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UN Banned Nuclear Weapons, But US Doesn’t Listen | Instant News


UN Banned Nuclear Weapons, But US Doesn't Listen
Anti-nuclear protests in Berlin in 2017. Image: image alliance / Contributor via Getty Images

The United Nations has officially banned nuclear weapons, although important holdings like the US and Russia might make that difficult for that to happen.

On Saturday, Honduras became the 50th country to sign Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW), which proponents say would create an international legal framework for nuclear dismantling. It will take effect on January 22, 2021.

The UN first approved the TPNW in 2017 when 122 members of its 193 members voted in support of its implementation. Iran supports. The nine nuclear-armed nations – including the United States and North Korea – are boycotting the negotiations, and the US has called on these countries to step down. Three years later, 50 countries have ratified the treaty and gave it the ability to become part of international law.

The elimination of nuclear weapons has been a goal of the United Nations since its founding in 1945, following the US bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. In the first resolution of the United Nations General Assembly, the organization said that the Security Council will work towards “the elimination of the national arsenal of atomic weapons and all other major weapons which can adapt to mass destruction.” Seventy-four years later, TPNW is trying to do just that.

According to the terms of the treaty, all states parties must report to the United Nations the status of their nuclear power 30 days in the agreement that comes into force. Even if a country hosts another country’s nuclear weapons, that country must report it. Any state that hosts nuclear for another must remove it.

The agreement also seeks justice for those harmed by nuclear weapons, such as survivors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki or survivors of nuclear tests in France or the Marshall Islands. According to the agreement, member states must also “take necessary and appropriate actions” to improve the environment in affected areas.

This could hypothetically compel the United States to do so repairing the plutonium-leaking nuclear tomb he left in the Marshall Islands, although, again, the US has not signed the treaty.

The agreement’s ratification has become a major problem for nuclear test survivors.

“When I was 17 years old, the French government tested nuclear weapons 170 kilometers from my house. It’s like an earthquake. Now 60 years later people are still sick, babies are still born with deformities and the French government still won’t tell us how much waste is under our sand, “Touhami Abdelkrim, a survivor of the French nuclear test in Algeria, told the press. “We have never asked for these weapons to poison our children. All we ask is that France acknowledge what they have done, and join forces with other countries to make sure it doesn’t happen again.”

More than 13,000 nuclear warheads still exist in the world, and 90 percent of them belong to the United States and Russia.

“It is true that a nuclear ban treaty cannot be the last vehicle for disarmament without the participation of nuclear powers; however, a nuclear ban treaty can still increase the political, economic and security costs of relying on nuclear weapons even for countries that do not join the treaty, ”Jennifer Knox, Policy and Research Analyst at the Union of Concerned Scientists – the men behind the Hour of Judgment – notify Motherboard by email. “The aim of the nuclear prohibition movement is to stigmatize nuclear weapons, incentivizing nuclear-armed states to take further steps towards reduction and elimination.”

Some experts are cold on the treaty, however, pointing to abstention from major nuclear powers and the failure of existing agreements.

“This is not an agreement we want, but it is an agreement we deserve,” Jeffrey Lewis, director of the East Asia Nonproliferation Project at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies, said by telephone. “The US and its allies refuse to participate in this project. As a result, I think there is a flaw in the agreement. The problem with the agreement is that it exists as an alternative to a non-proliferation treaty.”

Lewis said the goals of the agreement were noble and he didn’t blame the UN for its shortcomings. “Look, we have to ban nuclear weapons,” he said. “It’s not clear to me that this agreement, as written, represents a viable path to doing that. I want to make it clear that I don’t blame the people who made the agreements. I blame the US and other nuclear-powered nations for refusing to participate. “

However, it seems clear that nuclear armed nations have been informed by the new agreement.

“You can’t say P5 [U.N. shorthand for the countries with officially declared nuclear weapons] not bothered by [new treaty]—The US letter encouraging countries to withdraw from the agreement proves that this is not the case, ”Jessica Sleight, Program Director for Global Zero – a nonprofit advocating for a nuclear-free world – told Motherboard by email.

