Tag Archives: Renewable Fuels (TRBC level 4)

In Australia, Japan started producing hydrogen from brown coal | Instant News


MELBOURNE, March 12 (Reuters) – A Japan-Australia venture has started producing hydrogen from brown coal in a $ 500 million ($ 387 million) test project aimed at demonstrating liquid hydrogen can be produced and exported safely to Japan, sponsors said. project on Friday.

Japan’s Kawasaki Heavy Industries is running a pilot project with government financial support from Japan and Australia in the state of Victoria, home to a quarter of the world’s brown coal reserves.

This project is key to helping Japan meet its net carbon emissions target by 2050. The world’s fifth largest energy consumer aims to increase its annual hydrogen demand tenfold to 20 million tonnes by 2050, equivalent to about 40% of its current power generation. . .

At the same time, Australia is pushing to become a major hydrogen exporter, ultimately competing with its dominance in the global liquefied natural gas (LNG) trade, potentially providing it with a greener market for its coal and gas.

Brown coal is considered the lowest-ranking coal due to its relatively low energy content and has long fueled some of Australia’s dirtiest power stations, some of which have closed or are scheduled to close.

The project produces hydrogen by reacting coal with oxygen and steam under high heat and pressure in a process that also produces carbon dioxide and other gases.

If the project is commercial, the plan is to bury carbon dioxide off the coast of Victoria, KHI previously said. The Australian and Victorian state governments are running a parallel project to test the transport and injection of carbon dioxide under the ocean floor.

The hydrogen produced in the pilot project will be transported to the port location where it will be liquefied for export.

The next big step is to deliver cargo on the world’s first liquid hydrogen carrier, built by KHI. Voyages have been delayed until mid-year, due to COVID-19 restrictions that slowed final checks on tankers.

“The eyes of the world will be on Victoria when liquid hydrogen deliveries begin in mid-2021,” said Hirofumi Kawazoe, of KHI’s Australian Hydrogen Engineering unit, in a statement.

Partners on the Australian side of the project include Japan’s Electric Power Development Co (J-Power), Iwatani Corp, Marubeni Corp, Sumitomo Corp and Australia’s AGL Energy Ltd, whose mines supply brown coal. ($ 1 = Australian dollar 1.2922) (Report by Sonali Paul; editing by Richard Pullin)

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Germany, Arabia agree to cooperate on hydrogen | Instant News


BERLIN, March 11 (Reuters) – Germany agreed on Thursday to cooperate with Saudi Arabia on the generation, processing and transportation of hydrogen, which is seen as a green fuel when renewable energy sources are used in its production.

Germany has embarked on a large-scale effort to develop environmentally friendly hydrogen to protect key industries while decarbonizing its economy to meet climate protection goals.

However, as future German demand for the element could not be met domestically, Germany sought overseas partnerships to secure imports.

German Economy Minister Peter Altmaier said the declaration of intent signed with Saudi Arabia laid the groundwork for close cooperation with important international partners.

“To achieve the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement and successfully shape our transition to renewable energy, Germany is dependent on imports of climate neutral hydrogen,” he said in a statement.

The two countries aim to work on a concrete hydrogen project together, such as in one of the Saudi business areas NEOM, the ministry said.

Green hydrogen is produced from water by electrolysis using renewable power. (Reporting by Madeline Chambers Editing by Alexandra Hudson)

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Future check: Australia’s gas grid looks environmentally friendly with hydrogen | Instant News


MELBOURNE (Reuters) – Australia’s natural gas pipeline owners are working to prove their future A $ 75 billion ($ 59 billion) asset amid a global push toward clean energy, running tests to mix hydrogen with gas and produce green methane to replace the material fossil fuel.

Cashing in rare bipartisan support for hydrogen across Australian national and state governments to help reduce carbon emissions, owners of pipelines and networks have committed A $ 180 million for a variety of projects involving green hydrogen.

The Australian state has pledged to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2050, in line with many developed countries, but Canberra has not committed to a 2050 term.

“This is a business risk that we have to manage,” said Ben Wilson, chief executive of the Australian Gas Infrastructure Group (AGIG), which is owned by a unit of the Hong Kong-based CK Group.

