Tag Archives: sciencetech

The fossil foot of a three-finger dinosaur that lived in Brazil 115 million years ago was discovered | Instant News


The three-footed dinosaur fossil foot that lived in Brazil 115 million years ago was identified as belonging to a new species that may be the forerunner of today’s birds.

  • The specimen was found at the Pedra Branca mine in the Brazilian state of Ceará in 2008
  • Extraction and preparation of fossils is complex and takes 12 years in total
  • A carnivore, ‘Aratasaurus museunacionali’ is probably 5.3 stones and 10 feet tall
  • Like all bird-like theropods, the dinosaur had three fingers and had hollow limbs

Three-pointed dinosaur foot that lived in it Brazil 115 million years ago it was identified as belonging to a new predecessor species of bird.

Carnivores – nicknamed ‘Aratasaurus museunacionali’ – were discovered in 2008 from dark shale layers at the Pedra Branca mine in Ceará State by local residents.

Experts believe that dinosaurs died young, but it is likely to have weighed around 5.4 stones (34 kilograms) in life and would stand more than 10 feet (3 meters) tall.

A. museunacionali is a medium-sized theropod – a group of bird-like dinosaurs marked by three-pointed limbs and hollow bones.

The discovery of new species can help scientists better understand the evolutionary history of this group of carnivorous dinosaurs.

The three-footed dinosaur fossil foot that lived in Brazil 115 million years ago (depicted in this artist’s impression) has been identified as belonging to a new predecessor species of bird.

The discovery of new species can help scientists better understand the evolutionary history of this group of carnivorous dinosaurs.  Photograph, fossil leg bones of a newly identified dinosaur species, nicknamed 'Aratasaurus museunacionali'

The discovery of new species can help scientists better understand the evolutionary history of this group of carnivorous dinosaurs. Photograph, fossil leg bones of a newly identified dinosaur species, nicknamed ‘Aratasaurus museunacionali’

Carnivorous reptiles - nicknamed 'Aratasaurus museunacionali' - were excavated from dark shale layers at the Pedra Branca mine in Ceará State by local residents.  In the photo, fossil leg bones of a newly identified dinosaur species

Carnivorous reptiles – nicknamed ‘Aratasaurus museunacionali’ – were dug out of the dark shale layer at the Pedra Branca mine in the State of Ceará by local residents. In the photo, fossil leg bones of a newly identified dinosaur species

“In theropods, we found that Aratasaurus was part of a group called Coelurosauria,” paper writer and paleontologist Juliana Manso Sayão of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro told German wave.

This group, he added, “includes Brazilian dinosaurs found in the same area known as Santanaraptor, Tyrannosaurus and the famous velociraptor and even the birds we know today.”

However, the analysis of Dr. Sayão and his colleagues has suggested that the Aratasaurus dinosaur lineage might go further back in time than the one that gave rise to T. rex.

“Aratasaurus shows that part of its rich history may be located northeast of Brazil and in South America,” Dr Sayão told Deutsche Welle.

‘There are still many gaps to be revealed in this evolutionary puzzle, but with this discovery, we have added another part to understand it.

According to the researchers, the process of extracting fossils from the surrounding rock fragile matrix is ​​a complex process – and takes 12 years in total.

The team conducted microscopic analysis of tissue taken from small samples of fossil bones, which helped them form the ‘visual construction’ of the animal.

Experts believe that dinosaurs died young, but it is likely to have weighed around 5.4 stones (34 kilograms) in life and would stand more than 10 feet (3 meters) tall.  In the photo, the second (left) and third (right) toe bone fossilized from Aratasaurus museunacionali

Experts believe that dinosaurs died young, but it is likely to have weighed around 5.4 stones (34 kilograms) in life and would stand more than 10 feet (3 meters) tall. In the photo, the second (left) and third (right) toe bone fossilized from Aratasaurus museunacionali

A. museunacionali is a medium-sized theropod - a group of bird-like dinosaurs marked by three-pointed limbs and hollow bones.  In the photo, the femur and tibia specimens are seen here before being extracted from rocks and preparations around them

A. museunacionali is a medium-sized theropod – a group of bird-like dinosaurs marked by three-pointed limbs and hollow bones. In the photo, the femur and tibia specimens are seen here before being extracted from rocks and preparations around them

“In theropods, we found that Aratasaurus was part of a group called Coelurosauria,” paper writer and paleontologist Juliana Manso Sayão of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro told Deutsche Welle. Photograph, femur bone and shin bone specimens after extraction

In 2018, the specimen was fortunately spared disaster when another part of the museum where it was stored was destroyed by fire.

The researchers presented the newly identified A. museunacionali fossil specimen to the National Museum of Rio de Janeiro on July 10.

Full findings from this study were published in the journal Scientific Report.

