Tag Archives: News UK

Coronavirus news: England tightens restrictions who say “young people” for surges | world news | Instant News


The Iranian authorities have ignored repeated requests from high-ranking prison officials for assistance in the containment of the syndrome in overcrowded prisons in the country, according to the organization “Amnesty international”.

The rights group said it had reviewed copies of four letters to the health Ministry signed by the officials of the organization in Iranian prisons, “raising concerns about a serious shortage of protective equipment, disinfectants and essential medical equipment”.

The Ministry “did not respond, and Iran’s prisons are still sorely unequipped for outbreaks,” Amnesty said in a statement.

Iran was forced to contain the deadly novel middle East coronavirus beginning with the release of its first case on February 19 . Authorities confirmed over 16 000 deaths from the coronavirus.

Amnesty said the head of the Department of health in the organization of the prison for the first time sent a letter to the Ministry of health with a request to help on February 29, before a follow-up letter was sent in March, may, June and July.

The letter asked for disinfectants and protective equipment to last three months, including 1m litres of disinfectant and 5.4 m Amnesty said.

“These formal letters provide damning evidence of the appalling failure of the government to protect prisoners,” said Eltahawy Diana, Deputy regional Director of Amnesty International’s Middle East and North Africa.






Women wearing protective face masks shop in the Bazaar in Tehran. Iran has already registered more than 300,000 cases of coronavirus, and more. 16,500 deaths. Photo: News Agency Vanir/Reuters

Amnesty international stated that the letters “stand in stark contrast” with public statements the adviser to the head of the judiciary, Asghar Jahangir, who praised the “exemplary” of Iran’s initiatives to protect the prisoners from the pandemic.

The rights group said it “has received disturbing reports of prisoners displaying COVID-19 symptoms are ignored for several days, even when they have existing problems with the heart and lungs, diabetes and asthma.”

“When conditions deteriorate, many are simply quarantined in a separate section in the prison or put in solitary confinement, without access to proper medical care,” the rights group alleged.

Since March, more than 100,000 prisoners in Iran, was granted temporary release or benefits of the sentence to limit infection in prisons.

But the group of UN experts stated that released prisoners are currently returned to prison, despite the second wave of the virus in the country.

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Scientists work out the genes that drive aggressive brain cancer | Instant News


Scientists have identified more than 200 genes that work together for the growth of glioblastoma, an aggressive type of brain cancer.

The findings, published in the journal Genome biology, based on the new mouse model developed by a group of researchers, including experts from the Wellcome Institute Sanger and Addenbrooke’s hospital.

The researchers found that mutations in known cancer genes, known as EGFR, initiates glioblastoma and works with more than 200 other genes to drive the disease.

The team said their work could help find new drugs that target these mutations by testing the procedure on a mouse model.

Dr. Imran letter, and informed author from the Sanger Institute Wellcome, and now based in Addenbrooke’s hospital and Cambridge University, said: “We have created a new mouse model for the study of deadly human brain cancer glioblastoma.

“The first time we showed that we are familiar with the cancer gene, or EGFR, is able to initiate glioblastoma and we identified new genes, the driver, whose potential for therapeutic targeting merits further study.”

Glioblastoma is usually treated with surgical intervention followed by chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

However, cancer cells can evade treatment and cause tumors to return, with patients within 12-18 months after diagnosis.

To determine which genes help to control EGFR cancer, the scientists used a method in which there was a small piece of DNA inserted into different parts of the genome genetic material of an organism is to introduce mutations.

The researchers found more than 200 known and new mutations in the genes that worked with EGFR to drive brain tumor growth in mouse models.

Comparison with data of the human genome has revealed many genetic mutations in both humans and mice, the researchers said.

Professor Allan Bradley, formerly Director of the Sanger Institute Wellcome and now chief scientific officer of Kymab, and Professor in the Department of medicine at the University of Cambridge, said: “patients with glioblastoma are urgently in need of new, targeted drugs.

“Unfortunately, glioblastoma tumors can be highly resistant to therapies that target specific molecules, as there are many other genetic factors that you can rent for progressive cancer.

