Tag Archives: Greenhouse

Shippers are approaching a global agreement to reduce greenhouse gas pollution | Instant News


LONDON: Nearly 200 countries are approaching a legally binding agreement to reduce pollution from the world’s cargo ships, a step forward after two years of talk about how industry should clean up its emissions.

A series of virtual meetings will begin on Monday hosted by the United Nations shipping agency on a new rating system that will measure the carbon intensity of the 60,000 large ships transporting everything from containers to crude oil.

Following a historic 2018 agreement by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), its members are negotiating ways to achieve their goal of halving industrial emissions by mid-century. All of them agreed a rating system was necessary for the ship’s carbon intensity, but they remained divided about how it should be calculated and how it should be enforced, according to people familiar with the talks and documents seen by Bloomberg.

The International Chamber of Shipping, a group sponsoring the compromise proposal with 14 other countries including Japan, China, Germany and India, said the deal would represent a big leap for the industry.

Environmental groups say shipowners are not moving fast enough and that IMO’s efforts will do little to contain the threat of global warming. “We know a lot more can be done and what we do has to work in practice as well as in writing,” said Simon Bennett, deputy secretary general of the International Chamber of Shipping. “If we are to achieve a truly global solution to total decarbonization of world shipping, then radically innovative technological solutions must be found.”

Starting today, parties to IMO talks will discuss a compromise proposal that maps how the industry will act. They remain divided over the following problems:

European countries argue that the most polluting vessels should be delivered to ships if they still do not comply by 2029.Others including China and Japan, which chair the environmental agency IMO, along with the International Chamber of Shipping, say Europe’s proposed enforcement measures is too restrictive as vessels are already facing energy audits which could result in penalties and penalties if they do not comply.

Environmental groups and countries vulnerable to the worst impacts of climate change, such as the Marshall Islands, say no steps are decisive enough and that even a European plan will allow shipping emissions to continue to increase for another decade.

“Politically if they agree to the proposal, then they have made progress,” said Faig Abbasov, director of dispatch for the Transport and Environment campaign group. “But this compromise text means they basically agreed to do nothing.”

The shipping industry is responsible for enormous pollution. That’s partly because many ships burn heavy oil in what is called sulfur-rich bunker fuel, which causes acid rain. If it were a country, shipments would be alongside Germany as the world’s sixth largest emitter of CO2, according to the World Bank.

The industry brought stringent new requirements this year on fuel quality, helping to reduce sulfur emissions. It remains the main source of nitrogen oxides, another potent greenhouse gas.

Progress in industrial cleaning has been slow. Talks began in 1995, and it took until 2018 for the IMO to agree on a target. The goal is for shipments to reduce carbon dioxide intensity by at least 40% by 2030 compared to 2008 levels. They also agreed that their plans must be in line with the 2015 Paris Agreement to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius. – Bloomberg

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Studies have found that the earth’s atmosphere is more sensitive to carbon dioxide emissions than previously thought | Instant News


A new study that reassesss the sensitivity of the atmosphere to carbon dioxide (CO2) shows that it is hoped that by 2100, the global average temperature rise may be limited to 2.5 degrees Celsius, which can completely rule out whether greenhouse gas emissions continue to grow at the current rate.

This research, based on the Geneva World Climate Research Program, provides the first significant progress in decades, which is to reduce the temperature rise caused by the doubling of carbon dioxide levels since pre-industrialization.

The results of the study show that doubling the temperature will cause the average temperature rise to exceed the pre-industrial level of 2.6 to 4.1 degrees Celsius, making the minimum increase more than one degree beyond the 1.5-4.5 degrees Celsius previously estimated by scientists.

Zeke Hausfather, a climate scientist co-author of the Breakthrough Research Center in Oakland, California, said: “From the right perspective, we are expected to double our current carbon dioxide emissions around 2080.”

climate change It’s about as bad as we thought. “

The scientific consensus believes that unless the rate of greenhouse gas emissions drops, it will be almost impossible to achieve the 2015 Paris climate agreement to limit the global average temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

Since the late 1970s, doubling the concentration of carbon dioxide has been the backbone of future global temperature models, known as the climate sensitivity parameter.

The research, published Wednesday in the journal Geophysical Review, relies on computer simulations using satellite observations, historical temperature records, and prehistoric temperature evidence from sources such as tree rings.

© Thomson Reuters 2020

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Read Permanent Orders in Fully Modified Homes From Governor Pritzker Now Now Questionable – NBC Chicago | Instant News


Illinois Governor J.B. Pritzker announced last week that he would extend the country stay at home until May 30 because the state continues to see an increase in the number of cases of the corona virus, but Monday’s ruling could temporarily stop the restrictions.

Clay County Judge, Michael McHaney rule against Pritzker’s orders, giving a restraining order to temporarily block house-based restrictions which take effect on Friday, according to local reports.

The verdict came after Rep. Republican State Darren Bailey of Xenia filed a lawsuit in the Clay County District Court which claimed Pritzker exceeded his authority and violated the civil rights of citizens. Pritzker on Thursday extended his order at home until May 30 because the highly contagious COVID-19 continued to infect thousands in the state.

Read Pritzker’s complete instructions below as provided by the governor’s office.

Based on data from scientists and health experts and after consulting with stakeholders across the state, Governor JB Pritzker announced that he would sign a modified version of the country stay at home which will take effect on May 1 to continue life-saving progress. made during the past month while also allowing additional occupants in the safest way possible.