“What was initially defensive has become an opportunity, especially given our renewable energy sources. We could become the world’s biggest exporter of green hydrogen, “he told Reuters.

Pipe owners seeking government funding for a hydrogen project aim to show how their infrastructure can be used to deliver hydrogen in mixtures with gas and store hydrogen as a form of renewable energy storage.

(Graph: Map of the Australian pipeline,)

“Ultimately, we also think that continuing to use this infrastructure allows the entire economy to remove carbon at a lower cost,” said Dennis Van Puyvelde, head of gas for Energy Networks Australia.

A study conducted for the industry body last year found that to achieve net zero emissions by 2050, building a hydrogen distribution network would cost half the cost of expanding the power grid to serve businesses and industries currently dependent on gas, and save Australia around A $ 13. billion.

The pipeline company is working on a shorter timeframe than 2050, as several states push to have 10% hydrogen in gas pipelines by 2030.

EYES WITH GREEN METHAN

A study conducted for the government found that hydrogen can be safely added to gas supplies up to 10% by volume without having to modify pipelines or equipment.

Van Puyvelde said the advantages of mixing hydrogen to gas allow for the gradual buildup of industrial hydrogen, requiring an electrolycer of up to 1 gigawatt, compared to the much larger and more expensive electrolyzers that would be required to export green hydrogen.

In the first testing of hydrogen into distribution networks in Australia, AGIG will begin injecting a volume-based 5% green hydrogen mixture in the gas next month, to 700 homes in Adelaide.

Jemena, a company owned by State Grid Corp of China and Singapore Power, is working on a similar government-backed project in Sydney, mixing up to 2% hydrogen into the country’s largest local gas network later this year.

More projects are in the works, with the pipeline company selected for A $ 70 million in hydrogen funding from the government, the Australian Renewable Energy Agency said.

Over the long term, the industry is closely watching Europe’s largest energy grid operator, E.ON, converts gas pipelines in Germany to produce pure hydrogen.

Apart from hydrogen, an ideal substitute for natural gas is green methane, if it can be produced commercially. Methane is chemically the same as natural gas, a fossil fuel.

Testing its potential, APA Group, Australia’s largest pipeline company, is building a pilot plant in the state of Queensland that will use solar energy to drive an electrolyzer to separate water, generate hydrogen and combine it with carbon dioxide extracted from the air to produce methane. .

The project has attracted the interest of US companies, and if successful, could help companies around the world, such as APA, which have billions of dollars invested in pipelines servicing liquefied natural gas (LNG) plants.

“If successful, it will be compatible with the existing LNG infrastructure. You don’t need to retrofit, “APA’s head of transformation, Hannah McCaughey, told Reuters. ($ 1 = 1,269 Australian dollars)

(This story has been rewritten to correct paragraph 3 to improve formatting)

Reporting by Sonali Paul; Edited by Ana Nicolaci da Costa

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Brazilian waste processor Orizan completed a $ 103 million IPO | Instant News


SAO PAULO, February 11 (Reuters) – Brazil’s Orizan Valorizacao de Residuos SA, which converts waste to biofuel, has completed an initial public offering worth 554 million reais ($ 103.23 million), according to a securities filing on Thursday.

Orizan sets its offering price at 22 reais per share, compared to an indicative range of 20 reais to 27 reais per share.

The company earned 381.4 million reais, while shareholders sold 172.6 million reais in shares. ($ 1 = 5,3665 reais) (Reporting by Aluisio Alves; Editing by Sam Holmes)

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Brazilian sugar producer Jalles Machado IPO prices below the target range | Instant News


SAO PAULO, February 4 (Reuters) – Brazilian sugar and ethanol producer Jalles Machado SA set its initial public offering price in Sao Paulo at 8.30 reais per share, well below the target range of 10.35 reais to 12.95 reais, according to data released by Brazilian securities. regulators on Thursday.

The IPO raised 741.5 million reais ($ 137 million), according to the data.

In his preliminary prospectus, Jalles said it plans to use the proceeds from the IPO to increase sugarcane production at its two factories in the central western Brazilian state of Goias and to purchase a third factory.

$ 1 = 5.43 reais Reported by Aluísio Alves; Written by Gram Slattery; Edited by Karishma Singh

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