Carnivorous reptiles - nicknamed 'Aratasaurus museunacionali' - were excavated from dark shale layers, pictured, at the Pedra Branca mine in the State of Ceará by local residents.

Carnivorous reptiles – nicknamed ‘Aratasaurus museunacionali’ – were excavated from dark shale layers, pictured, at the Pedra Branca mine in the State of Ceará by local residents.

The researchers presented the newly identified A. museunacionali fossil specimen to the National Museum of Rio de Janeiro on July 10.  Photograph, a dinosaur reconstruction model

The researchers presented the newly identified A. museunacionali fossil specimen to the National Museum of Rio de Janeiro on July 10. Photograph, a dinosaur reconstruction model

Carnivorous reptiles - nicknamed 'Aratasaurus museunacionali' - were excavated from dark shale layers, at the Pedra Branca mine in Ceará State by local residents.

Carnivorous reptiles – nicknamed ‘Aratasaurus museunacionali’ – were excavated from dark shale layers, at the Pedra Branca mine in the State of Ceará by local residents.

HOW DINOSAUR WENT ALL OVER 66 MILLIONS AGO

Dinosaurs ruled and dominated Earth around 66 million years ago, before they suddenly became extinct.

The Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction event is the name given to this mass extinction.

It is believed for years that climate change is destroying large reptile food chains.

In the 1980s, paleontologists discovered the iridium layer.

This is a rare element on Earth but is found in large numbers in space.

When this is dated, it coincides exactly with when dinosaurs disappeared from the fossil record.

A decade later, scientists discovered the massive Chicxulub Crater at the end of the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico, which originated from that period.

The scientific consensus now says that these two factors are interrelated and both may be caused by a large asteroid that hit Earth.

With the projected size and impact velocity, the collision will cause a very large shock wave and possibly trigger seismic activity.

The fall will create ash feathers that may cover the entire planet and make it impossible for dinosaurs to survive.

Other animals and plant species have shorter time spans between generations that allow them to survive.

There are several other theories about what caused the death of these famous animals.

One early theory was that small mammals ate dinosaur eggs and others proposed that poisonous angiosperms (flowering plants) killed them.

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Chimps develop local culture and habits by imitating each other, the researchers said | Instant News


Chimps develop local culture and habits by imitating each other, the researchers said

  • Scientists from the Max Planck Institute study the behavior of chimpanzees in Africa
  • They used cameras and site samples from more than 40 different locations
  • They found that many locations had their own local habits
  • This includes various ‘termite fishing’ methods for obtaining additional nutrition

Researchers have found new evidence that chimpanzees develop their own local culture and community, and transmit certain behaviors to their offspring to ensure they will conform to local customs.

The research was carried out by a team from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, which collected data from more than 40 well-known chimp research sites throughout Africa.

They analyzed footage from hidden cameras, ecological data, and specific site samples to catalog the ways in which various groups of chimpanzees exhibited specific community behavior that otherwise had no productive advantage.

Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology use hidden cameras in 40 different locations throughout Africa to show how chimpanzees for unique local cultures by imitating each other

The researchers specifically observed termites ‘fishing,’ a practice in which chimpanzees try to remove small insects from their nests to get extra nutrition and calories.

“The diversity of techniques seen in catching chimpanzee termites is a big surprise to me,” Christophe Boesch of the Max Planck Institute said in an interview with news blog.

“Not only does each community have a very unique method of fishing, they also combine a number of different elements into a certain termite fishing etiquette.”

The team observed that groups of chimpanzees in Gabon searched for termites while lying on their sides.

Other groups in the Republic of the Congo prefer to sit and try to catch termites, and chimpanzees observed in Cameroon are seen leaning on their elbows.

“This supports the idea that chimpanzees are able to mimic social techniques in” how to termite fish, “researcher Ammie Kalan said,” which goes beyond alternative explanations such as each individual reinventing termites every time they study them, ”

This finding supports the idea that chimpanzees are one of a small number of species other than humans who are able to form and share specific cultural behaviors and even pass them on to younger generations.

The team focuses on 'fishing for termites,' a practice in which chimpanzees try and pull small insects from their nests using different tools and techniques.

The team focuses on ‘fishing for termites,’ a practice in which chimpanzees try and pull small insects from their nests using different tools and techniques.

The team found chimpanzees practicing different techniques for fishing for termites by imitating their peers, which helped mark the local community

The team found chimpanzees practicing different techniques for fishing for termites by imitating their peers, which helped mark the local community

The team also found that these specific practices were extended to chimpanzees using simple tools.

Some groups break the tips of sticks and use them to pull termites from their nests and eat them directly from sticks.

Other groups use sticks that are not frayed to extract termites and feed themselves by shaking them from their sticks to their open mouths.

Researchers have been encouraged by their findings, and according to Hjalmar Kuehl, the team will continue to analyze chimpanzee behavior to learn more ‘about the rich diversity and culture of chimpanzees.’

