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Google’s victory in Germany’s highest court | Germany | News and in-depth reporting from Berlin and surroundings | DW | Instant News

Germany’s highest court agrees with the lower court and rejects the two plaintiffs’ appeal.

In the first case, a former charity managing director asked Google to remove links to certain news articles that appeared in the search for his name. Articles from 2011 reported that the charity was in financial trouble and that its manager had called in sick. He then argued in court that information about his personal health issues should not be disclosed to the public years later.

The court ruled that whether links to critical articles should be removed from the search list always depended on comprehensive consideration of basic rights in individual cases.

Read more: Germany’s highest court upholds the murderer’s right to forget

The second case was referred to the European Court. This concerns two leaders of financial service companies who are trying to have links to negative reports about their investment models being removed. The couple believes that the US-based website, which appeared in their name search, is full of fake news and is trying to market other financial service providers.

When entries are deleted from Google search they are not deleted from the internet

‘Right to be forgotten’

This is the first ruling by the German high court since EU general data protection regulations come into force in 2018. This gives EU citizens broad rights to ask companies to immediately delete personal data.

The case originated from the 2014 ruling in the European Court (ECJ), which found that EU citizens had the right to request search engines, such as Google Alphabet and Microsoft Bing, to delete “inaccurate, inadequate, inadequate, irrelevant or irrelevant search results excessive “linked to their names. The case centered on a Spaniard who discovered that when his name was Googled, he returned a link to an advertisement for the auction of property related to unpaid social welfare debt. He believes that the debt has long been settled.

Since a long time ago, Hundreds of thousands of people in the bloc have submitted what is called a “right to be forgotten” request.

Read more: The European Union calls for greater regulation from US technology companies

The issue of how search engines must balance privacy rights with freedom of information has caused several court cases in Germany and at the European level.

In April last year, the European Court ruled that Google did not have to apply EU law which required the removal of search engine results on request outside of EU borders.

Eric Schmidt and David Drummond in Madrid in 2014 (Reuters / Andrea Comas)

In 2014 Google executives Eric Schmidt and David Drummond took part in a meeting to discuss the balance between privacy and freedom of information flow

Read more: Germany’s top courts, the European Union fight for jurisdiction

Any data that is “forgotten” by Google, which mostly provides links to material published by others, is only removed from its search results, not from the internet.

Google began removing content from search following a ruling by the European Court in 2014which upholds the “right to be forgotten” by removing individual links to outdated or inaccurate personal information. About 90 percent of all web searches in Europe are through Google.

Read more: Opinion: Europeans cannot trust the US with data protection

Online forms available on Google sites in EU countries give users the opportunity to submit requests for information to be deleted. The form asks for identification and which links should be removed and why. The search giant may agree to remove search links that are only related to a person’s health, race, religion, or sexual orientation. Each request is handled individually by a staff member who must make an assessment decision.

The link will only be removed from searches in Europe but will appear as usual in other regions.

This is a right that is exploited by many EU citizens, as is clear from the Google Transparency Report, which states that since 2014 nearly one million people have demanded that nearly four million links be removed from search listings. And in about half the cases, the search engine giant has complied with the request, where in the majority of cases, the link to Facebook was removed.

About one in six URLs was removed from search after complaints from Germany.

One case of successful removal requests is the case of a teacher. An article displaying his belief in minor violations more than a decade earlier no longer appears in search results that are associated with his name. The other was a rape victim who requested the removal of a link to a newspaper article about the case.

However, it was the opposite result, for a priest who demanded the removal of Google’s search results from two news items that included sexual harassment charges against him. Google believes that the information is relevant to the public interest in the pastor’s life, adding that the church’s own investigation into the allegations has not been completed.

“Forgetting is characteristic and not a mistake,” Viktor Mayer-Schönfelder said in an interview with DW. Professor of Internet Governance and Regulation at the Oxford Internet Institute is seen as a pioneer of “the right to be forgotten.” In his book Remove: Forgotten Virtues in the Digital Age, reissued in 2010, Mayer-Schönberger has begun to point out the dangers that go hand in hand with unlimited data recording and traceability of data through search engines.

