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Gilgit Baltistan: entangled inclusions | Instant News

With the unequal sovereignty accorded to Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK) and within it especially to Gilgit Baltistan (GB), the region finds itself in a state of constitutional neglect.

Pakistan’s constitution does not refer to GB or Aazad Jammu & Kashmir (AJK) as part of the country’s territory, but the Pakistan Survey describes GB as Pakistani territory. Political leaders in the predominantly Shia GB have demanded that the region be integrated as Pakistan’s fifth province or considered for true autonomy. And a minority demands that GB be part of the AJK. But the Pakistani state has responded to these demands with nominal reform.

On 15 November 2020, elections were held in 23 of the 24 constituencies in GB. There is speculation that with elections holding Imran Khan’s government intends to integrate occupied GB into Pakistan, making it the fifth province. This stems from a statement made by the Pakistani minister Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan Affairs’ Ali Amin Gandapur, quoted such as stating that the Khan government has decided to “elevate Gilgit-Baltistan to full provincial status with all constitutional rights, including its representation in the Senate and National Assembly.” India has “rejected” Pakistan’s proposal to upgrade GB’s status to a provisional province, denouncing the vote as a joke and aims to hide Pakistan’s illegal occupation of its territory.

The current election round is the third in the region since reforms created a legislative assembly in GB with very limited legislative powers. The Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) won its first election held in 2009, followed by the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) in 2015. Earlier this year, when the PML-N government completed its five-year term, the government appointed a former Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) Mir Afzal, as interim Chief Minister of GB.

The third Gilgit-Baltistan Legislative Assembly (GBLA) will have 33 members. The seven districts that held elections for 23 of the 24 constituencies were Gilgit, Hunza-Naga, Skardu, Astore, Diamir, Ghizer and Ghanche. With six constituencies, Skardu has the largest representation. Six seats are reserved for women and three for technocrats and other professional members.

The unusual delay in vote counting led to large-scale protests across GB, with allegations of fraud and accusations by candidates that the local election commission had delayed and manipulated the results. With five of the six winning independent candidates joining Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI), Imran Khan’s party is poised to form a government. P.

Chairman of PP Bilawal Bhutto Zardari accused of fraud in large-scale elections, “We will tell people that the slogan Vote according to the daaka namanzoor gaining momentum at GB. PML-N vice president Maryam Nawaz claimed PTI won seats through ‘cheating’, ‘bullying’ and with the help of turncoats. The allegations of fraud forced a recount of votes for certain constituencies. There were reports that paramilitary reinforcements had to be called after protesters took to the streets in Gilgit.

The GBLA came into effect on 9 September 2009, when President Asif Ali Zardari signed the Gilgit-Baltistan (Empowerment and Self-Government) Order. The order officially changed the so-called ‘Northern Territory’ name to GB and provided a 33-member legislative assembly with an elected chief minister. The trial is prohibited from discussing any issues relating to foreign affairs, defense, internal security and the Pakistani government’s fiscal plans and the conduct of the Judges of the Gilgit-Baltistan Supreme Court of Appeal, with the power to enact laws on 61 subjects. The act is also GB’s Supreme Court of Appeal, being the highest Court of Appeal in the region.

Covering approximately 72,971 sq km, GB celebrated its independence from the ruling Dogra family in Kashmir on November 1, following an uprising in the Maharaja forces, and Pakistan has controlled GB since 1948. Formerly called the Federal Administered Northern Territory (FANA), GB was separated from AJK on 1970s and never had self-government. While people in the region want to have legislative powers that are compatible with other provinces in Pakistan, the government has always been separate.

An important first step towards political empowerment in the region is the enactment of the ‘Gilgit Baltistan (GB) Empowerment and Self-Governance Order of 2009’ reserved for the Legislative Council. But the next GB order announced by Imran Khan’s government on 21 May 2018, deprives any “negligible powers” that had been delegated to the region under the 2009 order. The order grants more power to the prime minister, giving him final authority over legislation. -invited.

