Tag Archives: International Relations

Libya Political Dialogue Forum – Statement by France, Germany, Italy, Great Britain and the United States (21 January 2021) | Instant News


The governments of France, Germany, Italy, Great Britain and the United States welcomed the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum (LPDF) vote in favor of a new interim executive authority election mechanism, which will guide Libya to national elections on December 24. , 2021. This is an important step towards the unity of Libya. The LPDF decision affirms the clear demands of the Libyan people that it is time for a change in the status quo. We urge all Libyan parties to act promptly and in good faith to complete adoption through the LPDF of a united and inclusive government. As participants in the Berlin Conference process and international partner Libya, we will give our full support to the LPDF’s efforts.

We also welcome the appointment of the UN Secretary General Ján Kubiš as the Secretary General’s Special Envoy for Libya, and the appointment of Raisedon Zenenga as UNSMIL Coordinator and Georgette Gagnon as Resident Coordinator and Humanitarian Coordinator, and we will fully support them in their important role. We express our continued thanks to Acting UN Special Representative, Stephanie Williams, for her unwavering leadership in UN mediation until Mr Kubiš took up his position.

One year after the Berlin Conference, we underlined the important role of the international community in supporting a political solution in Libya as well as our ongoing partnerships with members of the Berlin Process. We remind members of the Berlin Process of the solemn commitment we all made at the summit one year ago, strengthened by UNSCR 2510. In particular, we must continue to support the ceasefire, restore full respect to the UN arms embargo, and end foreign poisoning. interference that undermines the aspirations of all Libyans to re-establish their sovereignty and choose their future peacefully through national elections. It is imperative that all Libyan and international actors support steps towards the full implementation of the Libyan ceasefire agreement signed on 23 October last year, including the immediate opening of coastal roads and the removal of all foreign fighters and mercenaries.

.



image source

Fashion at Biden-Harris Inauguration Showcases Commitment to American Designers | Instant News


AMERICAN The fashion industry suddenly came back to life. For today’s inauguration, President Joe Biden, first lady Dr. Jill Biden, Vice President Kamala Harris, and second man Douglas Emhoff all chose to wear work by American designers or labels, including Ralph Lauren, Christopher John Rogers, and Markarian. “These moments on Day One are very important for an industry that has been hit hard and hit by the pandemic,” said Steven Kolb, chief executive of the Council of Fashion Designers of America. “By wearing these American designers, they are not only increasing the businesses of those individuals, but they are actually raising a $ 373 billion industry … We have a new government that clearly welcomes and wants to support our industry. “

Whether you realize it or not, the color purple – which can be seen as a symbolic marriage with red and blue – is also the theme, with Ms. Harris, Hillary Clinton and Michelle Obama all loved the colors for today’s ceremony.

VP Kamala Harris and First Lady Jill Biden Display Intention to Support American Designers

For today’s inauguration, the upcoming first lady, Dr. Biden, wearing a custom blue woolen dress, coat and matching face mask from the New York Markarian brand, designed by Alexandra O’Neill. Ms. Harris wore an elegant purple coat and dress by Christopher John Rogers, a black New York designer known for his striking use of color. Mr. Rogers has recently been in the spotlight for making the structured blue suit the Rep. Alexandra Ocasio-Cortez in her December 2020 Vanity Fair cover story about women congressmen. Ms. Obama, whose fashion choices as first lady were covered in breathless media coverage and in the J.Crew case, increased sales of certain items, also selected a black American designer for today’s inauguration. The former first lady wore a burgundy ensemble by Sergio Hudson.

At the pre-inauguration ceremony of the Corona virus last night, Dr. Biden and Mrs. Harris also gave a firm statement in choosing a designer. Dr. Biden wore a purple dress, coat, and mask from up-and-coming New York designer Jonathan Cohen, whose parents are Mexican. Ms. Harris wore a custom camel coat from Pyer Moss, a label founded by Kerby Jean-Raymond, a socially conscious black designer of Haitian descent.

Ms. stepdaughter. Harris, Ella Emhoff, an art student who is interested in fashion, got buzz on social media for her experimental looks. Yesterday she was wearing a sophisticated skirt and tie suit from American designer Thom Browne. For the inauguration, she wore a plaid coat emblazoned by the Italian label Miu Miu.

