Tag Archives: SDGs

VNR Planning Underway for HLPF 2021 | News | SDG Knowledge Hub | Instant News


While 47 countries are now turning to the task of implementing the National Voluntary Review (VNR) presented during the July 2020 session at the High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF), other countries are preparing to present the VNR until the July 2021 HLPF session.

On July 21, 2020, 15 countries have signaled their interest in presenting the VNR at the HLPF 2021 session. Of these 15 countries, four countries – Angola, Bolivia, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, and the Marshall Islands – will present their first VNR. Eleven countries – Bhutan, China, the Czech Republic, Germany, Laos, Madagascar, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Thailand and Zimbabwe – intend to present a second VNR.[[[[VNR database]

That Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development stipulates, in paragraph 79, that Member States must “carry out regular and inclusive reviews of progress at the national and sub-national levels, which are state-led and state-driven.” This review should be based on contributions from indigenous peoples, civil society, the private sector and other stakeholders, “in line with national circumstances, policies and priorities.” National parliaments and other institutions “can also support this process.”

Agenda 2030 also shows, in paragraph 84, that when the HLPF meets under the auspices of the ECOSOC, it will conduct periodic, voluntary and state-led reviews, involve ministers and other relevant high-level participants, and involve developed and developed countries. developing country. The review was also to “provide a platform for partnerships, including through the participation of large groups and other relevant stakeholders.”

Of 47 VNR presented during the HLPF 2020, 26 countries were presented for the first time and 20 countries were presented for the second time. Benin is the only country that presents a third VNR.

The first 26 presenters were: Austria, Barbados, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gambia, Kyrgyz Republic, Liberia, Libya, Malawi, Micronesia, Mozambique, Northern Macedonia, Papua New Guinea, Moldova, Russian Federation, Saint Vincent and Grenadines, Seychelles, Solomon Islands, Syria, Trinidad and Tobago, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Zambia.

The 20 second presenters are: Argentina, Armenia, Bangladesh, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Honduras, India, Kenya, Morocco, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Panama, Peru, Samoa, Slovenia, and Uganda.

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Forty-eight VNRs are Anticipated in the Revised HLPF Schedule | News | SDG Knowledge Hub | Instant News


Forty-eight countries are expected to present their Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs) during the July 2020 session at the United Nations High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF).

The VNR presentation is the main focus of the annual global “check-in” on the implementation of SDGs – HLPF. VNR presents the experiences, policies, and institutions of each country for SDG implementation.

In mid-February 2020, 51 countries registered to present the VNR during the HLPF 2020. Since then, the first two presenters (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and Bolivia) have rescheduled their presentations to the 2021 HLPF session. Belize is expected to present a second VNR at HLPF 2020, but is no longer on schedule.

Three fewer countries will present VNR than anticipated, and the updated program provides a presentation on “rebuilding better after COVID.”

The overarching theme for the HLPF 2020 is action accelerated and transformative pathways: realizing decades of action and delivery for sustainable development. ‘An updated one schedule for the HLPF 2020, which was released on May 14, anticipating that the first three days will consist of presentations on themes related to “rebuilding better after COVID.” The VNR presentation will begin on the fourth day of HLPF, 10 July, and will continue until the last day, 16 July.

The UN Bureau of Economic and Social Affairs (ECOSOC) made adjustments to the format and program of the 2020 session light of the COVID-19 pandemic and the expected limits on direct meetings and international travel. The United Nations is exploring technological solutions for virtual sessions and interactions, including for VNR presentations, due to the fact that any potential physical participation will be limited to delegations based in New York. All side events will become virtual.

Of the 48 scheduled VNRs, 26 countries will present for the first time and 21 countries will present for the second time. Benin will be the only country to present a third VNR.

The 26 first presenters were: Austria, Barbados, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gambia, Kyrgyz Republic, Liberia, Libya, Malawi, Micronesia, Mozambique, Northern Macedonia, Papua New Guinea, Moldova, Russian Federation, Saint Vincent and Grenadines, Seychelles, Solomon Islands, Syria, Trinidad and Tobago, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Zambia.

The 21 presenter’s second time is: Argentina, Armenia, Bangladesh, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Honduras, India, Kenya, Morocco, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Panama, Peru, Samoa, Slovenia, Uganda, and Zimbabwe.