Viktor Mayer-Schönberger (picture-alliance / Frank May)

Viktor Mayer-Schönberger

However, a mere mouse click today will be enough to bring back to the events of contemporary relevance that in analogous societies have long been forgotten or become untraceable. People change, just as their preferences and opinions change. The internet, however, documents everything and everything as if it were eternal and above all: without any context.

As a result, the data highway becomes deadlocked. The more information is gathered, nothing is lost. The world of medicine has a special term for this phenomenon: “hypomathatic syndrome.” It describes people who cannot forget, who are permanently bombarded by their memories, who must return to and experience the past without being able to direct their memories. This is a very rare complaint in humans. But thanks to the Internet and search engines, the whole community began to suffer from this inability to distinguish the relevant from the irrelevant. To identify what is not important, out of date, obsolete.

Internet expert Mayer-Schönberg clearly welcomes all attention about the importance of forgetting in the digital age triggered by cases in the Federal Court. Even so, he believes that legal solutions can only be temporary solutions. He instead called for “practice of forgetting,” based on technical processes and tools and, above all, digital expiration dates.


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Encryption law damages the Australian technology sector, said Atlassian Australian News | Instant News

The technology giant, Atlassian, said controversial encryption laws had damaged the reputation of the technology sector, prevented talent from working in Australia, and damaged industries that could help drive economic growth in the country’s post-Covid-19 recovery.

A encryption law investigation It resumed on Monday before a joint parliamentary committee on intelligence and security, hearing from Atlassian industry leaders, who said it raised concerns on behalf of other players who “did not have the resources to engage in such advocacy”.

Law creating a system for law enforcement agencies to solicit or force technical assistance from technology companies, including to create capabilities such as back doors to get around encryption in some of their products.

The head of Atlassian policy and government affairs, Patrick Zhang, said the encryption laws had damaged Australia’s reputation in the sector.

Zhang said they had caused unwillingness among technology companies overseas to get involved in Australia or with Australian companies, for fear of weaknesses being built into their products.

The company is also worried that they could be forced by the Australian government to do things that are illegal in other countries where they operate, said Zhang.

The law also caused reluctance among industry talents to work here.

“It is my belief that the nature is very hurried where [Telecommunications and Other Legislation Amendment] “The bill was passed and then the nature of the rights granted to the government under TOLA has had a negative impact on the reputation of the Australian technology sector,” Zhang said.

He said the use of technical capability notices (TCNs), which could be used to force communication providers to build interception capabilities into their systems, had caused damage to certain reputations.

“That has given a number of concerns to our customers,” Zhang said. “This has given the technology industry a big concern.

“Because I think the fear is to work with an Australian company, whether by using its products or as a vendor – whether that company will bow to government orders to weaken its security or build back roads that will make the product less secure and expose weak links, if you want, in a global technology supply chain? “

Zhang said the technology sector in Australia, while relatively small compared to other developed countries, could drive post-Covid-19 economic growth.

“There is plenty of room to grow,” he said. “I think the Australian technology sector is very high quality in terms of the companies that are here and the success that has taken place.

“But there is certainly room to grow in terms of the sector taking a greater share of the impact of the national economy.”

This month monitors independent national security law released extensive reviews law.

The forthcoming INSLM, James Renwick, said the law “may or may be necessary” because of the adoption of internet-based encryption by criminals and “other evil actors”. Australia’s domestic intelligence services, Asio and Australian federal police support the law and say about 90% of priority cases involve encryption, which allows criminal suspects to communicate secretly.

However, Renwick made recommendations that would be a major legal overhaul.

He recommended that the attorney general be stripped of power to approve orders that could force technology companies and social media to help security services to potentially spy on the public.

Renwick said the power and ability of the head of the institution to force assistance from technology companies should also be transferred to the administrative appeals court.

The types of violations that can be investigated using power must be limited to more serious violations, he said. This includes violations that can be sentenced to seven years in prison, not the current three-year threshold.


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The private sector has been entrusted to manage 71 schools built by USAID in Sindh for 10 years | Instant News

Sindh Chief Minister Syed Murad Ali Shah, Mission Director of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Julie Koenen (now online) and Minister of Education and Literacy Saeed Ghani witnessed Wednesday the signing of an agreement between the provincial government and two educational management organizations (EMO) for managing 71 schools built by USAID for the next 10 years.

