Tag Archives: livestock

Brazil: Accelerated deforestation in the Amazon as a direct result of Bolsonaro’s policies | Instant News

  • Amnesty International has also launched an online petition, Say no to cattle grazed illegally in the Amazon, which could be signed right here.

The new statistics that reveal that deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon region increased by 9.5 percent year-on-year shows the tragic loss of President Jair Bolsonaro’s policies to systematically undermine environmental protection, Amnesty International said today.

Statistics published by Brazil’s National Space Research Institute (INPE), show that 11,088 km² of rainforest was lost between August 2019 and July 2020, an increase of 9.5 percent compared to the same period the previous year.

By declaring the Amazon region open to business, Jair Bolsonaro has prioritized the profits of large companies over the well-being of vulnerable people.

Richard Pearshouse

Statistics show the Brazilian Amazon has suffered the worst damage in 12 years, since 12,911 km² were deforested in 2008.

“By declaring the Amazon region open to business, Jair Bolsonaro is prioritizing the profits of large companies over the well-being of vulnerable people. Protected areas continue to burn so commercial cattle ranches can expand, ”said Richard Pearshouse, Head of Crisis and Environment at Amnesty International.

“Behind these statistics is a very real crisis for some of the most vulnerable people in the Brazilian Amazon. Traditional people and indigenous peoples who live sustainably in protected areas lose the valuable forests that provide them with food, livelihoods and medicine – as well as their own identity. ”

Statistics reveal that 381 km² of rainforest in indigenous territories has disappeared. This is the third largest forest loss in indigenous territories since 2008.

Environmental protected areas lost 1,096 km² of forest (similar to the previous period, which recorded the largest forest loss in environmental protected areas since 2008, with a loss of 1,110 km²).

“The Amazon rainforest is made of rich biodiversity, and is also home to many indigenous and traditional communities. Brazilian authorities have a constitutional obligation to care for this biome, and the communities that live there. Protecting the Amazon rainforest is critical to protecting these people. These deforestation statistics reflect not only a major setback in environmental policy, but also on human rights policies in the Northern region of Brazil, ”said Jurema Werneck, Executive Director of Amnesty International Brazil.

Illegal cattle farming fueled the destruction of the Amazon

Previous Amnesty International research has shown that cattle farming is a major driver of illegal land confiscation in the Reserves and Indigenous areas of the Brazilian Amazon, fueling deforestation and trampling on the rights of indigenous peoples and traditional peoples.

The Amazon region has seen the largest growth in Brazil’s lucrative livestock industry. Since 1988, the number of cows there has nearly quadrupled to 86 million in 2018, accounting for 40% of the national total. Some of this expansion is destroying most of the area’s protected rainforests and Customary Reserves.

In total, 63% of the area deforested from 1988 to 2014 was pasture for livestock – an area five times the size of Portugal. Amnesty International documents this process in a briefing published in November 2019.

Cattle grazing illegally were found in the JBS supply chain

In an investigation published in July 2020, Amnesty International found that livestock grazed illegally in protected areas in the Brazilian Amazon were found in the supply chains of leading meat packer JBS. Amnesty International has found no evidence to suggest that JBS was directly involved in human rights violations.

In September, following pressure from Amnesty International, JBS announced it would introduce him new system to monitor its cattle suppliers, including its indirect suppliers, by 2025. JBS has recognized the risk that cattle grazed illegally in protected areas could enter its supply chain since at least 2009, and previously promised to monitor its indirect suppliers in 2011.

“This timeline is not good enough. In 2009, JBS pledged to monitor its indirect suppliers in 2011 – but here we are in 2020 with another vague promise that it is possible by 2025. Amnesty International again asks JBS to implement these changes at the end of this year, “said Richard Pearshouse.

Rio Jacy-Paraná Nature Reserve

Today, a public hearing was held to discuss a bill at the Rondônia State Congress aimed at reducing the area of ​​the Rio Jacy-Paraná Reserve by 1,520 km².

Most of the inhabitants of the Rio Jacy-Paraná Nature Reserve were evicted by breeders and squatters during the land grabbing over the past two decades. The Reserve is one of the most deforested environmental protected areas in the Amazon. Between August 2019 and July 2020, the Rio Jacy-Paraná Nature Reserve lost 104 km², an increase of 10.1% over the previous period.