In 2021, the Marshall Islands will join the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and Bolivia as the first hosts. Bhutan, China, the Czech Republic, Germany, Laos, Slovakia, Spain and Thailand are also scheduled to present a second VNR.[[[[VNR database]

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CLIMATE CLOSURE NOW: Dengue fever and malaria concerns in Japan due to deadly mosquitoes: Asahi Shimbun | Instant News


As if Japan did not have enough worries to try to withstand a new coronavirus outbreak, unpleasant signs have emerged that mosquitoes capable of infecting humans with deadly infectious diseases such as malaria and dengue are building their footing.

Experts cite the effects of climate change for increased sightings of species not yet discovered in Japan, and are equally worrying, in areas farther north than would normally be expected for other species. They warned that global warming might see a more virulent version becoming more common in some regions.

The mosquito in 2015 was linked to the deaths of around 830,000 people worldwide, making it the deadliest insect for humans, according to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, a non-profit organization founded by founder and billionaire Microsoft Corp. Bill Gates and his partner. wife.

The Aedes albopictus mosquito carries a virus that causes dengue fever, which can be fatal.

Mosquitoes are said to live in areas where annual temperatures average 11 degrees or higher. Until about 1950, Aedes albopictus was only found in the southern area of ​​Tochigi Prefecture, which is located north of Tokyo.

However, with rising temperatures, there was confirmation of mosquito sightings in 2000 in Akita and Iwate prefectures in northern Japan. In 2016, the mosquito was seen in Aomori Prefecture at the northernmost tip of the main island of Honshu.

Aedes albopictus triggered a small fear six years ago after dengue spread among people who had visited Tokyo’s Yoyogi Park. It was the first case of mosquito-borne disease reported in Japan in about 70 years. While no one died, 162 people were infected, and they suffered from fever and headaches.

According to the World Health Organization, dengue is widespread throughout the world and the number of confirmed infections has increased 15-fold over the past two decades. Around 390 million people are infected each year with dengue fever and around 500,000 experience serious symptoms. Of that number, 2.5 percent of the cases proved fatal.

The main transmitter of dengue is Aedes aegypti, which is not usually found in Japan. This is a more vicious version of Aedes albopictus and has caused epidemics in Southeast Asia and South America.

Last year, the Philippines recorded a dengue outbreak that killed more than 1,000 people across the country.

There have also been sightings of Aedes aegypti in Japan recently. According to the health ministry, there were confirmed cases at Narita Airport outside Tokyo in 2012. Other sightings occurred at international airports around Japan until 2017.

Aedes aegypti was destroyed whenever it was found in Japan, so it is not believed to have occurred.

But Shinji Kasai, who heads the Medical Entomology Department at the National Institute of Infectious Diseases (NIID), warned that Aedes aegypti might be here to stay if climate conditions continue to be conducive.

“Larvae have been found in various studies, which means mosquitoes breed and leave the next generation in Japan,” Kasai said. “There is a greater threat from mosquitoes that take root in warm areas even in winter, such as airport terminal buildings and around subways in metropolitan areas.”

A Chinese research institute released a projection last year that Aedes aegypti could spread to all parts of Taiwan in 30 years if temperatures rose at the current pace. At present, mosquitoes are only found in southern Taiwan.

The latitude of Taiwan is almost the same as the main island of Okinawa and the nearby island of Ishigakijima. So, if temperatures rise in Japan at current levels, Aedes aegypti can finally take root in Okinawa Prefecture too.

Insecticides are usually used to kill mosquitoes. Incense and insect repellent sprays often include pyrethroids, which attack the insect’s nervous system and kill it.

But experts say it is time for Japan to be on guard because of the finding that some Aedes aegypti mosquitoes have developed resistance to pyrethroids.

There are a number of mutation reports in Vietnam, and Aedes aegypti samples collected at Chubu Centrair International Airport in 2016 and 2017 show very strong resistance.

If mosquitoes finally take root in Japan, wiping them out can be a nightmare.

NIID is continuing research on insecticides that solve pyrethroid immune problems as well as creating a database on the genetic makeup of mosquitoes. However, this work is still in its infancy due to budget and personnel limitations.

“Above the expanded area where Aedes albopictus was found in Japan due to global warming, if Aedes aegypti must also be rooted, the risk of dengue epidemic tends to increase,” Kasai NIID said. “I am worried about another dengue epidemic given the estimates that more people are bringing the virus into Japan because of the increase in tourists who come along with the increasing number of mosquitoes in this country.

Research is being carried out abroad to use genetic engineering to eradicate mosquitoes.

A British company, Oxitec Ltd., created Aedes aegypti men who could not produce offspring. Among mosquitoes born among genetically altered males and female mosquitoes in the wild, larvae die before reaching adulthood. The aim is to release males that have been genetically altered into the wild to eventually eliminate the species.

