BRASILIA (Reuters): Brazilian telecommunications regulator Anatel has approved spectrum auction rules for fifth-generation networks this year without any restrictions on China’s Huawei Technologies Co as the equipment supplier.
Telecommunications companies will also be required to build stand-alone networks with the latest version of 5G technology to operate in state capitals by July 30 next year, which will involve the bigger investment they are looking for.
Brazil’s right-wing president Jair Bolsonaro last year criticized the Chinese company and is under pressure from the Trump Administration to ban Huawei from the country’s fifth-generation technology market due to security concerns.
The Brazilian telecom firm insists on a free market, complaining that excluding Huawei would cost billions of dollars to replace the equipment of the Chinese company that supplies 50% of the current 3G and 4G networks.
The auction rules expected in June require telecommunications to provide broadband connectivity across the vast Amazon region, mostly using fiber-optic cables laid in rivers, as well as in northeastern Brazil. They must also cover all federal highways.
“Anatel strikes a good balance between obligations to companies and payments for operating rights,” said RKKG Consulting Telecoms Expert Andre Gildin.
He said companies that have built infrastructure based on existing 4G technology, such as Telefonica Brasil SA and Claro, which is owned by Mexico’s America Movil, will have higher capital expenditures because they have to change the core of their networks.
The third of the big cell phone companies, TIM Participações SA, which is controlled by Telecom Italia SpA, has so far not developed into updated technology and prefers stand-alone rules, said Gildin.
President Anatel Leonardo de Morais estimates the spectrum auction will generate an investment of 80 billion BRL ($ 14.3 billion) over the next 20 years. Telecommunications requires about 7.6 billion BRL in investment, including building a secure network for the federal government, which is expected to exclude equipment from Huawei.
Industry representatives said Huawei, the world’s largest telecom equipment maker, cannot be excluded from Brazil’s 5G market because, apart from cost, it would put the country three to four years back in technology.
Telefonica Brasil and Claro have urged a five-year transition to migrate to a more advanced independent network.
The auction rules must be approved by Brazil’s Federal Audit Court, under which telecom hopes the government’s burdensome conditions can be changed.
Tirupur: At 6 a.m. on Saturday, 23 students from the NIFT-TEA College of Knitwear Fashion here sat on a large white canvas placed on the campus homepage to create India’s largest mandala painting within 24 hours. The students, aiming to enter the historical record of the Limca Book of Records, said they would take a break just to eat. The painting will depict all the viruses that have swept the world, said assistant professor G Boopathy Vijay. “Mandala art is a complex abstract design that is usually circular in shape. It is considered a spiritual symbol in Hinduism and Buddhism, representing the belief that life never ends and everything is connected, ”he told TOI. The 1,089-square-foot canvas is made of ivory paper. The students used black and red pointy markers. The students did a little research and found 21 viruses, including the Covid-19 virus, HIV, smallpox virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, and yellow fever virus that has swept the world in the last 100 years. “They collected virus images and found that they were all very different. So, they decided to make each circle with the physical structure of the virus, ”said Vijay. The students also identified the origin of each virus. “The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus originates from camels and bats. The H5N1 virus originates from hens. So we have included pictures of animals and birds in the painting, ”said Sneha Adriala, a student. They chose the virus as a topic for artwork after witnessing the extent to which Covid-19 is impacting economies and communities around the world.
It was 21 June 1970 and more than 100,000 people crammed into the Estadio Azteca in Mexico City for the spectacles of the FIFA World Cup finals between Brazil and Italy. With less than five minutes of normal time left to play, the Brazilians, wearing their yellow shirts in the Mexican sunshine and already three goals for good, produced something extraordinary, the soccer movement for ages.
A total of six Brazilian players participated – dribbling, dodging, dancing – before the ball reached Pelé’s feet, who received it with an indifferent attitude that seemed to brake in time. Stroking the round leather, the Brazilian number 10 made a superb pass with only a half glance at the oncoming Carlos Alberto, whose strike behind the net ended the incredible play, tournament and run of Brazil’s golden generation.
