commission Award (NFC). .
However, the government has decided to focus primarily on ‘facilitation’ in the coming budget so that economic activity can begin instead of taking any coercive action.
Income can be mobilized through tax rationalization, effective enforcement and administrative steps but it was decided to explore options to burden the rich, if there were no other options left to meet revenue targets.
Meanwhile, the tax authorities recommend avoiding taxation steps but the final decision for this effect will be taken by the ruling regime, while considering the political costs attached to any action to mobilize more revenue collection efforts.
The figures collected through ongoing budget preparation for the next fiscal year will set the stage for the resumption of the stalled US $ 6 billion IMF extended funding facility (EFF) program.
Pakistan seems very grateful to the IMF for going forward to provide US $ 1.4 billion under the Fast Financial Instrument (RFI).
The Ministry of Finance authorities informed PM Imran Khan about the preparation of the upcoming budget and argued that without rationalizing spending on targeted subsidies, especially for the electricity sector and reducing losses from public sector companies (PSE), it would be impossible to make a fiscal cushion for development after transfer financial stocks to the federation unit and pay the debt and debt spending bills on the head of expenditure.
Under the existing NFC arrangement, the Federal Divisible Pool (FDP) is distributed at a ratio of 57.5 percent and 42.5 percent between the province and the federal government. If the Center collects Rs100 per year, it goes to the province up to Rs60 through 62 through the inside of the FDP and other subvention accounts while the remaining Rs38 goes to the Center to do business.
One of the top financial division officials told ‘The News’ late Friday that the ministry told the PM that the economy was performing well during the pre-COVID-19 scenario because twin deficits such as budget deficits and current account deficits were under control.
It is said that the IMF / World Bank and ADB are advancing to save Islamabad because multilateral lenders are happy with economic performance in the first nine months.
“The post-COVID-19 situation poses a serious challenge to the economy because the country is under the IMF program and the government must make budget figures to give direction to the economy,” said one of the top finance ministry officials. The government has agreed with the IMF to envisage the target of gathering FBR at Rs5, 101 billion for the next budget against the revised target of Rs3,908 billion for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2020. The FBR needs 31 percent growth to reach the desired target of the next fiscal year.
With a nominal growth of 10 percent, including 2 percent growth in real GDP and 8 percent inflation, FBR must meet the target of the next fiscal year with an additional 20 percent growth coupled with a nominal growth of 10 percent.
The tax collection target will mainly depend on the prevalence of the corona virus during the next fiscal year and how the economic situation develops.
So budget targets evolve with the passage of time but the government must make clear figures until the first week of next month.
Two different Chinese doctors who are critically ill corona virus have actually seen their skin darken after being revived from the brink of death. Hu Weifeng and Dr. Yi Fan, previously contracted the virus when they treated patients at the Wuhan Central Hospital in January.
Their skin seems to change color due to hormonal imbalances after their hearts are damaged by the virus itself, according to their doctor’s statement to Chinese state media.
That Chinese state broadcaster CCTV said that the two medics were previously diagnosed on January 18 after being taken to the Wuhan Lung Hospital and eventually moved twice. Yi was a cardiologist and had defeated COVID-19 after doctors then linked it to a certain life support machine called ECMO for exactly 39 days.
ECMo is known as a drastic life support procedure that actually replaces the function of the heart and lungs with the process of pumping oxygen into the blood found outside the body. Yi said that he had recovered mostly in a statement he gave to CCTV from his own hospital bed.
According to Dr. Yi, he can actually move in bed normally, but has also struggled to walk independently. Yi also admitted that the trials to combat this deadly disease, to some extent, traumatized him.
Yi, said that he was slowly able to overcome the psychological obstacles that existed slowly after the doctor comforted him and also arranged counseling for him. Currently, he is being treated in another ordinary ward at the Wuhan China-Japan Friendship Hospital.
Dr. Hu Weifeng, a urologist, has actually been bound to bed for 99 days and his overall health is still considered weak, according to Dr. Li Shusheng, who treated Dr. Hu Dr. Li also said that aside from the virus, they were also very worried about Dr. mental health. Hu alone.