In conjunction with today’s announcement, the Governor released modeling today united by top academic institutions and researchers in Illinois who predicted the course of the corona virus in the state over the coming months. At our current trajectory, the state is projected to see peaks or plateaus of deaths per day between late April and early May, but if home stay orders are revoked this week, the model anticipates a second wave of outbreaks in Illinois starting in May, which will snatch tens of thousands of lives and far exceed the capacity of state hospitals.

“Make no mistake, Illinois has saved many lives. By staying at home and maintaining social distance, we have maintained our infection and death rates for March and April, thousands below the projected figure if we did not implement this mitigation strategy, “Governor JB Pritzker said. “I know how much we all want our normal lives back. But this is the part where we have to explore and understand that the sacrifice we make is a circumstance to avoid the worst case scenario working – and we need to keep going a little longer to finish the job. “

STAY AMENDED AT HOME ORDER

Applying mitigation measures is only possible with wide availability and access to COVID-19 testing, tracking and treatment. Data shows that if the country raised mitigation abruptly this week, this would produce a second wave of infections, hospitalization and death.

After consulting with doctors, scientists, and experts in Illinois and around the world, the Governor has announced that he will sign a modified version of a permanent order in the state that will take effect on May 1 and extended until the end of the month. Modified orders will strengthen the country’s social distance requirements while giving residents additional flexibility and providing measurable assistance for non-essential businesses in the safest way.

The new executive order will include the following modifications which are effective May 1:
• OUTDOOR RECREATION: State parks will begin a gradual reopening under the guidance of the Department of Natural Resources. Fishing and boating in groups of no more than two people will be permitted. A list of parks to open on May 1 and additional guidelines can be found on the Illinois Department of Natural Resources, HERE’s website. Golf will be permitted under the strict safety guidelines provided by the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunities (DCEO) and when ensuring that social distance is followed.

• NEW IMPORTANT BUSINESS: Greenhouses, garden centers and nurseries can be reopened as important businesses. These shops must follow the social distance requirements and must require employees and customers to wear face coverings. Animal care services can also be reopened.

• NON-IMPORTANT RETAIL: Retail stores that are not designated as non-essential businesses and operations can be reopened to fulfill telephone and online orders through out-of-store pickup and delivery.

• FACE CLOSURE: Beginning on May 1, individuals will be asked to wear face masks or masks when in public places where they cannot maintain a six foot social distance. Face coverings will be needed in public closed spaces, such as shops. This new requirement applies to all individuals over the age of two who can medically tolerate face masks.

• IMPORTANT BUSINESSES AND MANUFACTURING: Important businesses and factories will be required to provide face coverings for all employees who are unable to maintain a social distance of six feet, and follow new requirements that maximize social distance and prioritize welfare. employees and customers. This will include occupancy limits for important businesses and precautions such as shifts that surprise and only operate important lines for producers.

• SCHOOL: Educational institutions can allow and establish procedures for taking the required supplies or student belongings. Displacement of dormitories must follow public health guidelines, including social exclusion.

The Illinois Department of Public Health will also issue guidelines for health centers and hospitals to allow certain elective surgery for non-life-threatening conditions, starting May 1. Facilities must meet certain criteria, including an appropriate PPE, ensuring sufficient overall space for COVID-19 patients to remain available, and elective surgical patient testing to ascertain COVID-19 negative status.

MODELING COVID-19 IN ILLINOIS

While previous projections relied on data from other countries applied in the United States, the modeling released today analyzed two-month daily data on COVID-19 deaths and ICU use in Illinois.

Top researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Northwestern School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago and Illinois Department of Public Health, together with McKinsey and Mier Consulting Group who work on behalf of the City of Chicago and Cook County, work on this projection as a cohort under Civis Analytics, a data analysis company with experience spanning the public and private sectors.

According to the state model, living in a home order has the effect intended to level the curve in Illinois.

Without staying at home, the model estimates that there will be 10 to 20 times more deaths today and that peak mortality rates and peak resource use will be 20 to 30 times what we would see with mitigation. In addition, this calculation does not account for deaths due to lack of access to health resources, so the actual number is likely to be higher.

If housing orders are revoked this week, mortality and hospitalization rates will begin to increase sharply in mid-May. It is projected that the highest mortality rate and peak resource requirements will be almost as high as if no mitigation actions had been taken. During the current outbreak, the model estimates there will be 5 to 10 times more deaths than we would see if we continued mitigation.

In one of the above scenarios, as much as half of the state population can be infected with COVID-19 at once, which will flood the health care system and result in more deaths.

As a further warning of relaxed mitigation without carefully considering the consequences, the model estimates that the number of infected people may have the same size as when the order was started. Even when hospitalization and death begin to decrease, there are still enough active cases to lead to the second wave. Fortunately, staying at home has prevented a large portion of the population from becoming ill, but that also means that a large portion of the population remains vulnerable to the virus.

Maintaining our current vigilance in controlling this epidemic is very important. The model donated by UIUC and UChicago projects daily death peaks or plains between late April and early May. The median and daily mortality range, within a 95% confidence interval, is illustrated below.

Both of these projections show that after the peak, we must expect deaths to take longer to drop to pre-epidemic levels than is needed to rise, underscoring the importance of remaining in the coming weeks and months.

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