Tag Archives: Name

How German schools lose the country’s colonial history | Germany | News and in-depth reporting from Berlin and beyond | DW | Instant News

The information sheet shows Hendrik Witbooi on a $ 200 note from his home country, Namibia. Middle school students learn that Witbooi fought against German occupation in what is now Namibia in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Germany carried out genocide against the Herero and Nama people in the country, which European powers called German Southwest Africa at the time. In Namibia, Witbooi is still revered as a hero for his struggle for freedom from German colonizers.

But school students in Germany are highly unlikely to know anything about Witbooi. Information sheets about Witbooi compiled by the German association Together for Africa (Together for Africa) in the hope that interested teachers will use it in their classrooms, but it is not part of official teaching materials in German schools.

This is because, today, official textbooks and school curricula in German schools almost completely ignore the 30-year history of German colonialism in Africa and the western Pacific. This topic is not taught at all in some German states and is only alluded to in other countries.

Hendrik Witbooi is still a hero in Namibia for his fight against the German colonialists

Calls for reform

That’s why textbooks and curricula should be reviewed, said Abigail Fugah of Cologne who started the petition with this aim. Nearly 95,000 people signed.

“What is currently being taught in schools is not enough,” said Fugah to DW. She recounts that when she was at school, teachers hardly discussed the topics of German colonial history and racism at all, even though she herself had suffered enough from racism herself. “I didn’t have an easy time at school. Both of my parents are from Ghana,” he said.

From 1884 to 1916, German colonial officials were also in charge of western Africa, in what is now the Togol Republic and parts of Ghana. What was known as the “Togoland” was considered a “model colony” by the German Empire. But here too, the Germans exploited natural resources, denied the Togolese people’s rights and punished them with beatings.

Abigail Fugah (Private)

Abigail Fugah is determined to change the way history is taught in German schools

Fugah believes that current racism in Germany can only be understood if people know about this colonial history. “If black kids are old enough to experience racism, white kids are old enough to learn something about it,” he said.

Criticism and support from teachers

Fugah said that his petition received mixed reactions. “Most of the critics are teachers. They accuse us of ignoring the fact that colonial history has become part of the curriculum. But the problem is that the topic is not mandatory, “he said. The killing of 6 million Jews in the Holocaust, World War Two, the Cold War, and the division of Germany are important topics in German history classes, but there is little time left for other topics.

Unless the teacher takes up that time, as Imke Stahlmann did. He is a teacher at Farmsen Middle School in Hamburg. “We have been dealing with the topic of German colonial history relatively intensively with students in their final years for about 15 years,” he told DW. After all, he said, colonial history was a “very relevant topic for understanding so many international problems today.”

That’s why he finds it important to see the connection between colonial history and everyday racism, he says – more than ever this year, after Black Lives Matter protests around the world. He said his students were highly motivated to be involved with the topic, even outside of lessons.

German performance by students for the film Echo in the Barracks (Imke Stahlmann)

German high school students make films about the German colonial era

As part of this, Stahlmann’s students visit a German-East African war memorial in the Jenfeld district of Hamburg, where Germany’s colonial history is actually celebrated in a memorial made during the Nazi era. The Askari Relief, for example, featured colonial officers as heroes and leaders who were followed obediently by local soldiers. “We thought about how this memorial is treated,” said Stahlmann. “And the students are really starting to come up with alternative proposals.”

Since 2018, the Farmsen school has partnered with Chang’ombe Middle School in Dar es Salaam in Tanzania. “We realized that we were tackling very similar topics in history lessons in both schools, including imperialism and colonial history,” said Stahlmann. “So we came up with an idea to give our students a chance to work on this theme together.”

So students from the former colonial power, Germany, and the former colony, German East Africa, exchange ideas about history with them. This culminated in mutual visits. In Hamburg, students film together at the colonial monument.

Abigail Fugah and other activists realized that not all schools could hold exchanges like this. But he hopes all students in Germany have the opportunity to engage with Germany’s colonial past and heritage and with their own racism. Fugah wants to play a role herself: Currently, she is undergoing anti-racism training at school.