According to Dr. Li, Dr. Hu did not stop talking to all the doctors who came to examine him. Hu actually underwent ECMO therapy from 7 February to 22 March and finally regained his ability to speak on 11 April.
He is currently being treated in the intensive care unit at the same hospital as Dr. Yi Li also suspected that the two medics’ skins then darkened because of certain types of drugs they had received since the beginning of treatment.
Dr. Li then added that the side effect of the drug itself is darkening of the skin even though he did not specify what drug or specific drug used to treat it. Li also hopes the skin color of the two medics will eventually return to normal after their liver function improves.
(MENAFN – Swissinfo) Swiss farmers must improvise to find enough workers during the coronavirus pandemic to help harvest, and – as the example illustrates – are looking for creative solutions to get their products to market.
Asparagus shoots are still covered in land on the farmland of Jucker in Rafz, a small town northwest of the city of Zurich. Vegetable shoots are waiting for migrant workers to harvest them, but this year many of the foreign workers may not come.
“Many of them are still in their countries, waiting for the borders to reopen,” said Nadine Gloor, head of marketing for agriculture, which employs 150 people, both for planting and harvesting asparagus and pumpkin, on new farmland. produce shop, or in two restaurants on the spot.
Swiss agriculture relies on foreign workers, who mostly come from eastern Europe and Portugal. According to statistics from the Federal Office for Migration, the agriculture and forestry sector employed more than 18,000 seasonal workers from abroad last year.
Usually, this spring, 80 people from Poland and Romania are already in the fields picking asparagus and strawberries on Jucker’s farm.
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However, the coronavirus crisis made very close borders in Europe, including between Switzerland and its neighbors, making it impossible to travel from eastern or southern Europe to mountainous countries. Even if they can leave home, many foreigners such as migrant workers from Portugal will be faced with having to isolate themselves after they return. The rule has been in force in Portugal since March 20.
However, Jucker’s operations have been fortunate since then, said Gloor, some workers were already in Switzerland when the borders were closed, and many Swiss citizens responded to job advertisements placed on external link websites, or websites specifically created by Swiss fruit and vegetable producers. agricultural workers, working with online recruitment agencies, Coopleexternal link. Usually active in matching job seekers who are looking for flexible working hours or temporary jobs in the fields of cooking, aviation or event management, or other sectors of the economy that are mostly closed, Coople now appoints people in search of work towards agriculture.
According to official data, the locking up of the health crisis has caused a surge in unemployment and so-called short-term employment. A quarter of all Swiss workers have been affected.
However, agricultural work is not attractive because it is manual work and requires long working hours (55 per week) for low wages (CHF14.50 per hour). “It needs to be done in the sun and rain, in all weather,” said Gloor. “Field workers must also have the skills to know how to plant asparagus without destroying it, so we cannot take everyone who registers.”
The agricultural sector hopes the federal government will help make work more attractive.
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‘We hope the federal government takes the steps necessary to subsidize agricultural wages according to market conditions in this extraordinary situation. This will allow 315,000 people currently affected by short jobs to benefit, ‘said Viktor Calabrò, president of Coople, in a trade magazine on March 25.
Specific health measures, including social exclusion and regular hand washing, are also applied in Swiss agriculture as in other industries where employees still have to work on site.
“If locking continues for longer, farmers must find a different approach to managing the harvest,” said Loïc Bardet, head of Agora, a French-speaking farmer association in Switzerland. Bardet made comments ahead of the Swiss government’s decision on April 8 to extend the lockdown at least until April 26.
But federal authorities do not see a risk to the country’s food supply. “I don’t believe there will be a shortage of seasonal agricultural workers. It’s still too early to say how the situation will develop, ‘replied Florie Marion, a spokesman for the Federal Office for Agriculture, pointing out that the government has launched several measures to help the economy, including the agricultural sector. Among them, temporary work visas can now be granted for six months, up from the previous three.
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