“This new mouse model is the missing link to translate the results from the new potential treatments tested on mice to clinical trials.”

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New laws on foods was published on Monday in the effort to reduce obesity | Instant News


Overweight people need to lose five pounds to save NHS money and help to reduce the risk of death from coronavirus as part of a new crackdown by the government obesity.

Boris Johnson, when he reveals his strategy to obesity Monday, would mean the end of the pastry display cases at the store check and ban junk food advertising on television before 9pm, as he looks to encourage the British people to shed pounds.

Health Minister Matt Hancock, writing in the Telegraph, who is not classified as overweight goal.

He said, “If everyone who is overweight lost five pounds, he could save NHS more than £ 100 million over the next five years.

“And more importantly, given the Association between obesity and coronavirus, weight loss can be a salvation.”

The Prime Minister has revealed his own brush with Covid-19, which saw him require intensive care in April, convinced him of the need to address Britain’s bulging waistline.

Two-thirds of adults in the UK is above a healthy weight, according to the government, and one in three children aged 10 to 11 years old are overweight or obese.

Mr. Johnson said in an interview with BBC News on Friday: “one thing, incidentally, that I think make a difference to me and many others it is a question, frankly, overweight.

“And so we need to solve our national obesity”.

Mr. Johnson, who said he lost a stone since his illness, claimed to be “healthier” wanted to help people “confront the coronavirus” and protect the NHS.

“Better this week health plan” comes as evidence linking being overweight with an increased risk of severe disease from the coronavirus was grown.

Public health England (FA) study found that classified as medically obese increases the risk of death from coronavirus by 40%.

Title changes must be declared as part of the waist-the decision of the campaign include a ban on “buy one, get one free” promotions on chips and chocolate and forbidding supermarkets to tempt shoppers with unhealthy at the box office and at the entrances.

Restaurants will have to display the calories contained in the menu items and there will be consultation in addition to the alcohol.

Under the program, NHS weight loss services should be expanded, with a 12-week weight loss application is scheduled, following in the footsteps of the popular couch to 5K app for running.

GPS will be encouraged to prescribe trips on the bike, with patients in the pilot areas to access the bikes.

Doctors also will pay you rewards for the number of people referred to slimming clubs and online weight loss programs, reports the Telegraph.

The Prime Minister said, “losing weight is difficult, but with some small changes we can all feel more energetic and healthier.

“If we all want to contribute, we can reduce our health risks and protect yourself from coronavirus – as well as taking pressure off the NHS.”

A very interventionist approach marks a reversal for Mr. Johnson, who until recently was a staunch opponent of “sin taxes” and perceived “sitting with children” from the state.

But Mr. Johnson, it seems, for his libertarian plan designed to save the NHS time and money and also helps to reduce the number Covid-19 deaths in the Second wave of infection.

In the speech should be shared on social media, Mr. Johnson will offer an introduction of new laws banning junk food advertising on television and online until 9 PM, and the Ministers will also hold a consultation on how the network should apply the ban to any time of the day.

As well as banning so-called “proposals” promotion of fast food, supermarkets will be forbidden by law to show confectionery and other high-in-fat foods in prominent places in stores.

Measures labeling of calories would also require restaurants and takeaways with more than 250 employees to declare the amount of calories in the food they sell and the consultation will be launched to determine whether similar guidance on alcohol.

Dr Alison Tedstone, chief nutritionist at PHE, who will lead the campaign, said: “these plans are ambitious, and rightly so.

“The fight against obesity will help to prevent the development of serious diseases and save lives”.

Alliance health obesity, a coalition of more than 40 leading health organizations, medical Royal colleges and groups of the campaign, evaluated the targeting of promotional offers.

But UKHospitality chief Executive Kate Nicholls criticized the terms, additional limitations of restaurants and pubs.

“As we focus on providing jobs and helping the economy and society to recover, the raft costs and regulatory burden will be a slap in the face,” she said.

The Minister of labour and shadow health Alex Norris, criticizing three consultations stated in the strategy, said: “we Have had big promises before about Tory Ministers to ban junk food advertising only for measures that should be kicked in the long grass of consultation.

