Tag Archives: Measurement

Poverty, inadequate government measures reduce enrollment in public universities in Karachi | Instant News


Forty-eight percent of students in Karachi who passed the matriculation exam last year were unable to continue their education, according to statistics from the Sindh Central College Admissions Program (Seccap) and the Karachi Secondary Education Council (BSEK).

Due to the unavailability of seats, mainly due to the success rate of more than 99 percent in the High School Annual Examination (SSC), 91,173 students cannot be admitted to tertiary institutions.

According to educators, child rights activists and economists, poverty is one of the main causes of the decline in higher education enrollment rates, while the government has also not taken adequate steps to suppress other factors.

Admission statistics

Based on statistics, 112,372 students passed the 2018 SSC annual exam which was held under the BSEK. The success rate for the science group was 63 percent, while the general group was 62.5 percent.

More than 81 percent (91,453) of students were granted admission to public tertiary institutions, but the remaining 20,919 (19 percent) were not considered for admission or they did not apply for it.

The following year, 161,882 students in the science group took the matrix test and 68.5 percent of them passed, while 20,468 students in the general group took the exam and 64 percent of them passed.

Of the total 124,081 students who completed their matrices, 88,575 (more than 71 percent) were granted admission to different public universities through Seccap, but 35,506 (29 percent) were unable to enter tertiary institutions.

In 2020, due to the Covid-19 pandemic, BSEK issued results without carrying out the SSC exam. Therefore, the passing percentages last year were 99.8 percent for the science group and 99.5 percent for the general group.

In the current academic year, 99,593 (more than 52 percent) of the 190,766 students who graduated were enrolled in public universities. But the unavailability of seats has made the remaining 91,173 (48 percent) students unacceptable.

This shows that since 2018, around 35 percent of students have been unable to continue their education after passing the SSC exam. And according to statistics, among these students, there are more girls than boys.

Reason

Child rights educators and activists cite poverty, child marriage, rigid family boundaries, poor academic results, attending professional and vocational courses, college location, transportation and additional academic costs as major factors for the decline in college enrollment.

However, for female students, they cited family restrictions, poverty and child marriage as the main reasons forcing them not to continue their education after secondary school.

Poverty

Rana Asif Habib, who works for the welfare of street children, believes that poverty is one of the main causes for the decline in college enrollment rates.

He said that low-income families living in disadvantaged areas, slums and suburbs force their children into the labor force. He gave an example, some families who live in emergency homes even involve their children in begging.

Habib said that in the last three years Pakistan had experienced a very large surge of inflation, which left the majority of working class parents unable to send their children to college. “They can’t afford the hefty fees and other expenses.”

Child marriage

Habib gave an example, the rigid family boundaries and child marriage also resulted in students not continuing their education after the matrix, by saying that in traditional families, parents restrict their children, especially girls, from leaving.

He said that they would rather arrange marriages for their daughters than educate them. In some cases, he added, a heavy responsibility rests on the shoulders of the underage boys, who end up stopping their education.

According to Girls Not Brides, a global partnership of more than 1,500 civil society organizations, 18 percent of girls in Pakistan are married before their 18th birthday and 4 percent before the age of 15.

College location

Nadeem Hussain, who is an education economist and policy commentator, said challenges such as poverty, the location of higher education institutions, unsatisfactory academic arrangements and additional financial costs were the root causes of declining enrollments.

He explained that the transport system in Karachi was pathetic, saying that over the years the number of buses in the city had fallen from 35,000 to 8,000.

He also said that students used to be charged half the fare, but the buses are gradually disappearing, while no alternative transportation is provided. So, he added, families, especially those of conservative backgrounds, usually do not allow their female members to travel long distances to study.

Additional cost

Hussain points out that parents and students don’t just depend on what is taught in college, saying they also need to study at an education center for additional academic support to ensure good results.

He said that because most colleges cannot perform equally, those from low-income backgrounds see admissions causing additional costs, and thus discontinuing their education.

Family restrictions

Hussain also pointed out that thousands of families have moved to the city but they have lived according to their own traditions. He said that in such a family, very few women even studied to the matrix.

He explains that this is why other ethnic, social, traditional and conservative norms have also decreased college enrollments. Regarding child marriage, he said that they limit girls’ education 100 percent.

Possibility

Directorate of Inspection & Registration of Private Institutions Registrar Sindh Rafia Javed rejects the notion that many students stop their education after the matrix.

He pointed out that thousands of students enroll in private high schools and colleges, as well as in technical education institutions and vocational training centers.