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Fitbit diverts its resources to help build ventilators designed to treat COVID-19 patients | Instant News


Fitbit diverts its resources to help build ventilators designed to treat COVID-19 patients

  • Google’s company will divert its resources to build a ventilator
  • It was not immediately clear what the exact cost would be
  • It said the ventilator will be ‘sophisticated’ but will be priced medium
  • This is how to help people affected by Covid-19

Fitbit will reportedly rotate its resources to make a ventilator COVID-19 patient.

Based on CNBC, Fitbit is in the process of sending technology for review by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and aims to have an approved device based on new emergency rules.

“There is a lot of concern about the lack of ventilators and we realize that we already have expertise around the supply chain,” CEO James Park told CNBC.

Fitbit CEO James Park said the ventilator (given) would be “sophisticated” but would be priced medium

While there are currently no price estimates for the device, Park told CNBC that the device will be ‘advanced’ but at a lower price point than other manufacturers.

As noted by CNBC, high-end ventilators can cost between $ 20,000 and $ 50,000.

The company said it would seek to develop something between high-end sophisticated ventilators and lower counterparts for less severe cases.

Fitbit, which is currently in the process of being acquired by Google, will join a company like Amazon, which recently announced it is dedicating a drone division to make and sell face shields that help protect people from COVID-19.

According to Amazon, it will sell face shields ‘at a cost’, which means it will not benefit from them, and says it will announce the selling price to buyers ‘in the next few weeks.’

For now it is said that the initiative will prioritize selling shields to frontline workers but the company plans to open sales to the public in the near future.

Among the advantages of making your own mask, according to Amazon, is lower end costs for customers.

Tesla also recently started making a ventilator designed to help COVID-19 patients.

In a video released by the company on YouTube in April, the automaker showed off a dismantled version as well as a ventilator version that was packaged because it would be presented to hospitals in need.

According to Tesla, they will be made from parts used in the production of Tesla 3 because the company already knows them.

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Menthol cigarettes will be PROHIBITED in the UK starting next week | Instant News


Lites out: Menthol cigarettes will be PROHIBITED in the UK starting next week as part of EU efforts to prevent young people from taking cigarettes

  • EU law will ban menthol and other flavorful tobacco products
  • The ban – following a law passed in 2016 – came into force on May 20
  • EU rules will still apply to the UK during the Brexit transition period

Menthol cigarettes will be banned in the UK starting next week as part of EU efforts to prevent young people from smoking.

The ban – which will also ban flavored tobacco and ‘thin’ cigarettes is banned – will take effect on May 20, 2020.

Experts think that scented cigarettes make smoking more attractive to nonsmokers because they relax the airways and reduce the severity of the smoke.

Although it is generally believed that menthol cigarettes are no more dangerous than regular cigarettes, menthol cigarettes are actually equally harmful to one’s health.

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Menthol cigarettes will be banned in the UK starting next week as part of the European Union’s efforts to prevent young people from smoking

The ban comes from the new EU Tobacco Product Directive law, which bans all menthol cigarettes.

The rules will still apply to the UK for Brexit the transition period, when instructions are applied into English law in 2016.

Lobbyists have prevented menthol cigarettes from being sold in less than 20 packages in the UK.

In 2018, a learn from the National Center for Biotechnology Information found that around 12.4 percent of smokers in the UK indicated that menthol was the brand of their choice, with another 2.2 percent liking other flavorful cigarettes.

“Research shows that menthol in cigarettes makes it easier for children to try smoking and become addicted smokers,” said the head of the public health charity, Action on Smoking and Health, Deborah Arnott.

“Getting rid of menthol cigarettes will reduce the likelihood of young people stopping smoking, and make it easier for smokers to quit.”

“It’s a shame that Imperial Tobacco is trying to weaken the ban by selling cards that embed menthol in cigarettes.”

“This is discouraging and legal letter, which prohibits the use of technical features that allow consumers to modify the smell and taste of tobacco products.”

The ban - which will also ban flavored tobacco and 'thin' cigarettes is banned - will take effect on May 20, 2020

The ban – which will also ban flavored tobacco and ‘thin’ cigarettes is banned – will take effect on May 20, 2020

NEW LAW ON ABOUT MENTHOL CIGARETTES

No one can produce or supply cigarettes or hand rolled tobacco with:

‘(a) filters, paper, packaging, capsules or other components containing flavorings;

(b) filters, paper or capsules containing tobacco or nicotine; or

‘(c) technical features that enable consumers to modify the intensity of the product’s odor, taste or smoke.’

HISTORY OF MENTHOL CIGARETTE

Menthol was first added to cigarettes in the 1920s.

Previously marketed as being healthier, cooler and more refreshing than tobacco without taste.

