Tag Archives: Forest

20 locations were selected to grow Miyawaki forest in Islamabad | Instant News

Islamabad: The Capital Development Authority (CDA) has selected twenty locations in the capital to develop the Miyawaki forest where trees grow 10 times faster and 30 times denser and are the best way to fight air pollution.

According to official records, civil authorities have selected a site in the city and work on one of the sites started a few days ago. Prime Minister Imran Khan has announced a project to develop Miyawaki forest in various areas of Islamabad in a ceremony held last week. The locations chosen by the expert team included the F-6/4 sector, the Pak Secretariat (within the ABCD block), the PQRS block, Jalan Ataturk, the F-6/3 sector, the F-7 sector (the Rana Market), the F-7 sector ( near cricket academy), G-8 sector, Rose and Jasmine Garden, Lotus Garden, F-7 sector (Flower Market), sector F-8/1, F-9 Park (near Mehran Gate), sector G-9/2 , sector F-11 (opposite Khudadad Heights), sector F-10/1 (near the cemetery), sector G-10 (Markaz), sector G-11/2, sector opposite G-10 Markaz and sector D-12/4 .

The CDA and other relevant departments will implement and monitor the project as part of efforts to combat increased air pollution in federal capitals. The CDA’s Environmental Directorate has informed that a unique technique has been pioneered by Japanese botanist Akira Miyawaki. In this approach, dozens of native species are planted in the same area, close to each other, which ensures that the plants receive only sunlight from above, and grow upwards rather than sideways. The climate change ministry’s records show that Miyawaki’s forest can grow into a mature ecosystem in just 20 years compared to the 200 years it takes for a forest to regenerate on its own.


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‘Existential Threats to Our Survival’: Check Out 19 Australia’s Collapsed Ecosystems | Instant News

By Dana M Bergstrom, Euan Ritchie, Lesley Hughes and Michael Depledge

In 1992, 1,700 scientists be warned that man and nature are “on colliding paths”. Seventeen years later, scientists explain planetary boundaries where humans and other lives can have “safe spaces to operate”. These are environmental thresholds, such as the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and changes in land use.

Crossing such boundaries is considered a risk that will cause such a large change in the environment as to create problems existential threat to mankind.

It is this grim reality that is our main research paper, published Thursday, face.

In what is perhaps the most comprehensive evaluation of the state of the environment in Australia, we show major and iconic ecosystems are collapsing across the continent and into Antarctica. This system sustains life, and evidence of its death shows that we are transcending planetary boundaries.

We found 19 Australian ecosystems met our criteria to be classified as “collapsed”. This includes arid interiors, savanna and mangrove Northern Australia, that is Great Barrier Reef, Shark Bay, South Australia kelp and alpine ash forest, tundra on Macquarie Island, and moss in Antarctica.

We define collapse as a state in which an ecosystem has changed substantially and negatively from its original state – such as loss of species or habitat, or reduced vegetation or coral cover – and is unlikely to recover.

Good and Bad News

person An ecosystem consists of living and non-living components, and their interactions. They work like super-complex machines: when some components are removed or stop working, the knock-on consequences can lead to system failure.

Our studies are based on measured data and observations, not modeling or predictions for the future. Happily, not all of the ecosystems we studied collapsed across the entire range. We still have, for example, some intact coral reefs on the Great Barrier Reef, especially in the deeper waters. And northern Australia has some of the most intact and least modified expanses of savanna forest on Earth.

However, collapses are still occurring, including in critical areas for growing food. This includes Murray-Darling Valley, which covers about 14% of mainland Australia. Rivers and other freshwater systems support more than 30% of the Australian diet production.

The effects of floods, fires, heat waves and storms don’t stop at the farm gate; they are felt the same in agricultural areas and natural ecosystems. We must not forget how the cities ran out drinking water during the recent drought.

Drinking water is also at risk when ecosystems collapse in our catchments. In Victoria, for example, giant relegation Mountain Ash Forest greatly reduced the amount of water flowing through the Thompson catchment, threatening the drinking water of nearly five million people in Melbourne.