.



image source

Google and Fitbit say “I do,” but marriage can still be annulled | Instant News


Google and Fitbit Inc. announced last week that the merger of the two companies has ended, but Alphabet Inc.’s antitrust dilemma may make this huge transaction far from complete.

Controversial acquisition conclusion It triggered immediate opposition from a ranking member of the Senate’s Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer Rights Subcommittee and possible future chairperson Senator Amy Klobuchar, as well as some privacy organizations, who opposed Fitbit’s Personal information can be fed into letters
GOOGL,
+ 4.53%

Gosh,
+4.36%

Modem.

“Although Fitbit is a personal health care device in the first place, it collects information and uses it to collect highly personal information,” St. John’s University law professor Anthony Sabino told MarketWatch. “I can see that Justice is deeply concerned about Google’s ability to access this kind of caring customer information through Fitbit, at least as an issue in antitrust litigation, which does not surprise me at all.”

The Wall Street Journal stated that, for its part, the US Department of Justice believes that it has not yet formally approved the transaction and is still under review, even though the transaction allowed the deadline to be formally opposed last week. report. The next steps may depend on who elected President Biden to install in key locations.

Antitrust experts are keen to watch who will lead the antitrust efforts of the Biden Administration’s Justice Department-candidates include Terrell McSweeney, who is considered business-friendly, and Jonathan Kanter, who is progressive. The chairman of the Federal Trade Commission, Joseph Simons, will step down on January 29 and will be responsible for the antitrust investigation of Facebook Inc.
FB,
+1.85%

And Amazon.com Inc.
AMZN,
+ 3.10%
.
His successor will not only “play an important role in the investigation,” but will also face pressure from a five-member committee of two Democrats, which said Simmons was not active enough. FTC Financial Practice Department.

The federal government and state attorneys general are conducting antitrust investigations into Google, as well as the acquisitions of the White House and the Senate controlled by the Democratic Party. These are all things at stake.

Legal proceedings against other members of Big Tech are becoming more popular. last weekThe Connecticut Attorney General, William Tong, revealed that in the distribution agreements between the state and some publishers for e-books, “an antitrust investigation has been conducted on Amazon regarding potential anti-competitive provisions.”

However, the current focus is on Google, U.S. Department of Justice prosecution, A group of state AG Led by TexasAnd another group Led by Colorado and Nebraska AG In recent months.

Google and antitrust: Big Tech’s first goal is to face more and more legal actions

Google has always (as in most actions) insisted that Fitbit transactions will greatly benefit consumers and are subject to appropriate scrutiny by regulators.

“Google will continue to protect the privacy of Fitbit users, and has made a series of binding commitments with global regulators, confirming that Fitbit users’ health data will not be used for Google ads, and that this data will be stored separately from other Google ads Data,” Fitbit CEO James Park said in a letter to Fitbit users on Thursday.

However, under the leadership of the new government and the Democratic-controlled Senate, will lawsuits by the Justice Department or these two states undermine the status of the transaction? “Technically speaking, yes, although it has been very unusual since it was approved,” said Douglas Gansler, an expert on antitrust law and the former attorney general of Maryland.

According to the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvement Act of 1976, the transaction can proceed if there is no formal objection from the Department of Justice during the waiting period. Google has completed the waiting period and is therefore entitled to complete the transaction. Similarly, the Ministry of Justice can continue the investigation after the waiting period. Miller believes that it is unusual for regulators to withdraw transactions after the waiting period, but there are certain risks.

Bhaskar Chakravorti, Dean of the School of Global Business at Tufts University’s Fletcher School, put forward a theory that Democrats can apply a “Glass Steger Act” to the Internet . The 1933 law forced banks to separate their commercial and investment banking operations to ensure that the merger would not weaken competition. On the technical side, this could mean forcing social media companies to run their platforms separately from applications and businesses that benefit from user data.

He said: “Any transaction made by Google, especially with equipment manufacturers, has a certain inherent instability.”

Legal scholars said that despite this, the Justice Department took the opportunity to raise an objection before the transaction was completed, which made the reversal process extremely difficult.

Sabino of St. John’s University said that the Justice Department would revoke approval of the transaction as “very unlikely.” Even when an investigation led to its filing of an antitrust lawsuit in October, it encountered opposition, and the European Union approved the acquisition last month. Sabino told MarketWatch: “It’s simply unfair to go back now.”