Harshly criticized by rights groups, the move, designed to deprive the people of GB’s basic constitutional and political rights, has been dubbed the ‘GB Emperor Order’ on social media. The command stated, “The Prime Minister will have the power to adopt amendments to existing laws or new laws that apply.” As the head of Pakistan’s administration, the prime minister does not have the power to make laws, nor does he enjoy such powers in the other four provinces. Considering that the people of GB have no representation in Pakistan’s federal legislature or any say in electing the prime minister, this extension of his role is essentially ultra-constitutional.

The UN Security Council resolution recognizes GB as part of the disputed territory. But Pakistan has continued with the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) and promised the GB community huge economic benefits from the corridor, which covers nearly 600 sq km in the region. The GB order is intended to waive any requests for self-determination by people in the region; with almost no authority to regulate major matters. The GB sequence of 2018 is by no means a genuine compromise. All real power over all legislative affairs goes to the GB Council in Islamabad, which is chaired by the prime minister of Pakistan. This is also further limited by the 2018 order, under which the GB Council’s powers were also taken and it was assigned only as an advisory role.

Although two decades have passed since local residents of GB filed a petition in Pakistan’s Supreme Court, drawing attention to political marginalization in the region, it was only in 2015, that India filed an objection to CPEC bypassing PoK, then led by the PML-N government formed a committee chaired by National Security Adviser Sartaj Aziz in 2015 to look at GB’s constitutional future. The region’s “disputed” categorization has acted as a trigger for the current regime to enforce a January 2019 Supreme Court decision to explicitly restore GB’s 2018 order, which was suspended by GB’s Supreme Court of Appeal. The decision has paved the way for increased control by Islamabad over the GB administration by increasing the quota of Pakistani civil servants to be stationed there and even GB’s top court judges will be withdrawn from among retired judges in Pakistan.

By holding elections in GB, Pakistan tries to solidify its claim to the territory without fulfilling the region’s request for self-determination. If it will be Pakistan’s fifth province, will it be treated equally with other provinces, and if not Pakistan accepts that it remains a “disputed province”? The jurisdiction of GB courts remains limited to territories, limiting their authority. This leaves cases involving violations of the basic rights of GB people unchecked. Schedule IV and the Anti-Terrorism Act are used to crush civilian dissent by arresting people and censoring them if they express their political views.

This year on his speech to the people on November 1, Imran Khan spoke of the beauty of GB’s majestic mountains and stunning landscapes, amid criticism from the opposition and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. In his narrative, Khan has deliberately set aside the real problems and lack of political freedom plaguing GB society. His administration narrative tries to offer CPEC a cure for all GB problems, without the appropriate political developments.

Time for this declaration of GB and interest in declaring it as a fifth province, along with China’s CPEC whose starting point is the region. The region’s disputed legal status is a curse for Pakistan and China in enforcing CPEC.

As a stakeholder in the Kashmir conflict, the Prime Minister of Pakistan-administered Kashmir, Raja Farooq Haider, felt that the merger of Gilgit-Baltistan with Pakistan as his province would derail Kashmir’s struggle for self-determination. Former ambassador to Pakistan Abdul Basit was recently tweeted a cautionary note to the Khan government, “My advice for Islamabad – think carefully about GB. A step taken in reaction to what India did to the IOK would create controversy that could have been avoided. Don’t inflame beehives and undermine Pakistan’s principled position on dispute. “

Both the Indian and Pakistani governments have approved the text of the UN Security Council resolution on Kashmir, which has been endorsed repeatedly by the Council and by successive UN representatives. For India, the demilitarization of Pakistan in occupied territory is a precondition for the implementation of UN resolutions.

Although the decision to integrate GB as Pakistan’s fifth province has been announced, there is still a lot of ambiguity regarding its future. If it is “debatable”, is it subject to a future vote, and if it is a fifth province, is its constitutional status on par with the rest of Pakistan?

Vaishali Basu Sharma has worked as a consultant at the Secretariat of the National Security Council (NSCS) for several years, and is currently associated with the New Delhi-based Policy Perspectives Foundation.


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KTR on BJP politics; Biden breaks a bone, Rocket hits an Iraqi refinery | Instant News

BJP only knows ‘Jumla’ & ‘Hamla’: KTR

On the final day of the Big Hyderabad City Company (GHMC) election campaign, the president of Telangana Rashtra Samiti (TRS) Kalvakuntla workers Taraka Rama Rao (KTR) on Sunday lashed out at the BJP saying that the party only knows two things: ‘Jumla’ (false promises) and ‘Hamla’ (attack). Speaking at campaign rallies in the constituencies of Goshamahal, Sanath Nagar and Secunderabad, KTR also asked what the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance has done for the city in the past six years. “Tell me what the NDA did to Hyderabad in the last six years?”

