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The Pacific Islands must stop relying on foreign aid to adapt to climate change, because the money will not last long | Instant News

Author: Patrick D. Nunn

(MENAFN – Conversation) The storms of climate change are approaching the Pacific Islands. Its impact has been greatly strengthened by decades of global inertia and the increasing dependence of islands in developed countries.

The background of this situation is very easy. For a long time, richer developed countries have borne the costs of climate change in poorer developing countries, making them dependent on Western solutions to their climate-related problems.

Read more: Their fate is not sealed: Pacific nations can survive climate change – if the local population takes the lead

But as rising sea water continues to penetrate these low Pacific islands, flooding infrastructure and even gravesites, it is clear that almost every externally sponsored effort for climate adaptation has failed here.

And as the costs of adaptation in rich countries increase, this funding support to developing countries is likely to decrease in the future.

We have been researching climate change adaptation in the Pacific for more than 50 years. We think this trend is not only unsustainable, but also dangerous. Pacific Island countries must start drawing from traditional knowledge to adapt to climate change, rather than continuing to rely on foreign funds.

High waves destroy this sea wall in Majuro Atoll (Marshall Islands). Patrick Nunn, the author provided Western solutions do not always work

On a global scale, climate adaptation strategies are for the most part ineffective or unsustainable.

This is especially so in non-Western contexts, where Western science continues to be privileged. In the Pacific Islands, this often happens because these Western strategies are always inferior to subordinates, even ignoring, funding worldviews based on recipient culture.

A good example is the desire of foreign donors to build hard structures, such as sea walls, to protect eroded beaches. This is the preferred strategy in rich countries.

But it does not include nature-based solutions such as replanting coastal mangroves, which can be more easily maintained in a worse context.

Possible scenario

The availability of external financial assistance means developing countries are becoming more dependent on their wealthier counterparts for climate change adaptation.

For example, between 2016 and 2019, Australia provided A $ 300 million to help Pacific Island countries adapt to climate change, committed to $ 500 million until 2025. This left little need or incentive for these countries to fund their own adaptation needs .

Read more: Pacific Islanders will no longer be resistant to Australia’s slowness about climate change

But imagine this climate change scenario. Ten years from now, unprecedented rainfall has been dumped on Australia’s east coast for a long time. Some cities become flooded and remain so for weeks.

As a result, the Australian government is struggling to make the area that was recently flooded once more habitable. They built a series of massive coastal embankments to prevent rising seas from flooding populated areas.

The costs are exorbitant and unpredictable – like COVID-19 – so the government will find ways to mess up the money. This might include reducing financial assistance for climate change adaptation in poor countries.

Plunge in international aid

Economic modeling shows countries will bear the great costs of this century to adapt to climate change within their own borders. So, rich countries that are almost inevitable will rethink the extent of their assistance to developing countries.

The latest Australian GDP and projected aid for adaptation to the Pacific Island. country. Patrick Nunn, the author provided

In fact, even before the pandemic, Australia’s foreign aid budget was projected to reduce significantly by almost 12% from 2020 to 2023.

These factors do not bode well for developing countries, which will face higher costs of climate adaptation and reduced foreign aid.

Read more: Australia spends less on diplomacy than ever before – and its influence has suffered greatly

Building autonomy with ‘adaptation without cash’

The leaders of developing countries must anticipate this situation now, and reverse their dependence on outside assistance.

For example, rural communities in areas such as the Pacific Islands can revive the use of ‘cashless adaptation’. This means developing ways of adjusting livelihoods to climate change that don’t require money.

These methods include the deliberate planting of surplus crops, the use of traditional methods of food preservation and storage of water, the use of locally available materials free of charge and labor to build marine defenses. And that might even include the recognition that living along the coast makes you unnecessary to weather-related changes.

Before globalization, this was what happened for decades, even centuries, in places like the rural islands of the Pacific. Then, adaptation to a changing environment is supported by cooperation with one another and the use of freely available materials, not by cash.