This is terrible Wake up call – not only warning. Frankly speaking, current changes across continents, and their potential results, pose existential threats to our survival, and to other lives we share the environment with.

In investigating collapse patterns, we found that most ecosystems are experiencing multiple simultaneous stresses from global climate change and human regional impacts (such as land clearing). Stress occurs frequently additives and extreme.

Take for example the last 11 years in Western Australia.

In the summer of 2010 and 2011, a heat wave covering more than 300,000 square kilometers destroying marine and terrestrial ecosystems. The extreme heat destroys forests and forests, seaweed forests, seagrass meadows and coral reefs. This catastrophe was followed by two cyclones.

A record ocean heat wave in late 2019 dealt a further blow. And another ocean heat wave is predicted This April.

These 19 ecosystems are collapsing: read about each

What should be done about it?

person Our brain trust consists of 38 experts from 21 universities, CSIRO, and the federal Department of Water and Agricultural Environment. In addition to measuring and reporting more doom and gloom, we ask the question: what can be done?

We designed a simple but easy to setup scheme called 3A:

  • Awareness of what is important
  • Anticipate what will happen
  • Actions to stop stress or deal with impact.

In our paper, we identify positive actions to help protect or restore ecosystems. A lot has happened. In some cases, ecosystems may be better left to recover on their own, such as corals after a cyclone.

In other cases, active human intervention will be required – for example, placing artificial nesting boxes for Carnaby’s black cockatoos in areas where old trees have grown. deleted.

Actions that are “ready for the future” are also important. This includes restoring cultural burning practices, which has various values ​​and benefits to the Aboriginal community and can help minimize the risk and strength of forest fires.

It may also include replanting riverside along the Murray River with more suitable species warmer conditions.

Some actions may be small and localized, but have substantial positive benefits.

For example, billions of migratory Bogong moths, the main summer food for endangered mountain dwarf possums, have not arrived in typical numbers in Australia’s mountainous regions in recent years. This was made worse by 2019-20 Fire. Brilliant, Victoria Zoo anticipating this pressure and developing food additives – Bogong bicycle.

Other actions that are more challenging, global or large-scale must be dealt with the root cause of environmental threats, as human population growth and per capita consumption environmental resources.

We must immediately reduce greenhouse gas emissions to net zero, eliminating or suppressing such invasive species wild cat and buffel grass, and stopped spreading land clearing and other forms of habitat destruction.

Our Life Depends on It

The collapse of the various ecosystems we have documented in Australia is a sign for environment globally.

The simplicity of 3A is to show people can do something positive, either at the local land-care group level, or at the level of government departments and conservation agencies.

Our life and our life children, as well as us the economy, society and culture, depend on it.

We could not delay any further.

Dana M Bergstrom is the principal research scientist at Wollongong University. Euan Ritchie is a professor in Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, Center for Integrative Ecology, School of Life & Environmental Sciences at Deakin University. Lesley Hughes is a professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at Macquarie University. Michael Depledge is a professor and chair, Environment and Human Health, at the University of Exeter.

Disclosure statement: Dana Bergstrom works for the Australian Antarctic Division and is a Visiting Fellow at the University of Wollongong. His research includes fieldwork on Macquarie Island and in Antarctica supported by the Australian Antarctic Division.

Euan Ritchie receives funding from the Australian Research Council, The Australia and Pacific Science Foundation, Australian Geographic, Parks Victoria, the Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning, and Bushfire and Natural Hazards CRC. Euan Ritchie is the Director (Media Working Group) of the Ecological Society of Australia, and a member of the Australian Mammal Society.

Lesley Hughes receives funding from the Australian Research Council. He is a Board Member on the Australian Climate Council, member of the Wentworth Group of Concerned Scientists and Director of WWF-Australia.

Michael Depledge does not work for, consult, own stock or receive funds from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and does not disclose relevant affiliations outside of their academic appointment.

Reposted with permission from The Conversation.

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German forest decline hits record highs | News | DW | Instant News

Forests in Germany are “sick” and deteriorating at a record rate in 2020, the agriculture minister said, commenting on the annual forest report released on Wednesday.