Experiments in Brazil and the Cayman Islands caused the mosquito population in the Cayman Islands to drop by 80 percent for 23 weeks.

University researchers in Australia have infected Aedes aegypti with Wolbachia bacteria before releasing it into the wild. The infection stops the multiplication of pathogenic viruses in female mosquitoes and renders them powerless to transmit diseases.

However, these efforts are still in the research stage. In addition, the Brazilian experiment by Oxitec found that mosquitoes with modified genes continued to survive.

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This story is part of Covering Climate Now, a global collaboration of around 400 news outlets, including The Asahi Shimbun, to strengthen coverage of the climate story. This campaign was started in April 2019 by The Nation, a weekly magazine in the United States, and the Columbia Journalism Review of a feeling that media organizations must change when the world faces a crisis of global warming.

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New Zealand NDC Updated Information on its Zero Amendment Act | News | SDG Knowledge Hub | Instant News


New Zealand has communicated the 2020 update on a nationally determined contribution (NDC), which states that the country remains committed to supporting efforts aimed at limiting warming to no more than 1.5 ° C above pre-industrial levels and to building resilience to the effects of climate change with a focus on “the Pacific neighbor.” Under the Paris Agreement on climate change, countries agreed to prepare and communicate an updated NDC every five years that reflects each country’s highest ambitions and represents progress “beyond previous efforts.”

In his NDC 2016, New Zealand is committed to reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 30% below 2005 levels by 2030, while relying on eliminating emissions in forestry and other land uses and on using international market mechanisms, collaborative approaches and carbon markets.

In NDC April 2020 update, New Zealand confirms this overall emission reduction target which covers all sectors and GHGs, and informs about 2019 Amendments to the Response to Climate Change (Zero Carbon). The law regulates:

  • domestic targets to reduce net GHG emissions (other than biogenic methane) to zero by 2050; and
  • specific targets for reducing biogenic methane emissions by 10% below the 2017 level by 2030, and being 24-27% below the 2017 level by 2050.

The law also establishes a framework for a range of emissions, regular steps for planning the impacts of climate change, and an independent Climate Change Commission. That commission is assigned by preparing national climate change risk assessments and reporting on the implementation of national adaptation plans. The Commission will provide expert advice such as about the amount of emissions that can be deflected or lent between two adjacent emission budget periods, and about monitoring, including recommendations, if necessary, for changes to the 2050 target and emission budget. The Climate Change Commission will also provide advice on any changes needed for the NDC as early as 2021.

Climate Analytics and the NewClimate Institute, two non-profit climate science and science organizations based in Germany, observed that the Zero Carbon Amendment Act strengthens the target of the former New Zealand 2050 by halving GHG emissions by 2050. But their analysis, captured in the Climate Action Tracker , still assessing the country’s 2030 emission reduction target as “not enough. “To add to their ambitions recommend including methane emissions from agriculture and waste, which represent about 40% of New Zealand’s current emissions, in the net zero emission target, as well as not carrying out and moving quickly from the framework to implement strong policies to reduce emissions.

So far, eight countries (Chile, Moldova, Marshall Islands, Norway, Suriname, Japan and Singapore) have sent their NDC 2020 communication together represent 2.9% of global emissions. Under the Paris Agreement, state efforts are not only communicated in their NDCs but are also subject to various types of reviews, including: implementation reviews through an improved transparency framework of the Agreement; compliance review through implementation and compliance mechanisms; and a review of overall progress through the global inventory process every five years. Through this iterative process of sending and reviewing NDCs, the Parties to the Paris Agreement endeavor to achieve the long-term objectives of the Agreement.

The first global inventory took place in 2023. It is expected to address mitigation, adaptation and finance.[[[[NDC Updated New Zealand][[[[NDC Registry]

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UVAS is at the top in providing UN SDGs | Instant News


LAHORE: University of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences (UVAS) Lahore has a top position among Pakistani universities at the Times Higher Education (THE) University Impact Ranking 2020 in providing the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

According to a press release, 23 Pakistani public and private sector universities are featured in this ranking edition with the University of Animal and Animal Sciences above. The University Impact Level measures the success of global universities in delivering 17 UN SDGs.

These SDGs do not include poverty, no hunger, good health and well-being, quality education, gender equality, clean water and sanitation, affordable and clean energy, decent work and economic growth, industry, innovation and infrastructure, reducing inequality, cities sustainable and society, responsible consumption and production, climate action, life under water, life on land, peace, justice and institutions and strong partnerships to achieve goals.

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