The ceremony, which was held at CM House, marked the surrender of the newly built school management under the USAID Sindh Basic Education Program (SBEP) to EMO. Officials from USAID participated virtually while the Sindh government and EMO representatives attended the ceremony in person, while observing the social distance protocol.

Education Secretary Ahmed Bakhsh Narejo and representatives from two selected EMOs – Charter for Compassion (CFC) and Community Health and Nutrition Development (HANDS) – signed an agreement to manage these schools for 10 years. HANDS and CFC each signed four and one agreement.

Under this agreement, the two organizations will manage 71 government schools, including 25 new schools built by USAID, to improve the quality of education in the four districts of Sindh, Dadu, Qamber Shahdadkot, Karachi and Larkana.

Speaking on the occasion, Chief Minister Shah appreciated USAID-SBEP and the strong support of the US government to modernize education in the province. He added that the government was a pioneer in launching a public-private partnership reform by outsourcing operations and management of public sector schools for 10 years to the well-known EMO under this agreement.

“We are proud to partner with the Sindh Government on this important initiative,” said Julie Koenen, mission director, USAID / Pakistan. “The Sindh Basic Education Program improves the quality of teaching and increases equal access to safe learning opportunities for children, especially girls.”

He underlined the commitment of the US government to support Pakistan’s efforts in education. The US government, through USAID, contributed $ 159.2 million, while the Sindh government provided a $ 10 million share for SBEP. The project aims to increase and maintain student enrollment in primary, secondary and secondary public schools in certain areas of Sindh, with a special focus on bringing back girls who have dropped out of school.

In addition to building schools, SBEP also supports provincial government reforms in the fields of education, school consolidation, incorporation and improvement, community mobilization, public-private partnerships and improving student reading competency in schools. SBEP built up to 106 modern school buildings in 10 districts, Dadu, Jacobabad, Qamber-Shahdadkot, Karachi-West, Karachi-Malir, Karachi-South, Kashmore, Khairpur, Larkana and Sukkur.

The chief minister said that currently, the construction of 70 schools had been completed, and 43 of them had previously been submitted to seven EMOs. Construction of the remaining schools is in various stages of completion, he added.


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Police hacking EncroChat set a dangerous precedent | English | Instant News

On July 2, the British National Crime Agency (NCA) announced that after cross-country investigations, more than 800 people were arrested in several European countries for illicit trafficking in drugs and weapons. The operation was launched after French police successfully intercepted a message on EncroChat, an encrypted message platform operated on a modified Android device.

These arrests have been celebrated by international police forces, and have been panting reportedly by the media, who quickly label those arrested by “criminals” and “touched icons”. The due process and presumption of innocence that we expect in developed democracies appear to have been eliminated in the search for headlines, which were triggered by intelligent police PR departments.

But while this operation provides clickbait articles and enhances public perceptions about “fairness being done”, there are serious questions about effectiveness and ethics.

There are many legitimate concerns raised by lawyers. First, there is a lack of transparency about how French authorities gain access to messages, and whether proper legal procedures are followed to ensure the integrity of evidence.

Because of the sensational press briefings, every jury in future trials will almost certainly be burdened by media coverage, not only of those who were arrested recently but anyone in the future found using encrypted devices.

The danger here is, for defendants who face trials where evidence is weak and methods are questionable, they may still be convicted because the jury hears “encrypted chatter” and thinks “criminal”.

There is also the danger of “collateral intrusion”. There are lawyers who use EncroChat to communicate with their clients. This means that the authorities have almost certainly seen privileged and confidential communication between suspects and their lawyers – maybe even lawyers who will represent them after this arrest. Information obtained in this way may not be received in court, but can still be detrimental to the investigation.

There are a number of real difficulties with this case, including in establishing that there is no misuse of the process when information is obtained and determining without a doubt that messages from certain telephones are indeed sent by certain individuals. In this case, it can be imagined that the authorities might get no more than headlines in most cases. Perhaps the headlines – as well as the seizure of that asset the benefits their own department – all they want.

Even more worrying is the implications for all of our civil liberties. Privacy is a human right – perhaps one of the most fundamental rights, and one that clearly distinguishes between advanced democracy on one side and authoritarian dictatorship on the other.