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New Zealand First Foundation SFO Case: Couple accused of anonymity | Instant News

Two people who face charges following the Office of Serious Fraud’s investigation of the New Zealand First Foundation will temporarily hide their names.

The verdict ordered from Judge Winter is released tonight.

The pair, neither of whom are ministers, current lawmakers or party candidates, have been accused of depositing more than $ 740,000 into the foundation’s accounts.

They appeared in court yesterday where Robert Stewart, on behalf of Herald NZME publisher Stuff and RNZ, challenged a crackdown order surrounding the case.

The judge has kept his decision till today.

The suppression of names was originally given until they appeared again in court on October 29, but the media filed to challenge the order out of public interest in light of the October 17 election.

Charges of obtaining through fraud were charged against both of them on September 23.

In making his decision, Judge Winter said that the release of one of the defendants’ names “may at this point inform potential voters for the New Zealand First Party who have not cast their ballot”.

“Those who have done it [voted], then will be stripped of the names of the two accused persons and the media comments that would be associated with them.

NZ First leader, Winston Peters, speaks at New Zealand First at his public campaign meeting at the Orewa Community Center in Auckland.  25 September 2020 Photo of the New Zealand Herald;  Peter Meech
NZ First leader, Winston Peters, speaks at New Zealand First at his public campaign meeting at the Orewa Community Center in Auckland. 25 September 2020 Photo of the New Zealand Herald; Peter Meech

Judge Winter said the publication of one of the defendants’ names “at this stage of at least six days into the follow-up voting period, could unfairly bother those who have cast their vote as much as it informs those who have not”.

The identification of one of the defendants can then easily identify the other defendant, Judge Winter said.

However, Winter said the SFO had been careful in notifying the New Zealand public of the allegations “before the start of the initial voting period”.

It happened via press release.

Judge Winter also said he was satisfied the threshold for extreme hardship caused by one of the defendants and those connected to the person would have been met if the names were released.

In particular, it reflects the media scrutiny that will fall on the defendants because of the general election.

“At this time when there will be an intense media focus on his name and his connection to the elections will mean so [the person] may be unfairly slandered in the minds of the prospective jurors when [the person] finally on trial. “

One of the defendants confirmed in their submission that they would choose to have their case decided by a jury.

They argue that “the nature of this type of accusation of dishonesty is very damaging … on both personal and professional grounds.”

The defendants argued that they might be tried by the public and that it would affect their business dealings.

One of the indicted individuals confirmed in their submissions that he would choose to have his case decided by a jury.  New Zealand Herald Photo;  Peter Meecham
One of the indicted individuals confirmed in their submissions that he would choose to have his case decided by a jury. New Zealand Herald Photo; Peter Meecham

In February, the Election Commission said it believed the foundation “had received a donation that should have been treated as a party donation to New Zealand’s First Party”. The matter was referred to the police, and then the SFO.

Filing documents obtained by the Herald yesterday accused the two of depositing $ 746,881 in two bank accounts, including an account belonging to the New Zealand First Foundation between September 30, 2015 and February 14 this year.

The documents claim that the money was deposited with “the intention of defrauding the money donors, the party secretaries of the New Zealand First Party and / or the Electoral Commission”.

“The defendant used a fraudulent device, trick, or trick, in which the party’s contribution to the party was paid into a bank account [suppressed] and the New Zealand First Foundation and was not notified to the party secretary, or announced by the party secretary to the Electoral Commission, “the document alleges.

“Thus, the undeclared funds are available for [suppressed]/ New Zealand First Foundation to be used as desired by the defendants, and to be used to pay party fees and to develop a fundraising database for party and party interests. [suppressed]. “

New Zealand First Party leader Winston Peters questions the timing of the SFO’s decision to file the charges, which come a day before overseas voting begins and days before further voting begins.

Media observation of the general election was one of the factors in Judge Wintor's decision.
Media observation of the general election was one of the factors in Judge Wintor’s decision.

The difference that the party was “completely separate” from the foundation would disappear on some sides, he said.

The foundation’s activities have been in the spotlight this year, whether it has been to lend or give money to the party for purposes that benefit the party and its MPs, and if so, whether it has been properly declared.

