Tag Archives: high

New Data Reveals About Global Height Trends and BMI | Instant News

A new global study reveals unhealthy growth trends in several countries, including the United States. Overall, these studies show wide variations in height and BMI among school-age children in 200 countries from 1985-2019.

Researchers from the Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factors Collaboration collected data from 2,181 population-based studies to assess height and BMI trends among individuals aged 5-19 years. Overall, the data includes 65 million participants worldwide, thus covering 98.7% of the world’s population for 2019.

Using the Bayesian hierarchical model, they estimated the mean height and mean BMI by country, year, sex, age.

So, in 2019, the countries with the highest population aged 19 were the Netherlands, Montenegro, Estonia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina for boys – and the Netherlands, Montenegro, Denmark and Iceland for girls. The countries with the shortest populations were Timor-Leste, Laos, Solomon Islands, and Papua New Guinea for boys – and Guatemala, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Timor-Leste for girls.

The estimated mean difference between these countries is ≥20 cm.

The countries with the highest BMI are the Pacific island nations, Kuwait, Bahrain, Bahamas, Chile, USA, and New Zealand for boys and girls – South Africa for girls. The countries with the lowest average BMI were India, Bangladesh, Timor-Leste, Ethiopia, and Chad for boys and girls – as well as Japan and Romania for girls

The estimated mean difference between these groups is about 9-10 kg / m2 (or about 25 kg).

They also reported that children aged 5 years tended to have a healthier BMI or weight compared to subsequent years as they got older.

“In some countries, children as young as 5 years old start with a height or BMI that is healthier than the global median and, in some cases, as healthy as the best performing countries, but they become less healthy than their comparators as they increase. their age by not growing. are tall (for example, boys in Austria and Barbados, and girls in Belgium and Puerto Rico) or are overweight for their height (for example, girls and boys in Kuwait, Bahrain, Fiji, Jamaica , and Mexico; and girls in South Africa and New Zealand), ”they wrote.

In contrast, they noted that children in other countries overtook their peers in terms of height or weight gain with age.

The least healthy changes, defined as gaining too little or too much weight compared to other countries, were most pronounced in many countries in sub-Sabaharan Africa, New Zealand, and the United States for both boys and girls.

The authors comment on the implications of their findings and what could potentially be revealed about child nutrition.

“The finding that children in some countries grow up healthy up to 5 years of age but do not continue throughout the school years suggests an imbalance between investing in improved nutrition and growth before age 5 and doing so in school-age children and adolescents,” they write. .

They conclude by suggesting that these findings should motivate further investment in policies and interventions aimed at supporting health growth in individuals from birth to adolescence. These measures can include improved nutritional quality, a healthier quality of life, and the provision of high-quality preventive and curative care.

Learning, “Trajectories of height and body mass indexes of school-age children and adolescents from 1985 to 2019 in 200 countries and territories: a combined analysis of 2,181 population-based studies with 65 million participants, “Published online at Lancet.


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No word on the findings of the three high profile commissions | Instant News

ISLAMABAD: Nothing has been officially disclosed about the fate of the three commissions set up with excitement to investigate serious indictments or resolve major national issues. At least two forums were given a specific period of time to complete their assignment, and the deadline has long since passed.

In July this year, the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) government established a three-member investigation commission to investigate allegations against Ajmal Wazir following his dismissal as information adviser to Chief Minister Mahmood Khan. The commission is asked to submit its report within 30 days. At the direction of Prime Minister Imran Khan, Mahmood Khan has dismissed advisors and formed a commission.

Ajmal Wazir is accused of taking commissions and deductions from an advertising agency. By that time, damning audio recordings had emerged prompting action against him. Ajmal Wazir and others, believed to be the owners of the advertising agency, were heard discussing a project, its costs and taxes over the alleged amount of bribes. The adviser expressed displeasure at having to pay general sales tax on his share of the alleged commission.

Ajmal Wazir and others later claimed that the conversation had been edited and put together to give the false impression that they were negotiating a deal.

The KP government has established such a body under the Investigative Court Ordinance, 1969. They are required to determine the authenticity or otherwise of the audio clip through forensic analysis and / or other indirect evidence if any; inspect the procurement under discussion in the audio clip and conduct a thorough review of the awarding process and subsequent procurement execution to determine errors and irregularities, if any, and the person responsible, if any. So far there has been no news regarding the commission’s findings.

In June 2019, a Commission of Inquiry was formed by Prime Minister Imran Khan to investigate the use of loans taken from 2008 to 2018 by the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) and the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) during their respective terms. Hussain Asghar, who was deputy chairman of the National Accountability Bureau (NAB), was appointed head and asked to complete his report within six months.

It is mandated to correct responsibility for illegality or irregularity and refer it to the relevant agency or department for prosecution of those responsible. The Commission is directed to investigate and investigate the award or performance of a contract or agreement or project and whether any debt was taken for a particular project or undertaking and the allocated money was then spent and spent on it or not.