According to official data obtained by Amnesty International through a Freedom of Information request, the number of livestock inside the Rio Jacy-Paraná Reserve increased from 83,642 in November 2018 to 105,478 in April 2020.

“If approved, the bill would mean land confiscation arrangements for illegal commercial cattle ranching within the Reserve. This will only encourage further land confiscation in protected areas in the Amazon, ”said Richard Pearshouse.


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Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon has skyrocketed to a 12-year high under Bolsonaro | Instant News

November 30 (Reuters) – Deforestation in Brazil’s Amazon rainforest spiked to a 12-year high in 2020, official government data showed on Monday, with damage surging since President Jair Bolsonaro took office and undermining environmental enforcement.

In 2020, the world’s largest rainforest destruction was up 9.5% from a year earlier to 11,088 square kilometers (2.7 million hectares), according to data from Brazil’s national space research agency Inpe. (Reporting by Jake Spring Editing by Stephen Eisenhammer)


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Germany culled 16,100 turkeys after bird flu was found on farms | Instant News

HAMBURG (Reuters) – Germany has ordered about 16,100 turkeys to be slaughtered after avian flu was discovered at another poultry farm, authorities said Monday.

Bird flu type H5N8 was confirmed on a farm on the island of Ruegen in the eastern state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, said local government authority Landkreis Vorpommern-Ruegen.

Wild birds are believed to be spreading the disease, with about 23 cases of bird flu recorded in wild birds in Ruegen since late October, authorities said.

A series of bird flu outbreaks have been reported in Germany and elsewhere in Europe in recent weeks with wild birds also suspected of spreading the disease.

Dutch health officials on November 10 ordered the culling of 48,000 chickens after bird flu was discovered on a farm in Groningen province.

Britain ordered the culling of 13,000 birds on a farm in northwest England after detecting cases there.

The risk to humans from the disease is considered low, but past outbreaks in farmed poultry have required extensive slaughter programs to contain them.

Reporting by Michael Hogan, editing by David Evans


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Socially conscious investors rated JBS Brasil, ‘medium’ risk BRF, Minerva ‘high’ | Instant News

SAO PAULO, Nov 10 (Reuters) – Brazilian meat packers such as JBS SA and BRF SA have not yet addressed the major sustainability issues affecting investors’ perceptions of their industries, according to Coller’s FAIRR Protein Producers Index released on Tuesday.

One smaller Brazilian meat packer, Minerva SA, is rated “high risk” by the FAIRR Initiative, a network of investors that monitors environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues in the dairy, meat and aquaculture sectors.

JBS, BRF and Marfrig are rated “medium risk” in the index, which ranks 60 global issuers against 10 ESG risk factors.

Of the 60 companies covered, 38 companies valued at $ 165 billion on average were ranked as “high risk”, across all 10 risk and opportunity categories measured by the FAIRR Initiative, whose members own $ 25 trillion in assets under management.

In Brazil, Marfrig got the highest score of 59 out of 100 possible points. The rivals JBS and BRF scored 51 and 49 points, respectively. Minerva scored 20 points.

The top performer overall was Mowi from Norway, the world’s largest supplier of farmed salmon. The two worst performers are based in China and India.

This year, climate change and the COVID-19 pandemic are weighing on an industry “which has emerged from the fundamental constraints surrounding land, water and antibiotic use,” FAIRR said. The health crisis exposed “governance failures” with respect to working conditions in meat packing factories, he added.

In Brazil, companies including JBS, Marfrig and Minerva are also under increasing scrutiny for their alleged links to Amazon deforestation.

FAIRR acknowledges their commitment to avoid buying cattle from areas where deforestation is potential, saying that tracing the origin of livestock only from direct suppliers is not sufficient.

Marfrig said in a statement it could trace the origins of 42% of the cattle supplied by direct breeders, and by 2030 it aims to be able to trace 100%.

Minerva, BRF and JBS were not immediately available for comment. (Reporting by Ana Mano; Editing by Richard Chang)


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BRF Brazil posted a Q3 profit of $ 40.61 million | Instant News

SAO PAULO, November 9 (Reuters) – Brazilian food processor BRF SA reported a net profit of 218.7 million reais ($ 40.61 million) for the third quarter, slightly above analyst expectations, according to a securities filing on Monday.

Profit before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, a measure of operating income known as EBITDA, totaled 1.13 billion reais in the quarter, the company said. ($ 1 = 5,3858 reais) (Reported by Ana Mano, Editing by Chris Reese)


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