Reportedly, China and Iran negotiations on the $400 billion military and commercial agreement. This news comes amid speculation that Iran decided to leave India from the main railway projects.
These two events have significant consequences for Pakistan, a country whose economic and security interests are closely linked to China and which sees investments of India along its Western border region as a threat to national security.
Politicians in Islamabad, could not have asked for better news against a backdrop of heightened tensions with India along the line of control (loc) on the Eastern border. In addition, Islamabad is increasing its foothold in Beijing in Iran, as important when it comes to containing the expected interference of new Delhi in Balochistan.
Of course, Pakistan is considering the development as an opportunity to build a deeper relationship with Iran. Historically, Pakistan and the bilateral relations of Iran remains tense, mainly because of its close ties to Islamabad with Saudi Arabia. Over the past few years, however, Pakistan has pushed to balance its relations between the two countries. This work has been partially as a result of attempts of Pakistan to manage the current chaos on the border with Iran. Perhaps the impetus in this regard may also be native to China, a country that sees Pakistan-Iran border region as an integral part of my global belt and road initiative (bree).
In 2018, Pakistan rejected Request To Riyadh to send troops to Yemen to join the Saudi-led campaign against Iran, supported by the forces of the Shia Houthis. Last year, Iran, in condemned India except Kashmir autonomy. In Pakistan, this was seen as Iran standing with Islamabad at a time when most of the Muslim world refused to condemn the movement in India to end the special status of Kashmir. In Islamabad, condemning also the assurance that Tehran is not interested in developing ties with new Delhi through Pakistan, and therefore, convergence can work.
In the past, militant groups tried to quarrel between the military leaderships of the two countries on the orientation of the border troops from both sides. However, there was no incident that Pakistan and Iran could not be solved through dialogue. For example, recently in Pakistan the army chief of staff directly approached the commander of Iran’s for cooperation, when the Baloch militant group targeted Pakistani border forces in the province of Balochistan. A few months ago, Pakistan and Iran signed an agreement resolving their border problems. Both countries also announced the joint A Rapid Reaction Force to cope with the militant threat near the Iran-Pakistan border. This communication shows that cooperation between them is not broken and there is a strong desire to solve the border disputes through dialogue.
Looking ahead, it is clear that it is a mutual desire to establish peace in the Iran-Pakistan border region receives substantial support from China, whose regional economic interests and security interests associated with a stable and peaceful Iran-Pakistan border. For Pakistan, the close cooperation of Iran with China means that Islamabad is more likely to protect its security interests in Balochistan and to involve Tehran in the China-Pakistan economic corridor project (CPEC). Last week on Twitter, Iranian Ambassador to Pakistan, Mohammad Ali Hosseinisaid “Iran-China comprehensive cooperation programme is a clear roadmap and fundamental way for future relations between the two countries.”
“In the other hand, it can be extended to regional cooperation with other existing mechanisms such as the initiative BRI and CPEC,” – he said next.
In the past, Iran senior management expressed the desire join CPEC and the expansion of economic and military cooperation with Pakistan. The partnership of China with Iran going to pass under the BRI it seeks to connect Central Asia and Afghanistan to Europe through Pakistan on the basis of CPEC.
The formal inclusion of Iran in BRI and CPEC means that Tehran can ease The looming energy crisis in Pakistan. Iran has the potential to increase electricity exports to 3 000 MW to Pakistan. Moreover, Tehran has completed work on its side has been much delayed gas pipeline Iran-Pakistan (IP), known as the “pipeline of peace”. It is expected that the project will gain momentum in the Sino-Iranian trade agreement. It is reported that Iran also plans to build liquefied natural gas (LNG) the pipeline to China along the route of CPEC. The energy aspect of Pakistan, China and Iran, the partnership has the potential for regional integration in South Asia to the next level.
On the safety side, this means that Iran will be more, getting the support of CPEC and other Chinese interests in Pakistan, which are under threat from illegal armed groups of beams and the opposition of India to the project. For example, recently a militant group Baloch target the Pakistani stock exchange (PSX), which in 2016 sold 40 percent of the strategic stock Chinese consortium. Pakistan blamed India for the attack and the alleged harbouring of militants-Baloch groups operating along Pakistan’s borders with Iran. In this regard, the strengthening of defence and intelligence cooperation between Iran and China is that Pakistan could benefit from greatly. Pakistan and China should not be expected to use Iran’s inclusion in CPEC to effectively track, monitor, and act against the militants that are holding a key part of the BRI on the boil. It is possible that Pakistan, China and Iran to create a joint military force to share intelligence and conduct targeted operations against militants who use the Pakistani-Iranian border in order to destabilize the situation in the region.
Reportedly, the Iran-China strategic agreement enjoys the support of Iran powerful IRGC. Increasing economic and military interdependence between China and Iran could lead to improved cooperation between Pakistan and Iran intelligence services. The development certainly offers Pakistan respite on the Western flank, which is still exposed to foreign subversive efforts and Iran’s refusal to participate on the security front.