He also pointed out that several thousand students take the High School Certificate (HSSC) exam as external candidates every year. So, he explained, many students who were considered not continuing their education were candidates from outside or registered at other learning institutions.

Rafia said that currently, around 20 secondary schools and colleges are operating across the city, while 17 institutes are providing technical education and vocational training.

But scholar Asim Bashir Khan, who has done a lot of work preparing government reports on education, disagrees with Rafia’s view. He said that SSC was not a prerequisite for obtaining recognition for vocational training or short courses.

In addition, he added, nearly three or four percent of the total number of students who are not admitted to public universities enter another institute.

Khan said the number of students taking the HSSC exam as external candidates does not exceed 5,000, while the Sindh Technical Education Board (SBTE) conducts examinations for all districts in the province.

So, he explained, the statistics of students who did not enter public tertiary institutions could not compare to the SBTE and HSSC external examinations held under the Karachi Secondary Education Council.

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CM Murad Ali Shah orders the city’s beauty, security measure for the upcoming naval exercise | Instant News



Sindh Chief Minister Syed Murad Ali Shah, while reviewing the arrangements for the upcoming AMAN-21 Multinational Maritime Exercise organized by the Pakistan Navy, directed all civilian bodies to give a festive look to the city.

“It is an honor to host the AMAN-21 gymnastics which is participated in by 46 countries, therefore all arrangements, including repair, maintenance, painting and installation of welcome signs must reflect the best of hospitality,” he said while chairing a meeting at the CM Building on Friday. .

The Pakistani Navy will host the multinational exercises from February 11 to 16, 2021, in which more than 46 countries will participate. “The main aim of this exercise is to enhance Pakistan’s positive image at the global level,” said CM. The theme of the event is ‘Together For Peace’.

Since 2007, the Pakistani Navy has hosted AMAN exercises in which the United States, Russia, China and UK fleets have participated. CM said that participation from around the world is testimony to the fact that the Pakistan Navy is a respected and professional force at global and regional levels.

Shah added that the prevailing security, and the law and order situation in Karachi had improved with the consistent efforts of the provincial government. He added that due to increased security, a number of foreign delegations often visited Karachi. “Traffic management during the exercise must also be carried out accordingly,” he told the police department.

Shah directed law enforcement agencies to maintain a favorable security environment and a pleasant atmosphere during AMAN-21. He also directed all local bodies to carpet paths, wherever needed, beautifying roundabouts and painting walkways.

The meeting was attended by the Main Secretary of Sindh Syed Mumtaz Ali Shah, Commander of Vice Admiral Karachi Faisal Lodhi, Main Secretary of CM Sajid Jamal Abro, Additional Main Secretary Usman Chachar, Commissioner Karachi Naveed Shaikh, Additional IG Karachi Ghulam Nabi Memon, Regional Government Secretary Najam Shah, Karachi Metropolitan Corporation Administrator Laeeq Ahmed, Director General of the Karachi Development Authority Nasir Abbas, Managing Director of the Karachi Water and Wastewater Agency Asadullah Khan, Brigadier Faisal Nawaz of Rangers, representatives from the Corps –V and cantonment councils, and others.

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Japan is taking steps to curb the illegal auto trade in Pakistan | Instant News



ISLAMABAD: The Japanese government has acted to crack down on imported car licenses with fake and fake documents in Pakistan, he said on Thursday.

The Pakistani Embassy in Tokyo, in a statement, said it would take all legal action both in Pakistan and Japan to address the matter under applicable law and to reduce any possible inconveniences that legal trade may cause.

Pakistani Customs in Karachi recently uncovered fraud related to used vehicle permits on the basis of fake / fake documents and in response to increased agitation among the Pakistani business community in Japan.

“On 24 December 2020, the Trade and Investment Advisor (TIC) reported to the relevant authorities in Pakistan – Karachi Head of Customs Collector (Assessment), Federal Revenue Council and Ministry of Commerce, submission of false / fake documents for vehicle permits in Karachi with seal / stamp fake embassy and fake signature from TIC, “said the Indonesian Embassy.

“As a result of the investigation carried out by FBR / Customs into this incident report, additional fraud cases have also been discovered by the authorities where legal action has been initiated by Pakistani Customs in Karachi in the form of an FIR against a customs clearing agent. involved.”

Japan is a major source of used car imports to Pakistan. Cars are imported in Pakistan under baggage rules or a reward scheme as commercial imports are not allowed.

However, the government has weak systems in place to ensure that resettlement policies and gift and baggage schemes are not abused.