They are targeted by ‘novice’ smokers and smokers with health problems.

Many smokers think menthol cigarettes are safer, but they are not.

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A ‘smelly camera’ built to detect explosives can sniff out the corona virus in the air | Instant News


‘Smelly cameras’ built by Airbus to detect explosives on planes ‘can be adapted to sniff out the corona virus’

  • The so-called odor camera has been designed to find explosives on a plane
  • The technology has now begun to adapt to identify coronaviruses
  • Similar technology has been used to detect cancer and influenza
  • According to the people behind the project, there are already ‘early’ signs of progress
  • This is how to help people affected by Covid-19

The aeronautical giant Airbus works on sensors that can be used to sniff corona virus.

A very sensitive ‘smell camera’ has been developed since 2017 and was originally designed to detect explosives.

This innovative sensor uses a microprocessor made from biological cells to identify certain chemicals or microbes that are floating in the air.

Similar technology has been used to detect cancer and influenza, and it can be used immediately to give early warning to areas contaminated with SARS-Cov-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.

According to the people behind the project, there were already signs of ‘encouraging’ initial progress because this technology was adapted to help fight the pandemic.

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A very sensitive ‘smell camera’ (photo) has been developed since 2017 and was originally designed to detect explosives. They can be immediately adapted to provide early warning in areas contaminated with SARS-Cov-2, the virus that causes COVID-19

The aeronautical giant Airbus works on sensors that can be used to 'smell' the corona virus in the air. California-based Koniku partnered Airbus on the project as a startup company specializing in neurotechnology

The aeronautical giant Airbus works on sensors that can be used to ‘smell’ the corona virus in the air. California-based Koniku partnered Airbus on the project as a startup company specializing in neurotechnology

California-based Koniku partnered Airbus on the project as a startup company specializing in neurotechnology.

Adapting existing technology to help fight the coronavirus pandemic is possible because the virus makes slight changes to the particles produced by humans.

This change acts as a marker that can trigger what is called a camera odor.

Osh Agabi, Founder & CEO of Koniku, wrote in a blog post: ‘Koniku & Airbus have been working since 2017 to develop contactless and automatic biotechnology solutions for detecting, tracking, and finding chemicals or explosives on airplanes or at airports.

‘We are now adapting our development activities to include detection and identification of biological hazards including pathogens such as the new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2 with encouraging signals to date.

‘COVID 19 is a warning shot and it can’t be business as usual.’

As first reported by the Financial Times, variations of sensor detonation detectors will be tested at the end of this year in the airport screening area. They can then be used gradually on the plane itself

As first reported by the Financial Times, variations of sensor detonation detectors will be tested at the end of this year in the airport screening area. They can then be used gradually on the plane itself

Osh Agabi, Founder & CEO of Koniku, wrote in a blog post:

Osh Agabi, Founder & CEO of Koniku, wrote in a blog post: “We are now adapting our development activities to include detection and identification of biological hazards including pathogens such as the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2 with encouraging signals since today”

Airbus explained in a statement that the receptors on the sensor will sound an alarm when specific molecular compounds are detected.

This system is contactless and will be faster, cheaper and more reliable for training sniffer dogs.

As first reported by Financial time, explosive detector variations from sensors will be tested at the end of the year in the airport screening area. They can then be used gradually on the plane itself.

“This technology has a very fast response time of under 10 seconds in the best conditions,” Airbus Julien Touzeau said.

“With this level of maturity, this is an extraordinary result and hopefully it will increase over time.”

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People WILL reduce their alcohol intake if pubs and bars offer a variety of soft drinks | Instant News


People WILL reduce their alcohol intake if pubs and bars offer a variety of soft drink choices, according to research

  • Researchers from Bristol conduct online experiments with regular drinkers
  • Each participant is asked to choose a choice of drinks when the choices are given
  • When there are more soft drinks overall, almost half of people choose it
  • However, if there are more difficult choices, only 26 percent of people are alcohol-free

People will choose to reduce alcohol intake if the pub and bar offer a wide selection of soft drinks, a study has shown.

The researchers surveyed more than 800 regular drinkers for what type of drink they would choose under different circumstances.

They found that when the proportion of non-alcoholic drinks was greater than alcoholic drinks, 49 percent of people would choose soft drinks or alcohol-free beer.

However, when this is reversed, the percentage of people who choose non-alcoholic alternatives drops to only 26 percent.

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People will choose to reduce their alcohol intake if pubs and bars offer a variety of soft drink choices, a study has shown. Photos, alcohol-free beer bottles

“Non-alcoholic beverage choices are often less prominent in restaurants, pubs and bars,” said paper author and psychologist Anna Blackwell, from the University of Bristol.