It is tasked with examining whether the terms and conditions of any public contract are tainted or benevolent or artificially inflated to facilitate bribery, and if so, for whose benefit.

It is geared towards seeing if any public office holders or their spouses, children and anyone connected with them are spending any public funds to meet personal or private expenses beyond what has been permitted under laws and regulations.

Prime Minister Imran Khan, who formed the commission, wanted to know why Pakistan’s total debt and liabilities, which were less than Rs7,000 billion in 2017, had risen to Rs30,000 billion in 2018 when PML-N came to power. He alleges that this enormous debt was added by the PPP and PML-N governments recently to increase the wealth of their top leaders.

In May this year, it was reported that the commission had submitted its report to the prime minister. However, if true, the findings are yet to be published. One report also claims that the forum has found no cases of borrowed funds going into the pockets of any key politician or bureaucrat. All of the receipts showed that the funds went to government accounts. The report stated that the agency had found no cases of fraud and corruption.

During the tenure of the previous two administrations, leading economist Dr Waqar Masood Khan, who in October this year was made special assistant by Prime Minister Imran Khan on revenue, has worked in a top position handling negotiations for this loan.

A third body, the National Financial Commission (NFC), was created in May this year. President Arif Alvi notified the formation of 11 members of the National Finance Commission (NFC) to announce a new award for the sharing of federal resources that can be shared between the Center and the provinces. However, the move caused controversy at the start due to authorization from Financial Advisor Hafeez Shaikh to chair the NFC meeting. The Sindh government registered its protest by writing letters to the prime minister on this and other matters.

Disputes also erupted over the selection of Javed Jabbar as a non-legal member to represent Balochistan on NFC. The problem was also brought to court. As a result, Javed Jabbar withdrew his candidacy. In July, Balochistan appointed leading economist Kaiser Bengali as its non-official member. Since then, nothing has been heard about NFC; nothing organized and no requests for Commission meetings.


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Farhat wants to end his career with high achievement | Instant News

KARACHI: Former Exam opener Imran Farhat on Saturday said this was his last year playing domestic cricket and he wanted to finish on a high note.

“Since it’s my last year, I want to finish the season on a high note,” Imran said at a virtual press conference after he guided Balochistan to 297-6 against South Punjab, scoring 100 not leaving before exiting on a hamstring. injury.

However, he is now fine and said that he will play again on Sunday (today). Farhat reached the 38th century in its 224th class. He said he was trying to carry out the plan that had been given to him by coach Faisal Iqbal.

“When we saw the field on Friday, we discussed it with Faisal and he gave us a plan. “It’s always beneficial when a session-to-session plan is made and the boys then go out to carry it out fearlessly,” Farhat said.

“Before the start of the season Faisal told me what role I had to play. He told me to guide the kids and I tried to do that, ”said Farhat.

He said that they would work hard on Sunday (today) to add to their total. “We have already posted close to 300. A score like that puts pressure on the opposition. We will play all out tomorrow and will try to score the maximum, “said Farhat.


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The high school soccer team adapts to play a few games a week | Instant News

WAYNE, W.Va. (WSAZ) – Usually high school football teams spend the week getting ready for matches on Friday nights, but in this pandemic year, games are played almost daily.

Due to a pandemic wrecking schedules, schools are constantly scrambling to schedule matches when and wherever they can.

Tuesday will mark the fourth game Wayne Pioneers has played in just 12 days. This is an adjustment for a tough physical sport that is usually only played once a week.

Coach Tom Harmon says with so many changes week to week depending on what color a county is on a particular Saturday, scheduling opponents, not to mention trying to make plans for them, has turned into an impromptu affair.

“From a schema point of view, when you play another team you don’t have a chance to take on the things they are doing well,” said Harmon.

The Pioneers have to sit in the first part of the season because Wayne County is in the orange team. Now they are playing more games in less time.

“You don’t have time to go deeper, and you have to cut short what you usually do,” Harmon said.

Wayne’s athletic trainer, Gabrielle Cotton, says they lighten up the exercises to prevent student athletes from fatigue.

“Having more games makes them rest more, because the training is less intense,” says Cotton. “They do more hands-on practice than hard practice.”

“You can’t do physical exercise or anything,” says Harmon. “It’s just a stretch type situation. They may actually rest more short distances between matches, because their training is not intense. “

Copyright 2020 WSAZ. All rights reserved.


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Fishermen fear the islands will rush to leave them high & dry | Instant News

HYDERABAD: The livelihoods of the fishermen, who live along the coast of Karachi, Sindh, are likely to find themselves stranded due to the development of loosely regulated housing communities on the nearby islets, where they operate.