The flooding in Sydney earlier this year was a sense of global warming. AAP Image / Joel Carrett

The researchers also argued for a strategy of ‘waiting for the past’ regarding Hawaii’s climate adaptation.

And research from last year in Fiji shows more rural communities still have and use traditional methods to anticipate and withstand disasters, such as floods and drought.

Read more: Five years after the earthquake in Bhaktapur, Nepal, recovery led by relics united the community

We can take this argument further. Maybe it’s time for the Pacific Islands countries to rediscover traditional medicines, at least for primary health care, to complement western medicine.

Greater production and consumption of locally grown food, more than imported food, is also an important and valuable transformation.

The future of the developing world

Dirak faluw (‘the house of men’) in the Village of Questions in Yap (Micronesia) is. built by community workers using locally available materials. Roselyn Kumar, author provided

The need for countries to adapt to unexpected phenomena such as climate change and COVID-19 encourages de-globalization – including that countries are less dependent on cross-border assistance and economic activity. So, it seems inevitable that in the current global situation, smaller economies will be forced to become more efficient and independent.

Restoring traditional adaptation strategies will not only encourage effective and sustainable climate change adaptation, but will also restore the confidence of the population in their own predetermined ways of dealing with environmental shocks.

This not only means finding ways to reduce costs through adaptation without cash, but also to explore radical ways to reduce dependency and increase autonomy. Calls for past practice, and traditional ways of coping, are worth considering.



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Building your own home from a low income group has become a reality: Murad – Pakistan | Instant News

Last updated when July 26, 2020 19:14

Building your own home from a low income group has become a reality: Murad

ISLAMABAD (Dunya News) – Minister of Communication and Postal Services Murad Saeed on Sunday said that building one’s own house is no longer a dream, because it has become a reality.

In a tweet, he said that for low-income people, building a house through the Prime Minister’s construction assistance package is now very easy. He thanked Prime Minister Imran Khan for launching this historic initiative.

He said they even criticized this history for promising “Bread, Capra and Eating” for 50 years but plundering and plundering national resources.


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Quads was born in Bern | MENAFN.COM | Instant News

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Three boys and one girl – Katharina, Theodor, Amadeus and Samuel – each weigh 1-1.5 kg (2.2-3.3 lb) at birth, said Daniel Surbek, chief doctor of the gynecology clinic Insel Hospital.

While their mothers will be able to go home in two days, the children will stay until they weigh 2-2.5kg, he said, Friday.

The four babies were born by cesarean section at the beginning of the eighth month of pregnancy. More than 20 specialist doctors and nurses care for mothers during childbirth.

Rare event

Quads was last born in Switzerland, which saw about 88,000 lives born a year, more than four years ago, the hospital said.

A study in 2011 found that the incidence of quadruplets and triplets in Switzerland had declined over the previous two decades, while triplets had increased by 40%.

There are at least three sets of triplets reported in Switzerland and no sextuplets or more. Globally, the highest number of births that survive is eight (eight times).


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‘The fear of being forced to leave Switzerland is increasing’ | Instant News

(MENAFN – Swissinfo) Many immigrants in Switzerland have been devastated by the economic crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic. The new rules mean that many people are afraid of taking welfare. This is a situation that needs to be changed, said integration expert Francesca Chukwunyere.

This content was published on July 24, 2020 – 09:00 July 24, 2020 – 09:00 Patricia Islas

A journalist at Swiss Radio International, a predecessor to SWI swissinfo.ch, began in 1999. Started as an investigative journalist and TV reporter in Mexico.


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    (id) “The fear of leaving Switzerland is greater”

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    (id) “Fear of having to leave Switzerland to grow”

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    (id) Francesca Chukwunyere: “The fear of leaving Switzerland is getting stronger

In January 2019, the Federal Law on Foreign Citizens and Integration was revised to extend the requirements for granting a residence permit. For example, the social security office is obliged to report the names of people who receive benefits to local immigration officials. Depending on the individual situation, the authorities may decide to hold an annual residence permit or decrease the permanent residence permit, Chukwunyere explained.