‘For example, many offer at least one type of alcohol-free beer, but because this is often bottled and stored in the fridge behind the bar, there is a greater effort required for customers to choose this option than the alcoholic beer available in the concept. ‘

“Previous qualitative research has suggested that people experience peer pressure to drink alcohol, so offering alcohol-free alternatives that look like alcoholic beverages will make it easier for people to choose this option.”

“In the long run, expanding the choices available to customers and increasing exposure to non-alcoholic drinks can help change the social norms around drinking this product,” added Dr. Blackwell.

“Given the growing market for free beer, wine and alcoholic drinks, this kind of intervention is timely and attractive not only for policy makers, but also licensees and beverage producers.”

Researchers say that in settings such as busy bars, people tend to make a choice of drinks quickly.

However, the online survey found no evidence that giving participants a deadline to determine their beverage choices influences what choices they make.

The researchers surveyed more than 800 regular drinkers for what kind of drink they would choose in one of four different circumstances. They found that when the proportion of non-alcoholic drinks was greater than alcoholic drinks, 49 percent of people would choose soft drinks or alcohol-free beer. Pictured, Shirley Temple, alcohol-free cocktails

The researchers surveyed more than 800 regular drinkers for what kind of drink they would choose in one of four different circumstances. They found that when the proportion of non-alcoholic drinks was greater than alcoholic drinks, 49 percent of people would choose soft drinks or alcohol-free beer. Pictured, Shirley Temple, alcohol-free cocktails

“Applying these findings in the real world will take some thought and need to involve discussions with pubs and bars to ensure that it can survive,” said paper author and psychologist Marcus Munafo from the Bristol Biomedical Research Center.

“But there is increasing interest in measures that will serve to increase choices and encourage healthier behavior.”

“More and more pubs and bars offer beer without alcohol in concept.”

“If the results of our online research are replicated in real-world settings, this would suggest that efforts to increase the availability of alcohol-free options can have a positive impact on public health.”

With their initial study completed, the team now plans to follow up in a real-world setting, which will involve examining the impact of introducing alcohol-free beer on the draft at the pub in Bristol.

Full findings from this study were published in the journal BMC Public Health.

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How cat allergies can be prevented immediately by injecting pets | Instant News


How cat allergies can be prevented immediately by injecting pets with drugs after research into gene editing tools

  • An American company uses gene editing tools to eliminate protein production in cats, which causes some people to suffer allergic reactions
  • The protein, called Fel d 1, is found in the salivary glands and skin of cats and spreads when they cleanse themselves and release their fur.
  • It is still unclear how expensive the treatments might initially be for pet owners

Scientists think they might have found a way to prevent cat allergies with just a simple injection for our cat friend.

The American company, Indoor Biotechnologies has used gene editing tools to eliminate protein production in cats, which causes some people to suffer allergic reactions.

The protein, called Fel d 1, is found in the salivary glands and skin of cats and spreads when they cleanse themselves and release their fur.

Indoor Biotechnologies says it has succeeded in removing the gene that encourages Fel d 1 production in cells that have been tested from 50 different cats.

Stock image of several kittens. Scientists think they might have found a way to prevent cat allergies with just a simple injection for our cat friend

If further experiments are successful, the goal is to find a way to develop treatments into drugs that can be given to cats by injection, pill or cream.

The company, which specializes in allergy medicines, said it could be available to veterinarians in two to three years.

Martin Chapman, chief executive of Indoor Biotechnologies, said although it sounds ‘like science fiction’ it could actually be a viable solution.

“We want people to be able to take cats to the vet, get an injection and then reduce or eliminate Fel d 1 forever,” he told The Times.

However, it is not yet known whether eliminating protein will adversely affect the health of cats because scientists are still unsure what it is for.

Some believe it might be a form of communication for mating while others think it can protect cat skin from viral or bacterial infections.

Alena Pance, a scientist from the Wellcome Sanger Institute, said: ‘Removing Fel d 1 may be feasible without causing damage to animals but it must be thoroughly tested.

“I don’t think any cat lover will harm their cat to reduce their allergies.”

If further experiments are successful, the goal is to find a way to develop treatments into drugs that can be given to cats by injection, pill or cream. Image of Cat stock

If further experiments are successful, the goal is to find a way to develop treatments into drugs that can be given to cats by injection, pill or cream. Image of Cat stock

Indoor Biotechnologies is trying to find out whether releasing protein can damage cats by trying to erase the genes that produce it in fertilized eggs. They will then implant this into a female cat to see if the kitten produced with mutated genes develops a medical problem.

The company says if the solution is proven to only work one or two injections it will likely be needed before cats become more likely to trigger allergic reactions.

However, it is still unclear how expensive the initial treatment for pet owners.

Professor Robin Lovell-Badge, from the Francis Crick Institute for Stem Cell Biology Laboratory and Genetic Development, said: ‘One of the main reasons cats are turned over to a shelter is because of allergic reasons so this will be a good benefit for cats too. ‘

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The Coronavirus mortality rate is SIX times lower in countries that use the BCG vaccine | Instant News


Countries that have extensive vaccination programs involving the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) jab have coronavirus the death rate is almost six times lower than countries that don’t use it, a study revealed.