He added that, however, the Fitbit purchase “will have an impact on the pending case. [DoJ] Antitrust litigation. After all, the key to federal lawsuits (now about a dozen or more states have joined) is Google’s ability to collect information about users through Google searches, YouTube usage, etc. “

Then there is the historical pandemic and economic chaos inherited by the Biden administration, which may put antitrust cases against big technologies into trouble.

“Technical antitrust issues will not get the necessary push and push from the White House. Therefore, even if many House Democrats and prominent senators like Amy Klobuchar are keen to pursue this goal, the entire agenda may be possible. Will be on it.” Chakravorti said.

Klobuchar seems very keen on closing deals.

Klobuchar said in a statement last week: “Google announced that it will close its acquisition of Fitbit, and the transaction is still under review by the Department of Justice, which once again shows the company’s lack of concern about compliance with antitrust laws.”

The senator opposed to the senator’s acquisition of large technology companies said: “Before Biden’s executive officers took over, the rush to complete the transaction is even more disturbing.” “Although the merger was completed prematurely, I still urge the department to comply with the law. Seek all appropriate remedies to protect competition and consumers from any anti-competitive effects caused by this transaction.”

Privacy advocates are still very willing to question mergers on antitrust issues, and they worry about the consequences of big deals like Fitbit.

The Department of Justice’s failure to prevent Google from acquiring Fitbit is not only incoherent and embarrassing, but also dangerous. This transaction poses a serious security risk to the personal data of Fitbit consumers,” said Sarah Miller, executive director of the American Economic Freedom Project. “Google uses its extensive portfolio of Internet services to monitor its users and Profit from highly personal information. There is no reason to believe that they will not do the same to Fitbit. “

“In fact, Google had previously lied about data to antitrust enforcers. Just like an antitrust lawsuit against Google last month, the company promised to the Federal Trade Commission and Congress how it would manage DoubleClick’s Acquisition, but then Google ignored the acquisition.”

“President-elect Biden should ensure that the role of his government is to reverse this transaction as quickly as possible,” Miller said.

.



image source

Switzerland to Hold Referendum on Covid-19 Lockdown | Instant News


Switzerland’s system of direct democracy will be tested again later this year, this time with a referendum on whether to withdraw government powers to impose lockdowns and other measures to slow it down. the Covid-19 pandemic.

The landlocked Alpine state of 8.5 million people is unusual in voting for its people on important policy steps by offering a referendum if enough people sign the petition for the vote. Last year, Switzerland voted to increase its stock of cheap housing, tax benefits for children and hunting wolves.

The idea is to give citizens oversight of the powers of the federal government, and it’s a throwback to the patchwork cantons, or fiercely independent districts, that were put together in the medieval period.

Now, the country is gearing up for a referendum on whether to repeal the government’s legal authority to order another lockdown and containment of the pandemic after campaigners petitioned for about 86,000 signatures this week – higher than 50,000 needed – triggering a nationwide vote to lift last year’s Covid- 19 Act.

The vote could come as soon as June, and is likely to reflect discord in the US and elsewhere over how far the government should limit social interaction in a pandemic – or whether to lock down altogether.

.



image source

Germany Foreign Office issues travel warning because of US violence | National | Instant News


BERLIN – Germany advised against traveling to the United States because of violent demonstrations across the country, one week after protesters stormed the Capitol in Washington, according to new warnings from the German Foreign Office.

The security situation can change rapidly at any time, especially until confirmation from President-elect Joe Biden on January 20, according to the latest travel alert published on the State Ministry’s website.

“Violent protests and riots in Washington DC and across the country, especially in the major cities and capitals of the 50 states, are expected,” the State Office wrote.

A crowd of outgoing President Donald Trump supporters stormed the Capitol on January 6, while Congress authorized the election of Biden as president, which Trump, without evidence, claims rigged against him.

Violent protests propelled the US capital into chaos, prompting the German Foreign Office to issue a travel alert last week, albeit only for Washington, DC.

The new warning also recommended avoiding government residences in 50 capitals and generally avoiding large gatherings of people “where it might lead to violence.”

(c) 2021 Deutsche Presse-Agentur GmbH (Hamburg, Germany)

Visit Deutsche Presse-Agentur GmbH (Hamburg, Germany) at www.dpa.de/English.82.0.html

Distributed by the Tribune Content Agency, LLC.

Copyright 2021 Tribune Content Agency.

.



image source