The fact that privacy will sometimes be abused by criminals is not a justification for being denied to most law-abiding ones. Reported to exist 60,000 EncroChat users are global, but only 800 of them were captured during the recent operation. Some users may be criminals, but many are business people, politicians, lawyers or just individuals who only want to use secure encrypted communication for various personal reasons.

That’s why, we have to find out especially about the statements made by Nikki Holland, director of investigations at NCA, warning that “If you have one of these devices, worry that we might come to you.”

Most people won’t worry, because they probably only heard about EncroChat yesterday. But what is the difference, in legal or ethical terms, between one encrypted chat application and another?

Many of us regularly use Signal, Telegram and WhatsApp, which is also an encrypted chat. Given the repeated telephone hacking scandal, our interest in privacy, especially if we share personal or commercially sensitive information, can certainly be understood. So how long does it take to use an encrypted messenger application to become a crime on its own?

We seem to be on a slippery slope to a place where anyone who enjoys his privacy is guilty until proven innocent, and where authorities in Europe will treat with suspicion anyone who chooses to communicate on a platform other than officially approved (and possibly the government -cause).

We might hope such behavior from China or Russia, but not England or France. To protect the public, European police forces must rely on thorough investigations and reliable evidence, not shadow hacking techniques and sensational headlines that erode justice and jeopardize our freedom.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect Al Jazeera’s editorial attitude.


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FIA filed a case against a private airline | Instant News

KARACHI: The Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) about the Civil Aviation Authority complaint has filed a case against a private airline.

A FIA Sindh spokesman said that the registration of the case against M / s Shaheen Air International (SAI) was in the CAA’s complaint because it caused huge losses and fraud to the national treasurer. Case FIR No.16 / 2020 has been registered at FIA, Corporate Crime Circle, Karachi.

This instant case is the result of an FIA investigation No.80 / 2018, Corporate Crime Circle, Karachi, which was initiated based on a written complaint from the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), Karachi.

During the investigation, notes emerged that M / s Shaheen Air International (SAI) had to pay Flight Operations Costs to the Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority (PCAA) but M / s Shaheen Air International (SAI) management had failed to pay CAA to impose fees and levies from March 2018 to date. Management illegally holds a sum of Rs1.4 billion (approximately) plus KIBOR plus additional CAA fees, causing a huge loss of Rs1.4 billion + KIBOR additional costs + additional costs from the national treasurer. During the investigation,

The FIA ​​approached the Financial Oversight Unit (UPH) for the CTR / STR of the accused. The FMU authority contacted Canadian authorities. Then, two people accused of being intercepted by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) brought in cash of CAD-500,000. Cash is held by the RCMP.

This case has been registered in sections 406 (Breach of Trust), 489-F (Not Honored), 109 (Abetment), 34 (General Criminal Intention) PPC r / w Parts 3 & 4 AML Law, 2010 (Laundering Money) against persons the accused person.


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LDA major operations against the private community | Instant News

LAHORE: In a major operation against illegal construction in private housing communities, the Lahore Development Authority (LDA) destroyed several structures on Wednesday.

In addition, the office of the NESPAK Housing Society, Izmer City, PASSCO Community, Muhafiz City and Lahore Baru City were sealed for various violations. The operation began under the direction of the LDA DG, officials said, adding that the Wing Management Estate team destroyed illegal structures built on green belts, disposal sites, school sites and public building sites in various communities including New Lahore City, University of Punjab (Phase II) and Government Superior Service Communities.


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PHC prohibits private laboratories from conducting tests | Instant News

LAHORE: The Punjab Health Commission (PHC) on Saturday banned a private laboratory from conducting any type of diagnostic test, while its branch and collection center had stopped collecting samples for the Covid-19 test.

The Islamabad Diagnostic Center, located at the Evercare Hospital in the Nespak Society, was found to be carrying out serological tests for Covid-19 that contradicted the PHC directives previously issued. Four branches and 30 collection centers sent samples for Covid-19 diagnosis to the central lab in Islamabad in violation of the commission’s directives. Branches have also been banned from collecting samples for novel coronaviruses until further orders.

To begin the further process of violators, the administration of the Evercare Hospital and the Islamabad Diagnostic Center have been directed to appear before the Commission in the coming week.