The BCG vaccine was created a century ago and provides immunity against TB (bacterial infection) – but is known to have other benefits.

Previous trials found people who received jabs, which cost only £ 30, had boosted the immune system and were able to protect themselves from infection.

For example, in trials among Native Americans, BCG vaccination in childhood can offer protection against TB up to 60 years after vaccination.

The exact way this durable vaccine helps ward off other infections is relatively unknown but is possible by increasing the innate mechanism of the immune system.

This so-called non-target effect includes increased protection against respiratory diseases, and has been recognized by World Health Organization (WHO).

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Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine (BCG) (pictured) is used to fend off tuberculosis (TB) but has long been known to have other health benefits, including helping one’s immune system to ward off respiratory infections

In the UK, all school children aged between ten and 14 years were injected with vaccines between 1953 and 2005.

When TB infection rates dropped, doctors abandoned mass vaccination and, in 2005, switched to targeting only those most at risk – such as babies with infected relatives.

The researchers hope it will boost the immune system so that it is in a state of high readiness and is able to detect and destroy viruses before causing damage to the body.

The researchers adjusted for factors that could make these findings skewed, such as state wealth and the percentage of older people in the population.

They then looked at the mortality rate per one million population in each country with adequate data.

Researchers from the US wrote in their paper: ‘After adjusting to the economic status of the country, the proportion of the older population and aligning the epidemic trajectory of the hardest hit countries, interesting observations about the significant relationship between BCG use and the decrease in COVID-19 caused by death remains visible. ‘

This finding was published online on an archive site medRxiv and not in journals because research has not been peer reviewed – the process by which other academics research research.

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health experts gather data available for analysis.

Estimates of case fatality rates result from the best data on mortality for the top 50 countries reporting the highest incidence.

“To reduce the bias centered around the differential epidemic time curves experienced by various countries, we counted the days of the 100th positive COVID-19 case to align countries on a more comparable time curve,” the researchers explained.

Cases and deaths were then compared with the vaccination program for the BCG vaccine.

The average death rate is also found to vary greatly according to a country’s economic classification.

The COVID-19 mortality rate per one million for low, middle and high income countries is 0.4, 0.65 and 5.5, respectively.

Researchers call the fact that rich countries have higher mortality rates ‘counter-intuitive’.

The BCG pricks, which are used for every child between the ages of ten to 14, were reduced in 2005 but the researchers hope it will increase the immune system's immune system so that its readiness level increases and is able to detect and destroy the virus before it wreaks havoc on the body

The BCG pricks, which are used for every child between the ages of ten to 14, were reduced in 2005 but the researchers hope it will increase the immune system’s immune system so that its readiness level increases and is able to detect and destroy the virus before it wreaks havoc on the body

What is the BCG Vaccine?

BCG is currently given to around 130 million babies every year to protect them from TB.

It has the full name ‘Bacillus Calmette-Guérin’ and displays the weekend version of the bacterium ycobacterium bovis.

These microbes cause TB in animals such as cattle and ferrets.

When injected into people, weak bacteria are attacked by the immune system.

The body then defeats bacteria by producing antibodies.

This can then be produced and used quickly if someone is infected with TB.

The BCG puncture is thought to work this way but also enhances the entire immune system so that it is more likely to destroy invading virus particles.

The NHS says the BCG prick can offer protection for up to 60 years – but scientists are not clear whether adults have been injected when children get protection from the corona virus because there is insufficient evidence.

Academics cannot explain why, but point to previous research which states ‘deaths from acute respiratory disease are usually higher in low-income settings due to several socio-demographic and economic risk factors’.

For example, COVID-19 is known to be more dangerous for people over the age of 65, and this demographic is less densely populated in poor countries.

Researchers say their results must be taken with caution because there are some problems that can damage the findings.

‘[But] in spite of all these warnings, the inverse relationship between the economic status of the country and deaths caused by COVID19, and the strong ecological relationship with BCG vaccination is interesting, ‘

“These findings require deeper epidemiological surveillance and prospective evaluation in individual trials.”

Trials to assess the usefulness of the BCG vaccine in combating a coronavirus pandemic are ongoing.

Last month, the trial began which included 4,000 health workers in Australia.

The trial will be led by researchers at the Melbourne Murdoch Children’s Research Institute and involve 4,000 health workers in various hospitals throughout the country.

The researchers hope giving vaccines and increasing ‘innate immunity’ can buy enough time for special treatments and vaccines to be developed.

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‘Fast fashion’ is killing the planet – and British buyers are the most wasteful | Instant News


‘Fast fashion’ is slowly helping to kill the planet – and British buyers are the most extravagant, a study has warned.

