Human rights activists urge Parliament recognized violations against the Muslim Uyghurs in China as genocide and doubling down on calls for Canada to impose sanctions against Chinese officials responsible for the repression against the minority.
Former liberal justice Minister Irwin Cotler was among the long list of witnesses that detail the treatment in China of Uyghurs during a seven-hour hearing in the House of Commons human rights Subcommittee on Monday. Mr. Cotler, international human rights champion, said that the Parliament should assume global leadership by recognizing violations against Uighurs in the Western Chinese province of Xinjiang as genocide. He said that the world risks not the Uighurs, through inaction, as it did with the genocide in Rwanda in 1994.
“What makes [Rwanda] genocide so unspeakable is that it was preventable. Nobody could say that we don’t know. We knew, but we do not act, just as it is now against the Uyghurs,” said Mr. Cotler, who is the Chairman of the Montreal-centre Raoul Wallenberg human rights.
“Indifference is always … coming down on the side of the executioner, not on the side of the victims.”
More than one million Uyghurs were detained in camps by the Chinese authorities, according to United Nations human rights Commission. China denies abuse of minorities, saying that they are training camps. The globe and Mail said about the treatment of Uighursspeaking to former prisoners, who told about abuse, political indoctrination, forced labour and monitoring of the minorities in Xinjiang.
A recent report from the associated Press exposed a systematic effort by the Chinese government to reduce the birth rate among Uighur, including the subordination of women examines a pregnancy, forced IUDs, sterilization and abortion.
Genocide defined in the 1948 Convention On the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide as “acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group”.Speaking at the Committee on Monday, Uighur activists said the human rights violations against its own people is genocide.
“I think the Chinese government is perfectly Laying the groundwork for the eradication of the Uyghur people as a whole,” said Rayhan ASAT, President of the American international Association of Turkic.
Brother of Mrs. ASAT, and ASAT Ekpar, went missing in Xinjiang in April 2016, and was sentenced to 15 years in prison on charges of “inciting ethnic hatred and ethnic discrimination”. Ms. ASAT stands for the liberation of her brother after his disappearance, but have not heard from him for more than four years.
The Secretary-General of Amnesty International Canada Alex Neve said that his organization has not yet expressed its position about the atrocities against the Uighurs constitute genocide, but said that should not stop Canada from taking measures to exert pressure on China.
“Despite the debate about whether or not genocide continues, there is nothing that should postpone a reliable, meaningful and more decisive action.”
The Committee also heard calls to follow in the footsteps of the United States, which recently imposed sanctions against top members of the Communist party of China and three other senior officials in response to human rights violations against minorities in Xinjiang, including the Uighurs.
Mehmet Tohti, Executive Director of the project on the protection of the rights of the Uighurs, said that the sanctions show, China’s President XI Jinping and his officials that Canada watch. Mr. Tohti fled to Xinjiang after the statements about discrimination against Uyghurs in 1991; he said that 38 members of his family have disappeared since he left China.
In 2017, the Parliament passed the justice for victims of corrupt foreign officials, which allows Canada will impose an asset freeze and a ban on entry to human rights violators around the world. Law and adopted in the United States and many European countries, was inspired by the murder of Russian whistleblower Sergei Magnitsky.
Last week foreign Minister Francois-Philippe champagne noted that Canada “took note” of the US Magnitsky-style sanctions against Chinese officials, but do not indicate whether Ottawa intends to follow suit. His office was not answered Monday calls for Parliament to declare abuses against the genocide of the Uygurs.
Canadian Magnitsky-style sanctions could spur retaliation from China – the likes of which Canada has already felt.
December, 2018, the arrest of Michael Kovrig, a former diplomat and entrepreneur Michael Spavor in China was widely seen as retaliation for the arrest in Ottawa of Huawei technologies. LTD. Executive Meng Wanzhou on the extradition request in the United States. Canadians still detained today.
The Committee will hold seven-hour hearing on the situation of Uighurs on Tuesday.