Medical professionals praised: Dr. Sardar Al-Freed Zafar’s Postgraduate School of Medicine and Executive Director of the Punjab Nureo Science Institute Prof. Dr. Khalid Mahmood said that with God’s blessing, all 54 doctors, seven nurses and six paramedics had recovered from coronavirus.

According to a press release issued here on Saturday, some employees who have recovered from coronavirus carry out their responsibilities without fear.

Prof. Al-Freed Zafar and Prof. Khalid Mahmood gave a lot of tribute to the courage of doctors, nurses and paramedics.

They say that the maximum amount of medical and safety equipment has been given to health professionals. He appealed to staff to take precautions when treating patients.


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Private hospitals refuse to reach any agreement after the government notifies the committee to refer patients to them | Instant News

Despite the fact that no agreement has yet been reached between five private hospitals in Karachi and the Sindh health department for the care of COVID-19 patients ‘critically ill but in need’ at the expense of the provincial government, the Sindh health department on Friday was formed and notified ‘referral committee’ and nominating focus people to refer COVID-19 patients to private hospitals for treatment, The News learned on Friday.

To handle the limited space for patients infected with coronavirus in government hospitals, the Sindh government has held talks with the management of five private hospitals – Liaquat National Hospital, Dr. Ziauddin Hospital, Southern City Hospital, Patel Hospital, and Altamash General Hospital – to refer to those COVID-19 patients, so government facilities have no space.

According to health authorities, the five private hospitals have established separate COVID-19 wards with high dependency units (HDU), intensive care units (ICU) and ventilators and all of these health facilities have their own laboratories for testing and diagnosis of COVID -19.

The five private hospitals, according to the government’s proposal, will treat COVID-19 patients referred by the Sindh government at the last cost. However, so far no agreement has been reached on this matter, but the health department has notified the committee to refer COVID-19 patients to this private facility.

“No agreement or memorandum of understanding (MoU) has been signed between five leading private hospitals and the Sindh health department to treat COVID-19 patients at government expense. “An MoU draft has been prepared for the agreement but we have some reservations about it, because so far there has been no progress in this regard,” said Dr Asim Hussain, chairman of Dr Ziauddin’s Hospital, when speaking with The News.

At present, only seven health facilities offer free treatment to COVID-19 patients, but all beds in their COVID-19 care ward meet capacity. The seven facilities include Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi General Hospital Dr. Ruth KM Pfau, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT), Dow Ojha University of Health Sciences (DUHS), Karachi Indus Hospital, Lyari General Hospital and Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Trauma Center.

Since the first COVID-19 case was reported in Sindh on February 26, 2020, the provincial health department has been trying to persuade private health facilities to treat COVID-19 patients in need but private hospitals do not seem to want to share the burden on the provincial government without agreements and payment of expenses in advance, arguing that it is very difficult to get bills cleared from the health department.

Expressing his ignorance of the notification about the appointment of a focus person or the constitutional referral committee by the Sindh health department, Dr. Asim said private hospitals were not satisfied with some of the conditions or clauses of the draft MoU and unless disputes were resolved. , no agreement can be reached between the provincial government and private hospitals.

“The government wants us to improve beds for their patients in high dependency units and intensive care units while we have told them that beds will only be available for their patients on condition of availability. Second, we have told them that only standard care will be offered on packages offered by the government. The cost of new and expensive antivirals and other modern medicines will not be included in this package, “Dr. Asim argues.

Under the draft MoU, private hospitals will charge the government Rs65,000 for patient care in HDU and Rs110,000 in ICU per day for the care of critically ill patients who cannot afford their own treatment.

The administration of two other private hospitals, the South City Hospital and the Liaquat National Hospital, also denied reaching an agreement with the Sindh government.

“No agreement was reached between us and the Sindh health department regarding the care of COVID-19 patients at government expense but we will not reject patients if they are referred to us by the authorities. But at this time, we are ready for capacity and do not take more COVID-19 patients, “said Chief Executive of the Southern City Hospital, Dr. Sadia Rizvi, told The News.

“I don’t know why an agreement has not been reached between a private hospital and the government because Dr Asim Hussain represents a private hospital. But we don’t reject any patients. At present, our COVID-19 ward is already crowded. We have a 27-bed COVID ward but we are adding 14 more beds to increase its capacity to 41 from Monday onwards, “Dr. Rizvi.