The clothing industry produces more than 92 million tons of waste per year and consumes around 1.5 trillion tons of water per year.

Developing countries bear most of this excess burden.

In the UK, more garments are bought per person per year than anywhere else in Europe – an amazing weight of 59 pounds.

This is more than double the global average of 29 lbs – and nearly double that of fashion conscious Italian consumers, who buy an average of 32 lbs each.

Meanwhile, the Germans – the second most extravagant – bought only £ 37 per person.

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‘Fast fashion’ is slowly helping to kill the planet – and British buyers are the most extravagant, a study has warned. The clothing industry produces more than 92 million tons of waste per year and consumes around 1.5 trillion tons of water per year

“Consequently, the timing of garment use decreased 36 percent compared to 2005,” said paper writer and design researcher Kirsi Niinimaki from Aalto University in Finland.

“There is evidence in the United Kingdom, Norway and elsewhere that suggests disposal after little use, especially for impulsive purchases.”

Fast mode is based on low-priced, trend-led products – and relies on ‘repeat consumption’. This practice is a ‘major environmental threat’, said Professor Niinimaki.

The constant change in the contents of the wardrobe must be stopped – and replaced by new trends dubbed ‘slow style’, the researchers said.

Shoes, dresses, shirts, trousers and coats need to last for years – not months – to combat climate change, they added.

Buyers also have to pay more, with the ‘environmental impact’ of their purchases reflected in prices, the team concluded.

According to Professor Niinimaki, consumers should start to see clothing ‘more as a functional product than entertainment.’

‘Slow mode is the future. But we need an understanding of the whole new system of how to transition to this model, ‘he added.

“This requires creativity and collaboration between designers and producers, various stakeholders – and consumers.”

“Consumers also have an important role and must change their consumption habits.”

“They must be prepared to pay a higher price that takes into account the environmental impact of fashion – namely reducing clothing purchases and increasing the lifetime of the garment.”

Fashion is now the second largest industrial polluter after aviation, accounting for 10 percent or more than 1.7 billion tons of global carbon dioxide emissions each year

Fashion is now the second largest industrial polluter after aviation, accounting for 10 percent or more than 1.7 billion tons of global carbon dioxide emissions each year

Fashion is now the second largest industrial polluter after aviation, which accounts for 10 percent or more than 1.7 billion tons of global carbon dioxide emissions each year.

Textile care and dyeing is responsible for one third of the micro-plastic pollution in the oceans – 190,000 tons per year.

Global clothing production has doubled in 15 years. The British spend around 2.7 billion pounds on items that we wear only once.

“Global consumption has increased to around 62 million tons of textile products per year, and is projected to reach 102 million by 2030,” said Professor Niinimaki.

“As a result, fashion brands now produce almost double the amount of clothing now compared to before 2000.”

Consumer thirst for the latest clothing has been triggered by social media.

Every year, clothing worth around £ 140 million goes to landfill.

“However, this industry continues to grow, although awareness of the environmental impact is increasing, in part due to the increasing rapid mode,” said Professor Niinimaki.

“That depends on cheap manufacturing, frequent consumption, and the use of short-lived garments.”

“Global consumption has increased to around 62 million tons of textile products per year, and is projected to reach 102 million by 2030,” said Professor Niinimaki. “As a result, fashion brands now produce almost double the amount of clothing now compared to before 2000 ‘

In their study, Professor Niinimaki and colleagues identified the environmental impact of fast fashion, from production to consumption.

They focus on water use, chemical pollution, carbon dioxide emissions and textile waste.

The findings, said Professor Niinimaki, ‘highlighted the need for substantial changes in the industry, including a slowdown in manufacturingctouring and introduction of sustainable practices throughout the supply chain.

A joint approach is needed, the team added, with investments in cleaner technology, sustainable business models and stronger laws by the government.

“This change emphasizes the need for an urgent transition back to” slow “mode, minimizing and reducing adverse environmental impacts,” said Prof. Niinimaki.

Full findings from this study were published in the journal Nature & Earth Reviews.

Fashion designer Stella McCartney, in the picture, has urged people to wash clothes - including underwear - less frequently. The more you wash clothes, the faster it wears out. In fact, it is estimated that the average life span for clothing items in the UK is only 2.2 years

Fashion designer Stella McCartney, in the picture, has urged people to wash clothes – including underwear – less frequently. The more you wash clothes, the faster it wears out. In fact, it is estimated that the average life span for clothing items in the UK is only 2.2 years

Fashion designer Stella McCartney has urged people to wash clothes – including underwear – less frequently.

The more you wash clothes, the faster it wears out. In fact, it is estimated that the average life span for clothing items in the UK is only 2.2 years.

Ms. McCartney recently revealed that she doesn’t wash bras every day – and avoids cleaning anything if possible.