This riveting soccer sequence forms the narrative climax of the eponymous Netflix documentary Skin (released February 23), directed by David Tryhorn and Ben Nicholas, who ask a deceptively simple question: what does Pelé mean to Brazil?
Career in three innings
Skin last played for Brazil in 1971, meaning that most of the people who watched his latest documentary would never have witnessed its magic firsthand.
The Pelé that survives today in the public imagination is Pelé who has been constructed through the careful calibration of football moments, anecdotes, speculation and pure nonsense – complex projects involving journalists, fans, friends and family, the Brazilian government, and, of course, Pelé himself. Consequently, to any reasonable observer, Pelé’s legend is astonishing and apocryphal, colored with both brilliant and bizarre, often present in perfect harmony with one another.
Despite the embellishments brought about by conscious manipulation and unconscious memory, Tryhorn and Nicholas do an adequate job of laying out simple facts from Pelé’s extraordinary football journey, designed for Aristotelian precision.
The first of Pelé’s three acts in football was revealed with his 17-year-old version taking the world by storm in 1958. Scores a series from an almost unbelievable goal to guide his country to their first World Cup triumph, Pelé played a major role in dispelling the “Mongrel mentality” of the previous generation, besides making up for the pain of losing the final at home to Uruguay in 1950, a opportunity is noted by many hyperbolic observers as “Hiroshima in Brazil“.
The next two World Cups, in 1962 and ’66, were the second half, the inevitable insertion of conflict. Having grown from a precocious adolescent who “came from nothing” and used to shine shoes to support his family, Pelé is now a “national treasure… .a symbol of Brazil’s emancipation”. But, on the pitch, the most amazing player on the planet is shackled, injured prematurely at successive World Cups. While Brazil grabbed victory in Chile in 1962, they were eliminated in England four years later – battered, bruised and well beaten by a resurgent Portugal. Pelé declared that his international career was over, and returned to his childhood club at Santos, where his goals continued to rain.
Next, it’s time for the third round – the 1970 World Cup in Mexico, at a time when Brazil ceased to be a bustling developing democracy in the late 50s and early 60s. The right-wing junta which seized power in a bloodless coup in 1964 ran the country with an iron fist, with zero tolerance for leftists or dissidents (often one and the same). The search for Brazil’s third world football title is seen by General Garrastazu Médici’s government as an important symbol of national unity and soft power. Soon, the dictator’s not-so-gentle persuasive techniques were released, practically forcing Pelé to return to action and lead his country to glory again. A bickering with the national team coach (who was later sacked), self-doubt, and a few indifferent performances later, Pelé is back in his element, inspiring a very talented Brazilian set and his own stellar career is becoming a swansong memory.
“I’m not dead,” shouted Pelé in the dressing room, once again becoming world champion.
Pele celebrates with his teammates after winning the 1970 World Cup.Photo: Unknown author – El Gráfico / Wikimedia Commons, Public Domain
Neutral and neutered
Over the decades since retiring, Pelé has continued to remind football followers around the world of his status in the sport, his perfect position in the ranks of the beautiful game. It doesn’t matter how monotone Pelé is a proud declaration (which often involves referring to himself in the third person), there is a bit of debate to be had here.
A more meaningful, and certainly more interesting, discussion around Pelé’s role off the pitch – Pelé as ambassador, icon, embodiment of Brazil. Not content with repeating Pelé’s anodyne answers over the years – enough to rival his goal – Tryhorn and Nicholas investigate their protagonist, using their rare access to expose 80-year-old Pelé in a way he has never done before.
“During the dictatorship, has anything changed for you?” a sharp question arose. “No, football remains the same,” was Pelé’s somewhat surprising answer. An answer that is corroborated by several voices in the documentary on the grounds that Pelé had no choice but to continue his game, regardless of the atrocities suffered by thousands of his compatriots. Pelé himself reluctantly agrees, but without the guilt or grief of missing his chance to become Brazil’s first athlete-activist.