The Liaquat National Hospital Administration (LNH) also denied reaching an agreement with the provincial government regarding the care of COVID-19 patients, saying that they accepted all COVID-19 patients because they had increased COVID-19 care room facilities to 50. beds from 34 places sleep at first.

“We have not reached an agreement with the Sindh health department or the government for the care of patients in need at government expense but we treat patients as usual. If the government sends someone to be treated, even without any consent, we will treat the patient. We are also open to all other patients who are not infected with coronavirus and have other health problems and problems, “said Managing Director of the Liaquat National Hospital, Dr. Salman Faridi.

Minister’s version

Sindh Health Minister Dr Azra Pechuho said they were “close to reaching an agreement” with private hospitals, adding that the MoU would likely be signed on Saturday or Monday with five hospitals for the care of COVID-19 patients in need at Sindh government costs.

“The health department has formed a committee consisting of the chief technical advisor, the health secretary along with Sindh Health Commission officials and others to inspect and monitor facilities in the ‘Private Hospital Core Group’ where patients will be referred for treatment before signing an MoU with them,” Dr Azra said in response to questions about confusion over the government’s agreement with private hospitals.

Regarding the notice for the appointment of an important person and the constitutional referral committee, he said it was a draft notice, which had not been signed by the Sindh health secretary. He added that once the MoU was signed between the two parties, both key people and the referral committee would be formally notified.


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Moody’s warned Pakistan about the downgrade of the private sector’s default debt | Instant News

KARACHI: Moody’s credit rating agency is conducting a review for its Pakistan B3 rating, suggesting on Thursday the potential for a downgrade if the economy defaults on private sector debt obligations after coronavirus.

Moody said it placed local and foreign currency long-term issuers and unsecured senior B3 ratings under review for downgrades.

Although the review needs to come from estimates of bilateral debt service relief from G20 creditors, “the suspension of debt service obligations to official creditors will not likely have rating implications,” he said. “Indeed such assistance will increase the fiscal resources available to the government for health and important social spending because of the coronavirus outbreak.”

The most important thing is if Pakistan expands the demand for debt service assistance to the private sector and “if any losses are expected to arise from participation it will be consistent with lower rankings.”

The country is expected to get $ 1.8 billion in debt relief from the G20 group and contribute less than two percent of its foreign debt.

There is no binding on commercial lenders, but the G20 asks private sector creditors to participate in initiatives on comparable terms.

“The rating will likely be confirmed at the current level if Moody’s concludes that participation in bilateral official sector debt service assistance will not likely cause default on private sector debt or, if that happens, that the losses suffered will likely be minimal,” Moody’s said , without mentioning the review timeline. “Following the conclusions of the review, and under the scenario of no or minimal losses for private sector creditors, expectations that government financing, debt sustainability, and the risk of external vulnerability are contained are likely to be consistent with stable prospects at B3.”

Pakistan failed to pay $ 1.6 billion in bonds in 1998, according to Moody’s document.

Importantly, the rating committee that reviewed Pakistan’s performance on Monday (May 11) noted no material changes in economic fundamentals, financial strength, including debt profiles, and its vulnerability to event risk had not changed materially.

Moody’s also placed senior unsecured foreign currency B3 ratings for The Third Pakistan International Sukuk Co. Limited in review for a downgrade. Local bonds and the Ba3 currency ceiling of Pakistan remain unchanged. The B2 foreign currency ceiling and the Caa1 foreign currency deposit ceiling have also not changed. Bonds and short-term foreign currency deposits remain unchanged at Not-Prime. This ceiling acts as the upper limit of the rating that can be set for the obligations of other entities domiciled in the country.

Moody’s estimates that Pakistan’s economy will contract by around 1 percent in the current fiscal year 2019/20 and will grow to 2-3 percent in the next fiscal year.

“Pakistan’s economy is relatively closed, with low dependence on exports and private capital inflows and limited trade relations,” he said. “However, a coronavirus outbreak presents a significant shock to the domestic economy in part because of measures aimed at limiting the movement of people to prevent the spread of the virus.”

The rating agency said the coronavirus shock posed fiscal challenges and delayed government fiscal consolidation and debt reduction efforts.