‘The rule on bespoke settings is you don’t clean it. You don’t touch it. You let the soil dry and you brush it, ‘he said.

‘Basically, in life, a rule of thumb: if you don’t really have to clean anything, don’t clean it.

“I’m not going to change bras every day and I’m not just throwing things in the washing machine because it’s been used.

“I’m very hygienic myself, but I’m not a fan of dry cleaning or cleaning anything, really.”

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Children who play a lot of video games are more likely to be obese teenagers, according to research | Instant News


Five-year-olds who play video games three hours or more a day are more likely to be overweight as teenagers – and late at night and sweet drinks are also to blame, claims the study

  • A study of more than 16,000 children looked at what influenced weight gain
  • Finding those who play a lot of video games are more likely to be fat teenagers
  • Also found late sleep and sugary drinks are associated with increased BMI

Parents who let their children play many video games register the child for weight gain a decade later, a study has revealed.

More than 16,000 children were tracked from ages five to 14 and scientists assessed the relationship between video games and weight.

The results showed that children who regularly played video games at the age of five had a higher BMI nine years later, compared to those who did not play video games.

Drinking sugary drinks and irregular bedtime also have a significant impact on children, the study found, and some can be blamed for weight changes.

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The study revealed that children who regularly played video games at the age of five had a higher BMI nine years later, compared to those who did not play video games (stock photos)

The study, funded by Cancer Research UK, is the first to look at the potential effects of using video games on children’s BMI over time.

The scientists used the BMI metric specifically designed to measure obesity levels while adjusting the growth rates of children who differed with age.

The range of BMI-SDS considered healthy from ages five to 20 is between minus two and one, while the risk of being overweight is defined as one to two.

Children five years old who play video games three hours or more per day have a BMI-SDS associated 0.085 higher at age 14 compared to children who do not play games.

Lead author Dr Rebecca Beeken, from the University of Leeds, said: ‘Child obesity is one of the biggest public health threats facing the country, with more than one third of children in the UK leaving primary school due to being overweight or obese.

‘This research shows a potential relationship between playing games in children and the possibility of higher weight gain in the following years.

‘It also shows that consuming drinks sweetened with sugar and sleeping at irregular times may be partly responsible for the associated weight gain.

While the effect sizes across groups are relatively small, for some children playing games can represent a significant risk of weight gain.

“However, we need to remember obesity is complex, and this is potentially only one small piece of the puzzle.”

Drinking sugary drinks and irregular bedtime also have a significant impact on children, the study found, and some can be blamed for weight changes, but the use of video games sees the strongest link (stock)

Drinking sugary drinks and irregular bedtime also have a significant impact on children, the study found, and some can be blamed for weight changes, but the use of video games sees the strongest link (stock)

The researchers point out brands such as Red Bull, Coca Cola, Boost and Monster are some of the many beverage companies that encourage gamers to buy and consume drinks sweetened with sugar that can cause weight gain.

This is valid because there are no restrictions to advertise these items through video games, unlike on TV.

Dr Beeken said: “There is recognition that adverts for sweet drinks for children must be tightly controlled on television, but advertisements in video games have not been considered at the same level.

“More stringent advertising laws are needed to protect young gamers from being encouraged to drink large quantities of unhealthy products, which we know can have ongoing health consequences.”

The effect remains even when calculating the amount of time other screens exposed to children, such as watching television.

PhD researcher William Goodman, who carried out research from University College London, said: “We certainly don’t recommend that gamers or their parents should throw their consoles out the window.

“But we think it’s important to realize that some gamers can run the risk of gaining weight, and there are steps we can take to minimize this risk.

‘One option is to encourage parents to use inbuilt parental settings on game consoles to set a time limit on how long children can play.

Another option is to work collaboratively with game developers to embed components of behavior change in games to encourage positive behavior change.

“There is no way forward without engaging with the gaming community in the next possible step.”

The findings are published in JAMA Pediatric Journal.

WHY HAVE INTERNET GAMING CLASSIFIED AS A MENTAL HEALTH DISORDER?

WHO classifies internet games as official mental health disorders

The World Health Organization has classified playing video games on the internet as an official mental health disorder.

‘Game disruption’ is defined as’ the pattern of the game’s behavior which is characterized by a disruption of control over the game, an increase in the priority given to the game rather than other activities insofar as the game takes precedence over other interests and daily activities, and continuation or improvement of the game despite the occurrence of negative consequences. ‘

To be diagnosed with a game disorder, the individual must:

(1) Experiencing significant disturbances in the areas of personal, family, social, educational, work or other important functions

(2) Have experienced a decline in this value for at least 12 months

WHO advises gamers to be careful about how much time they spend playing, especially if it is to rule out other daily activities.

They must also be aware of changes in physical and psychological health as well as social functions that can be associated with play.

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