The ethnologist is the deputy director of the isa immigration advisory center in Bern.

swissinfo.ch: What is currently the biggest concern among foreigners who come to your organization for advice?

Francesca Chukwunyere: Fall into poverty and fear of having to leave Switzerland as a result. This pandemic highlights and exacerbates the problem that has been raging for some time – the amendment to the Federal Law on Foreign Citizens and Integration means that many people decide not to take welfare because they fear this will put their residence permits at risk.

Francisca Chukwunyere (58) was born in Bern as a German citizen. At the age of 20, he became a Swiss citizen. He has worked on immigration matters for 20 years, also as head of the “isa” advice center for foreigners in Bern, and in 2019 became a member of the Bern city council. swissinfo.ch

swissinfo.ch: Who are you talking about actually?

FC: People employed on relatively insecure requirements. These are the majority of the foreign workforce who are in temporary work arrangements, or so-called “poor workers”. So low-income families are very dependent on two or three incomes to feed their children.

These people felt a double or triple pandemic effect. They are the first to be overused or have their work hours cut. A single mother who is paid hourly as a cashier, for example. Or masons with low wages.

They are migrants who are now afraid of losing their residence permit.

swissinfo.ch: How do they avoid this amid the economic crisis?

FC: Some avoid taking any social benefits, so not only direct income support, but also additional benefits such as discounts on health insurance or support for eligible childcare for low-income people.

This payment can be counted as social welfare in some cantons, although that is not the norm.

This has caused a lot of insecurity among strangers. They don’t want to make mistakes or take any risks because for most of them, maintaining the right to stay is their top priority.

We must not forget that from January 2019, the social security office was required to report the names of people who received social welfare or additional benefits to local immigration officials. And depending on the individual situation, this authority may decide to withhold annual residence permits from foreigners, or replace permanent residence permits with annual permits. Changes to the law even affect foreigners who have lived in Switzerland for more than 15 years.

swissinfo.ch: What can your organization do to alleviate this concern?

FC: We have to explain many times what is permitted by law and what is not. However, we are not always sure of ourselves what is permitted, because this new law gives plenty of space for cities and cantons to maneuver. There are some situations that are not set to the last detail. And the law can be interpreted in various ways.

So far, very few cases have been handled by the Swiss Federal Court. So there is some legal uncertainty for us too. We are not always 100% sure that what we think we understand is valid. The same is true for colleagues at other advisory centers and social service offices.

swissinfo.ch: What will make it clearer?

FC: There will only be clarity when the case comes to court. And this is difficult, because if foreigners bring immigration authorities to court, then he, in a sense, challenges the country that takes him.

We believe that it is very important to suspend the population procedures connected with social welfare and the Foreign Citizenship Law for the time being, until the crisis caused by the pandemic ends.

When poverty and financial assistance hamper integration

In addition to the impact of social welfare on residence permits, Swiss civil law states the following (since 2018): anyone who has received social welfare in the three years immediately before submitting his citizenship or receiving social welfare while submitting his citizenship is being carried out. processed does not meet the required participation standards in economic life, unless social welfare is fully restored (Article.7)

Most of the 26 cantons follow this three-year rule, except for Basel-Country and Thurgau, which has extended it to five years, and Bern, Aargau and Graubünden, which have raised it to 10 years.

Against this background of law, and given the economic crisis caused by the pandemic, federal authorities have advised the territorial immigration authority to consider this extraordinary situation and ensure that those affected are not disadvantaged by the situation.

At the federal level, the parliamentary initiative presented in June aims to amend the Foreign Citizenship and Integration Act to prevent people who have lived in Switzerland for more than 10 years from being forced to leave the country because they are recipients of social welfare.

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    Coronavirus: 169 new cases in Italy, death rate 13 – UK | Instant News

    (ANSA) – ROME, 13 JULY – The health ministry said Monday that there were 169 new COVID-19 infections in Italy in the past 24 hours.

    That’s down from 234 new cases reported on Sunday.

    The total number of coronavirus deaths in Italy is now 34,967 The total cases registered here, including those who died, who were recovered and those who are currently infected, are now 243,230.