Tag Archives: forced

There is no room for forced conversion and marriage in Islam, said Ashrafi | Instant News


ISLAMABAD: Special Assistant to the Prime Minister for Religious Harmony and Middle East Affairs Hafiz Muhammad Tahir Mehmood Ashrafi said consultations were being held with clerics to confirm legislation on the issue of forced conversion and marriage.

“Efforts are being made to end forced conversions and marriages. The propaganda carried out by the Indian lobby on the issue of violations of religious freedom in Pakistan comes to light because minorities living in Pakistan have more rights than those living in India and other parts of the world, “he said while addressing a delegation led by National Minority Commission Chair Dr. Cheelaram.

Hafiz Tahir Ashrafi said Prime Minister Imran Khan used to take personal interests to address minority issues. He said belief in the prophets of Allah including Hazrat One (AS) is a fundamental part of our faith in Islam. He said that the entire nation shared about the celebration of the Christian community

Christmas Day.

“It is the responsibility of Muslims and the Pakistani government to safeguard the rights of all minorities living in the country,” he said.

Tahir Ashrafi also announced that a seat with the leadership of various religions and schools of thought will be held in Islamabad during the second week of January 2021. Tahir Ashrafi said that the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) categorically defines women’s rights as daughters, sisters, wives and mothers. “The honor and respect that Islam guarantees for women is exemplary. Girls from minorities living in Pakistan are respected and respected like girls of other nations and it is the responsibility of Muslims and governments to ensure the protection of their respective rights and honor, ”he said.

The special assistant said that religious leaders agreed in Pakistan that the rights of minorities as defined in the Constitution must be protected at the respective level. “Action must be taken against elements who take the law into their own hands,” he said.

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Sindh Sabha protests against enforced disappearances | Instant News


SUKKUR: Sindh Sabha held a protest in Sukkur on Tuesday against the enforced disappearance of Sindhi and Seraiki nationalists and announced to arrange a long trip from Karachi to Rawalpindi to highlight the problem.

Protesters and family members of “enforced disappearances” demanded the release of their loved ones or to take them to court, if they so desired.

In response to the protest rallies at the Sukkur Press Club, protesters’ representatives said it was the main responsibility of the state to protect

citizens and protect their fundamental rights. Saraikistan Movement leader, Rashid Aziz, said for the past 42 days, they had been on the road with sincere demands to release the missing.

He said they were leaving for Karachi to arrange a long trip from Karachi to Rawalpindi to tell people the pain of the missing person’s family members.

Meanwhile, vice president of the Pakistan Federal Journalists Union, Lala Asad Pathan, said enforced disappearance is unconstitutional and a mere crime, because no institution has the legal authority to ignore the Constitution and build its own judicial system.

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Accounting errors are to blame for Germany’s elite troop ‘missing’ ammunition – report | Instant News


BERLIN (Reuters) – Bookkeeping errors rather than theft likely resulted in more than 60 kilograms of explosives and nearly 50,000 rounds of ammunition thought to have disappeared from German special forces arsenal in the summer, according to an official report seen by Reuters.

An inventory found that most of the discrepancies between elite troop books and supplies could actually be explained by accounting errors, a report sent to parliament by armed forces chief General Eberhard Zorn on Monday showed.

About 29,000 of the 48,000 pieces of ammunition, fuses and blasting cables were recorded, according to the document.

Evidence also suggests that the missing 62 kilograms of explosives never existed, according to the report. It appeared to be the result of a staff error calculating more explosives than was actually stored in stock.

The military leadership found in an investigation into Germany’s elite KSK special forces that a large amount of ammunition and explosives supplied to the troops appeared to have been lost.

In May, police confiscated weapons, explosives and ammunition during a raid on the private property of a KSK soldier in the eastern state of Saxony.

In July, Defense Minister Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer dissolved one of the four KSK command companies in an attempt to clean up a unit of far-right extremist sympathizers.