While all nuclear-powered nations are boycotting the negotiations, the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), a Cold War-era treaty aimed at dismantling nuclear weapons over time, still stands. The United States, Russia, Great Britain, France and China have all signed the NPT.

“I think P5 needs to refrain from claims that the treaty will undermine the regime of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. It doesn’t have to be a problem. P5 should take it as an additional boost to reignite efforts at arms control and disarmament and make real, actionable progress towards their Article VI commitment, the lack of progress that is a real threat to the NPT, ”said Sleight.

According to Sleight, the growing nuclear arms race between the US and Russia is demanding a new treaty. He pointed to the importance of the Iran Agreement and a New Beginning as essential to achieving widespread disarmament.

New START is an Obama-era agreement between Russia and the United States that aims to limit the number of warheads deployed. It is set to expire in February unless renewed, and negotiations are not going well. Trump said he wanted China to be part of the negotiations. China has shown that it has about 300 nukes whereas Russia and the US have more than 12,000 combined. Both Russia and the US have tfacilitated the development of new types of nuclear weapons in recent years.

Lewis said the new agreement was part of a split he saw at the United Nations

“This reflects a hardening of positions, the feeling that is growing among non-nuclear weapons states – which I agree with – that the existing mechanisms are not functioning,” he said. “And the growing complacency on the part of nuclear weapons suggests that they should not take seriously their obligation to work towards disarmament.”

Knox agrees that the US, Russia and others are not acting in good faith when it comes to nuclear weapons. “Many non-nuclear countries believe that nuclear powers are not fulfilling their treaty obligations to pursue nuclear disarmament in good faith,” he said, adding that these tensions predate the nuclear ban movement.

Sleight is more hopeful. “That [new treaty] intended to close the legality gap by imposing a ban on nuclear weapons based on humanitarian law, “he said. “While nuclear weapons would be illegal in the countries that signed and ratified the treaty, there are questions as to whether the treaty, especially in its early stages, is sufficient to make nuclear weapons illegal under customary international law. The requirements for such distinctions are unclear, so it will be interesting to see how this plays out in the International Court of Justice. “

It will take years, and possibly trials in the International Court of Justice, to gauge the impact of the agreement. But for those who survived nuclear weapons, the effects were immediate and clear.

“When I found out that we reached our 50th ratification, I couldn’t stand up. I stayed on the chair and put my head in my hands and I cried with joy, ”Setsuko Thurlow, a survivor of the 1945 Hiroshima bombing, said in a press release. “I have given my life for the abolition of nuclear weapons. I just thank all those who have worked towards the success of our covenants. “

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The newspaper that gave Black Britain a megaphone | | Instant News


When clashes between residents and police erupted in the streets Brixton in 1981, at the heart of London’s African-Caribbean community, the British press largely told one side of the story.

That The Brixton Riot, as they are called, are described primarily as a challenge to the rule of law. The press emphasized the criminal elements, which characterized young, black male protesters as “troublemakers” during the disturbance, according to the research cited in the next section. analysis about how the British media covered the riots in 2011.

News report at the time failed to explain the problem at the heart of the unrest in 1981, including unemployment, racism, and oppressive policies, in particular the extensive use of stops and searches. That media bias was seen by Val McCalla, who had arrived in England at the age of 15 some two decades earlier.

McCalla, born in Jamaica, was working for the local London East End News when the Brixton clash broke out. He saw the need for a newspaper that would address issues of importance to British-born African-Caribbean people trying to stake their claim on the only country they had ever known.

With the aid of a £ 62,000 ($ 81,000) loan from Barclays, McCalla launched The Voice in August 1982 at the Notting Hill Carnival, Europe’s largest street party and a celebration of African-Caribbean cultural pride. From an office in Hackney, east London, McCalla and later editor Flip Fraser led a team of young journalists covering violent news, investigations, and humanitarian stories interspersed with sports, fashion and entertainment. The office will then move to Brixton.

“That’s very interesting,” said Yvonne thompson, who co-founded the Black music radio station, Choice FM (now Capital Xtra) in 1990. The Voice is “the place to look if you want to find out what’s really going on in the Black community,” Thompson, who runs it himself public relations company for nearly three decades, told CNN Business.