Read – BJP Only Knows ‘Jumla’ & ‘Hamla’: KTR Claims Hyderabad Progress Award Before GHMC Poll

Katyusha rocket hit an oil refinery in Iraq’s Salahudin province

The rocket attack had caused a massive fire at an oil refinery in northern Iraq that briefly halted operations, according to reports. A Katyusha rocket hit a fuel storage tank at the small Siniya refinery in Salahudin province on Sunday, November 29 and there were reported fatalities.

Read – Katyusha rocket hits oil refinery in Salahudin province, Iraq; No victims

Imran Khan & Bajwa gang visit ISI headquarters

Pakistani Prime Minister ‘Naya’ Imran Khan on Sunday visited the headquarters of the country’s spy agency Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) where he was briefed on the latest security situation. His office said that “comprehensive briefings were given to National and Military leadership on the regional and national security situation.”

Read – Imran Khan & Bajwa Gang Visits ISI Headquarters; Pakistani PM insists ‘no pressure from army’

Joe Biden suffered from a ‘hairline fracture’ in his leg

Joe Biden suffered a “hairline fracture” in his right leg and will likely need walking boots for weeks, his doctors said on November 30 after the US president-elect slipped and sprained his ankle while playing with his dog, Major. Dr. Kevin O’Connor said, “The initial X-ray showed no obvious fracture, but the clinical examination warrants more detailed imaging.”

Read – US President-elect Joe Biden Suffers ‘Hairline Fracture’ In Foot, Will Need Boots

Canada is extending a review of the Chinese state company’s gold mine

Canada has extended a national security review of China’s $ 165 million takeover of a Canadian gold mining company operating in a strategic country far north. TMAC Resources said on Friday, November 27 that a federal review of China’s state-owned Shandong Gold Mine takeover bid for struggling miners had been extended for another 45 days.

Read – Canada Extends Review of Chinese State Firm Gold Mine Offer Amid Rising Tensions


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Switzerland and IOM donated automatic PCR machines to facilitate the safe return of Sri Lankan migrant workers | Instant News

Switzerland and IOM donated automatic PCR machines to facilitate the safe return of Sri Lankan migrant workers

Sunday, 29 Nov 2020, 22:37 SL Time, ColomboPage News Desk, Sri Lanka.

November 29, Colombo: Sri Lanka has received support from the Swiss government and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) to step up efforts for the safe return of Sri Lankan migrant workers who were unable to return to the country due to the COID-19 epidemic.

Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, many migrant workers around the world remain stranded in countries of transit and destination due to travel restrictions and reduced opportunities for repatriation, IOM said.

Currently, nearly 40,000 Sri Lankan migrant workers will be supported to return to the country by the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) over the coming months.

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) has assisted GoSL in upgrading the COVID-19 testing facilities at Bandaranaike International Airport (BIA). The facilities at this Point of Entry can assist GoSL in bringing migrants home safely and in opening the airport for tourists on time. This project is funded by the Swiss Government.

The project aims to accelerate the resumption of discharged migrant workers by equipping BIA with a new advanced PCR Testing machine (RNA / DNA extractor and two light bicycles) and 39,000 RT-PCR COVID test kits. This state-of-the-art equipment is the first of its kind in Sri Lanka, and the newly installed machine has significantly increased BIA’s testing capacity by activating up to 1,300 PCR tests a day, with a turnaround time of around four hours. This not only increases passenger comfort, but also further reduces the risk of spreading COVID-19.

“Seeing the situation that has occurred due to the corona virus pandemic, technology support is urgently needed. We really appreciate the support given to Sri Lanka and thank the Swiss Government and IOM for their timely assistance, ”said Ms. Pavithra Devi Wanniarachchi, Minister of Health, during an official handover ceremony held at the Ministry last Friday (27). The ceremony was attended by the Secretary of Health, the Swiss Ambassador, World Health Organization Country Representatives, IOM’s Head of Mission and several officials.

