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New analysis reveals 150 years of New Zealand’s climate transformation | Instant News

Scientists have just put together New Zealand’s 150 years of climatic history, revealing a cool spell fueled by volcanic eruptions – and an increasing footprint of climate change. Photo / Leon Menzies

Scientists have just put together New Zealand’s 150 years of climatic history, revealing a cool spell fueled by volcanic eruptions – and an increasing footprint of climate change.

A team of researchers has compared land temperatures recorded across the country between 1871 and 2019 with data on surrounding sea levels, finding that our wider region has warmed by about 0.66C during that time.

Most of the heat has come in over the last few years, due to global warming.

“Although there were some very warm years in the early 1970s, all of the warmest years have occurred since 1998,” said the study’s lead author, Professor Jim Salinger.

The new study offers a deeper picture than our official record for tracking national temperature trends – the “seven stations” series – consisting of ground-based measurements that have been carried out continuously since 1908.

Salinger, the original architect of the seven-station series, says New Zealand has one of the best and oldest temperature records in the world, starting from the groundwork of Sir James Hector and colleagues in the 1860s.

“What we’re doing here is pushing the record back, as well as updating it to 2019,” he said.

“We want to cover the larger area of ​​New Zealand, not just the land, because we are dealing with the four million square kilometers that are home to fisheries and other parts of our economy.”

Source / Niwa
Source / Niwa

Using a series of data sets, Salinger and colleagues took a thorough look at what drove our coldest and warmest periods.

They found two large natural drivers that dominate the trend are the inter-decade Pacific oscillation (IPO) and the south-El Nino oscillation (ENSO).

Both show major cyclical changes in the Pacific oceanic system, which in turn affect our own climate.

When an IPO is in a negative phase, for example, New Zealand tends to get more northeast and northeast, as well as warmer temperatures.

ENSO – seen in between El Nino, neutral, and La Nina states – also carries a mixed effect.

While La Niña years show above-average temperatures with more of the northeast, El Nino years usually prove cooler than average, due to more southwestern winds.

Another natural influencer is something called the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) – a ring of climate variability that surrounds the South Pole, but stretches deep into our own latitudes.

Several warm years have been put in the SAM that is locked in a mostly positive phase, which comes with further southerly westerly winds over the southern oceans but lighter winds and brighter skies over New Zealand.

Salinger said this kind of trend has been increasing recently.

Surprisingly, the massive eruptions have left their fleeting tracks, spewing massive amounts of dust and sulfate aerosols into the atmosphere.

Records show how local temperatures dropped slightly after six major blows, including Krakatoa in 1883, Tarawera in 1886 and Mount Pinatubo in 1991.

Large eruptions such as Tarawera in 1886 have been shown to cause a temporary drop in New Zealand's average temperature.  Image / Charles Blomfield
Large eruptions such as Tarawera in 1886 have been shown to cause a temporary drop in New Zealand’s average temperature. Image / Charles Blomfield

“We found out how this could mean temperatures fell about 0.3C to 0.5C lower than some of the previous season – and there seems to be a lot more southwest.”

Even more striking, Salinger said, are the real trends emerging with climate change.

This paper finds our coolest years to have occurred before 1933.

Between 1870 and 1895, temperatures ran about 0.4C below the 1981-2010 average, then, in the early 1900s, fell further to 0.8C below that baseline.

Temperatures also felt cooler in the early 1930s, and then 0.4C below the 1940s average, and were generally near normal during the 1950s, 1970s and 1980s.

While they fell again to about 0.5C below normal in the early 1990s – partly due to the Pinatubo eruption – they rapidly increased to 0.1C above normal, before averaging 0.4C above normal throughout the 2010s.

When this trend comes together with natural drivers who have historically made for more comfortable conditions, New Zealand experienced very warm years.

One example is our warmest year on record – 2016 – which coincided with set-up pressures that pushed more north and northwest across the country.

But study co-author and leading climate scientist Professor James Renwick, of the University of Victoria, points out that other human-driven effects have also changed our climate.

University of Victoria climate scientist Professor James Renwick.  Photo / Mark Mitchell
University of Victoria climate scientist Professor James Renwick. Photo / Mark Mitchell

“The fact that we have a trend toward a positive southern annular mode – which is linked to the ozone hole, to a large extent – also adds to the warming over the past 50 years,” he said.

“That effect will probably weaken as the ozone hole starts filling up, helping to halt the trend in SAM.

“New Zealand will continue to warm in the future, but the rate of warming that we will see over the rest of this century may actually be a little slower than we have seen over the last 50 years.”

Globally, emissions are expected to continue to increase – meaning increased, acidifying oceans and more weather events such as major storms, droughts and heat waves.

At current levels, global average temperatures are likely to cross the 1.5C threshold above pre-industrial levels in the next 10 to 20 years.

And a 3C increase by the end of this century is projected, even if all current emission reduction commitments and goals are met by the international community.

Massive cuts in net emissions will be needed to hold warming to 1.5C – about 45 percent below 2010 levels by 2030, and net zero by around 2050.