Existing Black newspapers, such as The Caribbean Times, West Indian Gazette and The Jamaica Gleaner, caters for mostly older immigrants who want to keep up with news from the Caribbean. The Voice, the weekly, enters a generation figuring out what it means to be black and British.

While perhaps not having the same influence as it used to be among Britain’s increasingly diverse black community, its contribution to British media is indisputable and its mission is as important today as it was 40 years ago.

A report by the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism in 2016 found that only 6% of journalists in UK newsrooms were non-white, compared to around 13% of the general population. Earlier this year, the Institute published research showing that none of the UK’s top 10 print, digital, or broadcast media have an editor-in-chief.

And a recent study by Women in Journalism, a campaign organization, found that for one week in July, not a single black reporter appeared on the front page of 11 of Britain’s most-read newspapers.

The lack of diversity in the UK newsroom underlines the importance of The Voice’s pioneering work, although too little has changed elsewhere in the media from its inception.

Campaign for justice

“No doubt, it paved the way,” said Joseph Harker, deputy opinion editor at The Guardian. The Voice “spoke to a much younger, more energetic and angrier section of the population. It was the first black newspaper aimed at black British people,” he added.

Harker joined the paper in 1987 straight from university and spent four years there, first as a reporter and then as a news editor and assistant. He was used to reading negative stories about black people related to crime, poverty and unemployment. Working at The Voice, where Black’s excellence was celebrated and where he was surrounded by Black’s ambition and success, had a profound impact on him.

“It really changed my feelings about what it means to be Black,” Harker told CNN Business. The mainstream media has no interest in black people “apart from stories of crime and riots,” he added. “If there’s something positive about black people, it won’t be covered.”

Since its founding, The Voice’s vision has been that “the fast-growing black community in Britain must have a voice amid all the social unrest that erupted during the 1970s and early 1980s,” wrote the newspaper’s acting managing director George Ruddock in an October editorial. 2019, announced it moved from weekly to monthly publication.

The first issue (pictured above) leads with a story about a Pakistani family in east London who becomes the target of a racist gang, marking what Ruddock considers “the beginning of the publication’s long-standing reputation for campaigning on the many issues affecting the well-being of black British people.”

Nearly four decades later, The Voice continues to “campaign, celebrate and educate,” according to Paulette Simpson, executive director of The Voice Media Group. The newspaper changed hands in 2004, two years after McCalla died, and is now part of GV Media Group Limited.

That The Windrush Scandal, which erupted in 2017, remains one of the “big campaign issues”, added Simpson. The Windrush refers to the name of the ship that brought generations of Caribbean immigrants to Britain in the late 1940s to help rebuild the country after World War II.

Subsequent changes to immigration laws illegally robbed many of them and their descendants of the right to British citizenship. In some cases, they were deported. The British government announced a compensation program for victims in 2018.

Lasting influence

The Voice continues to report on developments related to Windrush and issues such as discriminatory policies, upholding a legacy of pride in the face of injustice. The paper wrote about racism in the police force years before an investigation into the failed investigation into Stephen Lawrence’s murder concluded that “destructive and persistent institutional racism” played a role.

Lawrence, a black teenager, was murdered by a white gang while waiting for a bus on April 22, 1993. More than two decades after investigation into his murder, The Voice continues to discuss the topic, lead it July Edition with a story about systemic racism in the police, which is the subject of a investigate by the Independent Office for Police Conduct.

“They report stories that others don’t want to tell … when they are not trendy or in the spotlight,” said Tobi Oredein, founder Black Ballad, a digital lifestyle publication.

Oredein launched his publication while freelancing in 2014, after being repeatedly neglected for roles in magazines that he said all fell to white women.

Like McCalla three decades earlier, Oredein was frustrated by the lack of media coverage of Black Britain. Outside of The Voice and hair magazines, there are no publications for black women interested in their careers, finances and health, she told CNN Business.

At the height of its popularity, The Voice sold more than 50,000 copies a week, including in cities outside London such as Manchester, Birmingham and Bristol, where it still had loyal customers.

After 37 years as a weekly title, he decided to go monthly in September last year and improve it website, which is said to attract more than 350,000 unique visitors and more than 500,000 pageviews a month. The digital version of the newspaper reaches readers across Great Britain, as well as in Africa and the United States.