“But an effective strategy for obesity requires action, not consultation”.

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Wealthy men are twice as likely to have high blood pressure than people with low incomes | Instant News


Wealthy men are almost twice as likely to develop high blood pressure than men with low income, the study showed.

The growth of household income were more likely to get people to drink alcohol every day and obesity in contrast to wealthy women who were more likely to engage in healthy behavior.

More than one in four adults in the UK have high blood pressure estimated one billion people living with it worldwide. High blood pressure is a major cause of premature death.

The study 4,314 people in Japan, researchers investigated the relationship between the level of household income and high blood pressure.

The total income to be divided into groups to less than 5 million yen (£37,000), 5 million and 7.9 million yen (£58,000), 8 million and 9.9 million yen (£73,000) and more than 10 million yen.

Compared with men in the lowest income categories, people in the highest income group were almost twice as likely to develop high blood pressure.

Men who are in the middle of the two groups, 50% have an increased risk of developing high blood pressure.

Dr. Shingo’s services, Hokkaido University graduate school of medicine, said: “People with higher incomes should improve your lifestyle to prevent high blood pressure.

“The steps include healthy eating, exercise and weight control. Alcohol should be kept to moderate levels and drinking to avoid it.”

The results were consistent regardless of age, and was independent of initial blood pressure, workplace, profession, number of family members, and Smoking.

The relationship was slightly attenuated after accounting for alcohol consumption and body mass index, both of which were also higher among men in groups with higher incomes.

In women there was no significant Association between income and blood pressure. However, women with high-income households tend to have a lower risk of developing high blood pressure.

Doctor service said: “Some previous Japanese survey reported that growth in household income is associated with more undesirable lifestyle among men but not women.

“Our research confirms it: men, but not women, with higher household income were more likely to be obese and to drink alcohol every day. Both behaviours are major risk factors for hypertension.

“Men with high-paying jobs in the daytime, particularly at risk of high blood pressure. This applies to men of all ages, which can greatly reduce their chance of heart attack or stroke by improving their health behavior.”

The study was presented at the 84th annual scientific meeting of the Japanese society of circulation.

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Risk, uncertainty and fear of failure: why scientists don’t celebrate vaccines against coronavirus yet | Instant News


The most promising vaccine projects, including those from Oxford University and American pharmaceutical company moderngo into large-scale phase III studies in some less common side effects or safety problems should become obvious.

Side effects are common and can cover a wide range of diseases, most of which are unpleasant but not a significant obstacle to obtaining the jab. Some, however, can be so rare not to come out until there is a population-scale implementation of the vaccine.

Maurice Hilleman, an American microbiologist who developed more than 40 vaccines, as they say, claimed that he only relaxed after the three millionth dose of the new vaccine was given.

It was not without reason – these rare side effects can be serious. If 1976 is one example of how vaccine Pandemrix, a vaccine against swine flu received about six million people in the UK in 2009-10. It was found to cause narcolepsy, a debilitating sleep disorder that about one out of every 55,000 vaccinated individuals in the UK, or slightly more than 100 people.

A classic example, said Professor bar-Ziv Naor, infectious diseases physician and epidemiologist International statistical centre of vaccines from Johns Hopkins University, is that, like rotashield, a vaccine against rotaviruses cause diarrhea released on the American market in the late 1990-ies.

The vaccine was associated with a very small number of cases, intussusception, life-threatening intestinal disorder, and was quickly withdrawn from service. A replacement was not available for almost ten years and during that time, said Professor bar-Zeev, “many hundreds of thousands of children die from diarrhoeal diseases that would be avoided if that so-called “bad” vaccines were available.”

The key point, he added that “despite his phenomenal contribution to the health, all vaccinations carry some risk and this is a public decision, the right decision and a political decision about what the correct balance of risks, and this balance depends on local circumstances”.

He said, “in the world already don’t trust vaccines, and we can’t roll out the vaccine to the whole world, if it causes harm. Even if that harm is very limited and even if, as expected, the benefit outweighs the risk, it still has to be very clear that these risks so that people have full knowledge of what they are doing and understand the benefits and disadvantages of risk.”

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