The research team – which also includes Dr Howard Diamond, of the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration – dedicates the paper to the late Niwa climate scientist, Dr Brett Mullan, whose decades of work have been pivotal.


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Hyundai Santa Fe Hybrid confirmed for New Zealand – but no plug for now – News | Instant News

Hyundai New Zealand will add a hybrid version of the new Santa Fe 2021 launched in the middle of next year – although it will not feature plug-in technology. At least not at first.

The Santa Fe hybrid will feature a 1.6 liter turbo-petrol engine with a 44kW electric motor and a 1.5kWh battery. Total system output will be 169kW / 350Nm (no fuel economy figures have been shared yet) and while specifications are yet to be finalized, Hyundai NZ said it anticipates the hybrid will become AWD.

But that won’t be Add-ons Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV). This will be a petrol-electric powertrain similar to the one used by Toyota in the upcoming RAV4 and Highlander models.

That’s the direct difference between the equally new (and closely related) Santa Fe and Sorento of its sister brand Kia, which has been announced. PHEV version for the first quarter of 2021.

Sorento PHEV combines a 1.6 liter turbo-petrol engine with a 13.8kWh lithium-ion battery pack and a 66.9kW electric motor. The pure electric range will be about 50 km; the system produces 195kW / 350Nm.

Although the brands come from the same enclosure, they are distributed by different companies in NZ: Hyundai is independent and locally owned, while Kia is a subsidiary of the factory.

In short, no love was lost between the two on local soil. So it’s no surprise that Hyundai says it’s very comfortable with its conventional hybrid options and it hasn’t been possible to prove whether there is a demand for the Santa Fe Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle (PHEV).

“We know from competing brands that have a hybrid variant, they are doing quite well,” said Gavin Young, technical boss of Hyundai NZ.

“Our customers ask questions and we know there is interest. We know there is space we can fill.

With all the coverage we did with EVs and Nexo, we knew that early adopters wanted the technology.

“We’re also working with Australia to see what the market looks like for the plug-in variant, but that’s not yet determined. There has to be demand.”

Sales statistics seem to support that view. Only 610 PHEVs have been sold in NZ this year, compared to the 1189 BEVs and 6,844 petrol-electric hybrids.

Meanwhile, Hyundai has launched the diesel and petrol variants of the Santa Fe 2021 in NZ. Although it looks similar to the previous version, except for the new grille which is scalloped and carries most of the body panels, it uses a new platform, with new technology.

There are three powertrains: 2.5-liter 132kW / 232Nm petrol with 6-speed automatic and AWD, a core 2.2-liter 148kW / 440Nm turbo diesel engine with 8-speed automatic dual clutch and AWD, and a return of the V6 petrol model: 200kW / 331Nm from a 3.5-liter engine. , with an 8-speed automatic (not the new diesel dual clutch) and FWD only.

Across entries, Elite and Limited specs, prices range from $ 62,990 to $ 89,990.

The $ 90k price tag for the 2.2D Limited flagship is attractive because the model shares a similar high-tech suite, including remote parking and a high-resolution display in-dash blind, to Kia Sorento Premium. But Kia costs just $ 76,990.

Again, Hyundai NZ is comfortable with that. General manager Andy Sinclair pointed out that the gap is smaller than before ($ 20k on the previous model) and the Santa Fe is the top seller in this segment – with Limited being the most popular variant.

“If people buy a cheaper car, they are still a cheaper car – maybe a much cheaper car – when they exchange them,” Sinclair said. “What we prove with our brand is when people buy [Hyundai], they get a strong residual value.

“There is a big difference in NVH [between Santa Fe and Sorento], there are indeed differences in the materials used, but the biggest difference is the brand. People trust our brand. “

To view all the Hyundai Santa Fe models currently listed on DRIVEN, click here


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LDV’s eDeliver 3 revealed to be New Zealand’s cheapest fully electric van – News | Instant News

As electric vehicles are slowly gaining popularity in the passenger segment in New Zealand, it should come as no surprise that the commercial segment is on the rise with offerings that are entirely electric.

Revealed last week at the local launch of the Deliver 9 brand, LDV provided us with a new eDeliver 3 electric van propulsion that will rock this much-contested commercial segment.

Click here to see a list of all LDVs in DRIVEN

While we could get behind the wheel of LDV New Zealand’s first eDeliver 3 model, the brand is tight-lipped on price, mentioning that it hasn’t been finalized with the manufacturer.

We can now report that eDeliver 3 will land in New Zealand for $ 49,990 + GST.

The EDeliver 3 is a custom built EV van, manufactured using lightweight composite materials and will go on sale in New Zealand in Q1, 2021. Initially, two short wheelbase models with a payload capacity of 4.8 cubic meters will be offered.

$ 49,990 + GST ​​eDeliver 3 comes with a 35Kw / h ternary lithium battery pack offering a range of up to 280 km, while an optional 52.5kW / hr battery pack adds 120 km further to the range, offering users up to 400 km of travel on a single charge. power.