The party returns show that the registered foundation made loans of $ 73,000 to NZ First for 2017, $ 76,622 for 2018 and $ 44,923 for 2019.

RNZ reports that the foundation raised more than $ 500,000 in donations from April 2017 to March 2019.

During that period, the foundation reportedly spent more than $ 425,000 on campaign advertising costs, political consultancy fees, hiring and setting up campaign headquarters in Wellington, and running the party’s website.

This follows the resignation of party president Lester Gray last year after he refused to sign the party’s 2019 financial documents.

“This type of operation is incompatible with my moral values ​​and business practices, and therefore I can’t support the party much longer,” Gray told Stuff at the time.


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How do storms and tropical storms get their name? | Instant News

ORLANDO, Fla. – The next name on the 2020 list is asking a few questions about who exactly gave this storm’s name. Isaias, pronounced ees-ah-ee-ahs is the next name in the Atlantic Basin. If you are wondering, Isaiah is a form of Late Latin Hebrew and Spanish Isaiah from the Bible.

If you are looking for a short answer about who named the storm, the World Meteorological Organization has the responsibility to name the storm that affected the Atlantic Basin. Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, WMO is a specialized UN agency whose mandate includes weather, climate and water resources. You would think NOAA National Hurricane Center would have that responsibility, but that is not the case. WMO follows their own strict guidelines for naming hurricanes. The roster is now alternating between men and women and is on a six-year rotation.

According to WMO The names chosen are those that are familiar to people in each area. Storms are named so that people can easily understand and remember tropical cyclones / hurricanes / hurricanes in their area, thereby facilitating awareness, preparedness, management and disaster risk reduction. The predetermined list of names proposed by members that are relevant to where the storm can affect.

Why is the Storm Named?

According to the National Hurricane Center, storms are named to help communication, especially when there are many storms at once.

History of naming storms

The naming of the storm began in 1950 with the Army / Navy Phonetic Alphabet (Able, Baker, Charlie). In 1953, the US began using a woman’s name. Only in 1979 were the names of men and women used in the Atlantic Basin. Before 1950, storms were tracked according to year and sequence of development. Most of the names are short and easy to remember.

When does the storm receive a name?

When a storm reaches tropical storm status, winds of 39 mph or more, the storm receives a name. When a storm weakens into a tropical depression, it will retain its name.

Six year cycle

You might remember a few names from 2020 from previous years. That’s because all names are in a six-year rotation. You will see this list again in 2026. If the storm is stopped, the new name will replace the retired name. Retired storms are the only way to change the name on the list. In certain years, if hurricane “A” is male, hurricane “B” will be a woman’s name. The list will also change the gender of the name every year. The first name in 2020 is Arthur. In 2021 it will be Ana. In 2022 it will return to Alex’s male name.

How is a retirement storm?

If a hurricane creates so much damage or loss of life that it is inappropriate to be used again for reasons of sensitivity, the World Meteorological Organization will retire the name of the storm. Think of Andrew, Katrina, Ivan, Irma, Maria, etc. This retirement takes place at the organization’s annual conference in the spring. There is no name on the 2019 list that has retired from the Coronavirus pandemic, but will be reviewed during the 2021 annual meeting.

What happens if we run out of names in certain seasons?

If we run out of names, the letters of the Greek alphabet are used. This happened only once, during the hyperactive year of 2005. 28 storms developed that year. The letters, Q, U, X, Y, Z are not used because of the lack of names that begin with those letters.

Copyright 2020 by WKMG ClickOrlando – All rights reserved.


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The deprivation of southern Punjab must be addressed at all levels: LHC CJ | Instant News

Multan: Lahore High court chief justice Muhammad Qasim Khan declared that the deprivation of southern Punjab will be addressed at all levels.

He said this, speaking after his arrival here on Friday a meeting with South Punjab additional home Secretary Zahid Akhtar Zaman. Chief justice Muhammad Qasim Khan declared that the deprivation of the people of southern Punjab would be uprooted for the development of the region and the improvement of road infrastructure in the region.

CJ said that the people of the region do not have to move Lahore for resolution of their problems after the establishment of the administrative Secretariat of the southern Punjab.