Speaking at the event, the Ambassador of Switzerland, Dominik Furgler, highlighted the strong relationship between the two countries and the involvement of the Swiss government in assisting development in Sri Lanka, noting

“This is testimony to the long term relationship as well as the ongoing Migration Partnership between Sri Lanka and Switzerland. We are ready to support Sri Lanka whenever needed, and we have a long history of dealing with issues related to labor migration. We thank our partners for helping us provide support to the Ministry of Health – it’s a team effort ”.

Since 2002, IOM has supported GoSL’s efforts to deal with migration in a safe, orderly and dignified manner. As a continuation of support for GoSL, IOM has carried out several activities to handle COVID-19 to support the welfare of migrant workers and their communities. In June 2020, with support from the Government of Japan and the Government of Australia, IOM procured and delivered equipment and supplies to BIA to support health response and border preparedness, including eight health screening counters, seven temperature filtering thermal sensor camera systems, fifteen infrared thermometers and personal protective equipment.

“The new technology and equipment at the Points of Entry is essential to meet the unprecedented challenges posed by this pandemic and to ensure the protection and safety of migrants and all border management and health support officers acting as first responders. IOM is honored to be a part of this initiative, and we thank the Swiss Government for their generous support, ”said Sarat Dash, IOM’s Head of Mission in Sri Lanka.

Airport and Aviation Services (Sri Lanka) Limited (AASL) has provided space including the necessary renovations to establish laboratory facilities. “This is a clear reflection of the strong partnership between MoH, AASL and IOM, and we appreciate the support of the Swiss Government,” said Maj. Gen. (Rtd) GA Chandrasiri, chair of AASL, during a visit to the laboratory.


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The first case of Covid 19 was detected in Samoa | Instant News

A blow to the Samoan Islands. The archipelago, which has been spared for months despite the global pandemic, has just experienced its first case of the coronavirus.
One sailor, who on departure from New Zealand had a negative test result. Upon arrival in the archipelago, the second sample on Tuesday turned out to be positive this time.

Critical infrastructure in the face of an epidemic

It hits hard when we learn that in terms of health resources, Samoa is not adequately equipped to deal with such an epidemic. That measles at the end of last year is a picture of the situation there. The epidemic has killed 83 people, mostly babies and newborns.

The Pacific islands were spared

Until then, the small island nation had managed to protect itself from the corona virus outbreak. They have closed their borders despite the possible economic impact on the tourism market.

But in the last two months, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Marshall Islands and now Samoa have reported cases of COVID-19. Pacific Islands where a large number of the population suffer from obesity and cardiovascular disease.

Samoa’s prime minister said his government would decide today whether the restrictions would apply to the entire population. The Samoan Islands have a total population of 200,000.


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J&K DDC’s first poll was a battle for voting vs bullets: Anurag Thakur | India News | Instant News