Muhammad Hassan Birwani, a fisherman from Ibrahim Hydri, the largest fishing area in Karachi, remembers the past saying he was very young when he started going to nearby islands, including Dingi and Bhandar near the Phitti and Korangi rivers with the elders in small boats. .

Since then he still went there in his boat to catch. They have a traditional fishing technique known locally as “lathe jo ban or ban jali”. Special nets are required in this method for towing and trawling. Thus, this small boat does not need to travel far to the high seas for fishing.

In this practice, fishermen form two groups consisting of five or six groups. One group remained on the boat, while the others took up positions on the island to pull a wide net toward them. It took them two or three hours to complete their catch. On their way back to the landing site, they sort the catch for the market.

Fishermen say certain islands and streams have the potential to catch fish. Whenever they face restrictions, such as weather-related fishing bans, they move their boats to these islands to meet the needs of both.

There are about thirty fishing vessels in the area each carrying 15-16 crew. These small-scale fishermen follow the phases of the moon, looking for natural tides to leave their jetty to catch fish. There is no definite timing for this type of fishing, as it depends on the tides, which they are always monitoring. Once they find them profitable, they go out to sea, sometimes in the morning, and at other times in the afternoon or evening, depending on the situation.

This ship catches all fish species available in the area, including shrimp and crab. Each worker on board can earn Rs1200-1500 daily through this particular fishing method within two – three hours.

Elderly fishermen have fond memories of the past and the changes they witnessed during their 50-60 year career. Apart from the people who use these “ban jali”, several other boats also travel to the islands to stay there briefly to wash nets and other equipment. Otherwise, these islands are uninhabited. However, because of the beautiful scenery, they sometimes attract picnics.

Birwani owns a small boat, which he operates for routine trips. He was aware of new developments on the islands. “We are always challenged on trips to the islands by personnel from certain coastal agencies. But we always choose to compromise and continue to chase our catch because our family needs it to survive, “he said. Commenting on this specific fishing method, Akhtar Shaikh, a community activist and trader, dealing with the seafood business at the pier, said, “Some people have taken this technique to a higher level because now they are using two boats to tow and trawl. where the crew drags the net over the boat, instead of doing it from the island ”.

But the majority of people still use traditional methods of trawling and trawling, which they think are easy to fish, Shaikh said. He said there were also several other island villages off the Karachi coast, including Khahi, Khudi and Paityani, inhabited by a small number of families, living there for generations.

“These places are covered by mangroves all around, providing storm protection for the people who live there.” This island family also uses the same technique to catch fish, which they sell to traders, coming to them every day. Entire families including women and children work to contribute to their survival.

Talking about the twin islands, Dingi and Bhandar, which are located near the famous tributaries of Phiti and Korani, he said, “Both places are considered potential fishing grounds and a small number of people nett their livelihoods from these waters.

There are small patches of mangroves near the islands, but they are uninhabited. There are about 74 islands named by the community. If not, there may be more small and large islands along the Sindh coast, which are spread over some 350 kilometers. Asif Bhatti from the Native Indigenous Fishermen Association (NIFA) from Pulau Bhit, Keamari, said that the development of the island city is bad news for the future of the fishing community.

Nifa represents residents living in the well-known island villages of Baba, Bhit, Salehabad, Manora, and Shamspir near Keamari, the Karachi coast, which is home to mostly fishermen, living there long before the development of the metropolitan city.

“Once the island cities develop, investors may need more land for expansion and they may push all of us out of our homes to reach their targets,” fears Bhatti. “We are afraid to see that we may be relocated and may have to leave our settlements sooner or later. “There is no clear statement in the notification to release the island village,” he said.

When interviewing elderly fishermen, it was found that they only wanted guarantees of livelihood protection. They fear that their traditional routes to potential fishing areas near tributaries and the high seas will be impeded by this development.

Many elderly fishermen have seen the development of Karachi and claim that their ancestors contributed greatly to building the city. Ayoub Shan, who works to promote education among coastal community girls, said, “The majority of fishermen lead a simple life centered on livelihoods. They avoid involvement in socio-political activities ”.

“Poverty and unconsciousness in society can be measured by the fact that many Ibrahim Hydri people never travel to urban areas, not even for pleasure or entertainment.”

Shan said uncertainty has always loomed over them in the form of ups and downs of weather, rain and now the COVID-19 pandemic, which is causing a lot of trouble for fishermen. “They do not realize their rights or take away the fishing area, which they rely on, even though they are natural custodians of these resources,” he said.

He said climate change had made coastal communities vulnerable to disasters and this man-made development may prove to be the final nail in the coffin. “Mangroves, a natural shield from disasters like cyclones, can be destroyed in the name of development. If that happens, it will not only deprive fishermen of their livelihoods, but also leave residents along the coast and in cities vulnerable to heat waves and disasters, ”he said. Shan urged the government to step in and examine the uncontrolled and planned urbanization of these islands, off the coast of Karachi, in the hands of money-minded builders and developers.


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