Politics has never been a problem for him, football is, Pelé and the defenders seem to argue, happily unaware that in a country plagued by crisis, Pelé – a symbol of Brazilian life – means as much to football as he does to politics.
Unlike Muhammad Ali – an outspoken proponents of political causes in an imperfect US democracy, or Diego Maradona – the prince of controversy who has hobbled with Fidel Castro and Hugo Chavez all this time defend social justice and condemning American hatred, Pelé is a superstar resident of Brazil, a founding yes-man, whose instinctive neutrality helps him maintain his stature as an enduring sportsman but castrate himself from the prospect of becoming something more.
One of the documentary’s most touching moments comes when Pelé, tied to Zimmer’s frame, pushes himself out to meet his former teammate from Santos for a barbecue. Life-long friends, who referred to Pelé as “King(The King), joked about everything from disguising himself as Pelé during the match to the great male singing voice, which, according to one, didn’t improve one bit.
Away from the scrutiny of goals and political provocations, it is here that Pelé appears to be his most authentic and relaxed. The parts known to millions of people – Pelé as the greatest of all time, Pelé as the opponent of corruption, Pelé as the selfish old man – shrank into the background for a few minutes as the twinkle returned to Pelé’s eyes and he felt like a king again, had fun in his palace.
Often in dissecting celebrities and what makes them special, documentaries forget what makes individuals extraordinary, the ways in which they are celebrated the same as all of us, lesser mortals. Tryhorn and Nicholas do not make this mistake, because their intention throughout the film is not to corroborate or challenge some of Pelé’s deep-rooted narratives, but to explain people who have been hidden, even strayed, behind the political veils and culture of fabricated storytelling.
Pele in December 2013.Photo: Valter Campanato, Agência Brasil / Wikimedia Commons CC BY 3.0
Once this person is exposed, the answer to the documentary’s hot question – what Pelé means to Brazil – becomes clear.
For Brazil, Pelé has always been whatever the country wanted – a young black role model with boyish charm and a Midas touch; unwavering heroes ready to carry the burdens of the nation; a system loyalist, not a personnel, who ruled the country; an extraordinary retreat from the decadence of the twentieth century; and finally, a human artifact capable of telling its own story. Understandably, in such representations, there is little room for Pelé who mismanages his funds and is close to bankruptcy after his playing days or Pelé cheating on his first wife and children he no longer remembers.
Netflix Skin does not overturn the aforementioned representations as much as they humanize them, filling in nuances that might not exist in a typical hagiography. In contrast to Asif Kapadia who was semi-impressionist depiction of Maradona, Tryhorn and Nicholas do not have the subject of someone who generates instant polarization, who creates his own binary without even opening his mouth. Pelé, for good or bad, is not Maradona, but she is attractive in her own way, and the film’s success lies in her ability to free the attractive individual from the layer of intelligence that circumstances have imposed on her since she broke up at the age of 17.
Finally, Skin, the documentary, is a refreshing depiction of one of the sport’s most prominent figures, whose prowess was made even more enchanted by the displacement of Pelé’s glorious myth by a man as noble but vulnerable as Pelé was.
Priyam Marik is a journalism graduate student at the University of Sussex, United Kingdom.