The BJP’s new minister of state for finance and polls responsible for Jammu and Kashmir, Anurag thakur, move between UT regions for first J&K Selection of DDC. He spoke with Rohan Dua from TOI. Quote.
P.1The BJP has appointed Unity ministers when Jammu and Kashmir conducted the poll in charge of district development council (DDC) elections. Several other ministers and leaders such as General VK Singh, Jitendra singh have joined you in what is seen as a strategy that would otherwise be implemented in state and general elections. What is the importance of this poll?
A. If you remember for a long time, Rajiv Gandhi ji said that he wanted to strengthen the Panchayati Raj institution but unfortunately they didn’t. Especially at J&K. But after article 370 was repealed, our motive was to strengthen democracy and involve elected representatives to lead campaigns, progress in development and infrastructure projects in this part of our country. In 2018, we did the Panchayati Raj poll, then in the BDC 2019 poll and now for the first time, DDC will be selected. This clearly shows we believe in the ballot, while others scatter bullets. The poll is also a battle between bullets vs ballots.
Q.2 You mentioned bullets vs ballots. This year, terrorists killed several BJP leaders in Kashmir. How does that affect party morale?
A. Bharatiya Jan Sangh and founder Shyama Prasasd Mukherjee, originally from West Bengal, quit their jobs as ministers and fought for the state of Jammu and Kashmir. We are a party of fighting and fighting. He coined the slogan: Ek desh mai do vidhan, do nishan, do pradhan nahi ho sakte. He sacrificed his life for Kashmir. We all came from that party. We have lost many of our workers to violence in Kerala and West Bengal apart from Jammu and Kashmir. An unfortunate attempt to detail the peace process. However, the stoning in the Valley stopped after Article 370 was canceled. It was a huge success for us. In 1992, Narendra Modiji and Murali Manohar Joshi ji were flying the national flag at Lal Chowk in Srinagar. In 2011, I started the India First program and started the yatra from Kolkata to Kashmir, stood with the Indian Army and started the process of fighting for Kashmir. We are the third generation of the party and will not give in to our struggles and fear of terrorism or when Farooq Abdullah seeks help from China, Omar Abdullah speaks Pakistani and Mehbooba Mufti does not respect the national flag .. This is a decisive phase. We will continue to fight in the polls
Q.3 People’s Alliance for the Gupkar Declaration (PAGD) vs BJP. How this battle stands today the vote in Jammu and Kashmir is mainly because the previous Opposition parties have announced not to oppose the DDC poll.
A. Our election campaign and results will once again ratify the work that Prime Minister Narendra Modi is doing. 800 million people have been given free foodgrains – pulses and dal during COVID while holders of 20 crore plus Jan Dhan have been given Rs 1500 and three crore widows, disabled and elderly respectively have been given Rs 1,000. Over seven crore LPG was refilled over the three month period and nine crore farmers received Rs 2,000. We have also raised the MNREGA for aid work of Rs 1 lakh crore during the pandemic. That separates us from PAGD. Even in 2000-04, then PM Atal Vajpayee ji gave packages for HP and J&K. Likewise, LG Manoj Sinha has provided a list of 13,000 people to be recruited and another 30,000 are in the process. More than three lakh crore have been released under an emergency credit limit guarantee scheme for business clothing.
Q.4Pulwama remains the same theme of the 2019 Lok Saba poll. Will it be a problem this time at J&K?
A. This is the most unfortunate thing. Especially Gupkar Gang – PDP, National Congress and Conference. When they are supposed to stand before the armed forces, they choose to speak the Pakistani language, tone and tenor. So many Pakistani PMs Imran Khan quoted Rahul Gandhi on platforms like the United Nations among others. We only stand tall as Pakistani minister Fawad Chauhry acknowledges the role of Imran Khan’s government in the attack on the National Assembly during the debate. There she is.
R.5 Internet shutdown was a big problem after the cancellation of article 370 but security forces claim it helped kill those terrorists. How do you see success and failure
A. The first thing we did was there was peace in the Valley. Elimination of 200 odd terrorists this year The 70 year wait for rights not granted to Gurkhas, Valmikis, West Pakistani refugees and Scheduled Tribes is over now. People living on international borders have a four percent reservation. People who collude with banks for diverting money under a state scheme and officials to encroach on land under the Roshani Act will be exposed. This is our success.
R.5 Critics may question the timing of the release of a list of suspected offenders to Roshani’s actions.
A. A PIL has been filed with the Jammu and Kashmir high court. A judge presided over by judge Gita Mittal issued an order that this act was illegal and unconstitutional and that benefits were given to those who were influential and powerful be it politicians, bureaucrats, businessmen and so on. The Roshni Act was brought to Abdulla’s government in 2001 to govern the land. The argument is that with this action, the state will collect Rs 25,000 crore as the cost to be spent on electricity infrastructure in the state, hence the name – the Roshni Act. The deadline was set in 1990 which was later extended to 2005, which was later extended to 2007 by the then chief minister Ghulam Nabi Azad. The state gets only Rs 76 crore. Not a single hydropower project came. His intentions were clear from the Gupkar land-grabbing gang.
Q.6 The UP government has issued a regulation on religious conversion. Will this issue be part of this poll or in the future?
A. In a free country like India, where you are free to practice your religion and pray – be it teachers, mosques, temples – why should anyone be forced to convert? Why are there people who are misleading or misinformed or their real identity is kept and real names are withheld. Young people are attracted to love and affection but should not be forced to convert.


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