Founded in 1996, the KSK’s reputation was tarnished in 2003 when its commanders were forced to retire early after being accused of being close to far-right extremists – a relationship that has steadily damaged the unit’s reputation ever since.

Reporting by Sabine Siebold; Edited by Hugh Lawson

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Why is China making it difficult for foreign businesses to operate | Instant News


China is a great opportunity for business. Photo / Getty Images

Doing business in China can be a difficult and controversial proposition for companies in many countries. Yet even with allegations of intellectual property theft, forced partnerships, and strict restrictions on doing business, China continues to attract foreign capital. Why would businesses want to invest in China when there are so many other “business-friendly” countries and financial markets that support foreign investment?

The United States has accuses China from stealing intellectual property American company, the estimated theft US $ 600 billion every year. As a prerequisite for doing business in China, American and other companies may be charged forced transfer of their technology. In addition, regulations can oblige foreign investors partner and set up joint ventures with Chinese companies before they can do business in China.

In 2001, after becoming a member World Trade Organization, China pledged to open up its banking, telecommunications and electronic payment processing sectors. But action in this area has already been taken absent or, at best, halfhearted. China’s telecommunications industry, for example, remains under government control, and the government owns it prohibited Facebook and Google offer their services in China.

What’s in it for investors

Doing Business 2020, a World Bank publication, rating China – in terms of credit availability and ease and size of tax payments – 80th and 105th, respectively, out of 190 countries in the world. It uses 10 other indicators, such as protections offered to minority investors, registering property and enforcing contracts, China rating 31st out of 190 countries in the world for ease of doing business as a whole. In contrast, the US was ranked 6th out of 190, according to the same report.

Besides, doing business in China can risky politically. Negotiations with the Communist-led government can be difficult; it has a political system with a reputation lack of transparency and intolerance for dissent. The nation has important rule regarding capital inflows and outflows which are subject to change without public notification. Corruption is rampant in China, to the detriment of foreign investors such as the United States.

The Chinese Prime Minister delivers the government's work report in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.  Photo / Getty Images
The Chinese Prime Minister delivers the government’s work report in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. Photo / Getty Images

Despite negative business conditions, according to 2020 World Investment Report, in 2018 and 2019, China attracted $ 138 billion and $ 141 billion in foreign investment, respectively. Focusing only on 2019, this massive foreign investment into China exceeds the GDP of all such countries Kuwait – $ 137 billion; Kenya – $ 98 billion; and Venezuela – $ 70 billion. In 2019, China is the world second largest recipient foreign investment, second only to the United States.

A country that plays by the rules

Despite being relatively business-unfriendly, if the world’s 31st country can attract large amounts of foreign investment, surely the world’s No.1 country is sure to do as well as China, if not better. But New Zealand, ranked first in the world for its business-friendly climate, is nowhere near China in terms of foreign investment.

On two metrics – credit availability, which measures how easy it is to get credit; and tax payments, which measures the frankness and size of tax payments made to the country where the business is conducted – New Zealand ranks 1 and 9 In the world. And for ease of doing business as a whole, in contrast to 31st in China, New Zealand ranks first in the world.

Despite that honor, in 2018 and 2019 New Zealand attracted only $ 1.95 billion and $ 5.43 billion, respectively, in foreign investment. In other words, in 2018 and 2019, China attracted 71 times more and 26 times more foreign investment than New Zealand, even though New Zealand is considered a stable democracy with lower political risks than other forms of government and government. the most corrupt country in the world. What explains the huge differences in foreign investment?

Simple math for making a profit

That national market size – or scale – is critical for business. The more consumers a market has, the more products it has the potential to sell. In 2019, China’s population has almost reached 1.4 billion, compared to New Zealand’s population of approx 4.8 million. In addition, if measured by gross domestic product, China’s economy is second largest in the world, compared to the New Zealand economy, which is rating 51. Whether the problem is seen in terms of the number of consumers or the total size of the “economic pie” that is GDP, China’s economy is overshadowing the economy of New Zealand.