The upgraded battery pack adds $ 5,000 + GST ​​to the price, bringing the RRP to $ 54,990 + GST ​​for the eDeliver 3 equipped with a remote battery. Peak power is rated at 90kW with a peak torque of 255Nm. EDeliver 3 offers payloads of up to 905kg.

“Negotiations with the manufacturers have gone very well and we are very pleased with the results,” said LDV importer and distributor, Great Lake Motor Distributor managing director, Deon Cooper.

“With this price, we estimate sales will be fast. New Zealand is poised for an EV van at an affordable price of this size, with couriers and delivery drivers, drivers, governments and fleet buyers all loving this low-emission light commercial vehicle at such an affordable price.

“Investigations are already underway, with the name taken for eDeliver 3 when it arrives here early next year.”


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Prime Minister Imran Khan encourages intervention in the health cigarette levy | Instant News

Islamabad: Speaker at a policy dialogue on tobacco taxes in the country on Saturday urged the prime minister to intervene in the imposition of health levies on cigarettes.

This event is organized by the Community for the Protection of Children’s Rights at a local hotel.

SPARC Executive Director Sajjad Ahmed Cheema said in June 2019, the federal cabinet had decided to impose a healthy levy on tobacco products but the bill was intended to make tobacco products unaffordable for low-income groups and children had been shuffling back and forth between FBR, the health ministry. and the ministry of finance.

He said FBR had stated there was no problem with the implementation of healthy levies, so the long delay in this case was a disappointing surprise because public health was not a government priority concern.

The head of state for the Tobacco Free Children Campaign Malik Imran Ahmad called for an investigation to determine why the federal cabinet’s decision to impose a health levy on tobacco could not be enforced.

He asks prime minister to pay attention to it.

“As a result of the delay in the approval of the bill, the country lost Rs55 billion last year. Health fees for cigarettes and sweetened drinks will generate revenue of Rs55 billion which can be used for health infrastructure,” he said.

Senator Muhammad Ali Saif said on average, smokers in Pakistan spend 10% of their average monthly income on cigarettes.

“When people spend their income on tobacco products, they have very little money available for essential services such as child nutrition and education. Increasing tobacco taxes is a proven policy to help reduce tobacco consumption according to WHO recommendations.”

He said according to a World Bank report, Pakistan must annually increase its excise rates by at least 30% on cigarettes to ensure reduced cigarette consumption and growth in tobacco revenue.

FBR (Domestic Revenue Policy) member Ch Muhammad Tarique and FED Head of Sales Tax & Policy Wing Tariq Hussain Sheikh said the large fiscal imbalance in Pakistan requires greater tax revenue.

“Tobacco taxation can make a positive contribution to government revenues. FBR plays a key role in eliminating the third tier in line with WHO requirements agreed by Pakistan. FBR’s focus is not only on generating revenue but also on reducing tobacco consumption and others. Government policy in this regard. will be very appreciated, “he said.

Deputy Director (Program) at the ministry of national health services Dr. Samara Mazhar said according to the Pakistan Health Research Council that tobacco consumption cost the country Rs 192 billion due to disease and lost productivity, but in comparison, the revenue generated from tobacco taxes was only Rs115 billion.

“This large fiscal imbalance demands increased taxation. “Any government policies, such as the imposition of delayed health charges, will be greatly appreciated,” he said.

Participants said tobacco consumption is a health problem, has a serious impact on poverty and economic stability, child development, child education, child labor, and is also a child protection issue.

They urge the government to stand firm in overcoming every challenge posed by the big tobacco industry to protect Pakistani children from the dangers of tobacco.


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General Motors Specialty Vehicle (GMSV) is all available for New Zealand – News | Instant News

The Holden Special Vehicle (HSV) is dead: the long-lived General Motors Specialty Vehicle (GMSV), finally launching in Australia and New Zealand.

GMSV has started with 50 dealers, including the following for NZ: Giltrap GMSV (Newmarket, Auckland), Manukau GMSV (Auckland), Ebbett Hamilton GMSV, Robertson GMSV (Palmerston North), Johnston Ebbett GMSV (Wellington) and Blackwells GMSV (Christchurch) .

We know exactly what you think: the C8 Corvette. Yes, this new mid-engined monster will definitely launch in NZ under the GMSV, but you’ll have to think about that later. It will be a Kiwi starter for “late 2021”, the company said.

Instead, the GMSV will start where it is familiar: with the Chevrolet Silverado 1500 relaunched in March by HSV. The product line for GMSV remains the same as for HSV: trucks imported into Australia and “reproduced” to right-hand drive by Walkinshaw Automotive Group, including more than 500 unique parts.

Whether the GMSV Silverado will start with the end of the previous HSV product or launch with an updated model, the company won’t say at this stage. Pricing and specifications for what GMSV calls “Silverado 2021” haven’t been announced.

“We believe there are significant opportunities in Australia and New Zealand for our iconic North American Vehicles to compete in this particular segment,” said Joanna Stogiannis, director of GMSV.

“We know that customers are eager to see what other products we will add to our portfolio. We will continue to identify opportunities to add vehicles where we see opportunities to compete in specific segments in Australia and New Zealand. “


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