Forests in Germany covers about one-third of the country’s total area, on 11.4 million hectares (44,000 square miles).

Main report findings:

  • More trees died in Germany in 2020 compared to previous years.
  • Only 21% of the trees observed had an intact crown – an indication of how healthy the tree is.
  • A record 1.7% of trees died between 2019 and 2020 – nearly 10 times the average.
  • Spruce was hardest hit: 4.3% of the trees were dead.
  • Deciduous trees are exposed to canopy thinning, which means they lose most of their normal leaf mass.

Various factors cause tree death

Report which examines the condition of 10,000 trees each year Since 1984, several factors have been identified that have contributed to the decline in German forests.

Bark beetle attack is the leading cause of cypress death in the country. This is made worse due to the dry summers which allow the beetles deep into the bark.

The report also blamed the storm, drought and forest fires in the last three years that caused massive damage to German forests.

What is being done to stop forest disease?

“We have launched the largest ecological forest reconstruction program ever,” said Julia Klöckner, agriculture minister, Wednesday.

For this reason, the government hopes to encourage forest biodiversity with various types of trees.

The government has also pledged around € 1.5 billion ($ 1.8 billion) in funding to support urban and private forest owners.

Nature group BUND feels the government is not moving fast enough.

“The German government must finally take effective climate protection measures and at the same time massively reduce polluting emissions from transportation, industry and agriculture,” the group said.

kmm / aw (Reuters, dpa, AFP)


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The Japanese envoy praised Imran’s initiative in establishing Miyawaki forest | Instant News

Islamabad: Japanese Ambassador Matsuda Kuninori appreciated Prime Minister Imran Khan’s initiative to adopt Japanese Miyawaki cultivation techniques in the country’s urban areas to combat environmental pollution.

“Japan supports PM Imran Khan’s vision of a Green Pakistan because of this enthusiasm shown by the Japanese Embassy in Islamabad by planting lots of trees in the embassy compound as well as in the Islamabad Japanese Garden recently,” the envoy said in a statement.

The ambassador said he appreciated the Pakistani prime minister’s initiative to use the Japanese Miyawaki technique pioneered by botanist and plant ecologist Dr Miyawaki Akira, who advocates the value of natural forests.

“Combating environmental challenges is one of the priority areas for Japan and we appreciate the vision of the Government of Pakistan and Prime Minister Imran Khan to create a pure, green and healthy environment for society,” he said.

Under the Japanese Miyawaki approach, dozens of environmentally suitable species were planted in the same area, close to each other, which ensured that they were grown in a competitive environment, allowing trees to grow faster than a typical farm.

Meanwhile, the Japanese envoy condemned the North Waziristan terrorist attack, which left four female vocational trainers dead and their driver injured. In a message, he said he was deeply saddened and shocked by the killing, conveying his deepest sympathies and sincere condolences to their family and praying for the speedy recovery of the injured. “Japan strongly condemns terrorism in all its forms and manifestations and will continue to support Pakistan’s efforts to fight terrorism,” he said.


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PM instructs to utilize modern technology for forest restoration – Pakistan | Instant News

Published in 18 February 2021 16:18

PM instructed to take advantage of modern technology for forest restoration

ISLAMABAD (Dunya News) – Prime Minister Imran Khan said the protection and restoration of forests was part of the government’s priority because trees and plantations were essential to resist the adverse effects of climate change.

He chaired a meeting in Islamabad today (Thursday) on forest protection and restoration in Punjab.

The Prime Minister instructed the use of modern technology for forest conservation and restoration. He suggested formulating a coordinated policy for forest restoration in the province.

Imran Khan is directed to ensure coordinated steps to stop illegal poaching and tree cutting in Punjab.

The Prime Minister is informed about the steps being taken to revive Manga Chhanga and other forests. It is said that 25,000 hectares of Chhanga Manga forest were turned into barren land by cutting down trees.

From the meeting it was informed that planting on a thousand hectares of land had been completed under the Tsunami of Ten Billion Trees, while forestry on a land of 2,5000 hectares would be completed in 2023.


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