The Voice also produces independent publications, including annually African & Caribbean Food and Restaurant Guide fund English Black Business Guide.

“I think unfortunately it’s not as relevant today as it was in its heyday, in the early and mid 90’s,” said Harker of The Guardian. This has partly to do with the changing make-up of Britain’s black population, with more immigrants from east and west Africa, and more racial integration than ever before, he added.

However, many of the stories covered by The Voice won’t be found anywhere else, which makes them a treasure trove of Black English history and brings a unique flavor to its contents today.

For example, files September Edition featured a section on the growing popularity of homeschooling among Black families and in August it explores the contribution that black businesses make to the British economy. As part of its Black History Month celebrations, the newspaper profiled Gillian Joseph and Charlene White, Sky News and ITV News anchors, respectively.

The Voice itself has launched the careers of several prominent journalists, including Martin Bashir, best known for his interviews with Princess Diana and Michael Jackson and is now the BBC’s religion editor; Times Weekend editor Lesley Thomas; Guard columnist Afua Hirsch; and writer and broadcaster Trevor Phillips.

The newspaper also paved the way for other Black titles, such as Pride Magazine and, more recently, the Black Ballad and gal-dem, which is gathering a growing following among young black women who do not see themselves represented on the pages of mainstream lifestyle publications.

The Voice “puts Black journalism on the map,” says Harker. Its influence in the British media “will outlast publication itself.”

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FPCCI extends support for Imran Khan’s vision of economic outreach: FPCCI President | Instant News


Islamabad: 22 Oct 2020 (TNS): President of the Federation of Pakistan Chambers of Commerce and Industry, Mian Anjum Nisar stressed that the Pakistani narrative must be supported by all segments, in order to project the country as a moderate and investment-friendly destination.

He said this when he met Dr. Moeed Yusuf, Special Assistant to the Prime Minister of National Security and Focal Person for the Economic Outreach Program in Karachi today (Wednesday).

During the meeting, they discussed various economic avenues and also highlighted some of the problems facing the country’s trade and industry.

The President of FPCCI is offering full cooperation for the Economic Outreach Program to be a success story.

On this occasion, Dr. Moeed Yusuf said the Prime Minister had given him the task of developing Pakistan’s narrative and this task would be better accomplished through coordination between the government and private sector organizations.

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Ravi Riverbank Urban Development Project to accelerate economic activity: Imran Khan | Instant News


Islamabad: Oct 02, 2020 (TNS): Prime Minister Imran Khan says the Ravi Riverbank Urban Development Project will create job opportunities and accelerate economic activity in addition to meeting Lahore’s needs.

Chairing a meeting to review progress in project implementation in Islamabad today (Friday), he said project implementation within the set schedule was the government’s priority.

The Prime Minister said the Ravi Riverbank Urban Development was a key project to restore the city of Lahore, meet the needs of a growing population, address water shortages and accelerate economic processes across the province.

Punjab Chief Minister Usman Buzdar told the Prime Minister that progress on the project was being monitored at the highest level according to his vision and priorities.

He assured that the project implementation deadline would be reached.

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Karachi West Deputy Commissioner Saleemullah Odho and Park Director Hafeez Hassan make unannounced visits to various Parks in the city | Instant News


KARACHI: Sep 26, 2020 (TNS): Deputy Commissioner of Karachi West Saleemullah Odho and Park’s Director Hafeez Hassan made unannounced visits to various Parks in the city. The management also disclosed the bad condition of the park about the park’s poor condition. According to details issued by officials for park rehabilitation, West Deputy Commissioner Saleemullah Odho and two other directors. Park made unannounced visits to Shaheed Benazir Park, Shaheed Shamim and Family Park where they expressed their displeasure over the deteriorating sanitary conditions in the Park and instructed officials including Park cleaning to clean up all of the Parks. Along with planting trees, orders were also issued to care for them. On the occasion, Deputy Commissioner for West Saleemullah Odho said that these parks must be repaired as soon as possible and all facilities must be provided for public entertainment. Park’s Acting Director Hafeez Hassan Revenue and other senior officials were also present at the occasion

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