“Continuous and significant financial and technical support from development partners, as well as effective use of monetary policy, reduce the impact of shocks on liquidity and the government’s external position.”

Moody’s estimates the fiscal deficit is approaching 10 percent of GDP and the debt burden reaches around 85-90 percent of GDP in fiscal 2020. The current account deficit is estimated to be relatively narrow, around 2 percent of current GDP and subsequent fiscal years.

“The government’s commitment to fiscal reform, including under the 2019-22 International Monetary Fund program, provides an important anchor for the continued expansion of its revenue base when economic activity is gradually normalizing.”

Moody’s said Pakistan was significantly affected by extreme weather events, including tropical cyclones, drought, flooding and extreme temperatures which could create economic, fiscal and social costs for a country where the agriculture sector accounts for around 20 percent of GDP and exports, and nearly 40 percent of total work.


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Five private hospitals agreed to treat COVID-19 patients in need | Instant News

Five leading private hospitals in Karachi finally agreed to treat eligible COVID-19 patients in each of the high dependency units (HDU) and intensive care units (ICU) at the Sindh government expense. The Sindh government will pay money to private hospitals first for the treatment of coronavirus patients, The News has learned.

“The Sindh health department and five leading private hospitals in Karachi finally reached an agreement, according to which the private health facility will treat COVID-19 patients who are in need and are worth the government costs. The summary in this matter has been transferred to the Sindh chief minister for approval, “Sindh Health Minister Dr. Azra Pechuho told The News on Tuesday.

Private hospitals include the Liaquat National Hospital (LNH) Karachi, Dr Ziauddin Hospital, South City Hospital, Patel Hospital and Altamash General Hospital, authorities said, adding that the hospital had built a separate COVID-19 ward with HDU , ICUs and ventilators and all these health facilities have their own laboratories for testing and diagnosis of COVID-19.

Since the first COVID-19 case was reported in Sindh on February 26, 2020, the provincial health department has tried to persuade private health facilities to treat patients who need the coronavirus virus but private hospitals do not want to share the burden on the provincial government without approval and approval. payment of expenses in advance, arguing that it is very difficult to get bills cleared from the health department.

During a meeting with the minister of health last week, four leading private hospitals agreed to offer a package to the government for the proper treatment of COVID-19 patients, according to which certain daily amounts would be charged to patients in COVID-19. wards, HDU and ICU, while Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH) refused to offer any package to the authorities, saying that it would burden government patients like other private patients.

Confirming that the provincial health department had agreed to pay fees to private hospitals for the treatment of moderate to severe COVID-19 patients, Dr. Azra said a draft memorandum of understanding (MoU) was prepared, which will be signed between the private hospital and the health department this week shortly after Chief Minister Sindh Syed Murad Ali Shah signed a summary on this matter.

“We will not cover the costs for the care of private patients and those who can afford it. We will only pay for the care of patients whose financial condition is so weak that they cannot afford to pay for treatment at any private health facility, “he said, adding that because of reduced locking, the number of COVID-19 patients is expected to rise sharply and more space HDU / ICU sleep will be needed to treat more and more patients.

The health minister said not only were beds in public and private hospitals being occupied by serious COVID-19 patients, but they were also afraid of a shortage of specialized health service providers, including doctors, nurses and paramedical staff, who contracted the new coronavirus virus in a move that was worrying when treating patients.

“These five hospitals have convinced us to provide 195 beds for COVID-19 patients. They also assured us that they had established a separate COVID-19 ward where other general patients would not be treated. After this arrangement works smoothly, we will add more hospitals to this network, “said Dr Azra.

For one question, he clarified that in order to receive treatment at a private facility at government expense, family members of patients must submit their financial statements and an effort for which they cannot afford treatment at a private hospital. “If it is proven wrong, they must pay the amount spent on treatment,” he said.

The provincial health minister explained that COVID-19 patients in need would be referred to five private facilities once all beds in public hospitals and charities were filled.

At present, only five health facilities – Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Civil Hospital Dr. RD KM Pfau Karachi, Sindh Urology and Transplant Institute, Ojha Campus of Dow Medical University (DUHS) and Karachi Indus Hospital – offer treatment to COVID-19 patient free


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