ISLAMABAD / NEW DELHI: Days after the LoC ceasefire agreement, is seen by some as the first real sign of a thaw in relations since Pathankot terror attack, Pakistan AFTERNOON Imran Khan, while welcoming the cessation of hostilities, said it was India’s responsibility to create a supportive environment further progress in bilateral relations. Khan’s remarks stand in stark contrast to the long-held attitude of India that it was Pakistan’s responsibility to create the right conditions for involvement by curbing terror groups active in its territory. Significantly, the Pakistani army also chose that day to release a new video of the Commander of the Wings Abhinandan Varthaman in which the IAF pilot is seen saying he believes there is “no reason” for Pakistan and India to continue hostilities and call for peace between the two neighbors. Delhi refrained from responding to Khan’s remarks, although sources in Delhi said Pakistan must take verifiable and irreversible action against cross-border terrorism if it is truly to see progress in the relationship. The Indian government has said after a joint military statement this week that its position on the “main issue” remains unchanged. Khan also said in a tweet that India must take the necessary steps to fulfill “the old demand and right of the Kashmiri people to self-determination according to the UNSC resolution”. His comments are the latest in a series that the Kashmir problem can and must be resolved through dialogue. However, India has so far viewed it as a snobbish gesture meant to divert attention from the fact that the main problem of cross-border terrorism remains unresolved. There was no response from India to Abhinandan’s video, which was released two years after the aerial clashes between Pakistan and India in Jammu and Kashmir. The video appears to be part of the same interview that was broadcast two years ago shortly after Abhinandan’s arrest in Pakistani-controlled Kashmir. Several reports of Indian TV channels stated that the video was edited at some point. IAF officers are seen saying in the video that wars occur between countries when “there is no peace”. “I don’t know what we have to do to achieve peace, but I just know that peace must exist,” said the wing commander. He also spoke of Kashmir saying that neither he nor the Pakistanis knew “what happened to a Kashmiri”. “We have to think with a calm head,” said the pilot. “I saw the two countries when I got off by parachute, and I couldn’t tell the two countries from above,” said the Indian pilot, adding that the two countries were “beautiful”. “When I fell I didn’t know if I was in Pakistan or my own country, India. To me, the two countries look the same, the people also look the same, “he said. “I was badly injured when ejected from the plane and once I landed, I couldn’t move. After landing, I tried to find out which country I was in, ”said the IAF pilot. “When I saw that I was not in my country I tried to run,” said the Indian pilot, adding that the “accused” crowd tried to arrest him as well but he was rescued by Pakistani soldiers. “Right then, two Pakistani soldiers came and arrested me. One of the Pakistani army captains came and he saved me from these people. “The Indian pilot said that after being arrested, he was taken by the Pakistani captain to his unit, where he was given first aid.” After that, I was taken to the hospital where I was examined and more assistance was given to me, “the pilot recalled. In the aftermath of the incident, the wing commander commented that he found the Pakistani army to be a “very good”, “professional” and “chivalrous” force. “I am very impressed with the courtesy displayed by the Pakistani army,” he said in the video.
“The Congress is getting weaker, it needs to be strengthened,” he said Kapil Sibal: This he conveyed at the Jammu event which was attended by leaders who had previously questioned the party’s high command.
In Tamil Nadu, AIADMK allocated 23 seats for Pattali Makkal Katchi, negotiations with the BJP: Meanwhile, R Sarath Kumar meets Kamal Haasan to discuss a possible voting alliance.
The Attorney General refused to give his consent to initiate the process of insulting the former CJI Ranjan Gogoi: A request was made by activist Saket Gokhale for Gogoi’s remarks about the court in an interview.
Pakistani PM Imran Khan said it was the responsibility of progress afterwards truce agreement located in India: Khan said his country has always stood for peace, and is ready to move forward to resolve all extraordinary problems with New Delhi through dialogue.
The Center asked eight states to report a surge in admission coronavirus case to deal with violations firmly: Six states – Maharashtra, Kerala, Punjab, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Gujarat – account for 85.75% of the 16,488 new cases.
The Saudi crown prince approved the murder of the journalist Jamal Khashoggi, find US reports: Riyadh rejected the findings, saying the reports were “negative, false and unacceptable”.
Bangladeshi writer Mushtaq Ahmed died in prison nine months after his arrest for ‘anti-government’ social media posts: Rights organizations are demanding an investigation into Ahmed’s death and are calling for the repeal of the Digital Security Act, under which he was arrested.
Prashant Kishor reiterating predictions for the BJP seat at the World Bank, calling the poll a ‘key battle for democracy’: The political strategist, who is helping the TMC in the election, said the turmeric party will struggle to get past double digits.