Meanwhile, a delegation of the Multan tax bar Association headed by its President Rana Arshad Bashir met with CJ.

CJ assured the delegation that the space will be allocated for tax lawyers in the newly-built judicial complex. Internal applet Tribunal bench will be installed in the court complex on a permanent basis.

Meanwhile, a delegation of the Multan bar Association High court is headed by its Chairman Tahir Chaudhry Mahmood, Reza Haidar CAD MIAN Abbas of Multan district bar Association President Imran Sulehry, Ghulam Nabi, Tahir Chohan, MIAN Tahir Riaz and others also met with the chief justice Muhammad Qasim Khan.

Talking to the delegation, the chief justice LHC Muhammad Qasim Khan said that the new air conditioning will be installed in the High court bar.

He noted that water filtration plants will also be installed in district and Supreme Court bars lawyers and clients.


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Namibia says Germany is ready to apologize for genocide | Africa | DW | Instant News

In his state address last Thursday, President Hage Geingob suggested that Germany want to apologize for the mass killings in the colonial era of tens of thousands of people.

“The Federal Republic of Germany has agreed that the events of 1904-1908 can be called genocide and they are ready to convey apologies, at the highest level of the German government, “Geingob told lawmakers on June 4.

“Germany finally apologized for the genocide,” Namibia’s state-owned daily “New Era” declared a day later.

Germany declined to comment

Closed talks between the two governments began in 2015 after Germany refused for decades to admit that the mass killings of tens of thousands of Herero and Nama in the former “South Africa West Africa” ​​colony amounted to genocide.

The German government declined to comment on the Nambia president’s statement. “The talks took place in a constructive atmosphere of mutual development. Both parties have agreed on confidentiality and that is why we do not comment on the progress or content of the talks,” Foreign Ministry spokesman Christofer Burger told reporters in Berlin.

President Geingob said that negotiations with Germany had progressed

Germany has repeatedly promised to make an official apology for the colonial era massacre. Ruprecht Polenz, German envoy for talks with Namibia said in February that the two governments had almost agreed on a joint declaration about the killings.

“We would rather apologize today than tomorrow,” Polenz said at the time. “For the Namibian side, it is important to know what will happen afterwards.”

Germany always ruled out compensation for colonial era killings. In return, the government has offered additional development projects in the areas where Hereros and Namas live.

The top line of compensation

Doesn’t seem to go well with Namibia side. Geingob claims that Germany initially offered to pay € 10 million (US $ 11.4 million), an offer which he considered an “insult” to Namibia. In addressing his union, Geingob acknowledged that financial problems had not been solved.

Herero Paramount Chief Vekuii Rukoro (image alliance / dpa / J. Bätz)

Some Herero and Nama leaders demanded direct negotiations with Germany

“What is still circulating is a final agreement on the content and level of reconciliation and reconstruction programs,” he said.

A German apology However, it seems impossible unless financial problems have been agreed by both parties.

A signal to Germany and Namibia

Observers believe that Geingob might have chosen to describe the progress of negotiations in a positive way to polish the image of his government.

“Our economy is still struggling since the recession in 2016. This has taken another blow through the COVID-19 emergency. I think he is also trying to find positive things he can report to the nation,” Dietrich Remmert, an analyst at the Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR) in Windhoek to DW.

The president’s statement may also be an attempt to reach Herero and the Name. Some traditional leaders has been at odds with this governmentfor this problem. They demanded direct negotiations with Germany and accused the Namibian government of failing to represent their interests.

Gerd Müller greets women in Windhoek (Picture of Imago / photothek / U. Grabowsky)

German development minister Gerd Müller promised German apologies during the 2019 visit to Namibia

Finally, Geingob’s comments might also be addressed to the German government. “A number of observers here have said privately that the slow pace of negotiations is something that could be more blamed on Namibia, because it was not well prepared and because it was weak to engage in these negotiations,” Remmert of IPPR told DW.

When the two governments might reach a final agreement because it’s still not clear. The new round of negotiations scheduled for March must be postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic, but the talks are said to continue at the working group level.

The German government has repeatedly said that it expects quick negotiations. But special envoy Ruprecht Polenz stopped suggesting the right deadlines for a long time.


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