China is a great opportunity for business.  Photo / Getty Images
China is a great opportunity for business. Photo / Getty Images

This large difference in size or scale is important. Even though China is a significantly less friendly place to do business than New Zealand, it still makes sense for American and other multinational companies to invest in China.

From a financial gain perspective, consider the advantages of companies investing in China. That markup is the difference between the price the company charges for a product and the cost of producing an additional unit of the product. The advantages, then, are simply markup multiplied by the number of products that can be sold. The bigger the market, the more products that can be sold. More sales means more profit. This explains why companies around the world are prepared to tolerate it dubious Chinese business practices and still investing in China.

One example of doing business in China, despite many obstacles, comes from Hollywood. Disney produced “Mulan, “a $ 200 million live-action film that took more than five years to produce. Disney shot most of the film in New Zealand with the aim of releasing it in China, primarily to gain access to that vast market and to maximize profits Disney bowed. on many Chinese demands to ensure that “Mulan” can be released in China without objection from Chinese officials.

Disney’s relationship and concessions with China are examples of why so many foreign investors continue to pursue business in China – profit. Despite institutional restrictions on investment, with access to more than 1.3 billion people, many of whom are potential consumers, and a growing GDP, China is a global market opportunity that multinational companies around the world continue to exploit.

Amitrajeet A. Batabyal, Professor of Economics Arthur J. Gosnell, Rochester Institute of Technology

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read original article.

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The body of lawmakers completed a Sindh visit to evaluate the forced conversion | Instant News


KARACHI: A comprehensive bill to stop forced conversion will be submitted to Parliament after consultation with all stakeholders, including minority groups and civil society, and religious leaders.

Senator Anwaar-ul-Haq Kakar, chairman of the parliamentary committee to protect minorities from forced conversions, said this on Friday while addressing a press conference at the Karachi Press Club to inform the media about the committee’s visit to Sindh that concludes on Friday.

Federal Parliament Secretary for Human Rights Lal Chand Malhi and Supreme Democratic Alliance parliamentarian leader in the Sindh Assembly Nand Kumar Goklani accompanied him. Kakar said that because of the sensitivity, seriousness and complexity of the problem, committee members visited Sukkur and Karachi and met with Sindh government officials, members of parliament, minority leaders and police officials to explore all aspects of the problem.

He said minority rights should be protected in accordance with the constitution, adding that the committee was thoroughly looking at recommendations from minority members to stop forced conversions. Kakar stated that the current federal government, especially Prime Minister Imran Khan, recognizes the importance of the problem and has set up a 23-member parliamentary committee to work on legislation to prevent forced conversion of minorities. “On the legislative side, the committee has held deliberations with all stakeholders to make laws that are broad-based and inclusive,” he said, adding that parliamentarians have learned from the aftermath of the bill previously presented at the Sindh Assembly to stop forced conversion. The bill, which is officially known as the ‘Penal Law (Protection of Minorities) Law’ was passed unanimously in November 2016. However, the situation took a turn for the worse when many religious parties took to the streets against the proposed law and announced a movement. against it. . Kakar said the committee had also asked the Islamic Ideology Council to review laws related to religious conversion in various Islamic countries. He added that the committee was satisfied with the response from the government and the Sindh police.

“The committee does not deny the incidents of forced conversion which mostly took place in Sindh but the magnitude of the problem was exaggerated too,” said Kakar, adding that Pakistan’s religious parties also do not believe in using violence to convert others to Islam. Regarding the question that there are not many boys who convert compared to girls, the chairman of the parliamentary committee said that there are ongoing discussions on this aspect.

He said that whoever is behind forced conversion does not follow Islam because religion does not allow forced conversion. He, however, clarified that voluntary conversion is another matter and the committee will not tackle it. Regarding marriage contracts between followers of different religions, Kakar said that such marriages create problems for the community and the parents of the couple.

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