In Japan, the Trade and Investment Department has reported the matter to the relevant authorities for further verification and investigation.

“While intimidating the customs authorities in time to avoid the wrong permits of vehicles fraudulently on the basis of false / false documents, the mission has proposed reviewing a used vehicle import scheme in Pakistan and automating the vehicle permit process as a module. from WEBOC [web-based one customs) to avoid such exploitation and frauds in future,” said the embassy.

“In order to support and facilitate legitimate commercial activity, Trade and Investment Section has been processing all valid cases submitted by overseas Pakistanis living in Japan in routine without any delays and the Embassy will continue to support efficient clearance on the ports.”

The customs authorities in Karachi have assured the Embassy of smooth clearance of genuine cases of import of used vehicles in Pakistan.

In case of any issue faced in this regard by any Pakistani living in Japan, Trade and Investment Section may be contacted at [email protected] for help.

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The Swiss New Year’s debauchery is dampened by Covid-19 | Instant News


(MENAFN – Swissinfo) Swiss people say goodbye to 2020 in a calmer and more intimate way. Measures taken to contain the pandemic have limited celebrations, with official events and fireworks canceled and large gatherings banned.

This content is published January 1, 2021 – 11:24 January 1, 2021 – 11:24 Keystone-SDA / sb

This New Year’s Eve is celebrated like no other as many people say goodbye to the year they would rather be forgotten because of the coronavirus pandemic.

In the Swiss capital Bern, cathedral bells ring the Old Year and usher in 2021. But the restrictions imposed to stem the spread of Covid-19 mean none of the usual New Year’s Eve screams and laughter can be heard in the square outside. . The official fireworks display has been canceled previously.

Likewise in Basel, both the traditional fireworks on New Year’s Eve and the concerts, church services and wine serving on the banks of the Rhine are going on as usual. In Zurich, the ‘Silvesterzauber Light’ in the city center was also canceled.

Usually, thousands of people gather in Verbier, canton of Valais, to welcome the new year. But this year the slick ski resort saw a heavy police presence and barriers to keep out fun-loving people.

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Corrective action underway to repair the damaged fire extinguishing system in Karachi: Minister LG | Instant News



The provincial government took emergency corrective action to repair the damaged fire engines and address the shortage of staff in the Karachi fire department, said the Minister of Information and Regional Government of Sindh Syed Nasir Hussain Shah on Friday.

“During my recent visit to the Central Fire Station near the Karachi Civil Hospital, I learned about the alarming situation that only 14 firefighters out of a total of 44 operate in Karachi, while the city fire department is also facing an acute staff shortage. Only two out of the five snorkels available with them were found to be functioning, ”said the local government minister while addressing the 10-2020 Fire Safety & Security Convention as the main guest. The National Forum for Environment & Health organized the convention in collaboration with the Pakistan Fire Protection Association (FPAP).

He said Sindh’s chief minister had ordered action to immediately repair damaged fire engines and snorkels and also to address the city’s fire department staff shortages. He said the Sindh government was in the process of procuring more fire and snorkeling tenders for the city.

He said fire engines were also being taken to other cities in the province. The minister said the Sindh government recognized its responsibility to ensure fire safety and protection in all cities in the province.

He said the Karachi fire department will get a new fire department tender from the federal government as well. Nasir said the provincial government would ensure that the right resources were available to operate and maintain fire engines for the Karachi fire fighting system. He said the Sindh government would also set up a fire station in the industrial area of ​​the city.

He paid tribute to the martyred firefighters who gave their lives while performing their duties. Minister LG acknowledged that municipal firefighters who completely neglect their own safety are carrying out their emergency duties despite insufficient resources and equipment.

He assured FPAP that the provincial government would ensure the implementation of fire safety provisions in building codes. President of the Korangi Trade & Industry Association (KATI) Saleem uz Zaman said KATI will meet the operational and maintenance costs of the two fire tenders that will soon be obtained from the federal government to deal with fire emergencies in the Korangi industrial area.

FPAP Secretary General Tariq Moen said that the relevant civilian bodies, including the Sindh Building Control Authority and the regional council, must ensure the implementation of the Fire Safety Provisions-2016 as part of the building code for commercial safety and tall buildings.

FPAP’s Imran Taj said programs such as the Convention on Fire Safety & Security were helpful in encouraging commercial companies, industrial units and real estate companies to adopt appropriate fire safety arrangements to protect their valuable human resources and infrastructure.

He said FPAP will continue to collaborate with the government and relevant non-governmental organizations to conduct training and awareness sessions to help promote a culture of fire safety in the country.

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